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1.
Effect of base sequence on G-wire formation in solution
Lea Spindler, Martin Rigler, Irena Drevenšek Olenik, Mateus Webba da Silva, Nason Ma'ani Hessari, 2010, original scientific article

Abstract: The formation and dimensions of G-wires by different short G-rich DNA sequences in solution were investigated by dynamic light scattering (DLS) and polyacrilamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE). To explore the basic principles of wire formation, we studied the effects of base sequence, method of preparation, temperature, and oligonucleotide concentration. Both DLS and PAGE show that thermal annealing induces much less macromolecular self-assembly than dialysis. The degree of assembly and consequently length of G-wires (5-6 nm) are well resolved by both methods for DNA sequences with intermediate length, while some discrepancies appear for the shortest and longest sequences. As expected, the longest DNA sequence gives the longest macromolecular aggregates with a length of about 11 nm as estimated by DLS. The quadruplex topologies show no concentration dependence in the investigated DNA concentration range (0.1 mM–0.4 mM) and no structural change upon heating.
Keywords: DNA, dynamic light scattering, DLS, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, PAGE, genetics
Published: 14.06.2017; Views: 715; Downloads: 302
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Analysis of reactive dyestuffs and their hydrolysis by capillary electrophoresis
Alenka Ojstršek, Aleš Doliška, Darinka Fakin, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: The objective of the presented research was to examine the potential of capillary electrophoresis (CE) for the analysis of structurally different reactive dyestuffs, their activation and posterior hydrolysis, with special focus on optimization of the working conditions. Preliminary, the effect of various additives to the background electrolyte on the resolution improvements versus migration time of Reactive Black 5 as a model dyestuff was investigated. Based on these results, the electropherograms of eight commercially interesting reactive dyestuffs of various chemical structures and their converted forms upon alkaline pH were carried-out. In order to examine the behavior of the reactive dyestuff during the dyeing process, the dye-bath absorbance was monitored throughout the Reactive Black 5 exhaustion, and the conversion of the dye's form was highlighted using the CE technique. The obtained results unequivocally prove that CE could offer a fast and efficient detection method of structurally different reactive dyestuffs, as well as their hydrolysis products in the dye-baths and effluents later on.
Keywords: capillary electrophoresis, dyes, hydrolysis
Published: 31.05.2012; Views: 1411; Downloads: 58
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