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1.
Didaktične igre pri učenju in poučevanju angleškega jezika v 6. razredu osnovne šole
Maruša Duh, 2020, master's thesis

Abstract: Magistrsko delo govori o poučevanju in učenju angleščine skozi igro. Proučili smo šest vrst iger, in sicer družabne igre, predstavitvene igre, kvizi, glasbene igre in digitalne igre. Vrste iger se lahko medsebojno prepletajo; igra lahko spada v več kategorij hkrati. Učitelji lahko s pomočjo tehnologije uporabljajo tudi igre. Nedavna tehnologija, na primer uporaba interaktivnih tabel, je olajšala uporabo vseh vrst iger. Domače naloge so bistveni del učnega procesa, saj se učenje ne ustavi v šoli. Domača naloga je lahko tudi igra, zato ponujamo primere za vsako vrsto igre za poučevanje v učilnici in učenje doma – domača naloga. Namen naše raziskave je bil raziskati odnos učencev do uporabe iger pri učenju in poučevanju angleškega jezika v 6. razredu. Za zbiranje podatkov smo uporabili anketni vprašalnik. Vzorec predstavlja 642 učencev 6. razreda osnovnih šol po vsej Sloveniji. Obravnavali smo devet raziskovalnih vprašanj in postavili šest hipotez, od katerih smo jih potrdili pet. Zanimivo bi bilo raziskovati še naprej in ugotoviti, ali bi se rezultati razlikovali, če bi izbrali starejše ali mlajše učence.
Keywords: angleški jezik, osnovna šola, igre, edukacija, domače naloge
Published: 18.02.2021; Views: 123; Downloads: 32
.pdf Full text (1,42 MB)

2.
Motivation for Learning English in Adulthood
Jerneja Osredkar, 2019, master's thesis

Abstract: Technological development, information technology development, new ways of communicating and globalisation have influenced the society and knowledge greatly. One's knowledge needs to be upgraded and improved constantly since it enables the quality of work, personal development, as well as a better quality of life in society. Due to historical spread of the language and the economic power of the United States of America, English has gained the position of a global language and is used as a lingua franca in the world. Therefore, many invidiuals decide to learn English in adulthood. Their decision to enrol in language courses and final success depend on many factors, motivation certainly being one of the key factors. The main aim of the master’s thesis is to find out what motivates adults to take part in language courses as well as what the potential barriers are. The analysis of the survey has not shown any major differences in motivation between older and younger adults; however, factor analysis shows that knowledge is the most important value upon which people decide to enrol in the English language classes. When analysing barriers, situational barriers have proven as the most pressing issue once again.
Keywords: lifelong learning, the English language, motivation, barriers to learning
Published: 20.12.2019; Views: 347; Downloads: 72
.pdf Full text (1,18 MB)

3.
Zgodbe kot univerzalno orodje pri poučevanju angleščine kot tujega jezika v waldorfski in javni osnovni šoli v sloveniji
Mateja Jošt Kodrun, 2019, master's thesis

