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1.
Negative cognitive–affective involvement as a mechanism linking job demands to occupational well-being : the moderating role of maladaptive thinking patterns
Andrea Noja, Sara Tement, Bettina Kubicek, 2024, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Negative cognitions and emotions about work during off-job time (e.g., worry about work tasks) can hinder the necessary recovery from work and lead to impaired occupational well-being. To better understand when this negative cognitive–affective involvement arises, we considered simultaneous and interactive effects of external and individual factors. Specifically, we investigated whether job demands (i.e., time pressure, cognitive demands, emotional demands) and maladaptive thinking patterns are independently and jointly related to negative cognitive–affective involvement and whether this is in turn associated with impaired occupational well-being (i.e., emotional exhaustion, cynicism). Using a diary study, we collected daily data from 109 employees twice a day over two working weeks (N = 667 day-level observations). Multilevel analyses showed that negative cognitive–affective involvement mediates the relationship between job demands (i.e., cognitive demands, emotional demands) and the two occupational well-being indicators. The relationship between cognitive and emotional demands, respectively, and negative cognitive–affective involvement is moderated by work-related maladaptive thinking patterns, with stronger relationships for employees reporting more frequent maladaptive thinking patterns. Moreover, work-related maladaptive thinking patterns moderate the indirect effects of job demands on occupational well-being via negative cognitive–affective involvement. Overall, we expanded the research on negative cognitive–affective involvement by providing a more comprehensive picture of its antecedents and outcomes.
Ključne besede: negative cognitive-affective involvment, maladaptive thinking patterns, job demands, work-related well-being, diary studies
Objavljeno v DKUM: 20.05.2024; Ogledov: 67; Prenosov: 5
.pdf Celotno besedilo (729,99 KB)
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2.
Don't leave your heart at work : profiles of work-life interference and cardiometabolic risk
Katja Kerman, Sara Tement, Christian Korunka, 2021, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The present study adopts an exploratory, person-oriented approach to investigate possible patterns of work-life interference. We examine work–life interference from a cognitive (i.e., thinking about work), behavioral (i.e., engaging in work-related behavior), and performance perspective (i.e., reduced functionality in private life, or work–life conflict) in order to identify profiles of employees that could potentially remain uncovered with variable-oriented research. Furthermore, as work–life interference relates to well-being and health, we were interested in exploring possible differences between profiles in emotional exhaustion, cardiometabolic risk, and health-related behavior. Self-report data on work–life interference and well-being, as well as objective health data, were collected from a heterogeneous sample of 289 employees. Four profiles with different patterns of work–life interference were identified. Out of the four profiles, two profiles reported moderate and high work–life interference (the Moderate Interference and High Interference profiles). The other two profiles revealed distinct combinations of moderate and low performance and behavioral interference (the Low Performance Interference and Low Behavioral Interference profiles). The High Interference and Low Behavioral Interference profiles were identified as risk groups in terms of cardiometabolic health, while the Low Performance Interference and Moderate Interference profiles showed low to no risk. Regarding work-related well-being, the High Interference profile showed the highest risk of emotional exhaustion.
Ključne besede: work-life interference, person-oriented approach, latent profile analysis, well-being, cardiometabolic risk
Objavljeno v DKUM: 12.04.2024; Ogledov: 163; Prenosov: 4
.pdf Celotno besedilo (474,02 KB)
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3.
