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Biochemical characterization of black and green mutant elderberry during fruit ripening
Maja Mikulič Petkovšek, Anton Ivančič, Saša Gačnik, Robert Veberič, Metka Hudina, Silvija Marinovic, Christian Molitor, Heidi Halbwirth, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The content of sugars, organic acids, phenolic compounds and selected enzyme activities in the anthocyanin pathway were analyzed in NIGRA (Sambucus nigra var. nigra—black fruits) and VIRIDIS (S. nigra var. viridis—green fruits) fruits over four stages of ripening. The share of glucose and fructose in green fruits was higher than in colored fruits, and the sugar content increased significantly until the third developmental stage. Ripe NIGRA berries had 47% flavonol glycosides, 34% anthocyanins, 3% hydroxycinnamic acids and 14% flavanols, whereas the major phenolic group in the VIRIDIS fruits, making up 88% of the total analyzed polyphenols, was flavonols. NIGRA fruits were rich in anthocyanins (6020 [mi]g g$^{-1}$ FW), showing strong activation of the late anthocyanin pathway (dihydroflavonol 4-reductase, anthocyanidin synthase). In both color types, phenylalanine ammonia lyase and chalcone synthase/chalcone isomerase activities were highest in the first stage and decreased during ripening. In VIRIDIS fruit, no anthocyanins and only one flavanol (procyanidin dimer) were found. This was most likely caused by a lack of induction of the late anthocyanin pathway in the last period of fruit ripening. The VIRIDIS genotype may be useful in studying the regulatory structures of anthocyanin biosynthesis and the contribution of distinct flavonoid classes to the health benefits of elderberries.
Ključne besede: black elderberry, Sambucus nigra, green genotype, polyphenolics, sugars, organic acids, phenylpropanoid enzymes
Objavljeno v DKUM: 28.03.2024; Ogledov: 105; Prenosov: 6
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,29 MB)
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