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31.
Analyzing the process of patent aubmission with a special emphasis on the phases of the research process
Mitja Ruzzier, Tine Nagy, Robert Ravnihar, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This article presents some findings about the process of patenting of Slovenian and foreign researchers in scientific research. Based on the reviewed literature and with help of our conceptual model, we establish that the patenting process can be divided into three separate phases: knowledge detection phase, knowledge dissemination phase and knowledge transfer phase. During the process of researching and patenting, a variety of factors affect the results, which can be divided into two groups: internal and external factors. In Slovenia, patents are statistically significant for researchers working and exploring in the fields of natural science and engineering. Research results in the form of a patent largely depend on financial support and work experiences of individual researchers or research groups. The commercialization of a patent means a successful ending of the research process, as many positive benefits are expected.
Ključne besede: researchers patenting activity, researchers patenting productivity, process of innovation, patenting process, patent driving forces, patent driving areas, academic entrepreneurship
Objavljeno: 28.11.2017; Ogledov: 327; Prenosov: 42
.pdf Celotno besedilo (570,13 KB)
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32.
Strategical perspective of corporate environmental policy
Valentinas Navickas, Rima Kontautiene, 2011, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The authors of the article analyze the benefits of corporate environmental policy in pursuance of a competitive advantage in the global market. Corporate environmental policy described as a strategic business investment opens new possibilities for their relationships with stakeholders and contributes to the promotion of social activity and to the attainment of the competitive advantage. By emphasizing the positive environmental policy's impact on competitive advantage of corporation in the global market the article treats of corporate environmental performance benefits, which are defined as improvement of relations with all stakeholders, intensification of corporation image, reputation development, business growth and customer loyalty. The paper deals with the development of Lithuanian corporate environmental policy in recent years and investigates the relationship between corporation activities and the improvement of relations with the stakeholders, which influences intensification of corporation's image and thereby increases competitive advantage of corporation. Researching the impact of corporate environmental policy on increasing competitive advantage, the authors found that active environmental performance positively influences business relationships with stakeholder groups and increases their competitive advantage in the global market.
Ključne besede: strategy, environmental protection, corporate environmental policy, competitive advantage, corporate environmental activity in Lithuania
Objavljeno: 22.01.2018; Ogledov: 330; Prenosov: 178
.pdf Celotno besedilo (640,16 KB)
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33.
Economic and social diversity in Australia's cotton-producing communities
Tony Sorensen, Bernice Kotey, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Australia’s highly profitable cotton industry is geographically constrained to districts in northern New South Wales and Southern Queensland. However, the rural towns servicing the industry are facing unprecedented stress on account of fierce commercial competition between them, many years of drought during the 2000s, technological innovation in cotton production, the chance occurrence of non-agricultural economic opportunities, and even ethnic composition. Our research focuses on the role of innovative small business in overcoming community stress and we have selected a small sample of six local government areas to examine this link in depth. The selection of a representative sample entailed the classification of cotton communities on the basis of their economic and social profiles and how they had evolved over the inter-census period 2001-06. This analysis surprisingly showed that cotton growing regions are highly differentiated not just at a single point in time (2006), but also in their development trajectories. This considerably complicated the process of sample selection, but also demonstrated the diversity of rural settlement.
Ključne besede: diversity of rural settlements, non-agricultural activity, cotton industry, innovative SME’s
Objavljeno: 19.03.2018; Ogledov: 319; Prenosov: 44
.pdf Celotno besedilo (153,68 KB)
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34.
Evaluation of the influence of the macro-environment on the social innovation activity of enterprises
Liliya Satalkina, Nestor Shpak, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background: Nowadays the emphasis on social components in the general mainstream of innovation activity is one of the strongest grounds for the successful functioning and development of enterprises. In several countries, social innovation activity is becoming a product of business in general, with associated expectations regarding profit. Objectives: The goal of the article is to develop a toolkit for the evaluation of the influence of the macro-environment on the social innovation activity (SIA) of enterprises. Method: The methodology includes elements of theoretical and empirical research with the implementation of methods such as a literature review, all types of analysis, and methods of aggregation and integration. Questionnaires were used as a means of data collection. Results: The general methodological framework of diagnostics of the SIA macro-environment is distinguished. Based on a theoretical analysis of the SIA ecosystem and the experience of operating enterprises, the main factors of SIA macro-environment are determined. The general integrated index and its five-level interpretational model are proposed as a measure for the evaluation of the SIA macro-environment. Conclusion: The results presented provide data necessary for the argumentation of SIA strategy and tactics, as well as investment policy in this sphere.
Ključne besede: enterprise, social innovation activity, diagnostics, macro-environment, factors
Objavljeno: 07.05.2018; Ogledov: 419; Prenosov: 179
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,18 MB)
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35.
The criminal offense of abuse of position or trust in business activity and the limits of free economic initiative
Zlatan Dežman, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The criminal offense of abuse of position or trust in business activity within the meaning of the Slovenian Criminal Code is the most common criminal offense against the economy. To adequately assess such an offense it is essential to clarify at the very beginning of the criminal proceedings that all preliminary questions have their origin in the field of civil, corporative and commercial law. In other words, the difficulty of problem solving for such cases in later stages of the process only intensifies, as the decision-making process becomes more and more difficult and can cause delays. And even in cases where the facts are undisputed, the whole issue concentrates primarily around the dispute regarding the issue of material criminal law. The purpose of this paper is to present the above mentioned issues, firstly from a more theoretical perspective on freedom of economic (business) initiative in a postmodern era, followed by a presentation of the criminal law subsystem dealing also with phenomena from the economic subsystem, and lastly by a presentation of the Slovenian Criminal Code in regards to prosecution and adjudication of economic crimes and its difficulties, specifically by using the example of the above mentioned offense.
Ključne besede: free economic initiative, criminal offense of abuse of position or trust in business activity, standard of good businessman, blanket criminal offense, factual questions, legal questions, legal description of the offense
Objavljeno: 02.08.2018; Ogledov: 325; Prenosov: 34
.pdf Celotno besedilo (452,38 KB)
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36.
Innovating in a Startup: Germany versus Slovenia
Martina Repnik, 2018, diplomsko delo