Kognitivni in psihofiziološki vidiki izgorelosti : doktorska disertacija
Marina Horvat, 2023, doktorska disertacija

Opis: Pojav izgorelosti je zadnjih nekaj desetletjih pridobil pozornost tako splošne javnosti kot tudi znanstvenega raziskovanja. Čeprav je najpogosteje definiran kot sindrom, ki je povezan z delom, lahko močno zaznamuje posameznikovo delovanje tudi izven delovnega konteksta. V tej nalogi smo se proučevali na kognitivne in psihofiziološke vidike izgorelosti, ki so v literaturi manj raziskani. V empiričnem delu naloge smo se osredotočili na osrednji simptom izgorelosti, tj. izčrpanosti zaradi dela (tako poklicnega kot študijskega) ter delovne zahteve v povezavi s kognitivnim in psihofiziološkim delovanjem, s poudarkom na variabilnosti v srčnem utripu (HRV). Natančneje smo želeli proučiti, kako je izčrpanost povezana z različnimi vidiki kognitivnega delovanja, kako sta zahtevnost nalog in izčrpanost povezani s HRV, ter ali splošna izčrpanost moderira odnos med zahtevami in kognitivnim ter psihofiziološkim delovanjem. V prvem poglavju je najprej opisano splošno teoretično ozadje, nato pa sledijo tri empirične študije. V prvi študiji, opisani v drugem poglavju, smo s prečnim raziskovalnim načrtom na vzorcu zaposlenih želeli proučiti, kako je izčrpanost povezana s samoporočanimi kognitivnimi težavami ter uspešnostjo reševanja nalog pozornosti in inhibicije. Ugotovili smo, da se izčrpanost povezuje predvsem s samoporočanimi kognitivnimi težavami, medtem ko zanesljive povezave z uspešnostjo reševanja kognitivnih nalog ni bilo. Nadalje smo v drugi študiji, ki jo opisujemo v tretjem poglavju, z dnevniškim raziskovalnim načrtom na vzorcu zaposlenih želeli ugotoviti, kako se delovne zahteve in izčrpanost spreminjata na dnevni ravni ter kakšna je njuna povezava z vsakodnevnimi kognitivnimi težavami in spodrsljaji ter HRV. Ugotovitve te raziskave kažejo, da so dnevne delovne zahteve povezane z izčrpanostjo ter da je ta odnos izrazitejši za tiste z višjo ravnjo splošne izčrpanosti od dela. Rezultati kažejo tudi, da je dnevna izčrpanost povezava z več samoporočanimi kognitivnimi težavami. Dnevna izčrpanost ni bila povezana s HRV, medtem ko je splošna izčrpanost bila povezana z nižjimi vrednostnimi HRV. V zadnji, tretji študiji, ki jo opisujemo v četrtem poglavju, smo navedene odnose želeli proučiti še na eksperimentalni ravni. Na vzorcu študentov smo preverili, kako se različna zahtevnost kognitivnih nalog povezuje s HRV ter kakšna je vloga splošne izčrpanosti v tem odnosu. Izsledki študije kažejo, da je višja zahtevnost naloge povezana s spremembo v HRV, pri tem pa se nakazuje pomembna vloga izčrpanosti v tem odnosu. Nalogo zaključujemo s splošno diskusijo izvedenih študij in navedbo omejitev ter idej za prihodnje raziskovanje. Ugotovitve izvedenih raziskav dajejo dodatni vpogled v dinamiko odnosa med dnevnimi delovnimi zahtevami in izčrpanostjo v procesu izgubljanja energetskih virov ter pojasnjujejo vlogo splošne izčrpanosti v tem odnosu. Prepoznavanje kognitivnih in fizioloških vidikov izgorelosti je pomembno za razumevanje osnovnih mehanizmov in obravnavo izgorelosti ter razvoj učinkovitih intervencij.
Ključne besede: izgorelost, kognicija, HRV, delovne zahteve
Objavljeno v DKUM: 04.04.2024; Ogledov: 206; Prenosov: 68
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,25 MB)

4.
