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DISKRIMINACIJA ROMOV V EU PO ODLOČBI SODIŠČA EU V ZADEVI NIKOLOVA
Kristina Kušar, 2015, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: Evropska unija se je začela intenzivneje posvečati Romom ob koncu devetdesetih let, zaradi širitve na vzhodno in srednjo Evropo. Eden večjih dosežkov EU v boju proti diskriminaciji je bila Direktiva o rasni enakosti iz leta 2000. EU je namenila tudi veliko denarja romskim projektom. Kljub vsemu pa se Romi še vedno srečujejo z diskriminacijo in ekonomskimi problemi. Anelia Georgieva Nikolova ima v bolgarskem mestu Dupnica, natančneje v mestni četrti Gizdova Mahala, trgovino z živili. V tej mestni četrti je večina romskega prebivalstva. Zaradi pogostih manipulacij električnih števcev, se je bolgarsko elektrodistribucijsko podjetje (v nadaljevanju ČEZ RB) samo v tej četrti poslužilo sporne prakse, saj je števce namestilo na višino sedmih metrov, tako da je onemogočeno preverjanje porabe. A.G.Nikolova se je zaradi tega ukrepa pritožila pri Komisiji za zaščito pred diskriminacijo (v nadaljevanju KDZ). KDZ je ugotovilo diskriminacijo, nato pa je podjetje ČEZ RB podalo tožbo na Upravnem sodišču v Sofiji. To sodišče je kasneje postavilo deset predhodnih vprašanj sodišču EU. V sodbi je sodišče poudarilo, da se načelo enakega obravnavanja ne uporablja samo za osebe neke narodnosti, ampak tudi za ostale osebe, ki se zaradi diskriminatornega ukrepa obravnavajo manj ugodno. Poudarilo je tudi da to, da v mestni četrti živijo prebivalci, ki niso Romi ne izključuje tega, da je sporna praksa nastala zaradi večine romskega prebivalstva. Sporna praksa je sicer primerna za doseganje cilja, a je Sodišče poudarilo, da je nesorazmerna glede na interese prebivalcev mestne četrti.
Keywords: Zadeva Nikolova, Evropska unija, Direktiva o rasni enakosti, Bolgarija, Romi, diskriminacija, preizkus sorazmernosti. One of the biggest achievments of the EU in fight against discrimination was the Racial equality directive from year 2000. EU has financed many projects for Roma people.
Published: 22.04.2016; Views: 1738; Downloads: 93
.pdf Full text (564,46 KB)

3.
Obesity discrimination in the recruitment process: "You're not hired!"
Stuart Flint, Martin Čadek, Sonia Codreanu, Vanja Ivić, Colene Zomer, Amalia Gomoiu, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: Previous literature reports that obese persons are discriminated in the workplace. Evidence suggests that obese people are perceived as having less leadership potential, and in comparison to normal weight peers, are expected to be less successful. This study examined whether obese people are discriminated against when applying for employment. Three hypotheses were offered in line with previous research: (1) obese people are less likely to be assessed positively on personnel suitability than normal weight people; (2) obese people in active employment are more likely to be discriminated against than people in non-active employment; and (3) obese women are more likely to be discriminated against than obese men. 181 Participants were sampled from sedentary, standing, manual and heavy manual occupations. Participants rated hypothetical candidates on their suitability for employment. Employees also completed measures of implicit and explicit attitudes toward obesity. MANOVA was conducted to examine if obese candidates were discriminated against during the recruitment procedure. Results demonstrated that participants rated obese candidates as less suitable compared with normal weight candidates and when the weight status of the candidate was not revealed for work across the four workplace groups. Participant gender and weight status also impacted perceptions of candidates’ suitability for work and discrimination toward obese candidates was higher in participants from more physically demanding occupations. The study findings contribute to evidence that obese people are discriminated against in the hiring process and support calls for policy development.
Keywords: psychology, obesity, discrimination, workplace, implicit, explicit
Published: 10.07.2017; Views: 418; Downloads: 229
.pdf Full text (419,19 KB)
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4.
Obesity discrimination in the workplace: “You’re hired!”
Stuart Flint, Sonia Codreanu, Amalia Gomoiu, Martin Čadek, Vanja Ivić, Colene Zomer, Peter Walton, 2015, other component parts

Abstract: The purpose of this study is to first identify whether obese people are discriminated against when hiring employees. Employees of workforces that vary due to the physical demand of their job, will rate hypo- thetical applicants on their suitability for employment using Likert-type responses to a range of ques- tions. Applicants’ curriculum vitae will be manipulated by weight status and gender. Implicit and explicit attitudes towards obese people will also be examined using existing measures with strong psychometric properties as reported in extant research. Second, using focus group discussions with employees of either sedentary or physically active workforces, this study will explore why and in what ways obese people are discriminated against in the workplace.
Keywords: obesity, discrimination, workplace, implicit, explicit
Published: 09.08.2017; Views: 277; Downloads: 197
.pdf Full text (371,52 KB)
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5.
Hate crimes as discriminatory violations
Elena Mihajlova Stratilati, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: Hate crimes are new concept in the academic research. Clearly, they are not a new phenomenon and it is important to bear in mind that what is currently being addressed as "hate crimes" has a long historical line. What is however new in this context is the cultural plurality of societies as a result of increased migration and postmodern awakening of old identities. Not to forget the strong role that globalization has in the facing of cultures to each other. Thus, the hate crimes that are otherwise older are placed in this new context. The first part of the text gives an overview of some of the wider and more elaborated definitions that are central for our conceptual understanding of hate crimes. Following this understanding the second part of the text tries to analyse the unique harm or injury that hate crimes are causing and to illuminate more precisely the discriminatory violence and how it brings further humiliation to the victim.
Keywords: hate crimes, dignity, discrimination, humiliation, harm
Published: 02.08.2018; Views: 125; Downloads: 22
.pdf Full text (330,24 KB)

6.
The legal nature of doctor patient relationship in Turkish medical law
Yener Ünver, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: The article discusses the relationship between the physician and the patient through different branches of Turkish Law. The author explains the legal theory of physician (as self-employed as well as employed in hospital) – patient relationship in the limits of legislation and court practices, and gives special emphasis on contemporary open questions in Turkish Law. Special intentions is given also to criminal law, duty to inform, liability and consent. The author presents contemporary constitutional and supreme court decision relating to the Casarean, plastic surgery, burden of proof, compensations ...
Keywords: patient, physician, discrimination, criminal law, Turkish law
Published: 08.10.2018; Views: 127; Downloads: 16
.pdf Full text (405,60 KB)
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7.
How to reduce discrimination in the workplace
Vito Bobek, Anita Maček, Sarah Anna Bradler, Tatjana Horvat, 2018, original scientific article

Abstract: To intervene against discriminatory in the workplace is tremendously important because discriminatory practices have an enormous economic impact, along with a severe impact on psychological health, which can result in illnesses such as depression and burnout. Such intervention requires a multidimensional approach, including the whole organization and a systematic procedure. The aim of this paper is to offer suggestions on how to reduce discrimination in the workplace in Austria and Taiwan. To reach this aim, a qualitative study was conducted. It showed that education, active positioning of companies, leadership and diligent selection of employees, discussion and analysis, psychological support, governmental policies, and aspects of language and talking gender-wise are the most important steps to decrease or eliminate discrimination in the workplace.
Keywords: discrimination, business practices, leadership, workplace
Published: 10.10.2018; Views: 296; Downloads: 25
.pdf Full text (738,53 KB)
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