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Economic promotion of a small country
Dejan Romih, Urban Šebjan, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper examines the economic promotion of a small country in the case of Slovenia, which is facing certain economic and social problems. One reason for this is the current financial and economic crisis, which is continuing to affect the country´s economy. Economic promotion is therefore very important for Slovenia and its economic performance in both the short and long run.
Ključne besede: economic diplomacy, economic promotion, financial and economic crisis, foreign investment, foreign trade, migration, tourism, Slovenia
Objavljeno: 08.08.2017; Ogledov: 257; Prenosov: 39
.pdf Celotno besedilo (175,14 KB)
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A reflection on selected fear of crime factors in Ljubljana, Slovenia
Gorazd Meško, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Objective: to analysis the fear of crime factors according to the research carried out in 2009 in Ljubljana (Slovenia). Methods: dialectic, systemic, comparison, observation. Results: the analysis shows that the level of fear of crime has not changed significantly over the last two decades. The latest survey from 2009 implies that the influence of perceived probability of victimization in an emotional reaction is strongest among those who believe that consequences of victimization can be severe, and their own ability to defend from an assailant is low. Analyses have shown that the fear of crime is strongest in women and the elderly. Personal experiences with crime do not result in an increase in perceived probability of victimization, or influence fear of crime, nor do they affect the anticipation of seriousness of the potential consequences of victimization. The article contributes to reflections on fear of crime based on a literature and research review as well as utilization of new models of testing fear of crime factors. Scientific novelty: the research shows that the used model of fear of crime explains more variance (R² = .54) than other models used prior to this study (Slovenia, 2001, R² = .43; Croatia, 2002, R² = .43; Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2002, R² = .45) and imply some new findings and confirm findings from the previous surveys. The findings imply that the respondents in Ljubljana relate fear of crime to the impacts of different crimes on their lives. However, research did not confirm that the level of fear of individual crimes is proportional to their severity. It was found out that respondents feel the most threatened by robbery followed by assault. Practical significance: the article provides insight for crime control and prevention and will be useful for scientific and educational staff, policy makers, graduate and post-graduate students and all those interested in crime control and prevention.
Ključne besede: criminal law, criminology, fear of crime, factors, Slovenia, Ljubljana
Objavljeno: 08.08.2017; Ogledov: 591; Prenosov: 191
.pdf Celotno besedilo (415,35 KB)
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Renewable energy sources in Slovenia: Determining possible development trends until 2020 by using linear forecast and simulation with geometric Brownian motion process
Dejan Tasić, 2017, diplomsko delo

Opis: Renewable energy sources in the European Union and the Republic of Slovenia present an increasing share of energy each year. This thesis contains the data from Eurostat, where the statistics of renewable sources in the European Union and the Republic of Slovenia are analyzed from 2004 to 2014. On the basis of this data, the linear forecast and simulation by using process of geometric Brownian motion are conducted for the Republic of Slovenia for the time period 2015-2020. The goal is to determine if the Republic of Slovenia will achieve target objectives of European directive for renewable energy sources until 2020.
Ključne besede: Slovenia, renewable energy sources, statistics, forecast, simulation, GBM
Objavljeno: 22.09.2017; Ogledov: 397; Prenosov: 54
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,64 MB)
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Economic promotion of a small country
Dejan Romih, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper examines the economic promotion of a small country in the case of Slovenia. It also examines the economic diplomacy, whose main activity is the promotion of an economy, in the same case. For Slovenia, economic promotion, especially trade and investment promotion, is particularly important. One of the reasons for this is the importance of foreign trade and investment for its economic growth and development.