Abstract: Zgodbe, ki so stare kot človeštvo, iz nas naredijo boljše ljudi, zaradi pripovedovanja, poslušanja in nenazadnje razumevanja zgodb smo bolj socializirani. Vsa ljudstva sveta so pripovedovala zgodbe, kot pravi Le Guin (1980, 30), niso pa vsi izumili kolesa. Skozi zgodbe so se ohranjali spomini na preteklost, ustvarjali so se miti in zgodovina ter nauki. Pomen pripovedovanja zgodb je skozi čas bledel in v veliki meri ga je nadomestilo branje. Tudi zato se zgodbe, ki smo si jih nekoč pripovedovali, niso prenašale iz roda v rod; ostalo nam je, kar je zapisano. Branje, ki je sicer pogosto v starševskih odnosih, recimo v funkciji uspavanja ali umiritve, je že dodobra nadomestila množična uporaba tehnologije. V javnih šolah se spodbuja uporaba tehnologij, tako da je merilo za uspešno delo šol celo opremljenost z informacijsko komunikacijsko tehnologijo. Ravno obratno trdi nemški raziskovalec Manfred Spitzer (2012, 289), ko ugotavlja, da se sposobnosti naših možganov zmanjšujejo z uporabo tehnologij in posledično splošna inteligenca upada. Spitzer svetuje omejitev uporabe tehnologij otrokom, enako menijo na waldorfskih šolah, kjer ta čas raje uporabijo za gibanje in skupinske igre. Prvo poglavje magistrskega dela poskuša odgovoriti na vprašanje, kaj lahko v tem kontekstu razumemo kot zgodbe. Pripovedovanje zgodb v razredu omogoča spoznavanje bogatega jezika. Zgodbe lahko celo nadomestijo učbenike, zaradi česar se učenci lažje povežejo z učitelji. Pripovedovanje zgodb pri pouku tujega jezika učencem omogoča stik s to (isto) tujo kulturo in predvsem z bogatim izvirnim jezikom, ki je primernejši kot prirejene vsebine. To je torej cenejša, a učinkovitejša izbira kot učbenik tujega jezika. Drugo poglavje zajema filozofijo in osnovna načela waldorfske šole ter lastnosti pripovedovanja zgodb. Zgodbe so primerne starosti, na primer, za učenje črk ima vsaka črka svojo zgodbo, ki si jo ob njenem spoznavanju v učilnici pripovedujejo. Ustanovitelj waldorfske šole Rudolf Steiner (1923) je poudarjal trojnost celovitega zadovoljnega človeka, ki deluje preko umetnosti, intelekta in ročnih spretnosti. Na otroke se gleda kot na intelektualna bitja, bitja volje in čutenja. Mišljenje, čutenje in delovanje je treba vzgajati, tako otroka nagovarja preko glave, rok in srca, ki se upošteva pri delu z otroki. Waldorfske šole omogočajo učenje dveh tujih jezikov od prvega razreda naprej. V waldorfski šoli izbor zgodb za učence prilagajajo njihovi starosti, razvoju, celo letnemu času in temperamentu otrok, tako da se čim bolj približajo trenutnim potrebam razreda. Zgodbe v višjih razredih imajo drugačen pomen, recimo v 6. razredu, skozi spoznavanje starodavnih kultur. Otroci tako spoznavajo srednjeveški svet preko zgodb. Empirični del magistrskega dela je razdeljen na dva dela. Predstavljene so tri zgodbice, obravnavane pri pouku treh različnih razredov šestošolcev in test za učence. Pokazalo se je, da so otroci bolj navdušeni nad pripovedovanjem zgodb kot nad njihovim branjem. Četrto poglavje analizira vprašalnike, ki so jih izpolnjevali učenci šestih razredov in učitelji waldorfskih šol. Raziskava je pokazala, da učenci obeh šol med branjem in pripovedovanjem (učitelj bere) raje izberejo slednjega. Dejstvo pa je, da Waldorfski učenci, sploh med poukom, preživijo manj časa pred ekrani in poslušajo več zgodb. Največ učiteljev jim pripoveduje zgodbe enkrat na teden. V nižjih razredih je več pripovedovanja, v višjih pa vedno več branja zgodb. Ključna ugotovitev tega magistrskega dela je, da javne šole pripovedovanja zgodb na splošno ne prepoznavajo kot pomembno učno orodje, vendar je pri pouku angleščine njihova uporaba podobna tisti v waldorfskih šolah. V obeh tipih šol seveda ostaja še mnogo prostora za izboljšave, če so le učitelji poučeni o pripovedovanju in imajo za to zaledje v vodstvu in starših svojih učencev.
Keywords: pripovedovanje, waldorfska šola, zgodbe, poučevanje angleščine, angleščina kot tuji jezik
Published: 12.12.2019; Views: 462; Downloads: 83
.pdf Full text (2,36 MB)

4.
Teaching Literature in Slovene Grammar Schools and Preparation for the General Matura Examination
Barbara Melanšek, 2019, master's thesis

Abstract: The place of literature in English language teaching has been challenged by the emergence of the Communicative approach to teaching English language, the growing emphasis on spoken language and the teaching of English for specific purposes. However, recent years have brought renewed interest in this field, in how literary texts can best be exploited, and how the use of literature in the English classroom can help students improve their English. The main purpose of this Master’s thesis is to investigate what approaches to teaching literature are employed by English teachers at Slovene grammar schools, in general and in connection to the preparation for the General Matura Examination. We also wish to examine if and to what extent the requirements of the General Matura for English Language affect the teaching of literature in Slovene Grammar Schools, as well as to unveil the general attitude of Slovene secondary school students toward literature and reading. In the theoretical part of the Master’s thesis, we provide a theoretical framework for using literature in an English classroom, present the main aspects of using English literary texts with grammar school students and provide a few didactic ideas for the in the classroom.
Keywords: literature teaching, English teaching, grammar school, the General Matura
Published: 23.10.2019; Views: 313; Downloads: 49
.pdf Full text (1,35 MB)

