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1.
Applying integrated data envelopment analysis and analytic hierarchy process to measuring the efficiency of tourist farms : The Case of Slovenia
Boris Prevolšek, Maja Borlinič Gačnik, Črtomir Rozman, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper examines the efficiency of tourist farms in Slovenia by adopting an approach using a framework of non-parametric programming—Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), combining the two because the DEA analysis by itself does not take into account all attributes, especially qualitative ones. The beforementioned two methods rank the farm tourism units with respect to their efficiency. By using the DEA method, an input- and output-oriented BCC and CCR model were introduced to upgrade the criteria by including the additional non-numerical criteria of the AHP. The results of the models showed that there are possible improvements on all levels of efficiency, as well as on the criteria of the additional offer of tourist farms, which were analyzed in the AHP model with additional criteria. According to the estimated efficiency, the ranking of tourist farms differed according to the two methods. Within the group of farms assessed as efficient by DEA, the AHP model allowed a more accurate ranking.
Keywords: farm tourism, tourist farms, efficiency, data envelopment analysis (DEA), analytic hierarchy process (AHP), Slovenia
Published in DKUM: 09.04.2024; Views: 55; Downloads: 4
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2.
Leadership and managerial challenges to ensure agile management as a method to enable business success : a Delphi study of the Slovenian health organisations
Vasja Roblek, Vlado Dimovski, Kristjan Jovanov Oblak, Maja Meško, Judita Peterlin, 2024, original scientific article

Abstract: Purpose This study aims to apply the Delphi method to explore the possibilities for implementing agility management concepts in Slovenian health-care organisations. Design/methodology/approach The research is based on a qualitative Delphi study encompassing 15 employees in different Slovenian health-care organisations. Findings Slovenian health-care organisations need to be more agile currently. For this reason, it is necessary to begin with organisational changes and organisational learning concepts to educate employees about the meaning and content of agile processes. It is essential to ensure that accepting employee mistakes and offering help to employees becomes normal practice, and it is necessary to ensure the greater trust of the management towards the employees. Originality/value The research empowers health-care professionals with new management and leadership concepts, such as agile management, sustainable leadership and leadership development methods in health care.
Keywords: entrepreneurship, leadership, company performance, business efficiency, agile management, delphi study, health-care organisations, organisational transformation, Slovenia, change management, health services sector
Published in DKUM: 08.04.2024; Views: 71; Downloads: 3
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3.
Ensuring corporate security and its strategic communication in healthcare institutions in Slovenia
Valentina Kubale, Teja Lobnikar, Branko Gabrovec, Miha Dvojmoč, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: Ensuring corporate security is an essential and critical component of any healthcare facility to provide safe services to its patients and employees. Healthcare facilities must employ a variety of strategies to ensure corporate security. This includes developing a comprehensive communication plan that defines the roles and responsibilities of the various stakeholders. The objective of our study was to present the concept of corporate security in healthcare institutions and in the Slovenian healthcare system, to highlight current threats in healthcare institutions in Slovenia, to describe the importance of strategic communication of corporate security in healthcare, and finally to define the current state of corporate security in Slovenian healthcare institutions in Slovenia. A survey was conducted and distributed to healthcare institutions in Slovenia to obtain results. A total of 154 healthcare stakeholders participated in our study. The results showed that corporate security is present in Slovenian healthcare facilities, but additional efforts are needed to improve it, especially considering the current challenges related to the measures taken after the COVID-19 epidemic and the shortage of healthcare personnel. The legal processes of corporate security in healthcare facilities comply with applicable laws and regulations to protect the interests of their patients and employees. Operational security processes are currently provided primarily by internal providers. There is a need for improvement, particularly in the training and education of staff, who play the most important role in ensuring safety. To effectively establish comprehensive corporate security, strategic communication with all stakeholders is essential to ensure that their security policies and procedures are properly implemented.
Keywords: corporate security, healthcare, strategic communication, Slovenia
Published in DKUM: 04.04.2024; Views: 53; Downloads: 9
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4.
Assessment of Air Pollution in Different Areas (Urban, Suburban, and Rural) in Slovenia from 2017 to 2021
Maja Ivanovski, Kris Alatič, Danijela Urbancl, Marjana Simonič, Darko Goričanec, Rudi Vončina, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: Air pollution can have a significant effect on human health. The present work is focused on the investigation of daily, monthly, and annual concentration levels of five typical air pollutants (SO2, NO2, NOX, PM10, and PM2.5) in the Republic of Slovenia (RS) from January 2017 to December 2021. The study was conducted at five different monitoring stations of the following kind: traffic (A), industrial (D), and background (B, C, E). The obtained results showed a decline in the average concentrations for all the studied air pollutants through the years, respectively. The daily average SO2 concentrations were the lowest in the year 2021 at location B, which is classified as background location, while the highest were detected in the year 2018 at location E, which is also classified as background location. The average daily concentrations of NO2 and NOX were the highest at location A in the year 2017, whereas the lowest were detected in the year 2010 and 2021. It is believed that those results are a consequence of measures set by the Slovenian government during the COVID-19 pandemic. The PM10 and PM2.5 daily average concentrations were the highest at location A in 2017, while the lowest were observed in the year 2019 at location C. Meteorological parameters (temperature, wind speed, and relative humidity) were studied in addition. In general, the high temperatures in ambient air are responsible for the intense concentrations of air pollutants. It was found in the study results for temperature, wind speed, and relative humidity that no significant difference was shown between studied years.
Keywords: air pollution, air quality, air pollutants, meteorology, Republic of Slovenia
Published in DKUM: 28.03.2024; Views: 76; Downloads: 14
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5.
The Challenges of integrating sustainable winegrowing into wine tourism - examples from Slovenia and abroad
Marko Koščak, 2022, independent scientific component part or a chapter in a monograph

