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Police officers' and citizens' attitudes toward the provision of safety/security in local communities in Slovenia : doctoral dissertation
Maja Modic, 2013, doctoral dissertation

Abstract: Main purpose of the dissertation is to compare police officers’ and citizens’ attitudes toward various aspects of local safety provision, with the emphasis on community policing, which is currently the main philosophy of policing in Slovenia. Data for the study comes from a survey administred to a sample of police officers and citizens to assess their attitudes on a broad range of issues regarding the provision of safety on the local level as related to Slovene police in general, police effectiveness in various activities, legality of police work and citizens’ willingness to cooperate with the police among others. Within the comparison between citizens’ and police officers’ attitudes, areas of the highest and the lowest degree of concordance between attitudes were identified and examined. Attitudes of police officers and citizens were found to be most dissimilar regarding legality of police work, effectiveness in protecting life, personal safety and property, general perceptions of police and effectiveness in community policing. Overall level of concordance between attitudes of both groups was found to be low. The foci of our further analysis were the factors which influence citizens’ and police officers’ attitudes toward police effectiveness in community policing. Effects of gender, age, education, fear of crime and residency characteristics on citizens’ attitudes were examined, and effects of age, education, participatory management, organizational support, job satisfaction and community support on police officers’ attitudes were examined. Results of regression analysis showed that police visibility, trust in the government, age, fear of crime and length of residency affect citizens’ attitudes toward police effectiveness in community policing, however these variables account only for 30.1 percent of the variation in citizens' attitudes toward community policing. Police officers’ attitudes toward police effectiveness in community policing are affected by age, education, organizational support, job satisfaction and community support. These variables were found to account only for 28.7 percent of the variation in police officers' attitudes toward community policing. Majority of the variation in both groups’ attitudes toward community policing thus remains unexplained. Suggestions for further research and policy implication are provided, focused on inclusion of additional variables into model of police officers’ attitudes and model of citizens’ attitudes. Variables found to affect citizens of both groups toward police effectiveness in community policing by the findings of present research should be taken into consideration by police administrators and local safety policy makers.
Keywords: police officers’ attitudes, citizens’ attitudes, local safety provision, community policing, police-community relations, police-community cooperation, community policing officer, local safety council
Published: 15.04.2013; Views: 1920; Downloads: 201
.pdf Full text (1,42 MB)

Timi Hraš, 2012, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: Diplomsko delo obravnava možnosti malih in srednje velikih podjetij, ki s pomočjo spletne prodaje, z minimalnim vlaganjem dosežejo nacionalni ali globalni trg. Odlično alternativo plačljivim lastniškim rešitvam predstavljajo odprtokodne rešitve, ki so praviloma na voljo brezplačno. Ponudba brezplačnih odprtokodnih rešitev za spletne trgovine je velika, tako da se za vsako podjetje lahko najde takšna, ki mu ustreza. Na spletu je v letu 2010 nakupovalo skoraj petsto tisoč Slovencev. Trend nakupovanja na spletu se z leti viša kar kaže, da je priložnost za uspeh na spletu velika. Prednosti pa niso samo za lastnike spletnih trgovin, temveč tudi za kupce. Na spletu so cene nižje, nakupovanje je hitro in enostavno. Na eni strani je mogoče najti vse potrebne informacije, ni impulzivnega nakupovanja, možnosti vračila izdelkov pa so enostavne. To je le nekaj izmed razlogov, kar dela spletno trgovino zanimivo. Podjetje Zoo Market Rex se je pred dvema letoma odločilo, da svojo ponudbo predstavi tudi na spletu. V letu dni je prodaja preko spleta presegla prodajo ene izmed poslovalnic, prodaja pa še vedno raste. Na tem primeru lahko ugotovimo, da se vlaganje v spletno trgovino splača.
Keywords: elektronsko poslovanje, odprta koda, odprtokodne rešitve spletnih trgovin, brezplačna odprtokodna rešitev Magento Community, spletne trgovine.
Published: 17.12.2012; Views: 991; Downloads: 98
.pdf Full text (1,24 MB)

