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1.
Highly porous polymer beads coated with nanometer-thick metal oxide films for photocatalytic oxidation of bisphenol A
Gergő Ballai, Tomaž Kotnik, Matjaž Finšgar, Albin Pintar, Zoltán Kónya, András Sápi, Sebastijan Kovačič, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Highly porous metal oxide−polymer nanocomposites are attracting considerable interest due to their unique structural and functional features. A porous polymer matrix brings properties such as high porosity and permeability, while the metal oxide phase adds functionality. For the metal oxide phase to perform its function, it must be fully accessible, and this is possible only at the pore surface, but functioning surfaces require controlled engineering, which remains a challenge. Here, highly porous nanocomposite beads based on thin metal oxide nanocoatings and polymerized high internal phase emulsions (polyHIPEs) are demonstrated. By leveraging the unique properties of polyHIPEs, i.e., a three-dimensional (3D) interconnected network of macropores, and high-precision of the atomic-layer-deposition technique (ALD), we were able to homogeneously coat the entire surface of the pores in polyHIPE beads with TiO$_2$-, ZnO-, and Al$_2$O$_3$-based nanocoatings. Parameters such as nanocoating thickness, growth per cycle (GPC), and metal oxide (MO) composition were systematically controlled by varying the number of deposition cycles and dosing time under specific process conditions. The combination of polyHIPE structure and ALD technique proved advantageous, as MO-nanocoatings with thicknesses between 11 ± 3 and 40 ± 9 nm for TiO$_2$ or 31 ± 6 and 74 ± 28 nm for ZnO and Al$_2$O$_3$, respectively, were successfully fabricated. It has been shown that the number of ALD cycles affects both the thickness and crystallinity of the MO nanocoatings. Finally, the potential of ALD-derived TiO$_2$-polyHIPE beads in photocatalytic oxidation of an aqueous bisphenol A (BPA) solution was demonstrated. The beads exhibited about five times higher activity than nanocomposite beads prepared by the conventional (Pickering) method. Such ALD-derived polyHIPE nanocomposites could find wide application in nanotechnology, sensor development, or catalysis.
Ključne besede: nanovlakna, aerosoli, filtracija, emulsion-templating, macroporous polymers, atomic-layer-deposition
Objavljeno v DKUM: 15.04.2024; Ogledov: 48; Prenosov: 0
URL Povezava na celotno besedilo
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2.
Wear Behaviour of Multilayer Al-PVD-Coated Polymer Gears
Tonica Bončina, Brigita Polanec, Franc Zupanič, Srečko Glodež, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: A comprehensive experimental investigation of the wear behaviour of coated spur polymer gears made of POM is performed in this study. Three different thicknesses of aluminium (Al) coatings were investigated and deposited by the Physical Vapour Deposition (PVD) process. The Al coating was deposited in three steps: By plasma activation, metallisation of the aluminium by the magnetron sputtering process, and plasma polymerisation. The wear of the gears was tested on an in-house developed testing rig for different torques (16, 20, and 24 Nm) and a rotational speed of 1000 rpm. The duration of the experiments was set to 13 h, when the tooth thickness and, consequently, the wear of the tooth flank were recorded. The experimental results showed that the influence of metallisation with aluminium surface coatings on the wear behaviour of the analysed polymer gear is not significantly important. The results also showed that the gears with a thicker aluminium coating showed greater wear than gears with a thinner coating or even without a coating. This is probably due to the fact that the aluminium particles that started to deviate during gear operation represented the abrasive material, which led to the faster wear of the contacting surfaces of the meshing gear flanks.
Ključne besede: polymer gears, aluminium PVD coating, Physical Vapour Deposition process, multilayer coating, wear
Objavljeno v DKUM: 15.11.2022; Ogledov: 438; Prenosov: 52
.pdf Celotno besedilo (13,01 MB)
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3.
Simulation of Dual-Beam Laser Metal Deposition : magistrsko delo
Matej Kočevar, 2021, magistrsko delo

