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Self-management of chronic diseases : a concept analysis
Lucija Gosak, Dominika Vrbnjak, Majda Pajnkihar, 2022, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Introduction. Due to coronavirus disease 2019, which affected the provision of nursing care to chronic patients, the self-management of patients has increased through the use of modern technology. To support the self-management of chronic patients, it is essential to analyze and clarify the concept of self-management before using it in practice. Methods. A literature search was performed in the Web of Science, PubMed, CINAHL, ScienceDirect, Sage Journals, MEDLINE, Cochrane Library databases, in addition to Google Scholar and COBISS using the keywords “concept,” “self-care,” “chronic disease,” and “nurse.” Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods research, books, and abstracts, related to the selected concept in English were included in the review. Studies were ranked according to the hierarchy of evidence. Concept analysis by Cutcliffe and McKenna was used. Results. Of the 2974 identified studies, 31 were included in the analysis. Seven attributes were identified: assessment of physical and emotional signs and symptoms, response to changes, consultation with the health care provider, communication, goals, attention to treatment effectiveness, and awareness of the situation. The antecedents are learning, motivation, habits, cultural and religious values, self-efficacy, literacy. The consequences concept includes improving individuals’ clinical outcomes and quality of life and reducing public health costs. Conclusions. As nursing care focuses more and more on self-management of the disease and not just on treatment, patients are increasingly using different techniques to manage their disease. By incorporating the concept of self-management of chronic disease into modern technology, we can contribute to patient care.
Ključne besede: chronic patients, health care, self-care, self-management
Objavljeno v DKUM: 13.06.2024; Ogledov: 36; Prenosov: 14
.pdf Celotno besedilo (215,81 KB)
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International Scientific Conference »Research and Education in Nursing« : Book of Abstracts, June 13th 2024, Maribor, Slovenia
2024, zbornik

Opis: University of Maribor Faculty of Health Sciences is organising the lnternational Scientific Conference "Research and Education in Nursing". It will be held on June 13th 2024 in Maribor and will include the most recent findings of domestic and foreign researchers in nursing and other healthcare fields. The conference aims to explore advances in nursing and health care research as well as research-based education, in the Slovenian and international arena. Furthermore, it will provide an opportunity far practitioners and educators to exchange research evidence, models of best practice and innovative ideas.
Ključne besede: higher education, nursing, health sciences, conference, research
Objavljeno v DKUM: 12.06.2024; Ogledov: 57; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (4,51 MB)
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Review of artificial intelligence-based question-answering systems in healthcare
Leona Cilar Budler, Lucija Gosak, Gregor Štiglic, 2023, pregledni znanstveni članek

Ključne besede: artificial intelligence, conversational agents, ChatGPT, health care, machine learning
Objavljeno v DKUM: 05.06.2024; Ogledov: 71; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,65 MB)
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Social media fact-checking: the effects of news literacy and news trust on the intent to verify health-related information
Ines Kožuh, Peter Čakš, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The recent health crisis and the rapid development of Artificial Intelligence have caused misinformation on social media to flourish by becoming more sophisticated and challenging to detect. This calls upon fact-checking and questions users’ competencies and attitudes when assessing social media news. Our study provides a model of how fact-checking intent is explained by news literacy and news trust to examine how users behave in the misinformation-prone social media environment. Structural equation modeling was used to examine survey data gathered from social media users. The findings revealed that users’ intent to fact-check information in social media news is explained by (1) news literacy, such as the awareness of various techniques used by creators to depict situations about COVID-19; (2) news trust, in terms of the conviction that the news contains all the essential facts; and (3) intent, such as an aim to check information in multiple pieces of news. The presented findings may aid policymakers and practitioners in developing efficient communication strategies for addressing users less prone to fact-checking. Our contribution offers a new understanding of news literacy as a sufficient tool for combating misinformation, which actively equips users with knowledge and an attitude for social media news fact-checking.