The impact of psychological interventions with elements of mindfulness on burnout and well-being in healthcare professionals : a systematic review
Polona Selič-Zupančič, Zalika Klemenc-Ketiš, Sara Onuk Tement, 2023, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background Healthcare professionals are highly likely to experience various causes of work-related stress, which often leads to burnout. This became even more obvious during the Covid-19 pandemic. This systematic review aimed to analyze articles where psychological interventions with elements of mindfulness (PIM) were used to support healthcare professionals to foster well-being and reduce burnout levels. Compared to other recently published reviews, it is unique, due to its focus on a wide group of healthcare professionals, a broader selection of psychological interventions, and the evaluation of any sustained effects. Methods Systematic searches were carried out in February 2021 with different combinations of Boolean operators within six electronic databases: PubMed, EBSCOhost, MEDLINE, PsycArticles, Cochrane Library, JSTOR and Cobiss. We included articles that had been published in the last ten years (2011 to 2021) and which reported on original research focused on evaluating the influence of PIM on healthcare professionals. MERSQI was used to assess the quality of the included studies. Results Of 1315 identified studies, 15 were included in this systematic review. Regardless of the specific type, duration and setting (individual vs group) of PIM applied, the results demonstrated a positive impact on well-being and burnout in participating healthcare professionals. The most studied interventions involved MBSR (mindfulness-based stress reduction) and other mindfulness training programmes, in online as well as in-person versions. Conclusion Given the new reality with the presence of the SARS-Cov-2 virus, it is of the utmost importance to offer feasible, effective interventions for burnout reduction to vulnerable groups of healthcare professionals. By focusing on their needs, several key aspects of burnout and mindfulness could be efficiently improved; this review demonstrates that short, online interventions could be as effective as longer, in-person ones.
Ključne besede: mindfulness, burnout, perceived stress, well-being, Covid-19, MBSR
Objavljeno v DKUM: 26.03.2024; Ogledov: 131; Prenosov: 8
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,14 MB)
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5.
Honey, there´s something on my mind --- : adverse consequences of negative and positive work rumination on attention to the partner, and the advantage of talking about it
Julia Schoellbauer, Sara Tement, Christian Korunka, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In the contemporary 24/7 working society, the separation of work and private life is increasingly turning into an unrealizable ideal. Ruminating about work outside the work context lets work spill over into private lives and afects the dynamics of workers’ private relationships. Although negative work rumination was linked to couples’ reduced relationship satisfaction, little is known about the mechanism of action and the impact of positive work rumination. Drawing on the load theory of selective attention, we hypothesize that both negative and positive work rumination occupy attentional resources and thus reduce workers’ attention to the partner on the same day. Lower levels of attention to the partner, in turn, should relate to lower levels of both partners’relationship satisfaction. However, sharing the work-related thoughts with the partner might support the resolution of the work issue the worker is ruminating about, which releases attentional resources and thus bufers the negative association between rumination and attention to the partner. We conducted a daily diary study and the fndings based on 579 daily dyadic observations from 42 dualearner couples support the proposed cognitive spillover-crossover mechanism and the bufer mechanism of thought-sharing. We conclude that negative and positive work rumination takes up scarce attentional resources and thus jeopardizes relationship quality. However, sharing thoughts with one’s partner seems to be a useful strategy for couples to maintain or even increase their relationship satisfaction in the light of work rumination.
Ključne besede: Diary study, Dyadic research, Relationship quality, Psychological availability, Spillover-crossover, Actor-partner interdependence mode, family conflict, perceptual load, relationship satisfaction, marital, quality, daily-diary, couples, stress, experiences depression, crossover, Psychology
Objavljeno v DKUM: 20.02.2024; Ogledov: 235; Prenosov: 10
.pdf Celotno besedilo (989,06 KB)
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6.
