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1.
The role of the international community in a new model of reforming the political and social architecture of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Janez Juvan, Andrej Sotlar, 2022, original scientific article

Abstract: Purpose: For decades, the international community has been trying to contribute to long-term peace and stability in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), but it has been only partially successful. The purpose of the paper is to present a new model for the reform of the political and social architecture, which, along with the new role of the international community, will ensure the peace, stability and security of BiH, and at the same time will be applicable in other areas of the world. Design/Methods/Approach: The article brings insights in the mentioned processes by using combinations of theoretical and empirical methods, of which the most important are in-depth interviews with experts who know the region in detail, as well as the measures already implemented in (post)conflict areas in some other parts of the world. Findings: The article discusses a possible model for the future role of the international community in this country as developed by the Working Group on BiH. The model relies on technical assistance to the country for fundamental reforms provided by highly qualified international experts using a modular reform implementation strategy. It is a modular implementation of the reforms, which increases the efficiency and at the same time checks the suitability of the proposed solutions. Research Limitations/Implications: The situation in BiH is very complex due to the complicated political system, the ethnic map, the political situation, the economic and social situation, therefore, generalizing the findings is difficult. Practical Implications: Reforms must strengthen the rule of law, modernize public administration, harmonize the business environment through fiscal policy and control institutions, open and protect labour competitiveness, establish functioning social, health, and pension systems, and open up space for civil society. Originality /Value: Article is presenting the new model as a regional integration programme for infrastructure, economy, education, inter-institutional cooperation, culture, and sports.
Keywords: international community, new reforms model, EU accession, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Published in DKUM: 27.01.2023; Views: 21; Downloads: 2
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2.
Some aspects of development of private international law in the CIS countries
Islambek Rustambekov, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: Globalization, development of the states and society and their rapprochement makes the issues of regulation of relation with a foreign element more urgent, and in particular private international law becomes relevant. In this aspect, states are aimed in unification and harmonization of norms of private international law and mostly within regional associations. This article traces these issues within the Community of Independent States (CIS). The CIS countries are trying to analyze and use the international experience, in particular similar experiences of the EU. The EU experience is acutely important in view of the development of Eurasian Economic Union in which more States are trying to become a member. This article traces the development and rapprochement of the private international law in the EU and the CIS countries, and analyzes international agreements of the States which are aimed to unify private international law and regulate such relations around the States. The article reflects upon and provides some basic perspectives regarding further regional harmonization and unification of private international law in the CIS.
Keywords: conflict of laws, private international law, European Union, Community of Independent States, Commonwealth of Independent States, unification, harmonization
Published in DKUM: 15.01.2021; Views: 565; Downloads: 0

