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Forensic and Police Abbreviations and Other Relevant Word Formation Processes in the TV Series CSI: NY
Adina Deučman, 2013, diplomsko delo

Opis: The diploma paper Forensic and Police Abbreviations and Other Relevant Word Formation Processes in the TV Series CSI: NY deals with numerous police, forensic, medical abbreviations and relevant word formation processes which are directly associated with crime scene investigation disciplines. The aim si to list and analyse the use of forensic/police abbreviations and most often used word formation processes in the series' seventh season and compare them to the real forensic and police abbreviations used by police officers and forensic technicians in the United Kingdom and the USA. The main objectives are to present and describe English abbreviations and word formation processes according to their classification, describe the concept of the discussed TV series and anaylse the types of police and forensic abbreviations in the spin-off’s seventh season by explaining their meaning and providing their frequency of appearance. The same is done for the most often used word formation processes and examples of their use. Furthermore, a comparison of police and forensic abbreviations in the series‘ seventh season to the real forensic and police terminology is discussed. In the empirical part of my thesis, I present the results and provide interpretations of the questionnaire answered by English language students at our faculty with regard to forensic and police abbreviations. I also determine the percentage of English police and forensic abbreviations used by Slovene police and forensic experts by conducting an interview with a forensic expert.
Ključne besede: Forensic and police abbreviations, CSI, crime, word formation categories, word formation processes
Objavljeno: 28.05.2013; Ogledov: 1060; Prenosov: 138
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,57 MB)

A double-edged sword: benefits and pitfalls of heterogeneous punishment in evolutionary inspection games
Matjaž Perc, Attila Szolnoki, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: As a simple model for criminal behavior, the traditional two-strategy inspection game yields counterintuitive results that fail to describe empirical data. The latter shows that crime is often recurrent, and that crime rates do not respond linearly to mitigation attempts. A more apt model entails ordinary people who neither commit nor sanction crime as the third strategy besides the criminals and punishers. Since ordinary people free-ride on the sanctioning efforts of punishers, they may introduce cyclic dominance that enables the coexistence of all three competing strategies. In this setup ordinary individuals become the biggest impediment to crime abatement. We therefore also consider heterogeneous punisher strategies, which seek to reduce their investment into fighting crime in order to attain a more competitive payoff. We show that this diversity of punishment leads to an explosion of complexity in the system, where the benefits and pitfalls of criminal behavior are revealed in the most unexpected ways. Due to the raise and fall of different alliances no less than six consecutive phase transitions occur in dependence on solely the temptation to succumb to criminal behavior, leading the population from ordinary people-dominated across punisher-dominated to crime-dominated phases, yet always failing to abolish crime completely.
Ključne besede: crime, phase transition, social dilemma, physics of social systems
Objavljeno: 23.06.2017; Ogledov: 249; Prenosov: 207
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,62 MB)
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Elementary ratiocination
Michelle Gadpaille, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The paper reevaluates an obscure, German-language crime novel from the nineteenth century and its better-known English translation: Carl Adolf Streckfuss’s Das einsame Haus: nach den Tagebüchern des Herrn Professor Döllnitz: Roman (1888), translated as The Lonely House (1907). Although written in German by an author from Berlin, the novel is set on the territory of Slovenia. The paper situates the novel geographically and historically, while considering its place in the developing genres of crime and later detective fiction. Moreover, the novel’s depiction of intra- ethnic tension in the Slovenian village where the crime occurs will be shown to reflect the ethnic tensions on the frontiers of Austro-Hungarian territory, and to align with later trends in English detective fiction towards the use of ethnic taxonomies in constructing and solving crime.
Ključne besede: English literature, detective fiction, crime fiction, 19th cent.
