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Attachment in close relationships and glycemic outcomes in children with type 1 diabetes
Simona Klemenčič, Jasna Klara Lipovšek, Anja Turin, Klemen Dovč, Nataša Bratina, Yael Shmueli-Goetz, Katarina Trebušak Podkrajšek, Barbka Repič-Lampret, Barbara Jenko Bizjan, Sašo Karakatič, Tadej Battelino, Maja Drobnič Radobuljac, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background: Our aim was to determine whether child attachment to parents, parent attachment style, and morning cortisol levels were related to diabetes outcomes measured by average glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), HbA1c variability over 4 years and time in range (TIR) in children with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Research design and methods: 101 children with T1D and one of their parents were assessed at baseline for child attachment (Child Attachment Interview; CAI) and parent attachment (Relationship Structures Questionnaire; ECR-RS). Serum samples were collected for cortisol measurements before the interviews. HbA1c levels were measured during a 4-year follow-up period at regular 3-monthly visits, and data for TIR were exported from blood glucose measuring devices. Multivariate linear regression models were constructed to identify independent predictors of glycemic outcomes. Results: More girls than boys exhibited secure attachment to their mothers. The results of the regression models showed that securely attached girls (CAI) had higher average HbA1c than did insecurely attached girls (B = -0.64, p = 0.03). In boys, the more insecure the parent's attachment style, the worse the child's glycemic outcome: the higher the average Hb1Ac (B = 0.51, p = 0.005), the higher the HbA1c variability (B = 0.017, p = 0.011), and the lower the TIR (B = -8.543, p = 0.002). Conclusions: Attachment in close relationships is associated with glycemic outcomes in children with T1D, and we observed significant differences between sexes. A sex- and attachment-specific approach is recommended when treating children with less favorable glycemic outcomes. Special attention and tailored support should be offered to securely attached girls in transferring responsibility for diabetes care and at least to male children of insecurely attached parents to prevent suboptimal glycemic control. Further studies in larger samples and more daily cortisol measurements may help us better understand the links between stress response, attachment and T1D.
Ključne besede: attachment, childhood and adolescence, cortisol, diabetes control, time in range
Objavljeno v DKUM: 21.05.2024; Ogledov: 68; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Celotno besedilo (980,31 KB)
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The effectiveness of a psychoeducative group programme regarding relationships in the treatment of sexual offenders : a preliminary study
Nuša Crnkovič, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: At a high-security psychiatric hospital in the UK, the Understanding Intimacy and Relationships (URI) psycho-educative group therapy was developed in an attempt to provide a therapeutic input for interpersonal difficulties displayed by patients with sex offending history. This study aimed to conduct a preliminary evaluation of the URI group effectiveness for sex offenders. Design/Methods/Approach: A longitudinal study with three groups of participants – sex offenders (n = 9) and non-sex offenders (n = 9) that completed the URI group, and the control group (n = 10), which were assessed at two time points was conducted at a high-security psychiatric hospital. Each group filled out three questionnaires at both timepoints – IIP-C, UCLA Loneliness Scale, and ECR-R. Findings: The results suggest a decrease in feelings of loneliness for both groups of patients that completed the URI programme, and a limited reduction of interpersonal difficulties. Results of within-subject changes regarding interpersonal difficulties among patients in URI group did not statistically significantly differ from the result of the control group. Research Limitations/Implications: The most evident limitation of the study is a very small sample size and lack of objective measurement of patients’ difficulties in interpersonal relations. Practical Implications: The findings suggest that the URI programme might have a limited effect on sex offenders due to the unsuccessful implementation of the Risk, Need, Responsivity Model, although several study limitations were present potentially affecting the outcome. Originality/Value: Longitudinal evaluation effectiveness of a clinical intervention for patients with sex offending history at a high-secure psychiatric hospital.
Ključne besede: sexual offenders, attachment style, loneliness, psycho-educative group therapy
Objavljeno v DKUM: 13.04.2023; Ogledov: 292; Prenosov: 11
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Self-organization of progress across the century of physics
Matjaž Perc, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: We make use of information provided in the titles and abstracts of over half a million publications that were published by the American Physical Society during the past 119 years. By identifying all unique words and phrases and determining their monthly usage patterns, we obtain quantifiable insights into the trends of physics discovery from the end of the 19th century to today. We show that the magnitudes of upward and downward trends yield heavy-tailed distributions, and that their emergence is due to the Matthew effect. This indicates that both the rise and fall of scientific paradigms is driven by robust principles of self-organization. Data also confirm that periods of war decelerate scientific progress, and that the later is very much subject to globalisation.
Ključne besede: self-organization, preferential attachment, evolution of progress, history of physics, statistical physics of social systems
Objavljeno v DKUM: 23.06.2017; Ogledov: 1086; Prenosov: 331
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Construction of the Scale of child's attachment to his/her kindergarten teacher (CAKT)
Zlatka Cugmas, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In the theoretical part of this paper, the author gives answers to the question of whether a real attachment relationship can exist between a child and a non-maternal caretaker. She mentions the established methods of measuring the child's attachment to the kindergarten teacher. She presents The scale of child's attachment to his/her kindergarten teacher (CAKT), which is based on authors previous findings and the experience of other authors in the forming of psychological instruments of this type. The scale was tested in a research which involved twenty-five kindergarten teachers who participated in the evaluation of 178 children (49.4% boys). Children ranged in age from 3 to 6 years. The purpose of the study was to investigate the dimensionality and internal consistency of the Scale. It was established that the psychometric characteristics of the Scale were adequate. This paper also presents the limitations of the research, which should be considered in the interpretation of the obtained results. Replication studies using clinical groups and samples from different cultures will be needed to assess a possible generalization of the presented results.
Ključne besede: navezanost, predšolski otroci, vzgojiteljice, socialno vedenje, ocenjevalne lestvice, merjenje, psihometrična analiza, attachment behaviour, preschool children, kindergarten teachers, preschool teachers, social behavior, measurment, scales
Objavljeno v DKUM: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 1719; Prenosov: 44
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