Ključne besede: economic diplomacy, economic performance, financial and economic crisis, foreign investment, foreign trade, Slovenia
Objavljeno: 09.08.2017; Ogledov: 290; Prenosov: 36
.pdf Celotno besedilo (318,58 KB)
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From technical and cost efficiency to exporting
Ksenja Pušnik, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The paper investigates the influence of technical and allocative efficiency on export performance of Slovenian individual firms. The main contribution of the paper to the literature is the test on whether technical and allocative efficiencies, measured by data envelopment analysis (DEA) and stochastic frontier function (SFA), significantly influence the export orientation of individual firms. Our evidence suggests that firms which are more efficient than their competitors in industry are more export oriented and that technical efficiency is more significant for firms’ export orientation than allocative efficiency. The evidence also suggests that along efficiency export activity of individual firms is significantly influenced by size, capital intensity, profitability, wages and export orientation of the firms a year prior to investigation.
Ključne besede: export, firm, company, technical efficiency, cost efficiency, Slovenia
Objavljeno: 09.08.2017; Ogledov: 310; Prenosov: 53
.pdf Celotno besedilo (233,42 KB)
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Estimating marginal infrastructure cost in new infrastructure charging model
Marjan Sternad, Timotej Jagrič, Bojan Rosi, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Competitiveness of rail transport compared to road transport has been reducing, especially on regional railway lines. To improve this situation, the EU adopted various directives and regulations to increase efficiency of railway undertakings. In this paper we present an organizational and economic model based on European policies for local railway system. The organizational model is based on multi-criteria decision analysis. For the economic model we used an econometric approach to estimate the cost function and marginal costs in regional lines, which constitute the basis for railway charges. By implementing such an organizational model, the functioning of the railway network will improve. The research found that a change in the existing model of calculating costs of infrastructure use would bring economic effects for the railway infrastructure manager and the providers of transport. Using the proposed model we also found that it is reasonable to increase the flow of goods on unused regional railway lines because the railway infrastructure maintenance costs are inelastic with regard to transported gross tons.
Ključne besede: econometrics, charging model, maintenance cost, marginal costs, railway infrastructure, railway traffic, logistics, Slovenia
Objavljeno: 09.08.2017; Ogledov: 380; Prenosov: 159
.pdf Celotno besedilo (567,64 KB)
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Relation between plant species diversity and landscape variables in Central-European dry grassland fragments and their successional derivates
Igor Paušič, Danijel Ivajnšič, Mitja Kaligarič, Nataša Pipenbaher, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: A systematic field survey of an area of 843 ha in the traditional Central-European agricultural landscape of Goričko Nature Park in Slovenia revealed 80 fragments of dry semi-natural grasslands. Vascular plant species diversity was studied in relation to landscape variables and to threat (Slovenian red-listed species). Our results show that fragment size does not affect plant species diversity. In addition, fragment shape index is not related to Alpha diversity. Higher Alpha diversity was observed for abandoned grassland fragments. The lowest Alpha diversity was perceived on more mesic fragments, where habitat specialists are much scarcer. It was confirmed that the highest diversity of specialists are in the driest fragments, both still mowed and abandoned. With an increase in the number of distinctly different bordering habitat types, the total number of species per fragment generally does not increase, except in the case of those fragments that are already in different succession stages. Abandoned and typical dry grasslands are associated with a higher number of bordering habitats. Typical dry grassland fragments and abandoned ones, which probably derived mostly from drier (less productive) grasslands, are found on lower altitude and have a lower shape index. Habitat specialists Sedum sexangulare, Polygala vulgaris and Spiranthes spiralis have higher frequency in fragments with a lower shape index. This means that these oligotrophic specialists occur in smaller fragments. But Orchis morio has higher frequencies of occurrence on polygons with a higher shape index, which confirms the observation that this species occurs in larger and more irregular fragments, as well as close to houses and fields and along the roads.
Ključne besede: habitat specialists, traditional agricultural landscape, semi-natural dry grasslands, Goričko Nature Park, NE Slovenia
Objavljeno: 24.10.2017; Ogledov: 294; Prenosov: 162
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,03 MB)
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The challenges in new tourist destination development within the area of ecological network Natura 2000
Duško Pavlović, Mladen Knežević, Božica Radoš, 2016, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: Natura 2000 is often equated with protected areas where human activities are significantly limited or even excluded in order to preserve biodiversity. However, Natura 2000 is based on other settings. Most of the activities and projects in the Natura area can be carried out with the mitigation of possible negative impacts. Sometimes they need only minor adjustments. Proposals of major development projects or changes in land use should undergo the evaluation of acceptability for the ecological network. If the assessment is positive, the procedure will be allowed if it is in the Natura area. As such, the Natura 2000 can provide new opportunities for rural areas, for example through eco-tourism and recreation. The paper will provide a SWOT analysis of micro location of building a new transport route, which is aimed at the development of new tourist destinations in the protected area.
