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1.
Healthy and entrepreneurial work environment for older employees and its impact on work engagement during the COVID-19 pandemic
Maja Rožman, Polona Tominc, Katja Crnogaj, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Managing older employees is a major challenge for companies, especially during COVID-19. Therefore, creating a healthy and entrepreneurial work environment as well as an inclusive culture within organizations is crucial for companies to maintain their sustainable advantage. The main objective of this paper is to develop a multidimensional model of a healthy and entrepreneurial work environment for older employees and determine its impact on their work engagement during COVID-19. Structural equation modeling was used for data analysis. The results show that workplace health promotion, entrepreneurial working conditions, and leadership lead to better well-being of older employees. In addition, entrepreneurial working conditions that promote intergenerational synergy lead to higher work engagement of older employees, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. For the elderly, the entrepreneurial work environment is therefore particularly important, even though entrepreneurship is mostly attributed to younger men. In addition, older employees’ well-being and the promotion of intergenerational synergy have a positive impact on their work engagement. The results will help companies better manage their older employees, shape their workplace, and increase the sustainable benefits of their businesses during and after the COVID-19 crisis.
Ključne besede: older employees, health promotion, entrepreneurial work environment, business competitiveness, COVID-19 pandemic
Objavljeno v DKUM: 04.07.2024; Ogledov: 48; Prenosov: 11
.pdf Celotno besedilo (445,44 KB)
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2.
Integrating artificial intelligence into a talent management model to increase the work engagement and performance of enterprises
Maja Rožman, Dijana Oreški, Polona Tominc, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The purpose of the paper is to create a multidimensional talent management model with embedded aspects of artificial intelligence in the human resource processes to increase employees' engagement and performance of the enterprise. The research was implemented on a sample of 317 managers/owners in Slovenian enterprises. Multidimensional constructs of the model include several aspects of artificial intelligence implementation in the organization's activities related to human resource management in the field of talent management, especially in the process of acquiring and retaining talented employees, appropriate training and development of employees, organizational culture, leadership, and reducing the workload of employees, employee engagement and performance of the enterprise. The results show that AI supported acquiring and retaining a talented employees, AI supported appropriate training and development of employees, appropriate teams, AI supported organizational culture, AI supported leadership, reducing the workload of employees with AI have a positive effect on performance of the enterprise and employee engagement. The results will help managers or owners create a successful work environment by implementing artificial intelligence in the enterprise, leading to increased employee engagement and performance of the enterprise. Namely, our results contribute to the efficient implementation of artificial intelligence into an enterprise and give owners or top managers a broad insight into the various aspects that must be taken into account in business management in order to increase employee engagement and enterprise’s competitive advantage.
Ključne besede: artificial intelligence, talent management, employees, employee engagement, performance of the company
Objavljeno v DKUM: 03.07.2024; Ogledov: 56; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,63 MB)
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3.
The importance of intergenerational leadership praxes and availability of key information for older employee burnout and engagement in the context of firm size
Maja Rožman, Borut Milfelner, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The main aim of this study was to analyze the effects of availability of key information and intergenerational leadership on burnout divided into physical symptoms of burnout and emotional symptoms of burnout and work engagement regarding the firm size during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The empirical study included 583 older employees in Slovenia who participated in the survey during the COVID-19 pandemic. Structural equation modeling was used to explore the effects between constructs. We analyzed structural paths for the entire sample and for the two groups (small and large companies). According to the results concerning both groups, the impact of the availability of key information on emotional burnout is negative only for small companies. Contrary to that the negative impact of intergenerational leadership on emotional burnout is much stronger in large companies. Concerning the impact of physical burnout on emotional burnout, the positive impact of physical burnout exists in both types of companies but is stronger in small companies. The findings will contribute to a clearer picture and the adoption of further measures to prevent burnout in the workplace and increase work engagement concerning the firm size, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Ključne besede: leadership, burnout, work engagement, older employees, firm size, quality
Objavljeno v DKUM: 03.07.2024; Ogledov: 50; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (523,24 KB)
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4.
