Some aspects of development of private international law in the CIS countriesIslambek Rustambekov
, 2020, original scientific article
Abstract: Globalization, development of the states and society and their rapprochement makes the issues of regulation of relation with a foreign element more urgent, and in particular private international law becomes relevant. In this aspect, states are aimed in unification and harmonization of norms of private international law and mostly within regional associations. This article traces these issues within the Community of Independent States (CIS). The CIS countries are trying to analyze and use the international experience, in particular similar experiences of the EU. The EU experience is acutely important in view of the development of Eurasian Economic Union in which more States are trying to become a member. This article traces the development and rapprochement of the private international law in the EU and the CIS countries, and analyzes international agreements of the States which are aimed to unify private international law and regulate such relations around the States. The article reflects upon and provides some basic perspectives regarding further regional harmonization and unification of private international law in the CIS.
Keywords: conflict of laws, private international law, European Union, Community of Independent States, Commonwealth of Independent States, unification, harmonization
Published in DKUM: 15.01.2021; Views: 511; Downloads: 0
Reviewing the narrative concerning the impact of population growth in AfricaCocou Marius Mensah
, 2019, original scientific article
Abstract: This article discusses the topic of population growth in Africa, a recurring theme in the era of climate change and the fight against CO2 emissions. The African continent is full of essential raw materials and encompasses the youngest population in the world. There is no doubt concerning the significant role it will play in global affairs, at a time when the world population is ageing, according to the UN statistics. In recent years, many policymakers have highlighted the necessity to deal with overpopulation, provoking moral controversial and basic human rights abuses. This article, however, proposes an opposite argumentation based on fresh data and emphasises the opportunities and challenges to take on, as the author considers "overpopulation" as more of a challenge than a sentence to underdevelopment. Though the paper mentions different issues linked to overpopulation, such as migration crisis, ecological sustainability and the UN Sustainable Development Goals, it concludes with a reminder of the importance of international cooperation as a solution to global issues.
Keywords: global issues, impact of population growth, migration trends, international cooperation, pollution, African Union, European Union, UN sustainable development goals, environmental footprint
Published in DKUM: 15.01.2021; Views: 365; Downloads: 9
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Different approaches to cross border mobility of patients in the European Union in Czechia, Slovakia and PolandFilip Křepelka
, 2016, original scientific article
Abstract: Poland and Slovakia are neighbour countries with similar history and socioeconomic conditions. They share heritage of socialized healthcare. Nevertheless, they adopted different policies towards promotion of patients´ mobility in the European Union. Accession to coordination of social security establishing assistance for tourists was smooth. Providers offer quality care for good prices. Foreign patients come to all three countries. Right for reimbursement of treatment intentionally sought across borders was created by the Court of Justice already before their accession. Nevertheless, they already decided on the Patients´ directive. Czechia supported it, Slovakia abstained and Poland refused. Numerous Poles seek treatment abroad and ask for its reimbursement, while implementing legislation barely complies and authorities are tight-fisted. Few Slovaks do it in accordance with rules adopted with cautiousness. Czechs ignore this opportunity despite official benevolence. Quality of healthcare, various price-setting and peculiarities of public financing explain this difference.
Keywords: European Union, free movement of services and goods, medical tourism, public financing of healthcare, patients' rights
Published in DKUM: 09.10.2018; Views: 730; Downloads: 52
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