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Cross-country entrepreneurial intentions study
Urban Šebjan, Polona Tominc, Darja Boršič, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: In this article, we investigate how entrepreneurial intentions of individuals in the eight countries of the Danube region are shaped by different components of individuals’ personal attitudes, the subjective norm and personal behavioral control. We analyze the internal structure of these components as well as some demographic and human capital factors. Cultural and developmental differences influencing variation in causal effects among variables in the model are analyzed. Structural equation modeling is used for data obtained by adult population surveys within the GEM research. Results of our study show that the entrepreneurial intention model is applicable across countries and that the internal effects among components of motivational antecedents exist, although not all hypothesized relationships are confirmed. Our study suggests that the process from perception to intention is similarly shaped across the eight countries of the Danube region, although there are several differences in the magnitude of causal effects as well as differences regarding influential factors.
Keywords: entrepreneurial intentions, motivational antecedents, cultural and developmental differences, Danube region, education, education policy, activities
Published: 08.08.2017; Views: 588; Downloads: 84
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Štefani Hren, 2014, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: The goal of this graduation thesis is to find out the similarities in the use of character and appearance idioms in English and Slovene. Idioms represent an important part of the vocabulary of a language and the English and the Slovene language are not an exception. An idiom is a fixed word combination, consisting of at least two words. Its meaning is non-literal, i.e. it cannot be predicted from the individual meaning of the words it consists of. Therefore, idioms can represent a problem for translators. They are widely used, especially in informal, spoken language. I collected 150 character and appearance idioms and classified them into four groups according to the way they are translated into Slovene. The results of the analysis have shown that only approximately a quarter of the idioms have the same structure and meaning in English and Slovene. One third of the idioms have a different structure but share the same meaning. Almost half of the English idioms have no established Slovene translation at all or have no equivalent idiomatic translation. There are several reasons for the differences in the use of idioms between these two languages. The most important ones are culture, religion, history and the geographical distance. In my graduation thesis I was also interested in the similarities in the use of character and appearance idioms in different genres in English and Slovene. For this purpose I randomly selected 5 idioms from each group of idioms which have the same structure and meaning in both languages and researched their use in the corpuses COCA and FidaPLUS.
Keywords: idiom, character and appearance, translation, cultural differences, non-literal meaning
Published: 20.10.2015; Views: 1608; Downloads: 128
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Nuša Basle, 2013, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: In this diploma seminar I investigate world cultures and present their features, similarities and differences. Based thereon, I attempt to find out the possible ways to conduct business in different cultures. My aim was also to prove if all the literature information can be used in real life experience. I interviewed people who work in international firms that operate aboard, specifically in Austria, Brazil and Russia for my empirical part. On the basis of their information I could conclude that theory applies to practice and can serve as a useful guideline for international companies who want to conduct international business.
Keywords: Culture, cultural differences, international business, communication, negotiation, resolving conflicts.
Published: 24.10.2013; Views: 1123; Downloads: 134
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The role of culture in the relationship between religiosity and psychological well-being
Miran Lavrič, Sergej Flere, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: Several measures of religious practice and religious orientation (intrinsic/extrinsic/quest) and two measures of psychological well-being (positive affect and negative affect) have been employed in a cross-cultural survey of undergraduate university students from five different cultural/religious environments: Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, the United States of America, and Japan. Results suggest that measures of exstrinsic, intrinsic, and quest religiosity are not entirely applicable in most of the cultures observed. Nevertheless, it was possible to discern abbreviated cross-culturally valid scales for each dimension. The strength and direction of the correlation between psychological well-being and a particular type of religious orientation proved to depend substantially upon culture. More importantly, the cultural environment plays a crucial role in shaping the relationship between general measures of religiosity and psychological well-being. According to the data, higher general levels of religiosity at the societal level are linked to more positive correlations between religiosity and psychological well-being. The overall picture leads to the conclusion that there is no culturally universal pattern in the relationship between measures of religiosity and psychological well-being and that the particular cultural and religious context should always be considered in studies dealing with this issue.
Keywords: religiosity, culture, intercultural differences, religious belief, religious orientation, social differences, anxiety, psychological well-being, cross-cultural studies
Published: 07.06.2012; Views: 1273; Downloads: 92
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Predicting civil religion at a cross-cultural level
Sergej Flere, Miran Lavrič, 2009, original scientific article

Abstract: The concept of civil religion has caught major attention among scholars studying the junction of religion and politics (J.-J. Rousseau, E. Durkheim, R. Bellah). The notion focuses on the phenomenon of cultural contents sacralizing and ritualizing the ruling political institutions of a society, extending support to the integration of the political and social system at a cultural level. The notion of civil religion has recently been operationalized crossculturally, but light has not been shed upon its predictors. In this paper authoritarianism is tested as a predictor of civil religion cross-culturally. Four student samples of Bosnian, Serbian, Slovenian and US students were analyzed. Very strong, significant associations between authoritarianism, as operationalized by a modified Lane scale, and civil religion were found in all cases. Moreover, upon introducing femininity, anxiety and gender into the analysis, a strong, dominant and significant impact on the part of authoritarianism was still found when civil religion was observed crossculturally. When the same predictors were applied to explaining general religiosity, authoritarianism fell short of being a significant predictor in most of the environments observed. Such results suggest an especially close link between civil religion and authoritarianism.
Keywords: sociology of religion, civil religion, authoritarianism, religiosity, intercultural differences, religious orientation, Serbian orthodoxy, Slovenian catholicism, Bosnian Islam, cross-cultural analyses, anxiety
Published: 07.06.2012; Views: 1017; Downloads: 239
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Cross-cultural comparison of online job advertisements
Irena Gorenak, Sonja Mlaker Kač, Sara Orthaber, 2010, original scientific article

Abstract: Job advertisements should reflect an ideal candidate that the company is looking for. This is especially important for logistic companies which - due to their service-oriented nature - are inseparably connected with their employees. This paper aims to compare and analyse Slovenian, German and British online job advertisements from the field of logistics. Furthermore, this paper will discuss the structure and special features of job advertisements whereby relevant cultural differences between the three countries will be emphasized. With this in mind, differences in understanding logistics as such will be identified and cultural differences regarding employees' characteristics further discussed. For this purpose, six online job ads published in October 2008 in different online media in Slovenia, Germany and the UK will be qualitatively analysed. In the analysis relevant cross-cultural differences and similarities will be addressed and their implications further discussed.
Keywords: online recruitment, cultural differences, logistics, Slovenia, Germany, UK
Published: 05.06.2012; Views: 1840; Downloads: 44
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