Analysis of Selected Aspects of Entrepreneurship Support on the Level of European UnionMartina Repnik
, 2021, master's thesis
Abstract: Entrepreneurial activity contributes various benefits to a country, one of the most impactful gains being the growth of GDP. Because of that, it is important for policymakers to put in place policies, which encourage and foster entrepreneurial activity- both on a national as well as international level. On an international level, the EU plays a major role in supporting entrepreneurial activity in Europe. For that purpose, the EU institutions are enforcing entrepreneurship-related policies and are establishing programs and funds, which benefit European enterprises. Special emphasis is placed on supporting the entrepreneurial activities of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), which are the backbone of the economy. SMEs represent more than 99% of all enterprises in a country, and they create two out of three jobs. Because of their importance, the EU strives to provide a suitable environment and support for them to grow and exist in the long run. EU member countries exploit the offered support to different extents, which means that the EU support affects European companies and member countries in different ways. In this thesis, we explored the role of the EU in connection to entrepreneurial support and activity.
Based on our research, we found very noticeable differences between more and less developed EU countries in terms of the amount of exploited EU support. We discovered that most of the time, more developed EU countries tend to exploit EU entrepreneurial support to a bigger extent, than less developed countries do. That is because less developed countries often lack the ability to set up suitable programs that could qualify for EU funding. We also discovered that less developed countries tend to have higher levels of early-stage entrepreneurial activity than more developed countries do. We have found that this is because citizens in these countries often create their businesses out of necessity, not so much because they perceived a good business opportunity. In less developed countries, where the economical state of the country is less stable and there is a lack of available job offers, citizens are pushed to entrepreneurship out of necessity in order to survive. Related to that, we also discovered that less developed countries dedicate more of their EU funds to SMEs than more developed countries do. But as they lack the proper entrepreneurial ecosystem, these enterprises often fail. Because of that, as it most often occurs out of necessity, high levels of entrepreneurial activity in a less developed country do not quite indicate a well-established national entrepreneurial system. Finally, based on all the data we collected and analyzed in this thesis we have found that entrepreneurial support offered by the EU has been increasing over the years. That is because in the last decades there has been a big increase in the number of programs and funds being established, which focus specifically on SMEs. The same can be seen with the number of entrepreneurial policies being enforced by the EU, as entrepreneurship became one of the main EU priorities.
Keywords: entrepreneurial support, entrepreneurship activity, EU funding, access to finance, economic development
Published in DKUM: 23.12.2021; Views: 128; Downloads: 22
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Analiza notranjega podjetništva v podjetju ljubljanske mlekarne d. o. o.Primož Mejal
, 2021, undergraduate thesis
Abstract: Notranje podjetništvo postaja čedalje bolj pomemben del podjetij. Če želijo podjetja slediti spreminjajočim se trendom morajo sama znotraj svojih meja biti inovativna in prav tako spodbujati svoje zaposlene, da bodo inovativni. Notranje podjetništvo tako pripomore k uspešnosti podjetij in odpira nove možnosti rast in razvoj le teh.
Diplomski projekt je razdeljen na teoretičen in empiričen del. V teoretičnem delu so preučeni, predstavljeni, opisani oz. opredeljeni osnovni teoretični pojmi diplomskega projekta, kot npr. okolje kot izhodišče za notranje podjetništvo, dimenzije notranjega podjetništva, posledice notranjega podjetništva na ravni podjetja, pristopi k uvajanju notranjega podjetništva, proces razvoja oz. planiranja notranje-podjetniških strategij, tipi struktur podjetja in njihova povezanost z notranjim podjetništvom, vpliv ustvarjalnih zaposlenih kot nosilcev notranje-podjetniške aktivnosti v podjetju. Empiričen del zajema opis in predstavitev izbranega podjetja, oceno stanja notranjega podjetništva v izbranem podjetju z metodologijo »Corporate entrepreneurship audit«, ter predlog za razvoj notranjega podjetništva v izbranem podjetju.
Keywords: notranje podjetništvo, inovativnost, uspešnost podjetij, »Corporate entrepreneurship audit«
Published in DKUM: 04.11.2021; Views: 212; Downloads: 19
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Entrepreneurship in a New Reality : GEM Slovenia 2020, Executive SummaryMiroslav Rebernik
Abstract: Entrepreneurship is the strongest driver of economic growth and development and has a very large impact on overall social development. The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) has a history of 22 years of entrepreneurship research, with a special focus on the earliest stages, when business opportunities are perceived and individuals decide whether to engage in entrepreneurship. Their direct living environment, especially the prevailing cultural values, the company's tendency to entrepreneurship and the orderliness of the business environment, have a great influence on the involvement of individuals in entrepreneurial activities. Accordingly, the conceptual framework of GEM is set, which enables the treatment of individuals and their attitude towards entrepreneurship, perception of entrepreneurship and involvement in the establishment and / or ownership and management of a company. With its help, we can therefore gain a deeper insight into national entrepreneurship and its characteristics and a more complete picture than can be provided by various statistical sources based solely on data obtained from existing companies.