Psihometrične lastnosti Vprašalnika z delom povezanih neprilagojenih miselnih vzorcev na klinični populaciji : magistrsko delo
Valerija Podlesnik, 2023, magistrsko delo

Opis: Naše misli in prepričanja o sebi, drugih in svetu oblikujejo naša čustva in posledično tudi vedenje. Kadar so misli in prepričanja pristranska, napačna, neučinkovita ali izkrivljena, govorimo o neprilagojenih miselnih vzorcih, ki lahko imajo pomemben vpliv na to, kako živimo. Teh se je smiselno zavedati in jih spreminjati. Slednje je pomembno tudi za delovno okolje. Namen raziskave je bil preveriti klinično veljavnost predhodno novonastalega Vprašalnika z delom povezanih neprilagojenih miselnih vzorcev (WMTPQ), tj. ali vprašalnik v svojih rezultatih resnično loči med splošno in klinično populacijo. Slednje smo preverjali preko raziskave, ki je zajemala 64 udeležencev (N-splošna populacija = 32, N-klinična populacija = 32). V klinični vzorec smo zajeli posameznike, ki so trenutno delovno aktivni, a imajo klinično diagnozo oziroma simptome, ki bi kazali na izgorelost pri delu. Prav tako smo z raziskavo želeli preveriti, ali se z delom povezani neprilagojeni miselni vzorci povezujejo z izgorelostjo (MBI-GS), depresijo, anksioznostjo, stresom (DASS-21) ter s storilnostno pogojenim samovrednotenjem (PBSE), kot to predvideva teorija. Naši rezultati so v prvem koraku pokazali ustreznost obeh vzorcev, saj se klinični vzorec statistično pomembno razlikuje od vzorca splošne populacije v vseh merjenih spremenljivkah. Rezultati raziskave so nadalje pokazali naslednje: klinično veljavnost WMTPQ ter pomembno pozitivno povezanost WMTPQ z izgorelostjo, depresijo, anksioznostjo, stresom ter s storilnostno pogojenim samovrednotenjem. S pričujočo raziskavo zaključujemo, da je WMTPQ zanesljiv in veljaven inštrument za merjenje z delom povezanih neprilagojenih miselnih vzorcev.
Ključne besede: kognitivne distorzije, iracionalna prepričanja, izgorelost, klinična veljavnost, Vprašalnik z delom povezanih neprilagojenih miselnih vzorcev WMTPQ
Objavljeno v DKUM: 16.11.2023; Ogledov: 340; Prenosov: 31
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,54 MB)

7.
Development and validation of the Work-home-integration questionnaire (WHIQ)
Andrea Noja, Bettina Kubicek, Nejc Plohl, Sara Tement, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The boundaries between work and private life are gradually blurring. More and more employees are involved in work during leisure time through cognitions, emotions or behaviours, in both negative and positive ways. This so-called work-home integration (WHI) can, on the one hand, hampers the necessary recovery from work and result in strain but, on the other hand, also restores resources and result in beneficial outcomes. In order to enhance our understanding of WHI and capture all its different forms, we suggest a new conceptualisation and measure of WHI. We therefore developed and validated the Work-Home Integration Questionnaire (WHIQ) in English, German and Slovene simultaneously using two cross-sectional studies (Study 1: N = 848; Study 2: N = 555) and a two-wave longitudinal study with a time lag of 1 month (Study 3: N = 379). Confirmatory factor analysis confirmed a three-factor structure with (1) negative cognitive-affective involvement, (2) positive cognitive-affective involvement and (3) behavioural involvement. Moreover, the WHIQ showed measurement invariance across the three languages and the results provide evidence for convergent, discriminant and incremental validity. Overall, the WHIQ is a reliable, valid and short measure to assess the extent to which employees are involved in work during leisure time.
Ključne besede: work-home integration, burnout, well-being, work-family conflict, scale validation
Objavljeno v DKUM: 17.07.2023; Ogledov: 531; Prenosov: 73
.pdf Celotno besedilo (521,32 KB)
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8.
Time pressure, work-related spousal support seeking, and relationship satisfaction : spillover and crossover effects among dual-earner couples
Sara Tement, Katarina Katja Mihelič, Bettina Kubicek, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The present study examined how time pressure at work is transmitted to the home domain and how it affects individuals’ (spillover) as well as their partners’ relationship satisfaction (crossover). We examined the role of work-related spousal support seeking and proposed that it serves as a mediator of the spillover as well as the crossover process. We further explored whether the proposed spillover-crossover process is gender-contingent. Using a sample of 308 dual-earner couples, we found support for a positive link between time pressure at work and spousal support seeking. As hypothesized, spousal support seeking served also as a crossover mechanism. However, distinct spillover and crossover processes were found for men and women. These findings not only point to a new spillover and crossover mechanism but also highlight gender-specific patterns in the role of support seeking. As this coping strategy is feasible when job stressors are high, it should be considered a part of stress management trainings and organizational practices.
Ključne besede: spillover, crossover, time pressure, dual-earner couples, work-related spousal support, relationship satisfaction, gender differences
Objavljeno v DKUM: 13.07.2023; Ogledov: 388; Prenosov: 46
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9.
