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1.
The payment order procedure in the Netherlands
Anna Leonarda Hubertina Ernes, 2010, original scientific article

Abstract: The Netherlands used to have a national payment order procedure that was quite similar to the present European Order for Payment Procedure. This procedure was replaced by a procedure for the recovery of uncontested claims in cross-border cases, though not in national cases. Although the Netherlands legislator allows filing a request to obtain a European order for payment via email, it has not yet come into force. Applications (in Dutch) for a European order for payment may be submitted to the district court in The Hague. There are two ways in the Netherlands for serving the defendant with an European Payment Order. It can be sent to the defendant by registered mail or it can be served by a bailiff. The Dutch Execution Act has not introduced any specific formal requirements for the defendant’s statement of opposition. The opposition in the Netherlands does not have to be reasoned. The review procedure is a procedure unfamiliar to Dutch civil procedure. However, it resembles a Dutch procedure in which a defendant appeals against a sentence of a procedure in which he did not appear in court (decision in abstentia).
Keywords: order for payment procedure, access to justice, centralization of the procedure, statement of opposition, review, European order for payment, Dutch order for payment
Published in DKUM: 23.07.2018; Views: 830; Downloads: 35
.pdf Full text (95,47 KB)

2.
(De)centralization of public procurement at the local level in the EU
Boštjan Brezovnik, Žan Oplotnik, Borut Vojinović, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: The so-called decentralization of public procurement in EU Member States is accepted as the most suitable design of the public procurement system, often justified by greater economic efficiency and by the possibility of boosting the development of small and medium-sized enterprises, which act on the public procurement market as providers of goods, services and works. Despite the existence of highly decentralized public procurement systems which reflect the decentralization of administrative systems, especially after the recession, there is a stronger tendency for centralization of public procurement in the EU. The so-called aggregation of demand by contracting authorities can be done in order to achieve economies of scale, including lower prices and transaction costs as well as to improve and professionalize the management of procurement procedures (as highlighted in the Directive 2014/24/EU by the European Parliament and the EU Council). However, even in the context of public procurement centralization, local contracting authorities (i.e., public administration authorities and organizations) in Member States should be provided with a sufficiently wide range of possible (centralized) organizational structures and contractual (vertical and horizontal) public-public partnerships which will allow them to select the most suitable and most economically effective organizational structure for the execution of public procurement.
Keywords: centralization, public procurement, local self-government, fiscal decentralization, EU, European Union
Published in DKUM: 14.07.2017; Views: 1164; Downloads: 105
.pdf Full text (347,03 KB)
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3.
Railway traffic management as a function of the new infrastructure manager
Damjan Mlakar, Drago Sever, 2007, review article

Abstract: This article offers a survey of the current decentralised form of railway traffic management within the public railway infrastructure in the The Republic of Slovenia, which is the result of out-of-date and worn-out safety installations of railway stations and railway lines. The article presents a new model of railway traffic management as the basis for efficient activity and harmonization of railway traffic management in the The Republic of Slovenia to the systems of railway traffic management within EU. This article presents the advantages of a centralised system of railway traffic management and demonstrates that the application of this system can solve the problem of decentralized traffic management as a function of the new infrastructure manager.
Keywords: traffic management, centralization of railway traffic, traffic management centre, railway traffic management model
Published in DKUM: 05.06.2017; Views: 1083; Downloads: 127
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