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Comparison and implementation of thermo-mechanical fatigue damage models : magistrsko delo
Jure Vinkovič, 2021, magistrsko delo

Opis: The basis of the master thesis is an in-depth and comprehensive analysis of the scientific literature on damage models of thermo-mechanical fatigue. The aim of the thesis is to investigate and determine the suitability of damage models for their application in numerical simulations of components subjected to thermo-mechanical loading with in-phase, out-of-phase or constant temperature cycles. The theoretical background of material behavior under static and dynamic loads (e.g. low-cycle fatigue, high-cycle fatigue) is presented. The work also includes an overview of damage mechanisms typical of time-temperature varying loading conditions (e.g. cyclic softening and hardening of the material, mean stress relaxation, material creep, visco-plasticity, etc.). This is followed by a structured review of several damage models of thermo-mechanical fatigue (e.g. Neu-Sehitoglu, DTMF, Coffin-Manson, Ostergren, Smith-Watson-Topper, Unified Energy Approach, etc.). An overview of the experimental tests on aluminum alloy and cast iron carried out at temperatures up to 800 °C is given. The idea of processing the raw experimental data including the calibration procedure of the thermo-mechanical fatigue damage models is schematically illustrated and described. The basic mathematical laws of constitutive material models for both material types are given. In the conclusion of the MSc thesis, the correlations of the calibrated damage models are presented, which, together with the constructive opinions, give an important message on the application of the individual damage models depending on the type of material and the loading method.
Ključne besede: thermo-mechanical fatigue, constitutive material model, damage model, aluminum alloy, cast iron alloy, finite element method
Objavljeno v DKUM: 03.01.2022; Ogledov: 280; Prenosov: 0

