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Physical activity drops during summer holidays for 6- to 9-year-old children
Tadeja Volmut, Rado Pišot, Jurij Planinšec, Boštjan Šimunič, 2021, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Regular physical activity (PA) reduces the health risk of childhood obesity and associated chronic diseases as well as mental health problems. Since PA declines as children age as well with future generations it is of highest importance to intervene in school and out-of-school settings. Out-of-school periods affect children's PA as it is mainly left to the interest and motivation of their parents. We compared accelerometer-based PA patterns in 93 6- to 9-year old children assessed four times: before (May/June), during (August), and after (September) summer holidays and at a 1-year follow up (May/June). Before summer holidays children were assessed also for anthropometry and motor tests. During summer holidays overall PA decreased by 18% (p < 0.001), physical inactivity increased by 5.5% (p < 0.001), moderate PA decreased by 53% (p < 0.001) and moderate to vigorous PA decreased by 45% (p < 0.001) when compared to before summer holidays. Furthermore, overall PA remained diminished also after summer holidays by 8.8% (p = 0.001) but recovered to baseline values at 1-year follow up. About 30% of overall PA and moderate to vigorous PA decrease during summer holidays could be explained by children's fitness level as a greater decrease was found in children with better results in standing long jump and 300-meter running time. Our finding detects an alarming summer holiday decrease in children PA that should not be neglected in future studies and intervention designs.
Ključne besede: MVPA, otroci, poletne počitnice, gibalna neaktivnost, sedentarnost, pospeškometer, children, vacations, physical inactivity, sedentary behavior, accelerometer
Objavljeno v DKUM: 15.05.2024; Ogledov: 79; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (421,77 KB)
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Single-strain probiotic lactobacilli for the treatment of atopic dermatitis in children : a systematic review and meta-analysis
Sabina Fijan, Nina Kolč, Metka Hrašovec, Gro Jamtvedt, Maja Šikić Pogačar, Dušanka Mičetić-Turk, Uroš Maver, 2023, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Probiotics are known for their positive effects on the gut microbiota. There is growing evidence that the infant gut and skin colonization have a role in the development of the immune system, which may be helpful in the prevention and treatment of atopic dermatitis. This systematic review focused on evaluating the effect of single-strain probiotic lactobacilli consumption on treating children's atopic dermatitis. Seventeen randomized placebo-controlled trials with the primary outcome of the Scoring Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD) index were included in the systematic review. Clinical trials using single-strain lactobacilli were included. The search was conducted until October 2022 using PubMed, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, Cochrane library and manual searches. The Joanna Briggs Institute appraisal tool was used to assess the quality of the included studies. Meta-analyses and sub meta-analyses were performed using Cochrane Collaboration methodology. Due to different methods of reporting the SCORAD index, only 14 clinical trials with 1124 children were included in the meta-analysis (574 in the single-strain probiotic lactobacilli group and 550 in the placebo group) and showed that single-strain probiotic lactobacilli statistically significantly reduced the SCORAD index compared to the placebo in children with atopic dermatitis (mean difference [MD]: -4.50; 95% confidence interval [CI]: -7.50 to -1.49; Z = 2.93; p = 0.003; heterogeneity I-2 = 90%). The subgroup meta-analysis showed that strains of Limosilactobacillus fermentum were significantly more effective than strains of Lactiplantibacillus plantarum, Lacticaseibacillus paracasei or Lacticaseibacillus rhamnosus. A longer treatment time and younger treatment age statistically significantly reduced symptoms of atopic dermatitis. The result of this systematic review and meta-analysis shows that certain single-strain probiotic lactobacilli are more successful than others in reducing atopic dermatitis severity in children. Therefore, careful consideration to strain selection, treatment time and the age of the treated patients are important factors in enhancing the effectiveness of reducing atopic dermatitis in children when choosing probiotic single-strain lactobacilli.
Ključne besede: probiotics, lactobacilli, atopic dermatitis, children, meta-analysis, systematic review
Objavljeno v DKUM: 16.02.2024; Ogledov: 256; Prenosov: 11
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,43 MB)
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Impact of covid-19 pandemic on the epidemiology and etiology of lower respiratory tract infections in children
Vojko Berce, Leon Časl, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Ključne besede: children, COVID-19, epidemiology, etiology, lower respiratory tract infections, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
Objavljeno v DKUM: 21.12.2023; Ogledov: 108; Prenosov: 10
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,02 MB)
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Innovative nursing care : education and research
znanstvena monografija