Ines Kožuh, 2015, doctoral dissertation

Abstract: Social networking site use among the d/Deaf and hard of hearing has triggered a growing interest in examining the impact of online activities on their experiences. Despite extensive research on the use of social networking sites among hearing users, only a few studies have focused on use among the d/Deaf and hard of hearing. There is an evident lack of comprehensive research on d/Deaf and hard of hearing users’ experiences with social networking sites in which both the effects of the users’ characteristics on their identification with other users and their tendency to connect with members of online communities are examined. In our study, we developed a theoretical model for examining D/HH users’ experiences with social networking sites. The model investigates the relationships and effects among the aspects (identity, community building and connections between communities) and factors (hearing loss, educational background, communication situation and use of technology) relating to the experiences of d/Deaf and hard of hearing with social networking sites. The primary purpose of the model was to define how the aspects are associated with each other and how the factors influence the aspects. In line with the model, an online questionnaire in sign and written language was developed. A study was conducted in Germany, Slovenia, Austria and Switzerland, where the questionnaire was completed by 199 German, 43 Slovene, 21 Austrian and 20 Swiss d/Deaf and hard of hearing users of social networking sites. Due to sample size the main emphasis was on the results gained from the study conducted in Germany. It was shown that online Deaf identity is negatively related to online hearing identity, but positively related to community building and connections among communities. While community building is positively related to connections between communities, online hearing identity is neither related to community building nor connections between communities. Additionally, hearing status was found to have a significant effect on online Deaf and online hearing identity. Frequency of use of social networking sites has no significant effect on any aspect, while frequency of posting videos is the only activity having a significant effect on community building. Frequency of communication with the deaf in sign language on social networking sites has a positive effect on online Deaf identity and community building; frequency of communication with the deaf and hard of hearing in written language has a further positive effect on community building. Results of examining the effects of different countries on the aspects showed that Slovene users were more engaged in community building and connecting with members of other communities than German users. These findings imply a high potential for using social networking sites in the education process. Accordingly, we developed recommendations for teachers, and designers and developers of educational processes in order to assure efficient communication support for the d/Deaf and hard of hearing. These recommendations might be most beneficial in distance education in terms of globalization, since social networking sites provide opportunities for inclusion of students from abroad. Similarly, social networking sites provide wider opportunities for work between mentors and mentees, since questions can be posed and answers can be given directly on social networking sites.
Keywords: Deaf and hard of hearing, social networking sites, online identity, online community, community building, connections between communities
Published: 24.04.2015; Views: 1027; Downloads: 112
.pdf Full text (19,96 MB)

Fragmented Romanian sociology: growth and structure of the collaboration network
Marian-Gabriel Hâncean, Matjaž Perc, Lazǎr Vlǎsceanu, 2014, original scientific article

Abstract: Structural patterns in collaboration networks are essential for understanding how new ideas, research practices, innovation or cooperation circulate and develop within academic communities and between and within university departments. In our research, we explore and investigate the structure of the collaboration network formed by the academics working full-time within all the 17 sociology departments across Romania. We show that the collaboration network is sparse and fragmented, and that it constitutes an environment that does not promote the circulation of new ideas and innovation within the field. Although recent years have witnessed an increase in the productivity of Romanian sociologists, there is still ample room for improvement in terms of the interaction infrastructure that ought to link individuals together so that they could maximize their potentials. We also fail to discern evidence in favor of the Matthew effect governing the growth of the network, which suggests scientific success and productivity are not rewarded. Instead, the structural properties of the collaboration network are partly those of a core-periphery network, where the spread of innovation and change can be explained by structural equivalence rather than by interpersonal influence models. We also provide support for the idea that, within the observed network, collaboration is the product of homophily rather than prestige effects. Further research on the subject based on data from other countries in the region is needed to place our results in a comparative framework, in particular to discern whether the behavior of the Romanian sociologist community is unique or rather common.
Keywords: collaboration network, small-world network, community structure, sociology, network science
Published: 19.06.2017; Views: 259; Downloads: 208
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Community structure and the evolution of interdisciplinarity in Slovenia's scientific collaboration network
Borut Lužar, Zoran Levnajić, Janez Povh, Matjaž Perc, 2014, original scientific article