Opis: Startup companies are enterprises, which are created with the purpose of growth. The driving force of their growth is innovation, which contributes to the competitive advantage of companies in general. Those companies that have a competitive advantage over other companies can exist on a larger scale: they can employ a greater number of workers which contributes to lower unemployment rates in national economies. That is why startup companies are so important for a country’s well-being, and it is crucial for governments that want economic growth to support them. The most efficient way the government can support startups is through creating the right environment where they can exist and develop. There are different factors that contribute to an overall efficient environment; the most relevant one for this thesis is innovation activity. In the thesis, all the relevant factors were analyzed and the chosen countries (Germany and Slovenia) were compared based on their scores. This way, a more startup-friendly business environment was established. Moreover, interviews with startups from each observed country were conducted to further confirm/deny the theoretical conclusions established in the thesis. From all the information gathered, both theoretical and practical, our assumption that Germany has a better ecosystem for startups to exist in was confirmed.
Ključne besede: startup companies, entrepreneurship activity, startup ecosystem, national culture, innovation, innovation activity
Objavljeno: 23.11.2018; Ogledov: 156; Prenosov: 34
.pdf Celotno besedilo (841,18 KB)

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38.
A Variety of Entrepreneurial Motives
Miroslav Rebernik, Karin Širec, Polona Tominc, Katja Crnogaj, Matej Rus, Barbara Bradač Hojnik, 2020, znanstveno delo

Opis: In the world’s largest longitudinal survey, the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM), we have been exploring important features of entrepreneurship for 21 years, with particular emphasis on the earliest stages when business opportunities are perceived and individuals decide whether to engage in entrepreneurship. GEM was designed to (1) measure differences in attitudes towards entrepreneurship, activities and aspirations of individuals in as many countries as possible, (2) identify factors that encourage or hinder entrepreneurial activity, especially in relation to societal values, personal characteristics and the entrepreneurial ecosystem, (3) provide a platform for assessing the impact of entrepreneurial activity on economic growth in a given economy, and (4) identify the necessary policy measures to strengthen entrepreneurship. With the help of this research, we better understand society's attitude towards entrepreneurship and characteristics of the individual, such as perception of one's own abilities for entrepreneurial activity, ability to perceive opportunities, entrepreneurial intentions, and fear of failure. As GEM monitors entrepreneurial activity throughout the phases of the life cycle (nascent, new businesses and established businesses, discontinuation), according to impact (high growth, innovation, internationalization) and by type (early-stage entrepreneurship activity, employee entrepreneurship activity), the picture is much richer than the one that is based only on data gathered from ordinary statistical databases.
Ključne besede: Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, entrepreneurship, early-stage entrepreneurial activity, economic development, entrepreneurship ecosystem
Objavljeno: 29.05.2020; Ogledov: 40; Prenosov: 2
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