Ključne besede: fact-checking, news literacy, trust, social media, misinformaiton, fake news, pandemic, health crisis
Objavljeno v DKUM: 04.06.2024; Ogledov: 70; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,07 MB)
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Recommendations for wider adoption of clinical pharmacy in Central and Eastern Europe in order to optimise pharmacotherapy and improve patient outcomes
Kamila Urbańczyk, Sonja Guntschnig, Vasilis Antoniadis, Slaven Falamić, Tijana Kovacevic, Marta Kurczewska-Michalak, Branislava Miljković, Anna Olearova, Inese Sviestina, Attila Szucs, Matej Štuhec, 2023, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Clinical pharmacy as an area of practice, education and research started developing around the 1960s when pharmacists across the globe gradually identified the need to focus more on ensuring the appropriate use of medicines to improve patient outcomes rather than being engaged in manufacturing and supply. Since that time numerous studies have shown the positive impact of clinical pharmacy services (CPS). The need for wider adoption of CPS worldwide becomes urgent, as the global population ages, and the prevalence of polypharmacy as well as shortage of healthcare professionals is rising. At the same time, there is great pressure to provide both high-quality and cost-effective health services. All these challenges urgently require the adoption of a new paradigm of healthcare system architecture. One of the most appropriate answers to these challenges is to increase the utilization of the potential of highly educated and skilled professionals widely available in these countries, i.e., pharmacists, who are well positioned to prevent and manage drug-related problems together with ensuring safe and effective use of medications with further care relating to medication adherence. Unfortunately, CPS are still underdeveloped and underutilized in some parts of Europe, namely, in most of the Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries. This paper reviews current situation of CPS development in CEE countries and the prospects for the future of CPS in that region.
Ključne besede: clinical pharmacy, cost-effective treatment, drug safety, drug utilization, health policy, medication adherence, medication errors, polypharmacy
Objavljeno v DKUM: 27.05.2024; Ogledov: 120; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (828,13 KB)
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Changed lifestyles during the COVID-19 pandemic : the need for health education in the curriculum of pedagogical students
Joca Zurc, 2024, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The health education in schools became the focus of public attention during the global pandemic of COVID-19. Teaching practice changed to meet the increased demand for pupils’health, triggering a reevaluation of higher education curricula for pedagogical students. Therefore, this mixed methods study aimed to investigate the lifestyle of university students of pedagogy in Slovenia during the COVID-19 pandemic.One hundred and four students (87.4% females and 12.6% males) met the criteria and participated in an online survey in which they self-assessed their physical activity, eating habits, mental well-being, and sleep quality. The convergent parallel mixed methods design was used to obtain qualitative descriptions of student experiences withlifestyle domains and quantitative data on their attitudes towards the impact of lifestyle on physical and mental well-being during the pandemic. The results suggestthat the pandemic did significantly impact student lifestyles, especially their mental well-being. Although most students maintained a healthy lifestyle during the pandemic, they also reported a deterioration in other measured domains of health-related behaviour. Particular attention should, therefore, be paid to the curriculum of pedagogical students to develop their competences in health education and readiness toassume an active role as educators for their future pupils’ health.
Ključne besede: health education, university students, curriculum development, education professions, pedagogy, university students, mixed methods research
Objavljeno v DKUM: 13.05.2024; Ogledov: 123; Prenosov: 5
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,53 MB)
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Perceptions of the primary health care team about the implementation of integrated care of patients with type 2 diabetes and hypertension in Slovenia : qualitative study
Nataša Stojnić, Zalika Klemenc-Ketiš, Majda Mori-Lukančič, Črt Zavrnik, Tonka Poplas-Susič, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background Integrated care involves good coordination, networking, and communication within health care services and externally between providers and patients or informal caregivers. It affects the quality of services, is more cost-effective, and contributes to greater satisfaction among individuals and providers of integrated care. In our study, we examined the implementation and understanding of integrated care from the perspective of providers - the health care team - and gained insights into the current situation. Methods Eight focus groups were conducted with health care teams, involving a total of 48 health care professionals, including family physicians, registered nurses, practice nurses, community nurses, and registered nurses working in a health education center. Prior to conducting the focus groups, a thematic guide was developed based on the literature and contextual knowledge with the main themes of the integrated care package. The analysis was conducted using the NVivo program. Results We identified 12 main themes with 49 subthemes. Health care professionals highlighted good accessibility and the method of diagnostic screening integrated with preventive examinations as positive aspects of the current system of integrated care in Slovenia. They mentioned the good cooperation within the team, with the involvement of registered nurses and community nurses being a particular advantage. Complaints were made about the high workload and the lack of workforce. They feel that patients do not take the disease seriously enough and that patients as teachers could be useful. Conclusion Primary care teams described the importance of implementing integrated care for diabetes and hypertension patients at four levels: Patient, community, care providers, and state. Primary care teams also recognized the importance of including more professionals from different health care settings on their team.
Ključne besede: integrated health care system, type-2-diabetes, Hypertension, Health care team, interdisciplinary primary care, qualitative research
Objavljeno v DKUM: 19.04.2024; Ogledov: 148; Prenosov: 5
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1007,00 KB)
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