Opis: Laser metal deposition process plays an important role in the coating and additive manufacturing of the components. Implementation of dual-beam process represents a further development and offers the advantage of laser ablation process, which provides exert force on the melt pool and increases absorption properties of the workpiece for laser light in comparison to conventional laser metal deposition processes. The main goal of the present work is to predict temperature distribution on the surface and in the cross-section during a dual-beam laser metal deposition. A better understanding of temperature distribution of the dual-beam laser metal deposition is crucial for analyzing the impact of different process parameters on the process. The prediction of temperature distribution was done using the version 6.14-6 of finite element software ABAQUS/Standard from Dassault Systèmes. The results of the simulations show that the temperature distribution in the case of dual-beam laser metal deposition can be determined with minimum deviation by utilizing the finite element analysis.
Ključne besede: Laser Metal Deposition (LMD), dual-beam process, wire-based Laser Metal Deposition (LMD-w), Finite Element Method (FEM)
Objavljeno v DKUM: 23.09.2021; Ogledov: 999; Prenosov: 61
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,37 MB)

4.
Effect of the initial structure on the behaviour of Chlef sand
Noureddine Della, Ahmed Arab, Mostefa Belkhatir, Hanifi Missoum, Claude Bacconnet, Daniel Boissier, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: It has been known for many years that initial structure, plays an important part in the results of laboratory testing of natural of silty sands. For this purpose, a series of monotonic undrained triaxial compression tests were carried out on samples composed of Chlef sand with 0.5% non-plastic silt content using two depositional methods (dry funnel pluviation and wet deposition) at different initial relative density (RD= 29%, 50% and 80%). All specimens were subjected to isotropic consolidation of 50 kPa, 100 kPa and 200 kPa. It was found that the initial structure of the soil influences considerably the undrained shear response in terms of maximal deviatoric stress, peak strength and excess pore water pressure.
Ključne besede: liquefaction, sand, dry funnel pluviation, wet deposition, density, deviatoric stress, pore pressure
Objavljeno v DKUM: 11.06.2018; Ogledov: 849; Prenosov: 77
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,50 MB)
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5.
The action of a laser on an aluminium target
Višnja Henč-Bartolič, Tonica Bončina, Suzana Jakovljević, Davor Pipić, Franc Zupanič, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: A nitrogen laser beam (337 nm, 6 ns (FWHM), (3.2 [plus minus] 0.2) mJ) was focused with a quartz lens (f = 100 mm) onto an aluminium target in air at normal pressure. The laser irradiation and plasma explosion caused a modification to the Al surface and the deposition of a thin film (droplets) onto a glassy carbon plate. The irradiated target and the deposited material were studied with a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and a focused-ion-beam (FIB) device. A crater surrounded by a rim was produced on the spot of maximum irradiation on the aluminium target. The crater, very deep in comparison to its width and thickness, was presumably caused by the Kelvin-Helmholtz and the Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities. The temperatures of the electron and the massive particles were explained.
Ključne besede: aluminium, laser ablation, thin film deposition, instabilities, temperatures
Objavljeno v DKUM: 23.03.2017; Ogledov: 1432; Prenosov: 112
.pdf Celotno besedilo (324,07 KB)
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6.
Energy metabolism, growth performance, body composition, meat quality and boar taint compounds in immunocastrated pigs
Nina Batorek Lukač, 2015, doktorsko delo/naloga

