INSTITUTIONAL SETTING AS A DETERMINANT OF ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF CROSS-BORDER MERGERS AND ACQUISITIONS IN EUROPEAN TRANSITION COUNTRIESJelena Zvezdanović Lobanova
, 2017, doctoral dissertation
Abstract: The aims of this dissertation are to analyse the interdependence between C-B M&As and the quality of the institutional setting and observe the economic effects of that nexus at the macroeconomic level in 22 European transition countries between 2000-2014. Our underlying hypothesis is that the progress and durability of institutional reforms are factors that have a crucial influence on the economic performance of C-B M&As in transition countries. The dynamic relationship between the economic effects of C-B M&As and institutional quality is investigated by using the system Generalized Method of Moments estimator. Since the potential benefits of foreign direct investment are determined by the institutional setup, we used different governance indicators in our calculations, both individually and in terms of their interaction with C-B M&As. With the help of our empirical analysis, we established which aspects of institutional setting have contributed most to causing the economic effects of C-B M&As, using their interaction terms with this type of FDI, so we could focus most attention on these areas.
Our results indicate that C-B M&As have a negative effect on GDP per capita in the initial period. This negative impact in the year of merger and acquisition could be explained by the rise in unemployment and the crowding-out of less efficient domestic companies which are not able to withstand the competitive pressure in the domestic market. The influence of one-year lagged C-B M&As is positive and significant, suggesting that this form of FDI might have a delayed effect. However, this type of FDI does not have a positive economic impact on host transition countries in the long-run because it might be motivated by rent-seeking interests. We show that the overall quality of the institutional setting (measured with the help of the EBRD indices of structural reforms and World Bank’s Governance Indicators) is important for GDP per capita in the short and long term. On the other hand, its interaction terms with C-B M&As are negative but not significant in current period. All governance dimensions stimulate GDP per capita of host transition countries. Our findings indicate that the higher level of C-B M&As with a negative impact offsets the positive effect of the control of corruption and the rule of law on economic growth both in short and long run. Voice and accountability were found to be important for explaining an FDI’s influence on GDP per capita.
In terms of the influence on domestic investment, we have found that contemporaneous M&As have a crowding-out effect, while the influence of their lagged level has a crowding-in effect. Their long term impact is also negative and significant (when controlling for overall institutional quality index and separate governance indicators), suggesting that foreign investors reduce the competition on the domestic market over time. We show that foreign investors may be motivated by rent-seeking interests based on the fact that the interdependence of C-B M&As and the overall quality of the institutional setting had a negative effect on domestic investment. We have not found evidence to support our hypothesis that overall institutional reform (as well as the speed of implementation) and its interaction with C-B M&As encourages domestic investment in European transition countries. We have found that political stability has a positive effect on domestic investment and is the only significant variable of all the institutional factors. This means this governance indicator is a crucial determinant of domestic investment in transition countries. The only significant interaction terms with a negative effect on domestic investment, are between C-B M&As and the Rule of Law and overall institutional quality. Political Stability (positive coefficient) and the interaction terms between C-B M&As and Rule of Law and overall institutional quality (both negative coefficients) have a significant impact on domestic i
Keywords: the quality of the institutional setting, C-B M&As, transition countries, economic effects, governance
Published: 28.06.2018; Views: 973; Downloads: 61
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