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Strategije omejevanja kaznivega dejanja zanemarjanja otrok : magistrsko delo
Katja Reya, 2012, magistrsko delo

Opis: Zanemarjanje je opustitev dejanja ali vedenja, s katerim odgovorni odrasli zadostijo otrokovim telesnim, čustvenim, intelektualnim in drugim potrebam, ki varujejo otroka in mu omogočajo ustrezen razvoj. Vključuje tudi neprimerno, pomanjkljivo nadzorovanje in varovanje otroka pred vsem, kar mu lahko škodi. O zanemarjanju ne govorimo, kadar je razlog zanj revščina. Na osnovi pregleda domače in tuje literature, svetovnega spleta in policijske statistike smo na kratko opredelili pojavne oblike zlorabljanj in zanemarjanj otrok, njihove posledice, navedli podatke o pogostosti tovrstnih kaznivih dejanj v Sloveniji ter predstavili glavne akterje njihovega omejevanja. To so predvsem policija, centri za socialno delo, vzgojno-izobraževalne institucije, zdravstvene službe, pravosodje, mediji in nevladne organizacije. Pri njihovem delu se pojavljajo številne težave in omejitve. Z metodo vprašalnika smo na centrih za socialno delo in policiji preverili, kako poteka preiskovanje in obravnavanje primerov zanemarjanja otrok. Preverili smo tudi, kakšno je pri tem medsebojno sodelovanje služb, ki delujejo na tem področju, ali določene primere smatrajo za zanemarjanje ali ne, ter ali menijo, da imajo dovolj pooblastil za ukrepanje. Pridobljene odgovore smo obdelali s programom Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. Ugotovili smo, da imajo zaposleni na centrih za socialno delo in policiji, ki so na vprašalnik odgovarjali, dovolj pooblastil za ukrepanje, njihovo medsebojno sodelovanje ocenjujejo kot dobro. Najpogostejše žrtve zanemarjanja so otroci stari 6 let in več. Strategije omejevanja smo razdelili na tiste, katerih rezultat je pomemben, učinkovit pred pojavom kaznivega dejanja zanemarjanja otrok, in tiste, katerih po pojavu. Za uspešno omejevanje kaznivega dejanja zanemarjanja otrok je v prvi vrsti potrebno vzpostaviti stalno in učinkovito sodelovanje med vladnimi in nevladnimi institucijami.
Ključne besede: pravno varstvo, otroci, kazniva dejanja, zanemarjanje otrok, preprečevanje, omejevanje, policija, centri za socialno delo, sodelovanje, vprašalniki, analize, magistrska dela
Objavljeno: 11.07.2012; Ogledov: 2809; Prenosov: 260
.pdf Celotno besedilo (747,99 KB)

5.
Burnout among Slovenian family medicine trainees
Polona Selič, Tea Stegne Ignjatović, Zalika Klemenc-Ketiš, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background: Burnout as a distinct work-related syndrome is established by the combination of high scores for emotional exhaustion (EE) and depersonalisation(D), and a low score for personal accomplishment (PA). The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of burnout among Slovenian family medicine trainees and the influence of the socio-demographic characteristics on burnout assessment. Methods: The study included 127 family medicine trainees in a modular part of the residency in the study year 2008/09. A self-administered questionnaire addressed the socio-demographic variables (age, gender, marital status, and years of practice and labour details - number of patients per day, number of night shifts per month); the second part consisted of the Slovenian version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Results: The responses were received from 117 trainees (92 % response rate). In terms of burnout, 45.9 % respondents scored high for EE, 43.1 % for high D, and 45.9 % for low P, with 18.3 % scoring high burnout in all three dimensions, 27.5 % in two dimensions, 24.8 % in one dimension and only 29.4% id not score high for burnout in any dimension at al. A high EE wassignificantly associated with frequent work in the emergency unit (four times per month) and age; a higher D was associated only with frequent work inthe emergency unit (four times per month), whereas a low PA was not associated with any of the variables studied. Conclusions: The prevalence of burnout syndrome among family medicine trainees is high and consistent with data from other studies among the physicians worldwide using the same instrument. Family medicine trainees are at risk of burnout regardless of their demographic characteristics. Increased workload affects EE and D.
Ključne besede: professional burnout, family practice, psychological stress, workloads
Objavljeno: 27.03.2017; Ogledov: 445; Prenosov: 61
.pdf Celotno besedilo (463,14 KB)
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6.
The effect of an educational intervention in family phisicians on self-rated quality of life in patients with medically unexplained symptoms
Vojislav Ivetić, Klemen Pašić, Polona Selič, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Introduction: Medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) are very common in family medicine, despite being a poorly-defined clinical entity. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of an educational intervention (EI) on self-rated quality of life, treatment satisfaction, and the family physician-patient relationship in patients with MUS. Methods: In a multi-centre longitudinal intervention study, which was performed between 2012 and 2014, patients were asked to rate their quality of life, assess their depression, anxiety, stress and somatisation, complete the Hypochondriasis Index, the Medical Interview Satisfaction Scale and the Patient Enablement Instrument for assessing the physician-patient relationship, before and after the EI. Results: The mean values before and after the intervention showed that after the EI, patients with MUS gave a lower (total) mean rating of their health issues and a higher rating of their quality of life, and they also had a more positive opinion of their relationship with the physician (p<0.05). However, there were no differences in the (total) rating of treatment satisfaction before and after the EI (p=0.423). Significant differences in the symptoms in patients with MUS before and after the intervention were confirmed for stress, somatisation and hypochondriasis (p<0.05). Conclusions: It could be beneficial to equip family physicians with the knowledge, skills and tools to reduce hypochondriasis and somatisation in MUS patients, which would improve patients’ self-rated health status.
Ključne besede: medically unexplained symptoms, family medicine, educational intervention, quality of life, treatment satisfaction, family physician-patient relationship
Objavljeno: 06.04.2017; Ogledov: 691; Prenosov: 186
.pdf Celotno besedilo (955,23 KB)
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