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1.
Reasoning and self-awareness from adolescence to middle age : organization and development as a function of education
Andreas Demetriou, Karin Bakračevič Vukman, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This study involved four age groups: 13-15-, 23-25-, 33-35-, and 43-45-yr-olds. All adult groups involved persons with university education andpersons with low education. Participants (1) solved tasks addressed to spatial, propositional, and social reasoning, (2) evaluated their own performance and the difficulty of the tasks, and (3) answered an inventory probing their self-concept for these reasoning domains and for self-awareness and self-regulation. Structural modeling revealed that performance, self-evaluation, and self-representation are systematically interrelated. Performance in spatial and propositional reasoning stabilized in early adulthood, whereas in social reasoning and self-evaluation, performance improved throughout the age span studied. Educated persons performed better and rated themselves accordingly across all domains. The implications of these findings for the general theory of intelligence and cognitive developmentafter adolescence are discussed. The functional shift model is proposed to account for changes in the relative power of different abilities with increasing age.
Ključne besede: education, developmental psychology, cognitive processes, self-awareness, reasoning
Objavljeno: 07.06.2012; Ogledov: 765; Prenosov: 25
URL Povezava na celotno besedilo

2.
Self-concept of students in inclusive settings
Majda Schmidt, Branka Čagran, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The present evaluation case study investigates the self-concept of the students from 7th grade in regular primary school. The study results indicate that, in comparison to their hearing peers, integrated students with a hearingimpairment have a lower academic and social self-concept, as well as a general self-concept but a higher physical self-concept. There are differences among students with a hearing impairment in both the individual dimension and general self-concept. There are no statistically significant differences between the class with integrated students, on the one hand, and the class without them, on the other; however, there is a noticeable advantage for the students from the class with integrated learners over the other class serving as control group in all three individual dimensions as well as in general self-concept.
Ključne besede: education, primary education, integration, inclusion, children with special needs, self-concept, awareness, evaluation, identity
Objavljeno: 07.06.2012; Ogledov: 1262; Prenosov: 35
URL Povezava na celotno besedilo

3.
AWARENESS, POSITIONING AND A SELLING PROCESS APPROACH OF HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES
Stanislav Okorn, 2012, magistrsko delo

Opis: The main purpose of this master thesis was it, to figure out the market position of the Gorenje brand and his main rivals Bosch, Zanussi, Whirlpool and Miele on the Czech, Slovakian, Austrian, Slovenian and Croatian market of household appliances. Firstly branding, brand awareness, positioning and fundamental psychological knowledge in respect to consumer awareness were explained. Afterwards the survey was made. Lastly the analysis and the report of the research were committed. Positioning is a marketing strategy which focuses on a creation of a unique image. The effort should distinguish itself from the offers of the competition to be truly exclusive. Especially among inexperienced consumers brand awareness is of crucial importance. In regard to branding, it can be said that developing a decade- long brand identity can be a very positive situation, to put higher prices due to the tradition on a certain market. Many brands from the 19.and the beginning of 20. century are still existing and performing very well. If we compare the 5 household appliances markets between themselves, then major dissimilarities were visible in the research. The geographical distance cannot be the primary cause of this diverse condition. Language barriers preclude any real spiritual interchange among ordinary people of happening in large extent. Hence the German-speaking Austrians favor German brands, and Slovenians and Croatians prefer Gorenje, due to their common history and similar language. The respondents do not think that any of the brands is of low quality. In the field of consumer perception it could be acknowledged that a brand having the best quality and at the same time offering the cheapest price does not exist in any of the researched markets. Such expectations are also not realistic. In every economical sector brands with higher reputation of quality try to set higher prices, to make by this means higher profits possible.
Ključne besede: branding, brand awareness, positioning, psychological approach to consumer awareness, Gorenje, Bosch, Zanussi, Miele, Whirlpool, household appliances, research, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Austria, Slovenia, Croatia.
Objavljeno: 30.10.2012; Ogledov: 1147; Prenosov: 83
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,46 MB)

4.
Dyslexia and Foreign Language Learning in Primary Schools
Dijana Šmon, 2014, diplomsko delo

Opis: The thesis Dyslexia and Learning a Foreign Language in Primary Schools deals with the general difficulties in foreign language learning which are caused by a very specific disorder called dyslexia. The problems that come with the disorder are in most cases transferred across languages and the aim of this thesis was to find out how dyslexia influences on the learning of the foreign language (English) in the primary school, which is becoming an issue and an open question nowadays between scientists and teachers who have a direct contact with the pupils. The main goals of the thesis are to connect the general characteristics of dyslexia and its influence on English as a foreign language and to identify the main language learning areas and skills in which dyslectics need special support and need to be taken under further investigation. The emphasis is also on providing some solutions, strategies and methods that would help teachers to support their learners with dyslexia. In the empirical part, I discuss the results. I also provide interpretations of one questionnaire, which was filled in by teachers of foreign language and one test that Slovene learners who have been learning English as their foreign language took. To obtain more additional data, five interviews with English language teachers were transcribed and analysed about their knowledge of dyslexia and the methods that they use to help dyslectics to benefit as much as possible from the foreign language lessons.
Ključne besede: dyslexia, English as a foreign language, early identification, language awareness transfer, differentiation, teachers’ knowledge, developing language skills
Objavljeno: 07.03.2014; Ogledov: 1943; Prenosov: 213
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,01 MB)