Abstract: In an increasingly competitive tourist market, wine and enogastronomy are becoming key elements in the development of tourist products in regions that cultivate grapevines, in Slovenia and internationally. It has been claimed that no kind of tourism can develop in regions without wine; however, from today’s perspective, this claim seems an exaggeration. Nevertheless, enogastronomy is an integral part of many contemporary tourist products. As such, it combines tradition, history and heritage and also improves the recognisability of a given destination on which modern wine tourism products rest. On a global scale, wine tourism is growing, and the forecast for the future is likewise promising. The essence of a wine tourism product is to connect food and wine, i.e. enogastronomic or culinary experiences, and to follow new trends. The trend is to consolidate this segment of tourism services, in particular through leisure activities and relaxation at the destination of choice. Food and wine thus become part of the cultural experience of the visited destination and equal the experience of visiting a museum or a concert or may be an equal component of such a package.
Keywords: cultural experience, wine tourism, enogastronomy, tourist destination, Slovenia
Published in DKUM: 22.02.2024; Views: 136; Downloads: 11
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6.
"Here and there one seed sprouts, and then it seems we have done something" : nurturing creativity in elementary schools
Saša Poljak Istenič, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: The Lisbon Strategy and other documents of the European Union advocating for a knowledge-based society have provided the ground for restructuring schools and changing pedagogical approaches to teaching and learning, focusing on creativity and entrepreneurship. One of the approaches increasingly popular in Slovenia has been Edward de Bono's methodology. The article analyses the benefits, controversies, and potentials of de Bono's "lateral thinking" methods for increasing creativity when introduced to children in elementary school courses and extracurricular activities. Based on the qualitative study, it explores how this "pragmatic" approach to creativity is realised in Slovenian elementary schools, and reflects on teaching creativity in schools as a systemic approach.
Keywords: creativity, Edward de Bono, elementary school, metaphors, creative ability, elementary education, creative teaching, lateral thinking, Slovenia
Published in DKUM: 20.02.2024; Views: 98; Downloads: 6
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7.
Evaluating gastronomic destination competitiveness through upscale gastronomy
Nuša Basle, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: Food has evolved from a basic necessity to a primary motivation for travel. While providing a high-quality gastronomic offer is still a restaurant's primary function, quality is no longer enough; today's demanding guests seek unique and memorable dining experiences. A restaurant's competences play a significant role in shaping the guests' overall perception of the quality and derived perceived value, both of which ultimately impact the competitiveness of both the restaurant and the gastronomic destination. The main contribution of this article is the development of a novel theoretical model-GADECOMP-which is designed to measure a gastronomic destination's competitiveness by centering it around the destination's gastronomic offer. Exploratory factor analyses confirmed that the instrument is reliable and valid. The model was tested on upscale restaurant guests in Slovenia, Italy, and Croatia. Additionally, the SERVQUAL model of quality measurement was transferred from the entrepreneurial level to the destination level. Our method uses a unique competence approach and expands and diversifies the existing quality concepts by using elements of innovativeness, creativity, sustainability, and local features. The GADECOMP model measures the perceived quality of a gastronomic destination through its competences, which are reflected in the gastronomic destination offer. A regression analysis was used to identify the strength of the effect that perceived value has on the gastronomic destination offer and gastronomic destination competences.
Keywords: gastronomic tourism, upscale gastronomy, quality, gastronomic destination competences, GADECOMP model, Slovenia, Italy, Croatia
Published in DKUM: 19.02.2024; Views: 145; Downloads: 7
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8.
The Phenomenon of (Sustainable) Tourism Activities on Farms in Slovenia During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Maja Borlinič Gačnik, Boris Prevolšek, 2021, original scientific article

