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Collaboration between investigation and crisis intervention for the investigative interview in suicide attempts
Burak M. Gönültaş, Cristin Sauter, Meral Öztürk, Murat Yildiz, 2020, review article

Abstract: Purpose: The present study aims to understand whether investigation and crisis intervention processes can be coupled together in suicide attempt cases in order to mitigate secondary victimisation and whether a social worker as an interventionist can accomplish this. Design/Methods/Approach: This study relies on a literature review with the help of various databases, including PubMed, Springer Database, PsycoINFO and official national and international websites. In this study, the keywords (suicide, crisis intervention, investigation, social work, social worker) were determined for screening according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines. Findings: We found 38 articles, 8 of which were categorised by the research team in several groups with a level of 92% agreement. We categorised them using the mentioned keywords and four groups emerged as a result: suicide and crisis intervention, crisis intervention and social workers, suicide and investigation, investigation and social work. Overviews of papers for each group are presented. Practical Implications: Investigative interviews and crisis intervention processes may be coupled together in cases of suicide attempts. This process holds the potential to increase the rigour and effectiveness of data collection for the case, allow experts to lend their knowledge and skills in support of each other, and provide opportunities for more comprehensive problem-solving in crises. Thus, according to the literature and practice, the output of the current study appears to be implementable. Originality/Value: The conceptual framework revealed in this study may be used as a valuable source for future studies on the topic of collaboration occurring between the investigation on one side and social and psychological crisis intervention services on the other.
Keywords: suicide, crisis intervention, police, investigative interviewing, social worker
Published: 04.01.2021; Views: 210; Downloads: 8
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Methodology of an aircraft accident response system assessment
Franc Željko Županič, Maja Meško, Iztok Podbregar, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: The paper investigates the ability to learn from an aircraft accident as the opportunities for learning diminish with the decline in the accident rate. A safety compromising case is studied as the processes of aircraft accident intervention and recovery can degrade the ability of an aircraft accident investigation process to enhance aviation safety by revealing accident causation. In the case study an assessment of the Slovenian aircraft accident response system was made. For the purpose of evaluating the successfulness of aircraft accident intervention and effectiveness of recovery, a model of aircraft accident response system requirements has been developed. Based on non-conformances identified by the model of requirements, remedial measures are proposed for the enhancement of the aircraft accident response system operation. Criteria for the definition of the transition from accident intervention to recovery are derived from the assessment findings in a manner not to impede the aircraft accident investigation effectiveness and efficiency.
Keywords: aircraft accident, response system, intervention, recovery, investigation, crisis management
Published: 02.06.2017; Views: 1200; Downloads: 385
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The effect of an educational intervention in family phisicians on self-rated quality of life in patients with medically unexplained symptoms
Vojislav Ivetić, Klemen Pašić, Polona Selič, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: Introduction: Medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) are very common in family medicine, despite being a poorly-defined clinical entity. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of an educational intervention (EI) on self-rated quality of life, treatment satisfaction, and the family physician-patient relationship in patients with MUS. Methods: In a multi-centre longitudinal intervention study, which was performed between 2012 and 2014, patients were asked to rate their quality of life, assess their depression, anxiety, stress and somatisation, complete the Hypochondriasis Index, the Medical Interview Satisfaction Scale and the Patient Enablement Instrument for assessing the physician-patient relationship, before and after the EI. Results: The mean values before and after the intervention showed that after the EI, patients with MUS gave a lower (total) mean rating of their health issues and a higher rating of their quality of life, and they also had a more positive opinion of their relationship with the physician (p<0.05). However, there were no differences in the (total) rating of treatment satisfaction before and after the EI (p=0.423). Significant differences in the symptoms in patients with MUS before and after the intervention were confirmed for stress, somatisation and hypochondriasis (p<0.05). Conclusions: It could be beneficial to equip family physicians with the knowledge, skills and tools to reduce hypochondriasis and somatisation in MUS patients, which would improve patients’ self-rated health status.
Keywords: medically unexplained symptoms, family medicine, educational intervention, quality of life, treatment satisfaction, family physician-patient relationship
Published: 06.04.2017; Views: 1026; Downloads: 330
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Vpliv enostavne intervencije na večje upoštevanje smernic pri zdravljenju bolnic z nezapleteno okužbo spodnjih sečil v dežurnih ambulantah na primarni ravni
Zalika Klemenc-Ketiš, Janko Kersnik, 2014, original scientific article

Abstract: Namen: Cilj te raziskave je bil ugotoviti, ali lahko preprosta intervencija izboljša upoštevanje smernic za zdravljenje nezapletene okužbe sečil žensk v dežurni službi primarnega zdravstva. Metode: Izvedli smo randomizirano prospektivno raziskavo pri bolnicah v 20 ambulantah dežurne službe primarnega zdravstva v Sloveniji (10 ambulant je bilo v interevencijski skupini, 10 pa v kontrolni). Vsaka ambulanta dežurne službe naj bi vključila 10 zaporednih bolnic, ki so prišle na pregled, bile obravnavane po telefonu oz. je bil pri njih izveden hišni obisk. Dežurne ambulante v intervencijski skupini so prejele plakat s shematično predstavitvijo smernic za zdravljenje nezapletene okužbe spodnjih sečil, ki so ga namestili na steno ambulante. Rezultati: Od 20 povabljenih dežurnih ambulant jih je v raziskavi sodelovalo 14, od tega 7 v intervencijski in 7 v kontrolni skupini. Končni vzorec je obsegal 118 bolnic (59,0 %), od tega jih je bilo 64 v intervencijski in 54 v kontrolni skupini. Povprečna starost bolnic je bila 43,2 % 17,3 let; 40,2 % 16,4 let v intervencijski skupini in 46,7 % 17,8 let v kontrolni skupini. Smernicam zdravljenja so zdravniki popolnoma sledili pri obravnavi 42 bolnic; pri 32 v intervencijski skupini in pri 10 v kontrolni skupini (p = 0,004). Zaključek: Enostavna intervencija lahko pomembno vpliva na upoštevanje smernic za zdravljenje bolnic z nezapleteno okužbo spodnjih sečil v dežurnih ambulantah osnovnega zdravstva.
Keywords: urinary tract infection, primary care, intervention studies
Published: 30.12.2015; Views: 1012; Downloads: 49
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