Comparison of self-legitimacy of the prison staff and prisoner's perceptions of prison staff legitimacyRok Hacin
, 2018, doktorska disertacija
Opis: Currently, many discussions are held around the world regarding legitimacy of criminal justice systems. The dual nature of legitimacy in prison consists of prisoner’s perceptions of legitimacy and self-legitimacy of the prison staff. Legitimacy of prison staff is defined as the ability of prison workers to implement their authority in an honest, lawful and just manner, while prisoners acknowledge their status as eligible power-holders who deserve to be obeyed and to comply with their decision. Self-legitimacy of the prison staff is defined as the belief of prison workers that their position in prison and the power entrusted to them is in accordance with fundamental moral norms of the society and a sense of self-confidence, in terms of awareness of their abilities to perform tasks within the prison environment. In this dissertation, answers to two fundamental questions were sought: 1) Which factors influence prisoner’s perceptions of legitimacy of the prison staff in Slovenian prisons? and 2) Which factors influence self-legitimacy of the prison staff in Slovenian prisons? Mixed methods of qualitative and quantitative research were used in order to improve the validity and the reliability of results, which are based on more solid evidence obtained by reducing disparities between the collected data and the findings. Results revealed that prisoner’s perceptions of legitimacy is influenced by: 1) distributive justice, 2) obligation to obey, 3) relations with prisoners, 4) relations with the prison staff, 5) procedural justice, 6) age, 7) effectiveness of the prison staff, 8) the prison regime, and 9) trust in authority. Moreover, prisoner’s perceptions of legitimacy of the prison staff in more liberal regimes was more positive. Results revealed that prison staff’s perceptions of self-legitimacy is influenced by: 1) education, 2) relations with colleagues, 3) relations with prisoners, 4) supervisors’ procedural justice, 5) age, 6) subculture of the prison staff, 7) satisfaction with salary, and 8) audience (prisoners) legitimacy. Contrary to expectations, self-legitimacy of the prison staff has a positive impact on the willingness of prison workers to use force against prisoners. These findings confirmed the theoretical assumption in the dual model of legitimacy of linking the role of relations between prisoners and prison workers in Slovenian prisons, and enabled the formulation of suggestions for improvement of the current situation in the field of legitimacy in Slovenian prisons.
Ključne besede: legitimacy, prison staff, prisoners, self-legitimacy, Slovenia
Objavljeno: 14.05.2018; Ogledov: 1367; Prenosov: 177
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The importance and prevalence of modern forms of staff training in the corporate environments of transition countriesTanja Markovič-Hribernik
, Boštjan Jarc
, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Compared with traditional forms of education and training, e-learning is gaining increasing importance not only within the academic setting of formal education, but also in the corporate environment. Concerning the latter, it is evident that with increasing pressure on cost efficiency and competitiveness, in addition to the current harsh financial and economic conditions, companies are being challenged and this tends to change their behaviour patterns. In this article, the results of a survey are presented. The survey focused on the current status and possible future trends of corporate e-learning methods in Slovenia, which is among the so-called transition countries. This survey brings more than one aspect of this issue to light. The findings show increasing rates of acceptance of the e-learning education model by the local corporate environment. Nevertheless, significant gaps are evident when compared with the most advanced European and worldwide economies in terms of the widespread use of comprehensive e-learning models and the latest e-learning technologies, such as LMS systems. Furthermore, the survey reveals that e-learning is perceived by companies as cost efficient and flexible, but on the other hand it is not yet perceived to contribute to a higher quality level of staff training when compared with traditional methods.
Ključne besede: staff training, e-learning, corporate environment, transition countries
Objavljeno: 05.04.2017; Ogledov: 742; Prenosov: 113
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Challenges for institutional elder care in Slovenian nursing homesAna Habjanič
, Reetta Saarnio
, Satu Elo
, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Aims and objectives.Ž To investigate deficiencies in the institutional elder care that is being offered to residents of nursing homes in Slovenia. Background.Ž Public criticism of the provision of elder care in nursing homes is growing all over the world, including in Slovenia. Many studies on this issue have been conducted, but seldom have assessed different viewpoints simultaneously. Design.Ž A qualitative research design that involved individual unstructured interviews was used in 2007. The participants (n = 48)comprised 16 residents, 16 relatives and 16 members of the nursing staff from four nursing homes in Slovenia. Methods.Ž The data generated were subjected to qualitative content analysis. Results.Ž The major themes that emerged from this analysis were neglect, unprofessional communication, uncomfortable physical environment and inadequate administration. Conclusions.Ž The participants of the study identified issues in institutionalelder care in Slovenia that have also been highlighted by international research. Due to staff shortages, low motivation, insufficient communication skills and inexperience, members of the nursing staff reported that they were not in a position to offer the best possible quality of care. Relevance to clinical practice.Ž To improve the living environment in nursing homes, it is important to consider the opinions of all those who are involved closely in institutional elder care. Correction of deficiencies should be a priority and should result in more engagement with residents.
Ključne besede: elder care, nursing home, nursing staff, relatives, residents
Objavljeno: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 1329; Prenosov: 102
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