1. New computational models for better predictions of the soilcompression indexAhmet Demir, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek Opis: The compression index is one of the important soil parameters that are essential for geotechnical designs. Because laboratory and insitu tests for determining the compression index (Cc) value are laborious, time consuming and costly, empirical formulas based on soil parameters are commonly used. Over the years a number of empirical formulas have been proposed to relate the compressibility to other soil parameters, such as the natural water content, the liquid limit, the plasticity index, the speciﬁc gravity. These empirical formulas provide good results for a specific test set, but cannot accurately or reliably predict the compression index from various test sets. The other disadvantage is that they tend to use a single parameter to estimate the compression index (Cc), even though Cc exhibits spatial characteristics depending on several soil parameters. This study presents the potential for Genetic Expression Programming (GEP) and the Adaptive NeuroFuzzy (ANFIS) computing paradigm to predict the compression index from soil parameters such as the natural water content, the liquid limit, the plastic index, the specific gravity and the void ratio. A total of 299 data sets collected from the literature were used to develop the models. The performance of the models was comprehensively evaluated using several statistical verification tools. The predicted results showed that the GEP and ANFIS models provided fairly promising approaches to the prediction of the compression index of soils and could provide a better performance than the empirical formulas. Ključne besede: compression index, statistical analysis, genetic expression programming, adaptive neurofuzzy, empirical equations Objavljeno: 14.06.2018; Ogledov: 514; Prenosov: 42 Celotno besedilo (274,65 KB) Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

2. Correlation between the point load index, $I_{s(50)}$, and the resistance to unconfined compression in limestone from the comunidad Valenciana, SpainManolo Galván, Jorge Preciado, Jose Serón, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek Opis: The unconfined compression strength is one of the most important engineering parameters in rock mechanics; it is used to characterize and study the behaviour of solid rocks. A good correlation between the unconfined compression strength test (UCS) and the point load strength (PLS) can be very useful, because it allows for faster and cheaper testing than other methods with the same security to calculate the structures and performances of solid rocks. A preliminary step to implement the correlation is to have a good method to determine the resistance to a point load. This determination is correct if we have a sufficient number of tests on specimens of the same nature, but usually this does not occur, and it is necessary to apply a sizecorrection factor, F = (De/50)α, with α = 0.45. This paper is based on limestone from Comunidad Valenciana, Spain, because it represents a very high percentage of the rocks. The implementation was conducted over 700 field and laboratory tests, of which 255 are PLT tests, 45 are UCS tests, and the rest are other parameters, like porosity and specific weight, Slake Durability, and ultrasonic velocity. Ključne besede: resistance to point load, point load strength, Franklin test, size correction factor, unconfined compression Objavljeno: 14.06.2018; Ogledov: 419; Prenosov: 37 Celotno besedilo (398,58 KB) Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

3. A comparison between conventional triaxial and planestrain compression on a particulate system using 3D DEMMahmud Sazzad, Kiichi Suzuki, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek Opis: Granular materials such as sand are subjected to different stress paths depending on the insitu conditions. For example, a granular system under the foundations experiences conventional triaxial compression (CTC), while it experiences planestrain compression (PSC) in the case of the embankment of roads. Due to the difference in the stress paths, the behavior of granular materials also becomes different. This paper aims at comparing the behavior of granular materials under CTC and PSC conditions using the 3D discreteelement method (DEM). An isotropically compressed dense sample consisting of 8000 spheres was prepared numerically using periodic boundaries. The CTC and PSC tests were simulated using the same isotropically compressed dense sample to compare and explore the macro and micromechanical responses of granular materials without any bias from the initial fabric of the numerical sample. Qualitatively, the simulated stressstrain responses are consistent with that observed in the experimental studies. The dilatancy index is found to be independent of the stress paths used in the present study. The b value (defined as b = (σ2 − σ3)/(σ1 − σ3) where σ1, σ2 and σ3 are the stresses in the x1 , x2  and x3  directions, respectively)  axial strain curve has a close similarity with the stress ratio  axial strain curve for the PSC test. The evolution of the coordination number and the sliding contact fraction is independent of the stress paths. A link between the macro and microquantities is observed and a unique macromicro relationship is noticed, regardless of the stress paths applied in this study. Ključne besede: conventional triaxial compression, planestrain compression, micro response, DEM Objavljeno: 13.06.2018; Ogledov: 539; Prenosov: 43 Celotno besedilo (257,70 KB) Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