Keywords: global entrepreneurial monitor, entrepreneurship, total early entrepreneurial activity, economic development, entrepreneurial ecosystem
Published in DKUM: 18.05.2021; Views: 352; Downloads: 9
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A Variety of Entrepreneurial Motives : GEM Slovenia 2019, Executive SummaryMiroslav Rebernik
, Karin Širec
, Polona Tominc
, Katja Crnogaj
, Matej Rus
, Barbara Bradač Hojnik
, 2020, scientific work
Abstract: In the world’s largest longitudinal survey, the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM), we have been exploring important features of entrepreneurship for 21 years, with particular emphasis on the earliest stages when business opportunities are perceived and individuals decide whether to engage in entrepreneurship. GEM was designed to (1) measure differences in attitudes towards entrepreneurship, activities and aspirations of individuals in as many countries as possible, (2) identify factors that encourage or hinder entrepreneurial activity, especially in relation to societal values, personal characteristics and the entrepreneurial ecosystem, (3) provide a platform for assessing the impact of entrepreneurial activity on economic growth in a given economy, and (4) identify the necessary policy measures to strengthen entrepreneurship. With the help of this research, we better understand society's attitude towards entrepreneurship and characteristics of the individual, such as perception of one's own abilities for entrepreneurial activity, ability to perceive opportunities, entrepreneurial intentions, and fear of failure. As GEM monitors entrepreneurial activity throughout the phases of the life cycle (nascent, new businesses and established businesses, discontinuation), according to impact (high growth, innovation, internationalization) and by type (early-stage entrepreneurship activity, employee entrepreneurship activity), the picture is much richer than the one that is based only on data gathered from ordinary statistical databases.
Keywords: Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, entrepreneurship, early-stage entrepreneurial activity, economic development, entrepreneurship ecosystem
Published in DKUM: 29.05.2020; Views: 727; Downloads: 9
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Ocena korporacijskega podjetništva na primeru velikega logističnega podjetjaAnja Gjerek
, 2019, undergraduate thesis
Abstract: Tehnološki razvoj, težje pridobivanje ustreznega kadra in iskanje okolju prijaznih poslovnih rešitev, je le nekaj dejavnikov, ki trenutno pomembno vplivajo na razvoj logistične panoge. Podjetje, ki uspešno obvladuje tovrstne dejavnike in zasleduje svojo konkurenčno prednost, pri tem pogosto v svoje poslovanje uvaja posamezne novosti. Le-te so lahko minimalne, kot je npr. manjša nadgradnja poslovnega procesa in vse dovečjega prevzema podjetja. V omenjenem je vidno, da mnoga podjetja (ne)vede udejanjajo korporacijsko podjetništvo. V prvo, nezavestno skupino, spada tudi izbrano podjetje DARS d.d., katerega smo zajeli v diplomskem projektu z namenom, da bi ugotovili njegov obseg uresničevanja korporacijskega podjetništva in njegove morebitne možnosti za nadaljnji razvoj. Ugotovili smo, da DARS d.d. v sorazmerno veliki ravni udejanja omenjen koncept, in sicer v obliki notranje-podjetniških dejavnosti, ki so v večji meri rezultat sprejetih odločitev vodstva in ustrezno oblikovane strategije.
Keywords: korporacijsko podjetništvo, notranje-podjetniške dejavnosti, Corporate Entrepreneurship Audit, avtocestno omrežje, DARS d.d.
Published in DKUM: 10.12.2019; Views: 676; Downloads: 92
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Innovating in a Startup: Germany versus SloveniaMartina Repnik
, 2018, undergraduate thesis
Abstract: Startup companies are enterprises, which are created with the purpose of growth. The driving force of their growth is innovation, which contributes to the competitive advantage of companies in general. Those companies that have a competitive advantage over other companies can exist on a larger scale: they can employ a greater number of workers which contributes to lower unemployment rates in national economies. That is why startup companies are so important for a country’s well-being, and it is crucial for governments that want economic growth to support them. The most efficient way the government can support startups is through creating the right environment where they can exist and develop. There are different factors that contribute to an overall efficient environment; the most relevant one for this thesis is innovation activity. In the thesis, all the relevant factors were analyzed and the chosen countries (Germany and Slovenia) were compared based on their scores. This way, a more startup-friendly business environment was established. Moreover, interviews with startups from each observed country were conducted to further confirm/deny the theoretical conclusions established in the thesis. From all the information gathered, both theoretical and practical, our assumption that Germany has a better ecosystem for startups to exist in was confirmed.
