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The (un)constitutionality of the financial investigation as provided by the Financial Administration Act – a case study
Benjamin Flander, 2022, original scientific article

Abstract: Purpose: The article provides an in-depth analysis of the regulation of financial investigations under the Financial Administration Act (“Zakon o finančni upravi (ZFU)”, 2014) and the manner of implementing the regulatory framework of this instrument in Slovenia. It presents the conditions for the initiation of a financial investigation, along with the competence and authorisations of investigators, the status of a person under investigation, and the procedure and conclusion of a financial investigation. In the article we take the position that either the existing regulatory framework or the manner in which the regulatory framework of financial investigation is implemented is unconstitutional. Design/Methods/Approach: We applied the normative method, the analysis and synthesis method, and a case study. Findings: We claim that Article 100 of the “ZFU” (2014), which governs financial investigations, is not compliant with the Constitution or the manner in which this provision is implemented by the Financial Administration of the Republic of Slovenia, which also has support in courts’ decisions. The Financial Administration, the Administrative Court and courts of general jurisdiction interpret and implement Article 100 of the “ZFU”, in the section relating to the moment in which a financial investigation is completed and tax inspection proceedings begin, in a way that is not compliant with the explanation by the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Slovenia in decision No. U-I-69/22-4. Research Limitations/Implications: The research does not include a comparative analysis, i.e., an analysis of the regulation and practice of conducting financial investigations pertaining to infringements of tax regulations in other countries.
Keywords: Financial Administration Act, financial investigations, financial administration, constitution
Published in DKUM: 27.01.2023; Views: 425; Downloads: 9
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The constitutional right to health protection in Belarus
Aksana Shupitskaya, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: The article analyzes the constitutional right enshrined in the Fundamental law of the Belarusian state, its Constitution, - the right to health protection. The purpose of the research is to analyze the relevant legal regulations and the problems associated with implementing the right to health protection in the modern Belarus. The paper will examine the constitutional basis of the right to health protection in Belarus, its essence and nature, normative legal acts regulating the analyzed right, problems and prospects of its implementation in light of the current conditions of the Belarusian state. The author considers the constitutional legal principles and constitutional legal norms as the basis of the right to health protection and reveals the essence of the analyzed right. The conclusion substantiates the idea that detailed regulation of the right to health protection is carried out at the level of normative legal acts of the Republic of Belarus adopted by various state bodies. The state of realization of the right to health protection is determined by socio-economic, political and other factors. Identifying a number of problems related to ensuring the right to health protection, the researcher analyzes the prospects for its further development in the Republic of Belarus.
Keywords: constitution, constitutional principles and norms, medical care, health protection
Published in DKUM: 15.01.2021; Views: 701; Downloads: 27
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Borders of communication privacy in Slovenian criminal procedure : constitutional challenges
Sabina Zgaga Markelj, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: Due to fast technological development and our constant communication protection of communication privacy in every aspect of our (legal) life has become more important than ever before. Regarding protection of privacy in criminal procedure special emphasis should be given to the regulation of privacy in Slovenian Constitution and its interpretation in the case law of the Constitutional Court. This paper presents the definition of privacy and communication privacy in Slovenian constitutional law and exposes the main issues of communication privacy that have been discussed in the case law of the Constitutional Court in the last twenty years. Thereby the paper tries to show the general trend in the case law of Constitutional Court regarding the protection of communication privacy and to expose certain unsolved issues and unanswered challenges. Slovenian constitutional regulation of communication privacy is very protective, considering the broad definition of privacy and the strict conditions for encroachment of communication privacy. The case law of Slovenian Constitutional Court has also shown such trend, with the possible exception of the recent decision on a dynamic IP address. The importance of this decision is however significant, since it could be applicable to all forms of communication via internet, the prevailing form of communication nowadays. Certain challenges still lay ahead, such as the current proposal for the amendment of Criminal Procedure Act-M, which includes the use of IMSI catchers and numerous unanswered issues regarding data retention after the decisive annulment of its partial legal basis by the Constitutional Court.
Keywords: privacy, communication privacy, Constitution, criminal procedure, modern technology, Slovenia
Published in DKUM: 06.07.2017; Views: 11333; Downloads: 155
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