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The impact of changing collaborative workplace parameters on assembly operation efficiency
Klemen Kovič, Aljaž Javernik, Robert Ojsteršek, Iztok Palčič, 2024, original scientific article

Abstract: Human–robot collaborative systems bring several benefits in using human and robot capabilities simultaneously. One of the critical questions is the impact of these systems on production process efficiency. The search for high-level efficiency is severely dependent on collaborative robot characteristics and motion parameters, and the ability of humans to adjust to changing circumstances. Therefore, our research analyzes the effect of the changing collaborative robot motion parameters, acoustic parameters and visual factors in a specific assembly operation, where efficiency is measured through operation times. To conduct our study, we designed a digital twin-based model and a laboratory environment experiment in the form of a collaborative workplace. The results show that changing the motion, acoustic and visual parameters of the collaborative workplace impact the assembly process efficiency significantly.
Keywords: collaborative robot, collaborative workplace, digital twin, assembly operation, efficiency
Published in DKUM: 26.02.2024; Views: 193; Downloads: 4
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Audio-visual effects of a collaborative robot on worker efficiency
Aljaž Javernik, Klemen Kovič, Iztok Palčič, Robert Ojsteršek, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: Collaborative workplaces are increasingly used in production systems. The possibility of direct collaboration between robots and humans brings many advantages, as it allows the simultaneous use of human and robotic strengths. However, collaboration between a collaborative robot and a human raises concerns about the safety of the interaction, the impact of the robot on human health, human efficiency, etc. Additionally, research is unexplored in the field of the collaborative robot’s audio-visual effects on the worker’s efficiency. Our study results contribute to the field of studying collaborative robots’ audio-visual effects on the worker’s behavior. In this research, we analyze the effect of the changing motion parameters of the collaborative robot (speed and acceleration) on the efficiency of the worker and, consequently, on the production process. Based on the experimental results, we were able to confirm the impact of robot speed and acceleration on the worker’s efficiency in terms of assembly time. We also concluded that the sound level and presence of a visual barrier between the worker and robot by themselves have no effect on the worker’s efficiency. The experimental part of the paper clearly identifies the impact of visualization on work efficiency. According to the results, the robot’s audio-visual effects play a key role in achieving high efficiency and, consequently, justifying the implementation of a collaborative workplace.
Keywords: collaborative robot, worker efficiency, motion parameters, visual contact, sound, human-robot symmetry, repeated measures ANOVA
Published in DKUM: 11.12.2023; Views: 246; Downloads: 22
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Evaluating robot bin-picking performance based on Box and Blocks Test
Primož Bencak, Darko Hercog, Tone Lerher, 2022, published scientific conference contribution

Abstract: The rise of e-commerce, which demands solutions for small order sizes, large product assortment, short delivery times, and variable order quantity has created a need for more advanced warehousing and order-picking systems. The advancements in collaborative robotics have made it possible to automate intralogistics processes, especially the order-picking systems. If the items to be order-picked are stored in small containers, called bins, the process is known as bin-picking. The processes of bin-picking are still mainly manual due to the adaptability, dexterity, and pace of human hands. However, with the emerging technologies, the gap between human and robot dexterity is getting thinner. The integrators of robotic technologies are therefore faced with the challenge of choosing an appropriate robotic system for bin-picking. There is a lack of standardized procedures, which are designed to process such decisions easier. In our research paper, we propose an improved robotic version of the Box and Blocks Test (BBT), which provides a quick evaluation of a complete robotic bin-picking system. Using our improved robot-adapted BBT protocol, we evaluate a sample robotic bin-picking system, consisting of a collaborative robot, a 3D vision system and three types of robotic grippers, comparing the bin-picking performance of each configuration.
Keywords: robotic bin-picking, intralogistics, Box, Blocks Test, vision system, collaborative robot
Published in DKUM: 03.03.2023; Views: 635; Downloads: 47
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