Patient's right to protection of personal data in the legal system of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Marko Bevanda, Maja Čolaković, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Health-related personal data belong to a category of sensitive data which, therefore, must be specially protected. The protection of personal health data is one of the patients´ fundamental rights. Doctors protect their patients´ interests only when the information gained about patients, while providing them medical treatment, are kept secret. In this paper, the authors provide an overview of the legal framework for the protection of health-related personal data in the legal system of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In addition to the analysis of the relevant legal provisions and considering the situation in practice, it can be concluded that formal harmonisation of legislation with the acquis communautaire in this field is not followed by effective implementation of regulation in practice.
Ključne besede: privacy, doctor, medical malpractice, liability for damage
Objavljeno v DKUM: 09.10.2018; Ogledov: 546; Prenosov: 109
.pdf Celotno besedilo (573,46 KB)
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Damage and failure modeling of lotus-type porous material subjected to low-cycle fatigue
Janez Kramberger, Klemen Sterkuš, Srečko Glodež, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The investigation of low-cycle fatigue behaviour of lotus-type porous material is presented in this paper. Porous materials exhibit some unique features which are useful for a number of various applications. This paper evaluates a numerical approach for determining of damage initiation and evolution of lotus-type porous material with computational simulations, where the considered computational models have different pore topology patterns. The low-cycle fatigue analysis was performed by using a damage evolution law. The damage state was calculated and updated based on the inelastic hysteresis energy for stabilized cycle. Degradation of the elastic stiffness was modelled using scalar damage variable. In order to examine crack propagation path finite elements with severe damage were deleted and removed from the mesh during simulation. The direct cyclic analysis capability in Abaqus/Standard was used for low-cycle fatigue analysis to obtain the stabilized response of a model subjected to the periodic loading. The computational results show a qualitative understanding of pores topology influence on low-cycle fatigue under transversal loading conditions in relation to pore orientation.
Ključne besede: porous materials, low-cycle fatigue, damage, finite element analysis
Objavljeno v DKUM: 02.08.2017; Ogledov: 728; Prenosov: 347
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,32 MB)
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Computational simulation of biaxial fatigue behaviour of lotus-type porous material
Janez Kramberger, Marko Šori, Matjaž Šraml, Srečko Glodež, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: A computational simulation of low-cycle fatigue behaviour of lotus-type porous material, subjected to biaxial in-phase loading cycles is presented in this paper. Fatigue properties of porous materials are less frequently published in the literature. This paper evaluates computational analyses, where different pore distribution and biaxial loading conditions in relation to the pore orientations is considered in each simulation. The fatigue analysis is performed by using a damage initiation and evolution law based on the inelastic strain energy. The computational results are subjected to the appropriate statistical analysis, because of different pore topology a different fatigue lives are obtained on the same loading level. Results of computational simulations show also a qualitative understanding of porosity influence on low-cycle fatigue failures of lotus-type porous material under biaxial loading conditions.
Ključne besede: Lotus-type porous material, low-cycle fatigue, damage, finite element analysis
Objavljeno v DKUM: 02.08.2017; Ogledov: 811; Prenosov: 363
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,08 MB)
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The SOS response master regulator LexA is associated with sporulation, motility and biofilm formation in Clostridium difficile
Beata Maria Walter, Stephen Cartman, Nigel Peter Minton, Matej Butala, Maja Rupnik, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The LexA regulated SOS network is a bacterial response to DNA damage of metabolic or environmental origin. In Clostridium difficile, a nosocomial pathogen causing a range of intestinal diseases, the in-silico deduced LexA network included the core SOS genes involved in the DNA repair and genes involved in various other biological functions that vary among different ribotypes. Here we describe the construction and characterization of a lexA ClosTron mutant in C. difficile R20291 strain. The mutation of lexA caused inhibition of cell division resulting in a filamentous phenotype. The lexA mutant also showed decreased sporulation, a reduction in swimming motility, greater sensitivity to metronidazole, and increased biofilm formation. Changes in the regulation of toxin A, but not toxin B, were observed in the lexA mutant in the presence of sub-inhibitory concentrations of levofloxacin. C. difficile LexA is, therefore, not only a regulator of DNA damage but also controls many biological functions associated with virulence.
Ključne besede: toxins, bacterial sporulation, DNA damage, antibiotics
Objavljeno v DKUM: 19.06.2017; Ogledov: 857; Prenosov: 335
.pdf Celotno besedilo (6,06 MB)
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Low temperature impact toughness of the main gas pipeline steel after long-term degradation
P. O. Maruščak, Irina Danyliuk, R.T. Biščak, Tomaž Vuherer, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The correlation of microstructure, temperature and Charpy V-notch impact properties of a steel 17G1S pipeline steel was investigated in this study. Within the concept of physical mesomechanics, the dynamic failure of specimens is represented as a successive process of the loss of shear stability, which takes place at different structural/scale levels of the material. Characteristic stages are analyzed for various modes of failure, moreover, typical levels of loading and oscillation periods, etc. are determined. Relations between low temperature derived through this test, microstructures and Charpy (V-notch) toughness test results are also discussed in this paper.
Ključne besede: impact toughness, fracture, damage, gas pipeline, steel, degradation
Objavljeno v DKUM: 03.04.2017; Ogledov: 895; Prenosov: 375
.pdf Celotno besedilo (699,32 KB)
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Automated diagnostics of damage to an aluminum alloy under the conditions of high-cycle fatigue
P. O. Maruščak, Igor Konovalenko, Mykhailo Karuskevich, Vladimir Gliha, Tomaž Vuherer, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: An identification and quantitative analysis of the deformation relief of the aluminium alloy for an aircraft construction based on a digital-image processing has been performed. The behaviour of defects has been assessed on the basis of diagnostics results for individual stages of the deformation process. It has been established that the individual stages of the damage-accumulation process are characterised by the values of integral-image parameters. Based on the consecutive processing of the data on the surface cyclic deformation, the main regularities of the propagation of defects have been found. Theoretical preconditions have been substantiated and experimental results obtained.
Ključne besede: fatigue, surface, digital image, diagnostics, accumulated damage, defect propagation, evaluation
Objavljeno v DKUM: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 1038; Prenosov: 84
.pdf Celotno besedilo (414,57 KB)
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In-service damage of railway steel axles
O. Jasnìî, Tomaž Vuherer, Ju. I. Pindus, Andriy Sorochak, Ivan Samardžić, 2011, kratki znanstveni prispevek

Opis: The influence of temperature and specimens undercut place on impact toughness of railway axle material in service is investigated. The obtained results show inversely proportional dependence of impact toughness on undercut radius of specimens. The decrease of test temperature from +20 to –40 ºC decreases significantly the impact toughness and portion of ductile fracture.
Ključne besede: impact toughness, in-serice damage, railway axle, undercut
Objavljeno v DKUM: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 959; Prenosov: 77
.pdf Celotno besedilo (554,44 KB)
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