5.
Exploring stereotypes
Kirsten Hempkin, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: It is widely accepted that the use of humour and jokes in particular brings a number of benefits to the EFL teacher. Not only can jokes help to establish a relaxed learning atmosphere, they can also serve as a context in which to study particular aspects of grammar, vocabulary and culture. However, jokes based on national and regional stereotypes tend to be ignored by EFL teachers, as their potential to cause offense has seen them deemed unsuitable for classroom use. The purpose of this paper is to present a different perspective: it is precisely the rather risky nature of these jokes which makes them ideal for classroom use, particularly in lessons with the specific aim of raising students' cultural awareness through the exploration of stereotypes.
Ključne besede: EFL classroom, Scottish jokes, Slovene jokes, stereotypes, cultural awareness
Objavljeno: 16.05.2017; Ogledov: 181; Prenosov: 48
.pdf Celotno besedilo (187,98 KB)
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6.
Exploring student attitudes to the refugee crisis
Kirsten Hempkin, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The issue of migrants and refugees has occupied Europe for the last few months. Much of the discourse surrounding this issue has been overwhelmingly negative, lapsing at times into stereotype, prejudice and even hate speech. As language teachers at a humanities faculty, we have a responsibility to address this issue in the classroom, especially as classroom experience tells us that our students are prone to stereotypical thinking. The article presents a series of song-based activities intended for use in language development classes for future teachers and translators at the Faculty of Arts, University of Maribor.
Ključne besede: migrants and refugees, negative discourse, stereotypical thinking, songs, intercultural awareness
Objavljeno: 16.05.2017; Ogledov: 198; Prenosov: 41
.pdf Celotno besedilo (95,63 KB)
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7.
Developmental differentiation and binding of mental processes with g through the life-span
Andreas Demetriou, George Spanoudis, Smaragda Kazi, Antigoni Mougi, Mislav Stjepan Žebec, Elena Kazali, Hudson Golino, Karin Bakračevič Vukman, Michael Shayer, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Integration/differentiation of mental processes is major mechanism of development. Developmental theories ascribe intellectual development to it. In psychometric theory, Spearman’s law of diminishing returns postulates that increasing g allows increasing differentiation of cognitive abilities, because increased mental power allows variable investment in domain-specific learning. Empirical evidence has been inconsistent so far, with some studies supporting and others contradicting this mechanism. This state of affairs is due to a developmental phenomenon: Both differentiation and strengthening of relations between specific processes and g may happen but these changes are phase-specific and ability-specific, depending upon the developmental priorities in the formation of g in each phase. We present eight studies covering the age span from 4 to 85 years in support of this phenomenon. Using new powerful modeling methods we showed that differentiation and binding of mental processes in g occurs in cycles. Specific processes intertwine with g at the beginning of cycles when they are integrated into it; when well established, these processes may vary with increasing g, reflecting its higher flexibility. Representational knowledge, inductive inference and awareness of it, and grasp of logical constraints framing inference are the major markers of g, first intertwining with in their respective cycles and differentiating later during the periods of 2–6, 7–11, and 11–20 years, respectively. The implications of these findings for an overarching cognitive developmental/differential theory of human mind are discussed.
Ključne besede: intelligence, cognitive development, individual differences, integration, differentiation, awareness
Objavljeno: 21.06.2017; Ogledov: 137; Prenosov: 80
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,28 MB)
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8.
Mobile devices and effective information security
Blaž Markelj, Igor Bernik, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Rapidly increasing numbers of sophisticated mobile devices (smart phones, tab computers, etc.) all over the world mean that ensuring information security will only become a more pronounced problem for individuals and organizations. It’s important to effectively protect data stored on or accessed by mobile devices, and also during transmission of data between devices and between device and information system. Technological and other trends show, that the cyber threats are also rapidly developing and spreading. It's crucial to educate users about safe usage and to increase their awareness of security issues. Ideally, users should keep-up with technological trends and be well equipped with knowledge otherwise mobile technology will significantly increase security risks. Most important is that we start educating youth so that our next generations of employees will be part of a culture of data and information security awareness.
Ključne besede: information security, blended threats, mobile devices, awareness
Objavljeno: 06.07.2017; Ogledov: 309; Prenosov: 79
.pdf Celotno besedilo (237,86 KB)
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9.
Tax compliance and social security contributions
Tomaž Lešnik, Davorin Kračun, Timotej Jagrič, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In this paper, we will examine the causes behind the higher level of compliance with social security contributions in comparison with other tax categories in the case of Slovenia. The results of econometric models suggest that the activities of the Tax Administration of the Republic of Slovenia, which were more stringently performed in the area of social security contributions in the most recent period, are an important - but not the only factor - behind the higher level of compliance in connection with social security contributions. At the same time, the decrease in tax compliance with other taxes (income tax, corporate income tax, and VAT) did not essentially influence the higher level of compliance with social security contributions. The more consistent treatment of unpaid social security contributions as a criminal offence and the higher public awareness about the importance of paying social security contributions in the latest period are recognized as important factors which simultaneously constitute the main difference between social security contributions and other taxes. The higher level of public awareness about the benefits that result from public services financed with taxes is recognized as a possible way to more optimally collect taxes in Slovenia.
Ključne besede: social security contributions, activities of the Tax Administration of the Republic of Slovenia, tax compliance, punishment, public awareness
Objavljeno: 14.07.2017; Ogledov: 364; Prenosov: 27
.pdf Celotno besedilo (387,66 KB)
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