Ključne besede: Natura 2000, a tourist destination, a new traffic railway route, Slovenia
Objavljeno: 03.11.2017; Ogledov: 465; Prenosov: 164
.pdf Celotno besedilo (945,34 KB)
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Implementing quality indicators for diabetes and hypertension in family medicine in Slovenia
Zalika Klemenc-Ketiš, Igor Švab, Tonka Poplas-Susič, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Introduction: A new form of family practices was introduced in 2011 through a pilot project introducing nurse practitioners as members of team and determining a set of quality indicators. The aim of this article was to assess the quality of diabetes and hypertension management. Methods: We included all family medicine practices that were participating in the project in December 2015 (N=584). The following data were extracted from automatic electronic reports on quality indicators: gender and specialisation of the family physician, status (public servant/self-contracted), duration of participation in the project, region of Slovenia, the number of inhabitants covered by a family medicine practice, the name of IT provider, and levels of selected quality indicators. Results: Out of 584 family medicine practices that were included in this project at the end of 2015, 568 (97.3%) had complete data and could be included in this analysis. The highest values were observed for structure quality indicator (list of diabetics) and the lowest for process and outcome quality indicators. The values of the selected quality indicators were independently associated with the duration of participation in the project, some regions of Slovenia where practices were located, and some IT providers of the practices. Conclusion: First, the analysis of data on quality indicators for diabetes and hypertension in this primary care project pointed out the problems which are currently preventing higher quality of chronic patient management at the primary health care level.
Ključne besede: family practices, healthcare quality indicator, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, Slovenia
Objavljeno: 03.11.2017; Ogledov: 393; Prenosov: 141
.pdf Celotno besedilo (424,82 KB)
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Patient safety culture in Slovenian out-of-hours primary care clinics
Zalika Klemenc-Ketiš, Ellen Tveter Deilkås, Dag Hofoss, Gunnar Tschudi Bondevik, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Introduction: Patient safety culture is a concept which describes how leader and staff interaction, attitudes, routines and practices protect patients from adverse events in healthcare. We aimed to investigate patient safety culture in Slovenian out-of-hours health care (OOHC) clinics, and determine the possible factors that might be associated with it. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study, which took place in Slovenian OOHC, as part of the international study entitled Patient Safety Culture in European Out-of-Hours Services (SAFE-EUR-OOH). All the OOHC clinics in Slovenia (N=60) were invited to participate, and 37 agreed to do so; 438 employees from these clinics were invited to participate. We used the Slovenian version of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire % an ambulatory version (SAQAV) to measure the climate of safety. Results: Out of 438 invited participants, 250 answered the questionnaire (57.1% response rate). The mean overall score % standard deviation of the SAQ was 56.6%16.0 points, of Perceptions of Management 53.6%19.6 points, of Job Satisfaction 48.5%18.3 points, of Safety Climate 59.1%22.1 points, of Teamwork Climate 72.7%16.6, and of Communication 51.5%23.4 points. Employees working in the Ravne na Koroškem region, employees with variable work shifts, and those with full-time jobs scored significantly higher on the SAQ-A V. Conclusion: The safety culture in Slovenian OOHC clinics needs improvement. The variations in the safety culture factor scores in Slovenian OOHC clinics point to the need to eliminate variations and improve working conditions in Slovenian OOHC clinics.
Ključne besede: safety culture, out-of-hours medical care, primary health care, Slovenia
Objavljeno: 03.11.2017; Ogledov: 383; Prenosov: 160
.pdf Celotno besedilo (397,20 KB)
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