Abstract: Interaction among the scientific disciplines is of vital importance in modern science. Focusing on the case of Slovenia, we study the dynamics of interdisciplinary sciences from 1960 to 2010. Our approach relies on quantifying the interdisciplinarity of research communities detected in the coauthorship network of Slovenian scientists over time. Examining the evolution of the community structure, we find that the frequency of interdisciplinary research is only proportional with the overall growth of the network. Although marginal improvements in favor of interdisciplinarity are inferable during the 70s and 80s, the overall trends during the past 20 years are constant and indicative of stalemate. We conclude that the flow of knowledge between different fields of research in Slovenia is in need of further stimulation.
Keywords: community structure, interdisciplinarity, scientific collaboration, research funding, Slovenia
Published: 19.06.2017; Views: 293; Downloads: 205
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High potential of sub-Mediterranean dry grasslands for sheep epizoochory
Mitja Kaligarič, Jožica Brecl, Sonja Škornik, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: There is a general decline of grasslands across Europe due to habitat loss and degradation. Ensuring plant dispersal thus becomes a key process for preserving grassland patches in all scales. We examined diaspore dispersal by sheep epizoochory in the pastures of the North Adriatic Karst (NW Slovenia) and determined the qualitative and quantitative features of diaspores in fur. We recorded 25,650 diaspores of 141 plant taxa (with 107 taxa and 23,350 diaspores determined to species level), using three different methods: (i) the “whole-coat method”, (ii) the “part-of-thecoat method” and (iii) a “seedling emergence method”. A comparison of these techniques revealed that the “wholecoat method” provided the highest number of diaspores and plant species. All diaspores were clustered into five emergent groups based on seven functional traits (diaspore weight, length, width, height, volume, specific weight and the diaspore surface structure). Our research revealed that sheep represent an important dispersal vector, since about half of the plant species recorded in the pastures were found as diaspores in fur. This study contributes to knowledge about the modes of seed dispersal in seminatural grasslands. Taking into account that livestock play a key role in vegetation dynamics, understanding their effects on seed dispersal is essential for conservation and restoration of these species-rich grassland communities.
Keywords: community assembly, diaspore traits, plant dispersal, seedling emergence method, transhumance
Published: 03.04.2017; Views: 373; Downloads: 206
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Satisfaction of people with police roadside procedures
Vinko Gorenak, Marko Prevolčič, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: In the theoretical part of this paper, the authors present criteria by which the satisfaction of the public with police work can be measured. The focus lies on those criteria that are significant for police work in the community and for the reputation of the police as a state organ itself, which is co-responsible for(improving) security in the nation. The empirical part of this paper is based on a study that included 120 residents from the area of Slovenj Gradec police directorate. The interviewees had to give their opinion on various questions or statements about their satisfaction regarding police roadside procedures in the area that they live in. Furthermore, the authors examined the extent to which the residents are willing to help police officers, how they evaluate their work, on what basis the residents shape their opinion and how they evaluate interpersonal competencies of police officers. The results have shown that the satisfaction of residents with roadside police procedures in SlovenjGradec police directorate is relatively good since the majority of answers varies between 3 and 4 on a Likert scale ranging from 1to 5. Even though the evaluations are promising, the authors conclude the paper with several recommendations.
Keywords: satisfaction, residents, traffic, criteria, police, police work in community, respect
Published: 05.06.2017; Views: 324; Downloads: 49
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Toward the discovery of citation cartels in citation networks
Iztok Fister, Iztok Fister, Matjaž Perc, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: In this perspective, our goal is to present and elucidate a thus far largely overlooked problem that is arising in scientific publishing, namely the identification and discovery of citation cartels in citation networks. Taking from the well-known definition of a community in the realm of network science, namely that people within a community share significantly more links with each other as they do outside of this community, we propose that citation cartels are defined as groups of authors that cite each other disproportionately more than they do other groups of authors that work on the same subject. Evidently, the identification of citation cartels is somewhat different, although similar to the identification of communities in networks. We systematically expose the problem, provide theoretical examples, and outline an algorithmic guide on how to approach the subject.
Keywords: citation network, citation cartel, network science, community detection, cooperation
Published: 10.07.2017; Views: 591; Downloads: 186
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