Objavljeno: 16.05.2017; Ogledov: 312; Prenosov: 45
.pdf Celotno besedilo (132,94 KB)
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Understanding recurrent crime as system-immanent collective behavior
Matjaž Perc, Karsten Donnay, Dirk Helbing, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Containing the spreading of crime is a major challenge for society. Yet, since thousands of years, no effective strategy has been found to overcome crime. To the contrary, empirical evidence shows that crime is recurrent, a fact that is not captured well by rational choice theories of crime. According to these, strong enough punishment should prevent crime from happening. To gain a better understanding of the relationship between crime and punishment, we consider that the latter requires prior discovery of illicit behavior and study a spatial version of the inspection game. Simulations reveal the spontaneous emergence of cyclic dominance between criminals, inspectors, and ordinary people as a consequence of spatial interactions. Such cycles dominate the evolutionary process, in particular when the temptation to commit crime or the cost of inspection are low or moderate. Yet, there are also critical parameter values beyond which cycles cease to exist and the population is dominated either by a stable mixture of criminals and inspectors or one of these two strategies alone. Both continuous and discontinuous phase transitions to different final states are possible, indicating that successful strategies to contain crime can be very much counter-intuitive and complex. Our results demonstrate that spatial interactions are crucial for the evolutionary outcome of the inspection game, and they also reveal why criminal behavior is likely to be recurrent rather than evolving towards an equilibrium with monotonous parameter dependencies.
Ključne besede: crime, evolutionary games, collective phenomena, phase transitions, statistical physics
Objavljeno: 19.06.2017; Ogledov: 469; Prenosov: 196
.pdf Celotno besedilo (433,51 KB)
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Arms trafficking
Sabina Zgaga, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The provision of arms for the commission of crimes is one of the typical forms of aiding and abetting. This article discusses arms trafficking as a form of aiding and abetting the commission of core crimes. It opens with a discussion of aiding and abetting as a form of complicity in the Rome Statute and the case law of the International Criminal Court. Furthermore, the article also analyses the regulation of legal arms trafficking in international and European law. Accordingly, the international criminal law further regulates illegal arms trafficking as an international crime and as complicity to core crimes. Therefore, the article first presents arms trafficking as an international crime and subsequently discusses arms trafficking as complicity in core crimes. The article concludes with a discussion on the regulation of arms trafficking in Slovene law, beginning with legal arms trafficking according to the Firearms Act-1 and ending with illegal arms trafficking as a crime.
Ključne besede: aiding and abetting, complicity, core crime, intent, arms trafficking, merger of offences, international criminal court
Objavljeno: 04.08.2017; Ogledov: 371; Prenosov: 42
.pdf Celotno besedilo (700,22 KB)
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A reflection on selected fear of crime factors in Ljubljana, Slovenia
Gorazd Meško, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Objective: to analysis the fear of crime factors according to the research carried out in 2009 in Ljubljana (Slovenia). Methods: dialectic, systemic, comparison, observation. Results: the analysis shows that the level of fear of crime has not changed significantly over the last two decades. The latest survey from 2009 implies that the influence of perceived probability of victimization in an emotional reaction is strongest among those who believe that consequences of victimization can be severe, and their own ability to defend from an assailant is low. Analyses have shown that the fear of crime is strongest in women and the elderly. Personal experiences with crime do not result in an increase in perceived probability of victimization, or influence fear of crime, nor do they affect the anticipation of seriousness of the potential consequences of victimization. The article contributes to reflections on fear of crime based on a literature and research review as well as utilization of new models of testing fear of crime factors. Scientific novelty: the research shows that the used model of fear of crime explains more variance (R² = .54) than other models used prior to this study (Slovenia, 2001, R² = .43; Croatia, 2002, R² = .43; Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2002, R² = .45) and imply some new findings and confirm findings from the previous surveys. The findings imply that the respondents in Ljubljana relate fear of crime to the impacts of different crimes on their lives. However, research did not confirm that the level of fear of individual crimes is proportional to their severity. It was found out that respondents feel the most threatened by robbery followed by assault. Practical significance: the article provides insight for crime control and prevention and will be useful for scientific and educational staff, policy makers, graduate and post-graduate students and all those interested in crime control and prevention.
Ključne besede: criminal law, criminology, fear of crime, factors, Slovenia, Ljubljana
Objavljeno: 08.08.2017; Ogledov: 648; Prenosov: 209
.pdf Celotno besedilo (415,35 KB)
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