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1.
The Bosnian-Croatian-Serbian adnominal possessive dative at the syntax-pragmatics interface
James Joshua Pennington, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: In Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian, the adnominal possessive dative (APD) construction is used alongside the nominal adjectival construction to express possession. APD usage is double-edged – i.e., there are both issues of sociolinguistics/perceptual dialectology involved as well as more formal syntactic- pragmatic ones. My respondents consistently labeled APD usage as “archaic,” “old-fashioned,” “characteristic of the uneducated,” or “country-talk”. However, judging by very similar acceptance levels of APDs in particular contexts in all dialects, it appears that semantic role of the possessor and the level of contextual effects and processing load involved in interpreting possessive constructions weigh heavily on their acceptance. Therefore, I offer a model that attempts to capture APD usage in terms of a set of hierarchical relationships between the “possessor” and the “possessed”.
Keywords: sociolinguistics, adnominal possessive dative, perceptual dialectology, dialect geography, syntax-pragmatic interface
Published: 13.02.2018; Views: 412; Downloads: 315
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2.
Russian borrowings in the Volga German dialect in Russel County, Kansas
Maria Khramova, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: The present paper is based on a field investigation of the Volga German community in Russell County, Kansas. It provides a short overview of linguistic research, conducted on Volga German dialects in Kansas, and further analyses a list of Russian borrowings that was compiled in Russell in 1913. This contribution also addresses the disputable etymology of some words and expressions and discusses the lexical items from the list of 1913 that were retained in the dialect. Analysis of additional sources shows that some words that are traditionally treated as Russian borrowings acquired on the Volga may have been part of speakers’ lexicon prior to emigration and could have been borrowed from other Slavic languages.
Keywords: Russian language, Volga German dialect, Kansas, borrowings, language contacts, dialectology
Published: 13.02.2018; Views: 308; Downloads: 48
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3.
Theoretical and interpretative approaches to the Dictionary of Moravian and Silesian anoikonyms
Milena Šipková, 2010, original scientific article

Abstract: The Dictionary of Moravian and Silesian Anoikonyms, compiled in both a traditional “paper” and a digital form as a parallel to the Dictionary of Minor Place Names in Bohemia, has two priorities: 1. unique material (covering 96 % of the territory), 2. theoretical and methodological conception that represents the Czech onomastic school. The Dictionary aims to provide both a material analysis and an interpretation of names comprising many dialectal forms.
Keywords: anoikonyms, onomastics, toponomastics, dictionaries, Moravia, Silesia, Czech Republic, dialectology, geolinguistics
Published: 05.02.2018; Views: 554; Downloads: 273
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4.
Sociolinguistic and geolinguistic variation in the Basque language
Gotzon Aurrekoetxea, 2010, original scientific article

Abstract: In this contribution, we show the first results of the “Socio-geolinguistic atlas of the Basque language-EAS”. This research project was presented at the Vth Congress of Dialectology and Geolinguistics held in Braga. On the one hand, we present some data collected in the same locality from informants of different generations (the elderly, adults and young people). We examine the linguistic differences that we found among people of these generations and we analyse whether the difference among generations is similar in all localities or not, or whether some of them have peculiar characteristics. On the other hand, we show different types of geolinguistic variation: variation among elderly people, adults or among young people.
Keywords: Basque, sociolinguistics, language atlases, dialectology, geolinguistics
Published: 05.02.2018; Views: 321; Downloads: 218
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5.
Slovene regional atlases
Rada Cossutta, 2010, original scientific article