4. Yielding in the isotropic compression of Porto silty sandMiguel Ferreira Amaral, Sara Rios, António Viana da Fonseca, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek Opis: The yielding locus of a wellgraded silty sand was analysed by means of isotropic compression tests and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The tests were performed with precise instrumentation, for internal and external strain measurements, and shearwave velocity measurements by means of bender elements. Finally, aiming at an accurate evaluation of the yield stress, four different methods were applied – two quite well know and the other two being innovative – leading to interesting conclusions. Ključne besede: silty sand, yield point, isotropic compression, high pressure, seismic waves Objavljeno: 13.06.2018; Ogledov: 344; Prenosov: 53 Celotno besedilo (613,18 KB) Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

5. Lossless geometry compression through changing 3D coordinates into 1DYongkui Liu, Lijun He, Pengjie Wang, Linghua Li, Borut Žalik, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek Opis: A method of lossless geometry compression on the coordinates of the vertexes for grid model is presented. First, the 3D coordinates are preprocessed to be transformed into a specific form. Then these 3D coordinates are changed into 1D data by making the three coordinates of a vertex represented by only a position number, which is made of a large integer. To minimize the integers, they are sorted and the differences between two adjacent vertexes are stored in a vertex table. In addition to the technique of geometry compression on coordinates, an improved method for storing the compressed topological data in a facet table is proposed to make the method more complete and efficient. The experimental results show that the proposed method has a better compression rate than the latest method of lossless geometry compression, the IsenburgLindstromSnoeyink method. The theoretical analysis and the experiment results also show that the important decompression time of the new method is short. Though the new method is explained in the case of a triangular grid, it can also be used in other forms of grid model. Ključne besede: triangular mesh, model, lossless, compression Objavljeno: 12.07.2017; Ogledov: 921; Prenosov: 243 Celotno besedilo (332,44 KB) Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

6. Experimental and numerical evaluation of the mechanical behavior of strongly anisotropic lightweight metallic fiber structures under static and dynamic compressive loadingOlaf Andersen, Matej Vesenjak, Thomas Fiedler, Jehring, Lovre KrstulovićOpara, izvirni znanstveni članek Opis: Rigid metallic fiber structures made from a variety of different metals and alloys have been investigated mainly with regard to their functional properties such as heat transfer, pressure drop, or filtration characteristics. With the recent advent of aluminum and magnesiumbased fiber structures, the application of such structures in lightweight crash absorbers has become conceivable. The present paper therefore elucidates the mechanical behavior of rigid sintered fiber structures under quasistatic and dynamic loading. Special attention is paid to the strongly anisotropic properties observed for different directions of loading in relation to the main fiber orientation. Basically, the structures show an orthotropic behavior; however, a finite thickness of the fiber slabs results in moderate deviations from a purely orthotropic behavior. The morphology of the tested specimens is examined by computed tomography, and experimental results for different directions of loading as well as different relative densities are presented. Numerical calculations were carried out using real structural data derived from the computed tomography data. Depending on the direction of loading, the fiber structures show a distinctively different deformation behavior both experimentally and numerically. Based on these results, the prevalent modes of deformation are discussed and a first comparison with an established polymer foam and an assessment of the applicability of aluminum fiber structures in crash protection devices is attempted. Ključne besede: aluminum fiber, fiber structure, orthotropy, sintering, compression, static loading, dynamic loading, energy absorption, numerical simulation Objavljeno: 21.06.2017; Ogledov: 491; Prenosov: 354 Celotno besedilo (23,30 MB) Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