5.
Razlike v didaktičnih metodah in strategijah dela pri zgodnjem poučevanju angleščine ter poučevanju angleščine v višjih razredih osnovnih šol v Sloveniji z vidika učiteljev
Valentina Čeh, Matea Tenko, 2019, master's thesis

Abstract: Namen magistrske naloge je bil raziskati razlike v didaktičnih metodah in strategijah dela pri zgodnjem poučevanju angleščine (1.-4. razred) ter poučevanju angleščine v višjih razredih osnovnih šol. Teoretični del magistrske naloge sloni na preučevanju otrokovega razvoja in kako le-ta vpliva na učenje tujega jezika ter kakšna je vloga učitelja prav pri tem procesu. Pozorni morajo biti na otrokovo osebnost, njegove učne sposobnosti in motiviranost ter v skladu s tem izbrati didaktične metode in strategije dela. Cilj empiričnega dela magistrske naloge je bil raziskati razlike v delu med razrednimi in predmetnimi učitelji ter s kakšnimi težavami se soočaju pri poučevanju.
Keywords: učenje tujega jezika, zgodnje poučevanje angleščine, strategije in metode poučevanja, učna priprava, učbenik, problemi poučevanja.
Published: 10.10.2019; Views: 500; Downloads: 82
.pdf Full text (1014,46 KB)

6.
Kodno preklapljanje pri uri angleščine v tretji triadi osnovne šole
Sandra Jakobčič, 2019, master's thesis

Abstract: Namen magistrske naloge je raziskovanje pojava kodnega preklapljanja med učenci tretje triade osnovne šole pri pouku tujega jezika angleščine. Pojav kodnega preklapljanja med svetovnim prebivalstvom je zelo pogost. Kodno preklapljanje se pojavi takrat, ko dva ali več posameznika/-ov vodijo pogovor v več kot samo enem jeziku, to pomeni, da je takšen posameznik dvo- ali večjezičen. V Sloveniji imamo dve regiji, ki sta uradno dvojezični; to sta Prekmurje, kjer uradno govorijo in se učijo v šoli poleg slovenščine še madžarskega jezika, in Primorska, kjer se poleg slovenščine učijo italijanščino. V dolenjski regiji (raziskava je bila izvedena v regiji Bela krajina) se najbolj pogosto srečamo z dvo- in večjezičnimi otroki, in sicer priseljenci sosednje Hrvaške, hrvaškimi državljani, Romi ter priseljenci iz drugih balkanskih držav (povečano priseljevanje tujcev po razpadu Jugoslavije). Vendar na tamkajšnjih šolah hrvaški kakor tudi romski jezik nista uradna jezika, čeprav bi bila potreba po tem. Posamezniki uporabljajo kodno preklapljanje v različnih situacijah, kot na primer, ko želijo iz pogovora izključiti določeno osebo, ki ne razume govorečega tujega jezika, kot tudi, kadar se posameznik ne more spomniti določene besede ali fraze in pove stavek delno v enem ter delno v drugem jeziku, kot tretje, ko posameznik želi določeno temo pogovora posebej poudariti ter zadnje, ko želi posameznik določeno stvar temeljiteje pojasniti. K samemu pojavu večjezičnosti je pripomogla tudi globalizacija in strmenje k modernizaciji sveta. Zaradi modernizacije sveta se posledično pojavi večjezičnost, ki je pogojena s preseljevanjem ljudi zaradi potekajočih se vojn, iskanja primerne zaposlitve in želje po boljši izobrazbi ter ugodnejšem življenju.Teoretični del predstavlja podroben pregled literature, na podlagi le-tega smo izdelali opazovalni list in vprašanja za intervju. Raziskava je bila opravljena na osnovni šoli Vinica, ki stoji le nekaj sto metrov stran od hrvaške meje. Pred samim začetkom opazovanj smo najprej pripravili hipoteze in nato še opazovalni list s 23 točkami, po katerih sem se nato ravnala. Poleg določenih točk na opazovalnem listu sem si sproti zapisovala še pogovore med učenci in učiteljem ter učencem. Zapis pogovorov mi je omogočil vpogled v uporabo določenih strategij kodnega preklapljanja. V empiričnem delu sem s pomočjo opazovalnega lista opazovala devet ur pouka angleščine, se pravi po tri ure v 7., 8. in 9. razredu in po opazovanjih opravila še intervju z učiteljico angleškega jezika.Empirični del temelji na ožji študiji primera. V raziskavi sem uporabila opazovanje in intervju, ki sta del kvalitativnega raziskovanja, deskriptivno metodo ter metodo analize in sinteze. Ugotovila sem tudi, da učenci med poukom kodno preklapljajo, kadar imajo težave s spominom (učenec se ne spomni določenega izraza, besede) in namerno, se pravi, da posameznik preklaplja med jeziki, ker sam tako želi, ne glede na to, ali vodi formalen ali neformalen pogovor. Med opazovanjem smo zasledili kodni preklop v angleškem, slovenskem, romskem in predvsem v hrvaškem jeziku. Skozi vsa opazovanja sem spremljala eno učiteljico angleščine. Rezultati intervjuja kažejo, da učiteljica nikakor ni proti uporabi kodnega preklapljanja med učenci tekom pouka, vendar se je pa strinjala, da bi ga učenci morali uporabljati čim manj. Tudi sama je priznala, da uporablja tehnike kodnega preklapljanja med poukom in to takrat, kadar učencem narekuje navodila za delo ali pa razlaga novo snov (slovnica, besedišče).
Keywords: kodno preklapljanje, dvojezičnost, večjezičnost, učitelj angleškega jezika, diskriminacija.
Published: 28.08.2019; Views: 371; Downloads: 54
.pdf Full text (1,15 MB)