Opis: In recent years, immunocastration, a vaccination against gonadotropin releasing hormone, has been proposed as an alternative to surgical castration of intact male pigs without anaesthesia. However, the effects of immunocastration on metabolic changes, nutritional requirements and growth potential have not been quantified. Thus in the present thesis, the meta-analytical approach was used to quantitatively synthesize the effects of immunocastration and four studies were conducted to evaluate the effects of quantitative and qualitative feed restriction on growth performance, heat production and energy metabolism, carcass and meat quality. Results show that boar taint compounds are dramatically reduced in immunocastrates, still they remain slightly higher than in surgical castrates. Immunocastrates are less feed efficient, fatter but grow more rapidly and may have better meat quality than entire males. Compared to surgical castrates, immunocastrates have superior performance with no difference in meat quality. It is more economical to fatten immunocastrates than surgical castrates, but production costs and carcass quality are less favourable than in entire males because of the huge increase in voluntary feed intake during the weeks preceding slaughter. Applying quantitative feed restriction after active immunization did not significantly affect growth performance or carcass composition; however, restrictively fed immunocastrates were closer to entire males, whereas ad libitum fed immunocastrates were closer to surgical castrates. Meat quality is also unchanged by the restriction. However, higher incidence of carcass lesions in restricted immunocastrates together with higher plasma cortisol level indicates more aggression prior to slaughter and can be considered as a negative aspect of the quantitative restriction. Total heat production, assumed to be the major factor contributing to the differences in feed efficiency of pigs, is changed after the immunocastration. Additional energy retained due to higher feed intake is directed towards lipid deposition. Increased fatness of immunocastrates is a result of increased daily lipid deposition caused by higher energy intake, lower fasting heat production and improved energy retention. Hence, dietary energy intake should be limited after immunocastration. Moreover, according to the results of the nitrogen balance study, dietary crude protein content could also be decreased. By reducing net energy concentration of the diet up to 10 % using higher fibre content, similar energy efficiency (gain to net energy intake ratio) may be achieved, with an advantage in terms of reduced lipid deposition, and no effect on growth rate after effective immunization. This is particularly important when immunocastrated pigs are fattened to higher body weights, i.e. when longer delays between full immunization and slaughter are practiced.
Ključne besede: pig, immunocastration, growth performance, carcass characteristics, meat quality, heat production, lipid metabolism, fat deposition, feed restriction
Objavljeno v DKUM: 27.07.2015; Ogledov: 2690; Prenosov: 289
.pdf Celotno besedilo (19,44 MB)

7.
Wear resistance of coke-crushing hammers
Franc Zupanič, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This work investigated several methods for improving the wear resistance of the 42CrMo4 tool steel used for coke-crushing hammers. The methods embraced heat treatment for obtaining different combinations of strength and ductility of the bulk steel, and surface-engineering processes comprising TiN thin-film deposition using magnetron-sputtering, nitriding and WC/Ni weld deposit surfaced by gas metal arc (GMA) method. The wear-resistance was tested under industrial conditions. Oil quenching and tempering significantly increased the wear resistance in comparison to the as-received condition. Conversely, nitriding and TiN-hard coating did not show any significant improvement. WC/Ni weld deposit provided the best protection against wear, which was caused predominantly by hard abrasive particles present in the coke.
Ključne besede: zvarni spoj, mikrostrukture, obrabna odpornost, toplotna obdelava, obraba, kladivo, weld deposition, microstructure, impact coke crusher, heat treatment, wear, hammer
Objavljeno v DKUM: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 1945; Prenosov: 73
URL Povezava na celotno besedilo

8.
APPLYING THE GRAIN-BOUNDARY DIFFUSION PROCESS USING ELECTROPHORETIC DEPOSITION TO SELECTED REGIONS OF A Nd-Fe-B MAGNET
Blaž Goričar, 2014, magistrsko delo

Opis: This Master's thesis research is about the localized coercivity enhancement of Nd-Fe-B magnets, which are used in electric motors. Computer simulations show, that when magnets operate at high temperatures, they experience large demagnetizing fields. However, this happens only on specific parts of the body of the magnet. The demagnetization can be prevented by locally enhancing the coercivity only on these specific parts. The goal of this Master’s thesis was to research the localized coercivity enhancement by creating a magnet, where one half would have different magnetic properties compared to the other half. Commercially available Nd-Fe-B magnets were bought from Shin-Etsu, Japan. The magnetic properties of the magnets were measured on two very different devices – the permeameter and the vibrating sample magnetometer. The demagnetization curves were compared. The coercivity of the magnet was improved with the electrophoretic deposition of dysprosium on the surface. The dysprosium then diffused, at high temperature, from the surface to the inside of the magnet along the grain boundaries. The microstructure of the magnet was analysed on the scanning electron microscope, while the content of the elements was quantitatively analysed with the EDS method. The demagnetization curves of both devices were comparable. The grain-boundary diffusion process of dysprosium with the electrophoretic deposition increased the coercivity of the magnet by 25 %, without any significant loss in remanence. The research on the localized grain-boundary diffusion was first done with measurements on the vibrating sample magnetometer and then confirmed with the Hall probe. We discovered that one part of the magnet could have different magnetic properties compared to the other half. There was a clear border between the two.
Ključne besede: Nd-Fe-B magnet, coercivity, magnetic properties, electrophoretic deposition, grain-boundary diffusion process.
Objavljeno v DKUM: 09.09.2014; Ogledov: 2411; Prenosov: 153
.pdf Celotno besedilo (4,38 MB)

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