ENERGY STORAGE BY MEANS OF SUPERCAPACITORSAlen Krunić
, 2020, master's thesis
Abstract: Nowadays, traditional sources are mostly used for energy production, such as fossil and nuclear fuels. Such energy sources have a negative impact on the environment. As a result, trends in energy production are increasingly focused on renewable energy sources. These energy sources are available everywhere and their environmental impact is minimal. Nonetheless, these energy sources cannot be exploited with the same efficiency during the day (the Sun is not present the whole day, in winter, the sunlight days are shorter, the wind is not constant, etc.) or during different periods of the year. The variable amount of energy, produced from these sources and the integration with energy distribution systems, must not be overlooked. This is especially important in power plants, where it is necessary to ensure high energy reserves at excess load, which can be achieved by incorporating an improved energy storage system and higher efficiency of produced electricity. This process contributes to a significant reduction in costs. Direct energy storage systems, described in this master's thesis, are used in applications that require many fast charging and discharging cycles instead of a long-term energy storage in cars, buses, trains and lifts, where they are used for regenerative braking, short-term energy storage or as a primary source of electricity. Supercapacitors are electrochemical double-layer capacitors with low energy density and high power density. They have low series resistance, so they have the ability to emit high current, allowing them to charge quickly and a long lifespan. The goal of the thesis is to determine experimental parameters of supercapacitors and to compare them with theoretical parameters and batteries. With the simulation method of charge and discharge we have proven, that differences in results exists.
Keywords: storage, supercapacitor, application, modelling
Published: 02.03.2020; Views: 981; Downloads: 112
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