Opis: Higher life expectancy on a global level requires complex nursing care as poor education and a lack of knowledge can lead to mistakes. There is a need for nurses who can provide high quality and advanced nursing practice. A mix of well-grounded education and innovative research is needed, where the first provides an understanding of best nursing practice care delivery and the second helps nurses determine best practices and improve nursing care. Provides a current and in-depth picture of actual nursing challenges in education, research, and clinical practice. Helpful in nursing students' education in broader nursing care fields and different approaches in holistic nursing care.
Ključne besede: nursing care, palliative care, dementia, emergencies, triage, education, COVID-19, older people, children, nursing students
Objavljeno v DKUM: 27.11.2023; Ogledov: 353; Prenosov: 11
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,66 MB)
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The impact of comorbidities on the severity of atopic dermatitis in children
Vojko Berce, Teja Marhold, Vid Delopst, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Introduction: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic pruritic inflammatory skin disease. It is associated with atopy, impaired skin barrier, skin infections and several other comorbidities. Aim: To identify comorbidities and risk factors that influence the severity of AD in children. Material and methods: We performed a cross-sectional study involving 52 children newly diagnosed with AD. The severity of AD was assessed with the SCORing Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD) clinical tool. Levels of serum tryptase, zinc, selenium, and immunoglobulins A, G, M and E (IgA, IgG, IgM, and total IgE, respectively) were determined as well as allergen-specific E antibodies (IgE) to the most common allergens. DNA samples from venous blood were screened for the most common mutations in the filaggrin gene. Results: The median age of patients was 30 months. The median SCORAD index in patients with atopy was 47.8, compared to 27.2 in non-atopic patients (p < 0.01). We also found a significantly higher median SCORAD of 61.2 in patients with low serum IgM levels compared to 34.9 in patients with normal serum IgM levels (p = 0.03). A history of impetigo was also associated with a higher median SCORAD of 56.2 compared to 34.0 in patients without impetigo (p = 0.01). Conclusions: Patients with AD and sensitisation to common allergens, low levels of IgM or a history of impetigo are at risk for more severe disease and, therefore, need more attention, meticulous skin care, proactive management and treatment of comorbidities, when possible.
Ključne besede: atopic dermatitis, children, comorbidities, severity
Objavljeno v DKUM: 09.08.2023; Ogledov: 212; Prenosov: 20
.pdf Celotno besedilo (163,19 KB)
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MRI of subcutaneous granuloma annulare: A series of four cases
Liona Jug, Mitja Rupreht, 2022, drugi znanstveni članki

Ključne besede: subcutaneous granuloma annulare, soft tissue tumor, children, magnetic resonance, MRI
Objavljeno v DKUM: 16.02.2023; Ogledov: 483; Prenosov: 38
.pdf Celotno besedilo (222,27 KB)
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Child and adolescent mental health services during the COVID-19 epidemic in Slovenia: Comparison with other European countries
Hojka Gregorič Kumperščak, Ivan Podlesnik Peršak, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Ključne besede: adolescents, COVID-19, children, mental disorders, psychiatry
Objavljeno v DKUM: 16.02.2023; Ogledov: 584; Prenosov: 42
.pdf Celotno besedilo (126,63 KB)
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Management of pediatric burn injuries in a tertiary center in North-East Slovenia
Tanja Dukić Vuković, Minja Gregorič, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Ključne besede: burns, children, fluid therapy, surgery
Objavljeno v DKUM: 16.02.2023; Ogledov: 426; Prenosov: 40
.pdf Celotno besedilo (141,52 KB)
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Strain indicators in the assessment of systolic myocardial function in aboy [!] with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy : a case report
Nadezhda Chernykh, Alla Tarasova, Olga Groznova, 2020, drugi znanstveni članki

Ključne besede: 2D speckle-tracking, strain, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, early treatment, children
Objavljeno v DKUM: 24.01.2023; Ogledov: 371; Prenosov: 41
.pdf Celotno besedilo (121,67 KB)
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Henoch-Schönlein purpura: the management and treatment of paediatric patients in north-east Slovenia
Mirjam Močnik, Nataša Marčun-Varda, 2021, izvirni znanstveni članek

Ključne besede: Henoch-Schönlein purpura, epidemiology, clinical picture, management, children
Objavljeno v DKUM: 22.01.2023; Ogledov: 429; Prenosov: 41
.pdf Celotno besedilo (246,86 KB)
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