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1.
Cage-amalgamation graphs, a common generalization of chordal and median graphs
Boštjan Brešar, Aleksandra Tepeh, 2009, original scientific article

Abstract: V članku je vpeljan in na različne načine okarakteriziran nov razred grafov, imenovan grafi amalgamov kletk, ki je vsebovan v šibko modularnih grafih in grafih zastraženih inverzov in ki vsebuje tako medianske kot tetivne grafe. Vpeljemo tudi variacijo Hammingovega polinoma in jo uporabimo pri izpeljavi dveh enakosti drevesnega tipa za ta razred grafov, ki sta bili prej znani za tetivne in medianske grafe. Prva enakost je ▫$sum_{ige 0}, (-1)^{i}, rho_i(G)=1$▫, kjer je ▫$rho_i(G)$▫ število ▫$i$▫-regularnih Hammingovih podgrafov v grafu amalgamov kletk ▫$G$▫.
Keywords: matematika, teorija grafov, medianski grafi, tetivni grafi, konveksnost, amalgamacija, enakosti drevesnega tipa, mathematics, graph theory, median graphs, chordal graphs, convexity, amalgamation, tree-like equalities
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 279; Downloads: 51
URL Link to full text

2.
Retracts of products of chordal graphs
Boštjan Brešar, Jérémie Chalopin, Victor Chepoi, Matjaž Kovše, Arnaud Labourel, Yann Vaxès, 2010

Abstract: We characterize the graphs ▫$G$▫ that are retracts of Cartesian products of chordal graphs. We show that they are exactly the weakly modular graphs that do not contain ▫$K_{2;3}$▫, ▫$k$▫-wheels ▫$W_k$▫, and ▫$k$▫-wheels minus one spoke T$W_k^- ; (k ge 4)$T as induced subgraphs. We also show that these graphs ▫$G$▫ are exactly the cage-amalgamation graphs introduced by Brešar and Tepeh Horvat (2009); this solves the open question raised by these authors. Finally, we prove that replacing all products of cliques of $G$ by products of "solid" simplices, we obtain a polyhedral cell complex which, endowed with an intrinsic Euclidean metric, is a CAT(0) space. This generalizes similar results about median graphs as retracts of hypercubes (products of edges) and median graphs as 1-skeletons of CAT(0) cubical complexes.
Keywords: teorija grafov, graf, retrakt, zastražena amalgamacija, tetiven graf, kartezični produkt grafov, medianski graf, graph theory, graph, retract, gated amalgamation, chordal graph, Cartesian product of graphs, median graph
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 368; Downloads: 66
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3.
A forbidden subgraph characterization of some graph classes using betweenness axioms
Manoj Changat, Anandavally K. Lakshmikuttyamma, Joseph Mathews, Iztok Peterin, Prasanth G. Narasimha-Shenoi, Geetha Seethakuttyamma, Simon Špacapan, 2013, original scientific article

Abstract: Naj bo ▫$I_G(x,y)$▫ interval najkrajših ▫$x,y$▫-poti in ▫$J_G(x,y)$▫ interval induciranih ▫$x,y$▫-poti v povezanem grafu ▫$G$▫. Obravnavani so naslednji trije aksiomi vmesnosti za množico ▫$V$▫ in ▫$R: V times V rightarrow 2^V$▫: (i) ▫$x in R(u,y), y in R(x,v), x neq y, |R(u,v)|>2 Rightarrow x in R(u,v)$▫; (ii) ▫$x in R(u,v) Rightarrow R(u,x) cap R(x,v) = {x}$▫; (iii) ▫$x in R(u,y), y in R(x,v), x neq y, Rightarrow x in R(u,v)$▫. Karakteriziramo razred grafov, za katere ▫$I_G$▫ izpolnjuje (i), razred grafov, za katere ▫$J_G$▫ izpolnjuje (ii) in razred grafov, kjer oba ▫$I_G$▫ in ▫$J_G$▫ izpolnjujeta (iii). Karakterizacije so podane z prepovedanimi induciranimi podgrafi. Izkaže se, da je razred grafov, kjer ▫$I_G$▫ izpolnjuje (i), pravi podrazred razdaljno dednih grafov in da je razred, kjer ▫$J_G$▫ izpolnjuje (ii), pravi nadrazred razdaljno dednih grafov. Podani sta tudi aksiomatični karakterizaciji tetivnih in ptolomejskih grafov.
Keywords: matematika, teorija grafov, prepovedani podgrafi, inducirana pot, intervalna funkcija, aksiomi vmesnosti, tetivni grafi, razdaljno dedni grafi, mathematics, graph theory, forbidden subgraphs, induced path, interval function, betweenness axioms, chordal graphs, distance hereditary graphs
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 443; Downloads: 69
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