Appropriately organized work and employees’ concerns related to work from home during the COVID-19 pandemic : the case in Slovenia
Maja Rožman, Vesna Čančer, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: The main aim of the paper is to establish the effects of appropriately organized work as well as the effects of the employees' concerns related to work during the COVID-19 pandemic on work efficiency and work satisfaction among employees working from home during this period. The empirical research includes 619 employees in Slovenia, who participated in the survey during the COVID-19 pandemic. Design/methodology/approach: Structural equation modeling was used in exploring the effects between constructs. Findings: Based on the results, the authors found that appropriately organized work during the COVID-19 pandemic has a positive effect not only on the work efficiency of employees who work from home during the COVID-19 pandemic in Slovenia but also on their work satisfaction. Also, based on the results, the authors found that the employees' concerns related to work during the COVID-19 pandemic have a negative effect on the work efficiency and on the work satisfaction of employees who work from home during this period in Slovenia. Originality/value: The COVID-19 pandemic dramatically changed the way we live and work; therefore, this paper contributes to the creation of new working conditions and employee management during and also after the COVID-19 pandemic.
Ključne besede: COVID-19 pandemic, appropriately organized work, work efficiency, work satisfaction, employees` concerns
Objavljeno v DKUM: 03.07.2024; Ogledov: 51; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (424,04 KB)
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5.
How do job-related constructs determine employee turnover? : Serbian hotels example
Marija Cimbaljević, Milena Nedeljković Knežević, Dunja Demirović Bajrami, Milosav Dunjić, Hamid El Bilali, Milica Rančić Demir, 2020, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In the hospitality industry, employee turnover is extremely high. It is often caused by minimal growth opportunities, intensive work, lack of flexibility, limited opportunities for promotion, lack of recognition, etc. Investment in human resources, strategies that maintain an adequate workforce and improve employee engagement is quite justified cost with multiple returns. The specific issue is that hospitality leaders often do not know the relationships between employee satisfaction, employee motivation and employee engagement, which may be the basis for understanding their intention to leave the job. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the three job-related constructs: motivation, job satisfaction, and work engagement, as well as to examine their impact on employee turnover. The results confirmed a positive relationship between job satisfaction and motivation, satisfaction and work engagement, as well as the relationship between motivation and engagement. On the other side, the results showed that job satisfaction, dedication, and vigor negatively predict employee turnover. The findings may provide hotel managers with a foundation to understand this issue and assume where to direct their research and how to improve job conditions.
Ključne besede: job satisfaction, motivation, work engagement, employee turnover, hotel employees, Serbia
Objavljeno v DKUM: 26.01.2024; Ogledov: 277; Prenosov: 4
.pdf Celotno besedilo (335,82 KB)
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6.
Management coaching model and impact of its activities on employee satisfaction
Petra Cajnko, Suzana Kraljić, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The article tries to answer the research question: What is the potential additive effect on employee satisfaction when using management coaching model and its activities? The purpose of the article has been to form a model of management coaching and of the influence of its activities on employee satisfaction based on theory review and field study results. We have confirmed the main hypothesis (H1: Implementing management coaching model positively influences employee satisfaction) and all of the secondary hypotheses (Hi,j: Implementing activity "i" of the management coaching model positively influences factor "j" of employee satisfaction; i = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5; j = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5) with our empirical study, focused on the employees. The topic is of practical value and it will help managers in Slovenia and abroad understand the effect of the activities of coaching on employee satisfaction.
Ključne besede: coaching, satisfaction of employees, successfulness of an enterprise, management, model
Objavljeno v DKUM: 15.01.2021; Ogledov: 733; Prenosov: 48
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7.
Violence towards nursing employees in Slovenia
Branko Gabrovec, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: This paper presents a systematic review of research studies conducted in the field of violence directed towards nursing employees in Slovenia. The purpose of this paper is to establish the types and prevalence of violence, as well as the methodology and deficiencies of the research conducted to date. The findings can support systematic measures for preventing, reporting and surviving such violence. Methods: The descriptive research methodology was applied when examining peer-reviewed literature on violence directed towards nursing employees in Slovenia. A systematic literature review was conducted as it enables data to be obtained from various sources, in our case 15 articles/sources were selected for the analysis, while ensuring a holistic understanding of the research subject. Findings: The results show nursing employees are exposed to a high level of work-related violence against them, which in all fields is considerable, but especially in intensive psychiatric nursing care. Further qualitative research is needed to shed light on the detailed characteristics and background of such violence. Tackling violence within the healthcare system demands a wide and interdisciplinary approach. Practical Implications: The results of this study can provide the basis for further research and the development of a comprehensive and multidisciplinary approach to tackle violence directed at nursing employees.