Aplikacija sociometrične preizkušnje v organizacijah : magistrsko delo
Sanja Zupančič, 2023, magistrsko delo

Opis: V raziskavi smo za analizo socialnih odnosov med zaposlenimi v petih timih slovenskega farmacevtskega podjetja aplicirali sociometrično preizkušnjo (N = 46). Glavni namen raziskave je bil, da metodo, ki se je v preteklosti sicer pretežno uporabljala v šolskem okolju, prenesemo in uporabimo v podjetju ter ugotovimo, ali je preizkušnja uporabno orodje tudi v organizacijah. Preverjali smo odnos med nudenjem in prejemanjem različnih vrst socialne opore (instrumentalna, informacijska, emocionalna opora in druženje) v povezavi z delovno zavzetostjo. Med vidiki socialne opore in delovno zavzetostjo nismo ugotovili značilne povezave. Glavna ugotovitev je, da je subjektivna zaznava prejete opore značilno drugačna od dejanske prejete opore. Posamezniki, ki so subjektivno zaznavali več prejete socialne opore, so poročali o višji delovni zavzetosti, medtem ko se odnos med prejemniki dejanske socialne opore in delovno zavzetostjo ni pokazal kot statistično značilen. Z zaposlenimi smo izvedli tudi fokusne skupine, kjer so podali povratno informacijo o doživljanju izkušnje. Na osnovi teh povratnih informacij smo oblikovali priporočila za izvedbo sociometrične preizkušnje v organizacijah. Slednja na časovno ekonomičen način nudi celostno in kontekstualno ustrezno predstavitev odnosov znotraj skupine ter omogoča prepoznavanje vzrokov in njihovih posledic na delovnem mestu. Zato smo zaključili, da lahko služi kot koristna metoda pri triangulaciji podatkov tudi znotraj organizacij.
Ključne besede: sociometrična preizkušnja, analiza socialnih omrežij, organizacije, socialna opora, delovna zavzetost
Objavljeno v DKUM: 06.07.2023; Ogledov: 495; Prenosov: 125
.pdf Celotno besedilo (8,53 MB)

10.
Napovedna veljavnost psihološkega testiranja za uspeh v izbirnem postopku : magistrsko delo
Miša Pogorevčnik, 2022, magistrsko delo

Opis: Izbor ustreznega kadra predstavlja izziv za vsako organizacijo, saj je od sposobnosti, učinkovitosti in delovne uspešnosti zaposlenih odvisna prihodnost teh organizacij. Višja policijska šola se izbirnih postopkov že vrsto let loteva sistematično ter z dobro zastavljenimi izbirnimi postopki, ki vključujejo več različnih faz. V pričujoči raziskavi smo se osredotočili na tri faze izbirnega postopka, skozi katere gredo kandidati za policiste, in sicer psihološko testiranje, selekcijski intervju in psihološki pregled. Namen raziskave je ugotoviti, katere osebnostne lastnosti imajo najvišjo napovedno veljavnost uspeha kandidatov v izbirnem postopku ter ali splošne intelektualne sposobnosti napovedujejo uspeh kandidata v izbirnem postopku. V raziskavi je sodelovalo 423 kandidatov za policiste, ki so se izbirnih postopkov udeležili v letu 2021. Analizirali smo rezultate, pridobljene s pomočjo dveh osebnostnih vprašalnikov – Eysenckov in Freiburški osebnostni vprašalnik – ter testom inteligentnosti – test nizov. Izkaže se, da so najpomembnejše osebnostne lastnosti, ki napovedujejo uspeh na izbirnem postopku ekstravertnost in usmerjenost k dosežkom; posameznik, ki bo manj uspešen, pa bo tisti, ki bo izkazoval več nevroticizma. Višji dosežki na testu inteligentnosti prav tako napovedujejo uspeh na izbirnem postopku.
Ključne besede: Psihološko testiranje, izbirni postopek, napovedna veljavnost, osebnost policista.
Objavljeno v DKUM: 04.11.2022; Ogledov: 495; Prenosov: 77
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,31 MB)

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