3.
Community health nursing in Slovenia and Croatia - selected legal aspects
Suzana Kraljić, Blanka Kačer, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: This article is dedicated to community health nursing which today constitutes the indispensable cornerstone of Slovenian and Croatian primary health-care. Authors also stress that community health nursing is recognized of crucial importance for public health and various vulnerable groups (e.g., children, elderly, ...) in many other European as well as non-European states. In Chapter 2, the authors represent basic historical milestones in both countries, Slovenia and Croatia, which have common historical roots. In Chapters 3 and 4, the central part of the article, authors analyze the current legal regulation related to community health nursing and thereby give special attention to differences in both national legal regulations. The major difference is given in concessions. Namely in Slovenia, community health nursing can be performed also based on a granted concession, but not in Croatia. In Chapter 5, some legal views on the role of community health nursing in local communities are emphasized (e.g., domestic violence). The last chapter is dedicated to the summarization of the authors' conclusions, in which they especially stress that the community health nursing in both countries today represents an important key factor for ensuring the constitutional right to health-care.
Keywords: community health nurse, primary care, aging population, concession, legal regulation
Published in DKUM: 15.01.2021; Views: 456; Downloads: 42
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4.
Crime prevention in Germany: Relevance of community crime prevention and victim-offender mediation : bachelor thesis
Robi Pozderec, 2018, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: Crime is an ancient problem, which has always been and will be a trouble for every society. Punishment has been seen as a natural reaction for crime or delinquent behaviour; if it didn’t help to reach the desired outcome, even harsher punishment was inflicted upon the offenders. Even though punishment became harsher throughout the time, it didn’t deter offenders from committing a crime. Over the centuries, crime prevention strategies were based on deterrence theory; this theory relied on perceiving the threat of punishment which is so severe, that it would outweigh any potential profit from committing a crime. In the 21st century, deterrence theory is still the dominant approach to prevent crime. Nevertheless, it was shown that imprisonment is poor strategy for crime prevention. Not only it does not deter offenders from committing a crime, but in some cases, after release from prison, they tend to reoffend because they have a problem with reintegration into society. In addition to not being effective as a strategy for drop in crime rates, incarceration is also very costly sanction. In the past decades, these reasons have led criminologists to put in the foreground alternative ways to imprisonment, which would result in effective crime prevention. Two of such are victim-offender mediation as a method of restorative justice and community crime prevention, where the community is the object of interest which relies on participation of the citizens and tries to recognize potential of crime in the community early on.
Keywords: crime prevention, restorative justice, mediation, community, Germany
Published in DKUM: 25.10.2018; Views: 1175; Downloads: 55
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5.
Community development plan: rural livestock, agriculture and livelihood in Indonesia
Budi Guntoro, 2010, review article

Abstract: This study aimed to determine the bio-physical and socio-economic characteristics of the community, to determine the problems encountered by the community with emphasis on livestock, agriculture and livelihood and to recommend appropriate plans of action in addressing these problems. Field observation and interviews with key informants were conducted. The data gathered served as basis in the preparation of a Community Develop- ment Plan for Lopati Village, Yogyakarta Province, Indonesia, which was the ultimate goal of the activity. In addition, this data provided guidelines in plan implementation as well as serving as a basis for determining the different changes or accomplishments to be made. Eight key informants were involved in the interview. The results showed that there are many problems faced by the community, including low income, lack of capital and credit sources, low prices of products and business management. Several plans of action that were made and proposed included strengthening of the existing farmers’ multipurpose cooperative, conversion of the farmers and women’s association into a cooperative, introduction and implementation of swine dispersal project, intensification of cattle, goat and duck raising, home industries, introduction of purely self-help projects, training workshops for farmers, youth and women, competitive farm gate prices for the community’s products, payment of previous loans, encouragement/reactivation of other banks to participate in a credit program, and general assembly meeting/monitoring and evaluation of projects/program.
Keywords: community development plan, rural livestock, agriculture and livelihood
Published in DKUM: 29.03.2018; Views: 649; Downloads: 75
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6.
Coping with depopulation and demographic ageing in rural Japan : from government to local governance
Kim Doo-Chul, Bu Hye-Jin, 2009, original scientific article

Abstract: Recently, the Japanese government initiated an administrative process that has resulted in the merging of municipalities across the country. Since then, the quality of services provided to inhabitants by the local government has declined in depopulated areas. As a result, it has been suggested that there may be a role for self-organization in the revival of local governance. Despite having a rapidly ageing population, Kawane village has been particularly successful in revitalizing local governance through reorganization of the local community. This research examines a variety of the community activities involved and the unique management methods behind them in an attempt to ascertain the factors that have resulted in successful self- governance in this village.
Keywords: depopulated mountainous village, local community, Kawane Promoting Association, local governance, Kawane Village, Japan
Published in DKUM: 19.03.2018; Views: 772; Downloads: 95
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7.
Social capital in rural communities in the Netherlands
Frans Thissen, 2009, original scientific article