Ključne besede: violence, aggression, nursing, employees, Slovenia
Objavljeno v DKUM: 14.04.2020; Ogledov: 1049; Prenosov: 60
.pdf Celotno besedilo (860,43 KB)
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8.
The impact of behavioral symptoms of burnout on work engagement of older employees : the case of Slovenian companies
Maja Rožman, Sonja Treven, Marijan Cingula, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The main objective of the paper is to determine the impact of behavioral symptoms of burnout of older employees on their work engagement in large- and medium- sized companies in Slovenia. The research is based on the implementation of a factor analysis by which we wanted to reduce the large number of variables into a smaller number of factors. With those factors, we performed a simple linear regression. Based on the results, we confirmed the hypothesis that behavioral symptoms of burnout of older employees have a statistically significant negative impact on their work engagement. Well-being of employees of varying ages in the workplace is key for long-term effectiveness of companies. From this point of view, companies should apply appropriate measures to reduce burnout as well as to contribute to employees’ well-being and better workplace performance, which is reflected in work engagement of employees.
Ključne besede: burnout, behavioral symptoms of burnout, older employees, work engagement
Objavljeno v DKUM: 10.10.2018; Ogledov: 1489; Prenosov: 180
.pdf Celotno besedilo (745,38 KB)
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9.
Relation between knowledge management and turnover in Slovenian micro and small start-up organisations
Riko Novak, Vasja Roblek, Gabrijel Devetak, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This article discusses the importance of knowledge management and employee turnover, using the example of selected Slovenian organisations, in particular, technology parks. The purpose of this article is to point out statistical characteristics between employee turnover and certain selected independent variables. The empirical research was conducted on a population of 667 Slovenian organisations gathered from the subjects of an innovative environment database, and a further sample of 51 chosen technology parks from the A group. By implementing multivariate regression analysis, we sought to examine whether knowledge requirements and knowledge transfer paths in these organisations have a statistically significant influence on employee turnover. The aim of this article is to present the results of empirical research that defines the development of a conceptual framework for understanding the influence of knowledge management on employee turnover. The results have shown that the importance of intellectual and social capital, intangible capital assets and their continuous measurement must be acknowledged within an organisation.
Ključne besede: employee turnover, knowledge management, organisations, employees
Objavljeno v DKUM: 22.01.2018; Ogledov: 1280; Prenosov: 406
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,21 MB)
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10.
On-the-job training and human resource management : how to improve competitive advantage of an organization?
Kosovka Ognjenović, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background: In this paper, the effects of four groups of factors on organizational performance are examined. Those are human resource management (HRM) policies and practices, financial and business indicators, location, and firm characteristics. A review of selected literature confirmed that a similar set of factors, through its positive effects on boosting organizational performance, may significantly improve competitive advantage of firms. Methods: An empirical analysis using firm-level data is conducted on the sample of enterprises operating in Serbia. A microeconometric approach is employed in order to specify and estimate empirical models. Two statistical models are applied. The ordered probit model is used for investigating organizational performance and the standard binary probit model for examining the decision of a firm to integrate the human resource development (HRD) department into its organizational structure. The goodness of fit measures confirmed the statistical reliability of estimated models. Results: Estimation results revealed that optimization of the number of employees, sales and revenues, firm age, increased market demand and competitive environment, as well as the ‘right decisions’ of the top management have significantly positive effects on boosting organizational performance. Significance of on-the-job training for boosting organizational performance was not empirically supported. In the same group of factors are firm size, industry and region. An auxiliary model shown that large- and medium-sized firms, firms with high level of revenues, privately owned, foreign and those located in or near to the capital city are more likely to have HRD departments. Conclusions: This paper provides a survey of the theoretical literature and explains empirical findings that are relevant for understanding to what extent on-the-job training, managing human resource, as well as some other internal and external organizational and financial factors are important for enhancing competitive advantage of firms.
Ključne besede: training, human resource management, competitiveness, organization, employees
Objavljeno v DKUM: 04.12.2017; Ogledov: 1468; Prenosov: 244
.pdf Celotno besedilo (786,44 KB)
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