Abstract: The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic is the reason why the development trends of the tourism industry are changing today. The purpose of this article is to address issues of future tourism industry development, linking it to elements of sustainable development trends. The article presents the main elements of the sustainable concept of rural and farm tourism. Using the method of compilation and description, we want to check, based on statistical data related to farm tourism activities in Slovenia (before and during the COVID-19 pandemic), whether it is possible to detect development trends in Slovenia, in the direction of sustainability that are linked to the concept of farm tourism. This study also aims to identify a number of measures that can improve sustainability at the farming tourism level in Slovenia, in a post-COVID phase. According to the findings of numerous comparisons and statistical analysis, it can be stated that the future development trends show a great need to develop the decarbonisation of the industry, digitalisation of industry, and the involvement of the local population in the provision of services. In the present global situation, we have reached a point where it will be necessary to focus on sustainable and digital forms of the industry, in order to further post-COVID development of the tourism industry.
Keywords: COVID-19, post-COVID world, sustainable tourism, farm tourism, Slovenia, future development
Published in DKUM: 25.01.2024; Views: 128; Downloads: 6
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9.
Cultural events as tools of developing sustainable tourism in rural areas : the case of Sevnica in Slovenia
Jasna Potočnik Topler, 2021, original scientific article

Abstract: The purpose of this article is to identify cultural tourism as one of the best practices that can help in the implementation of the Strategy for Sustainable Growth of Slovenian Tourism (2017 - 2021) and to examine the role of cultural events as tools for the development of sustainable tourism. The latter is one of the main trends in the tourism sector, at least in the European context and also in Slovenia as a member country of the European Union. The challenge of developing sustainable tourism destinations is considerable in rural areas, where local communities must be closely observed and by all means included in the decision-making process on future tourism development. This is of the utmost importance as tourism is much more than an economic activity. Therefore, key decision-makers need to be aware that tourism activities affect all local people and many areas of their life and that the role of tourism in rural areas is to improve the quality of life of the local population. Since at least some form of culture can be found in every village, small (rural) tourist destinations often find important opportunities for sustainable tourism development in organizing cultural events, which lead to greater community visibility, cultural branding of the destination, which is significant and also several business opportunities. On the case of Sevnica, this article aims to demonstrate that there is great potential for further development of cultural tourism and its subtypes in Slovenia by further developing cultural tourism and various tourism products based on rich cultural heritage.
Keywords: cultural events, cultural tourism, sustainable tourism, preserving heritage, local stakeholders, Sevnica, Slovenia
Published in DKUM: 23.01.2024; Views: 198; Downloads: 9
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10.
Motivations for hosting on Airbnb : the case of Slovenia
Katja Kokot, Maja Turnšek, 2022, independent scientific component part or a chapter in a monograph

Abstract: The ‘platform economy’ has evolved over the years into a global phenomenon. The focus of this paper is the motivations of Slovene hosts to use the Airbnb platform. While Airbnb was originally optimistically discussed as an element of ‘the sharing economy’, it has become known as one of the key players of the ‘platform economy’, belonging to the area of the so-called capital platforms, which allow participation-based primarily based on ownership of capital. Our research amongst a sample of 103 officially registered accommodation providers in Slovenia has shown that Airbnb is the second-most used platform, on average bringing a third of income for the surveyed participants, while Booking.com brings about half of their income. Furthermore, the results show that monetary motives prevail among Slovene hosts. However, social and moral motives are also strongly expressed. These findings indicate that the perceived primary purpose of Airbnb is generating additional earnings due to a surplus of real estate capital. A higher share of income from hosting in comparison to other types of income is correlated with the expressed importance of monetary motives. In contrast, the prevalence of social motives is influenced by fear of loneliness, cultural openness, and hosts’ global prosociality.
Keywords: Airbnb, motivation for accommodation provision, sharing economy, platform economy, hospitality, Slovenia
Published in DKUM: 17.01.2024; Views: 195; Downloads: 6
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