Abstract: The quality of life in Dutch rural communities is high in comparison with urban communities in the Netherlands because of the residential quality of villages, the mobility of the inhabitants and the strong commitment by the inhabitants to the local society. However, today’s Dutch villages bear no resemblance to the traditional village and neither is social capital self-evident nowadays. This article presents evidence from two projects. It summarizes some results of a national survey organised within the framework of the research programme entitled ‘The Social State of the Countryside’, as carried out by the Social and Cultural Planning Office of The Netherlands (SCP) and a project in one of the most rural parts of the Netherlands (Zeeland). In the Zeeland villages, social capital is analysed from the point of view of the relationship between quality of life, social cohesion and local community care in small villages.
Keywords: transformation of rural communities, civil society, social capital, quality of life, social vitality, social cohesion, community care
Published in DKUM: 19.03.2018; Views: 1079; Downloads: 94
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8.
Troubling talk: a politics and history of indistinction in the Upper Sorbian community
Elizabeth Spreng, 2013, original scientific article

Abstract: The article focused on the cultural processes that affect speakers of Upper Sorbian, an endangered Slavic community in Eastern Germany. Through an anthropological approach, language choices emerge as a complex negotiation of linguistic identity evidenced in critique of other Sorbs and language use as well as choosing to distance oneself from the community.
Keywords: language endangerment, globalization, ethnography, Upper Sorbian community, language policy, Upper Sorbian language
Published in DKUM: 14.02.2018; Views: 669; Downloads: 320
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9.
The concept of communities of practise on the example of IT sector
Izabela Sztangret, 2014, original scientific article

Abstract: Background: A growing interest in the concept of communities of practice (CoP) has been recently observed in several academic fields. They include organizational studies (the topics of knowledge management and organizational learning in particular) and education. However, the notion is used in various contexts. It is sometimes perceived as a social construct, but at some other times as a virtual community or informal group sponsored by an organization for the purpose of making it easier to share knowledge or learn. Objectives: The main aims of the paper are: 1) to identify the main characteristics of the CoP in IT sector, 2) to identify and describe the knowledge management tools used by CoP, 3) and to identify and analyse customer knowledge of CoP. Method: The research assumed an exploratory character. The case study and survey methods with application of structured questionnaire were used. Results: The CoP is little effective form of stimulating business processes and market, despite application of a broad range of activities undertaken for the purpose of creation of the so-called knowledge communities by the entities of IT sector and internet activity declared by respondents. Conclusion: Poor knowledge of CoP as well as the awareness of participation in its structures among the recipients, who are additionally active users of new technologies including mostly the Internet, may also be caused by the lack of experience in the sphere of studied knowledge-based relationships or priority character of ventures of directly measurable business results. Determinants of CoP creation and directions of its development may constitute an interesting area for further studies.
Keywords: knowledge management, marketing knowledge management, community of practice
Published in DKUM: 22.01.2018; Views: 701; Downloads: 135
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10.
Contribution to the collaborative work in virtual organization : a case study
Fernando Crespo, Chandra Sekhar Pedamallu, Linet Ozdamar, Gerhard-Wilhelm Weber, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: A virtual organization is a community of people who interact together socially on a technical platform. These kinds of communities are built on a common interest, a common problem or a common task of its members that is pursued on the basis of implicit and explicit codes of behavior. The six dimensions that are normally used to analyze virtual organizations are the use of technologies, sense of belonging, success factors, level of trust from members, virtual community management, and contents of the virtual community. The virtual organizations defined in the literature are not defined separately for non-profit research virtual organization. Here we present analysis of non-profit research virtual organization, European Working Group on Operational Research for Development (EGW ORD). This paper provides a summary of achievements and challenges faced in building a virtual organization. This kind of analysis plays a vital role in establishing new non-profit virtual organizations to serve the research community in their field of interest. It is also helpful to the group in broadening its presence and involving more researchers, practitioners and students in the field of operational research.
Keywords: virtual organization, virtual community, operational research, societies, EURO
Published in DKUM: 29.11.2017; Views: 794; Downloads: 112
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