Abstract: The paper focuses on the presentation of two Slovene regional dialectological atlases that significantly complement the Friulian atlas ASLEF: Slovene Dialectological Lexical Atlas of the Province of Trieste (SDLA-Ts) (1987) for the Trieste Karst and Slovene Dialectological Lexical Atlas of Slovene Istria (SDLA-SI) (2005–2006) for Slovene Istria. Their realisation undoubtedly represents an important achievement in the field of the dialectal lexis of Primorska, which documented and mapped in the mentioned two volumes.
Keywords: linguistics, dialectology, Slovenian, regional atlases
Published: 05.02.2018; Views: 234; Downloads: 52
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6.
Processing methodology and dialectological aspects of the Dictionary of Moravian and Silesian anoikonyms (minor place names)
Libuše Čižmárová, 2010, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper presents the routines used by Brno linguists working on the Dictionary of Moravian and Silesian Anoikonyms (preparing collective entries introduced by abstract headwords). The output will be primarily a multifunctional interactive digital dictionary. Since most of the material has been recorded in dialect form, the authors must be experienced in dialectology. The computer program offers the possibility to generate maps enabling comparison with dialectological maps of the Czech Linguistic Atlas.
Keywords: anoikonyma, onomastics, toponomastics, dictionaries, digitization, computer data processing, Moravia, Silesia, Czech Republic, dialectology, geolinguistics
Published: 05.02.2018; Views: 352; Downloads: 253
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7.
On the decay, preservation and restoration of imported Portugese Christian missionary vocabulary in the Kyushu district of Japan since the 16th century
Shunsuke Ogawa, 2010, scientific work

Abstract: The aim of this paper is to elucidate the history of the decay, preservation and restoration of imported Portuguese Christian missionary vocabulary in the Kyushu district of Japan since the 16th century. In conclusion, the following can be pointed out: 1) almost all words have generally decayed. 2) parts of the words are used as general nouns with discriminatory meaning. 3) Some people still try to preserve these words against the guidance of Catholic priests. 4) Recently, parts of the words have started to be used as the names of some alcoholic drinks and sweets. Thus, in this district, the number of people who use these words has been increasing again. This is the restoration of imported Portuguese Christian missionary vocabulary.
Keywords: Japanese, historical influences, Christian vocabulary, dialectology, geolinguistics, Kyushu
Published: 05.02.2018; Views: 268; Downloads: 48
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8.
Making paradigms of verbs and adjectives using a dialect corpus
Chitsuko Fukushima, 2010, original scientific article

Abstract: The author has been involved in the making of a dialect dictionary of Tokunoshima, Amami, Japan, using a dialect corpus. The analysis of the dialect corpus and face-to-face interviews were combined to obtain the paradigms of verbs and adjectives to be included in the multimedia dialect dictionary. Sentences in the corpus were cut into phrases and verbs were identified and sorted into lists of verbs. The lists were examined to find patterns of verb conjugation. All conjugated forms were examined regarding succeeding forms, and, based on the distribution, a conjugated form was chosen as an entry. In Japanese, verbs and adjectives belong to the same syntactic category and adjectives change their forms as verbs do. Thus the same procedure was repeated concerning adjectives, and patterns and paradigms of adjective inflection were found.
Keywords: Japanese, dialect dictionaries, dialectology, morphology, linguistics
Published: 05.02.2018; Views: 312; Downloads: 243
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9.
Dialect materials in the Estonian etymological dictionary
Iris Metsmägi, 2010, original scientific article

Abstract: Estonian Etymological Dictionary being compiled at the Institute of the Estonian Language. A limited number of dialect words will be included in the headword list of the dictionary. Dialect data may be vital for etymologization as well. In the case of genuine words and older loanwords, the archaic phonological traits that have survived in dialects are essential; in the case of more recent loanwords, the dialectal variants show different degrees of adaptation. Sometimes the areal distribution of a word may prove a valuable cue to its original background. Etymologization may also be based on the dialectal meaning of a word. A specific group consists of dialect words adopted into standard usage in a different sense as technical terms.
Keywords: Estonian, etymological dictionaries, computer data processing, dialectology, linguistic geography
Published: 02.02.2018; Views: 485; Downloads: 233
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10.
Computerisation of a corpus of personal correspondence spanning the 19th and 20th centuries
Maria-Pilar Perea, 2010, original scientific article

Abstract: The article presents the contents and the technical resources of the CD-ROM “Epistolari d’Antoni M. Alcover (1880–1931)” [Antoni M. Alcover’s correspondence], published in 2008, which contains the complete transcription of the Majorcan dialectologist’s personal correspondence between 1880 and 1931. It shows how the computer program can help to study the linguistic variation throughout the 3,529,159 words of the corpus of correspondence. Among many other features, we pay special attention to the presence of dialect features and to the linguistic interference between Catalan and Castilian at the beginning of the 20th century.
Keywords: Catalan, Castilian, correspondence, language variations, dialectology, computer data processing, linguistics
Published: 02.02.2018; Views: 382; Downloads: 43
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