7. Percutaneous trigeminal ganglion balloon compression rhizotomy: experience in 27 patientsTadej Strojnik, Tomaž Šmigoc, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek Opis: Purpose. Percutaneous ganglion balloon compression (PBC) is a minimally invasive procedure for treatment of trigeminal neuralgia. Materials and Methods. Twentyseven (19 female and 8 male) patients, who presented with classical symptoms of trigeminal neuralgia, were included. Age ranged from34 to 91 years (median 62 years), 33 procedures were performed. Duration of the symptoms ranged from 1 year to 30 years (median 5 years). Results. After the procedure, pain relief was reported in 25 (93%) patients. In two patients, the pain remained the same. The pain free period ranged from 2 to 74 months (median 15 months). A mean duration of analgesia was longer in patients with ideal pear shape of balloon at the time of the procedure compared to nonideal shape (P = 0.01). No major complications occurred in our group of patients. Conclusions. Percutaneous trigeminal ganglion balloon compression is a safe, simple, and effective method for temporary pain relief in a selective group of trigeminal neuralgia patients. Ključne besede: balloon compression Objavljeno: 15.06.2017; Ogledov: 483; Prenosov: 335 Celotno besedilo (2,62 MB) Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

8. An efficient eigenspace updating scheme for highdimensional systemsSimon Gangl, Domen Mongus, Borut Žalik, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek Opis: Systems based on principal component analysis have developed from exploratory data analysis in the past to current data processing applications which encode and decode vectors of data using a changing projection space (eigenspace). Linear systems, which need to be solved to obtain a constantly updated eigenspace, have increased significantly in their dimensions during this evolution. The basic scheme used for updating the eigenspace, however, has remained basically the same: (re)computing the eigenspace whenever the error exceeds a predefined threshold. In this paper we propose a computationally efficient eigenspace updating scheme, which specifically supports highdimensional systems from any domain. The key principle is a prior selection of the vectors used to update the eigenspace in combination with an optimized eigenspace computation. The presented theoretical analysis proves the superior reconstruction capability of the introduced scheme, and further provides an estimate of the achievable compression ratios. Ključne besede: eigenspace, projection space, data compression, principal component analysis Objavljeno: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 769; Prenosov: 72 Povezava na celotno besedilo 
9. Ekspanzivni procesi v mali medenici, prikriti s sočasno lumbalno kompresijo, kot vzrok lumboishialgije  prikaz treh primerovGorazd Bunc, Janez Ravnik, Matjaž Voršič, 2010, strokovni članek Opis: Ekspanzivni procesi v mali medenici, prikriti s sočasno lumbalno kompresijo, kot vzrok lumboishialgije Ključne besede: intraspinal nerve root compression, extraspinal nerve root compression, lumbar radiculopathy, sciatic nerve, malignant nerve sheath tumors genetic markers Objavljeno: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 831; Prenosov: 25 Povezava na celotno besedilo 
10. The wavelet transform for BEM computational fluid dynamicsJure Ravnik, Leopold Škerget, Matjaž Hriberšek, 2004, izvirni znanstveni članek Opis: A wavelet matrix compression technique was used to solve systems of linear equations resulting from BEM applied to fluid dynamics. The governing equations were written in velocityvorticity formulation and solutions of the resulting systems of equations were obtained with and without wavelet matrix compression. A modification of the Haar wavelet transform, which can transformvectors of any size, is proposed. The threshold, used for making fully populated matrices sparse, was written as a product of a user defined factor and the average value of absolute matrix elements values. Numerical tests were performed to assert, that the error caused by wavelet compression depends linearly on the factor , while the dependence of the error on the share of thresholded elements in the system matrix is highly nonlinear. The results also showed that the increasing nonlinearity (higher Ra and Re numbervalues) limits the extent of compression. On the other hand, higher meshdensity enables higher compression ratios. Ključne besede: fluid mechanics, computational fluid dynamics, boundary element method, wavelet transform, linear systems of equations, velocity vorticity formulation, driven cavity, natural convection, system matrix compression Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 1495; Prenosov: 72 Povezava na celotno besedilo 