Keywords: startup companies, entrepreneurship activity, startup ecosystem, national culture, innovation, innovation activity
Published in DKUM: 23.11.2018; Views: 577; Downloads: 64
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Self-assessment system : detrimental effects on entrepreneurial and innovative activityMitja Kovač
, Patricia Kotnik
, 2015, original scientific article
Abstract: Efficient regulatory mechanisms that induce innovation, co-operation and deter competition law infringements have recently been the subject of growing attention. Competition is essential to the innovation process which in general terms enables entrepreneurship. But so too is co-operation between firms which requires an exchange of information and may lead to inefficient collusive behaviour. The optimal trade-off between the provision of stable entrepreneurial incentives and the new European competition law’s reform with the self-assessment system has been largely missing from the current scholarly debate. This paper identifies the unintended, harmful horizontal side effects of this new European self-assessment system upon the entrepreneurial activity, offers a legal evaluation of the optimal entrepreneurial incentive mechanisms and provides legal and entrepreneurial arguments for an improved regulatory response.
Keywords: Slovenia, pravo, insolvency, legislation, competition policy, information exchange, entrepreneurship, innovation, self-assessment system
Published in DKUM: 02.08.2018; Views: 450; Downloads: 42
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Personality: blessing or curse? : the entrepreneur’s path from personal to leadership competenciesMichael Forster
, Philipp Parrer
, Nina Maria Wöss
, 2013, original scientific article
Abstract: This paper is based on a study which investigates the relevance of management competencies in Austrian organizations, focusing on start-ups. The study as well as the existing literature confirms that personal competencies such as ambition, selfconfidence or assertiveness are perceived as more important by start-ups than by established companies. However, further results of the paper show that especially leadership competencies play a major role in developing a growing start-up whereas personal competencies fade into the background and can even have a negative impact on turnover growth. In general, the paper discusses special characteristics of competence classes for start-ups and examines differences and similarities in comparison to established companies. As it has already been indicated, the evidence leads to different and surprising considerations for entrepreneurs and growing start-ups.
Keywords: classes of competencies, entrepreneurship, start-up
Published in DKUM: 04.05.2018; Views: 686; Downloads: 151
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Cultural foundations of female entrepreneurship in Mexico : challenges and opportunitiesMartha Cantú Cavada
, Vito Bobek
, Hazbo Skoko
, Anita Maček
, 2018, original scientific article
Abstract: This paper analyses possible challenges and opportunities that Mexican female entrepreneurs face during the establishment of new enterprises. Based on in-depth interviews with female entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship experts, authors researched opportunities in the form of governmental and non-governmental institutional support, growing entrepreneurship, social awareness and women empowerment. However, lack of credibility, fear of vulnerability to criticism and social pressure are some challenges associated with gender egalitarianism. In such, the authors proved that Mexican culture impacts women in some ways more than the others. Institutional collectivism was the cultural dimension with higher positive impact on women, followed by gender egalitarianism with a neutral to positive impact and the power distance with a neutral influence on women.
Keywords: female entrepreneurship, culture, Mexico, challenges, opportunities
Published in DKUM: 03.05.2018; Views: 877; Downloads: 140
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The relationship between optimism, pre-entrepreneurial curiosity and entrepreneurial curiosityMitja Jeraj
, 2014, original scientific article
Abstract: Background: Entrepreneurship and entrepreneurs become more and more interesting fields for a scientific research. This paper addresses the relationship between optimism, pre-entrepreneurial curiosity and entrepreneurial curiosity as three determinants of entrepreneurial psychology. Literature review showed optimism is important for entrepreneurs and influence them mostly in a positive way. Although entrepreneurial curiosity is important determinant for entrepreneurs and it was connected with entrepreneurial self-efficacy, openness, and company's growth the connection with optimism remained unexplored until this research.
Methods: A multi-country empirical validation was conducted on a sample of entrepreneurs from Slovenia and USA. A structural equation modelling, exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were used to develop a model, which complement theoretical predisposition and fit the data.
Results: The results of the study show that higher levels of optimism lead to higher levels of pre-entrepreneurial curiosity and higher levels of pre-entrepreneurial curiosity lead to higher levels of entrepreneurial curiosity.
Conclusions: The contribution of this study is manifold. From the theoretical view, a literature gap on the field of optimism and entrepreneurial curiosity combined is fulfilled and a structural equation model with optimism and entrepreneurial curiosity was established. Since openness, pre-entrepreneurial curiosity and entrepreneurial curiosity are related policy makers can test individuals according to their level of researched determinants and motivate more entrepreneurial perspective ones to become active in the entrepreneurship process. Thus, entrepreneurs can use these results to recruit more entrepreneurial oriented employees.
Keywords: enterprises, entrepreneurs, entrepreneurship
Published in DKUM: 22.01.2018; Views: 771; Downloads: 311
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