7.
Preparing students for mobility in vocational education and training
Tina Rajhman, 2019, master's thesis

Abstract: The following master’s thesis focuses on preparing students on mobility in vocational education and training. The focus lies on English for specific purposes which is an integral part of English in technical secondary and vocational technical education. The thesis also concentrates on exchange programmes and their effects on students’ L2 and communicative competences. The above-mentioned educational programmes have to focus on both general English as well as English for specific purposes because the students need the knowledge at school, during the vocational training and later at work. The EU helps promoting language diversity by financing various international mobility programmes. The following MA thesis focuses on Erasmus+ which supports education and training at all levels and helps the schools send vocational education and training learners abroad. As proven by various studies, mobility has a beneficial effect on students’ English and communication skills. The case study included seven students attending upper-secondary programmes at the school centre Škofja Loka. The purpose of the study was to analyse the influence of the students’ vocational training abroad on their foreign language competences and to see whether students’ communicative competences improved during the vocational training abroad. The results were used to prepare helpful language exercises for future Erasmus+ students. According to students’ answers, a four-week exchange period is long enough for both weaker as well as more advanced students to make progress in English. All of them also confirmed that the most used language skills during the mobility were speaking and listening. For that reason, the practical part of the MA thesis presents four examples of exercises focusing on woodworking vocabulary, listening and speaking.
Keywords: mobility, exchange programme, Erasmus+, vocational education and training, English for specific purposes, communicative competences
Published: 19.07.2019; Views: 720; Downloads: 55
.pdf Full text (1,53 MB)

8.
Developing Reading Comprehension in English Course Books for 7th, 8th and 9th Grade of Slovene Primary Schools
Petra Grdadolnik, 2019, master's thesis

Abstract: Reading is a very important part of our lives. As children, we encounter reading through picture books, and later we reach for more demanding texts. The child is becoming literate at reading, which is very important, and reading can also be a starting point for socializing – parents reading together with their children, socializing in book clubs, reading for a reading badge, etc. By reading, children do not only become proficient in reading, but they enrich their speaking skills. Speech, develop their imagination, gain a new source of information, become more versatile and more easily manage different situations. In all this, we should not forget that reading must always be a fun activity, not a constraint or exertion for a child or a student, and that motivation for reading is extremely important. In the master's thesis, I want to highlight the characteristics of reading and reading comprehension, by doing a more detailed analysis of the parts of course books that are designed to develop reading skills, and analyzing the survey, which will reflect students' view of reading comprehension in elementary school.
Keywords: Reading, reading comprehension, reading literacy, course books.
Published: 05.06.2019; Views: 432; Downloads: 61
.pdf Full text (1,79 MB)

9.
Applying the Vaughan Method When Teaching English as a Foreign Language in Spain
Laura Podkoritnik, 2019, master's thesis

Abstract: In the thesis we write about English as a global language and the process of teaching it using a special in-company method. Learning a language differs from person to person, and even more from adults to children. When it comes to teaching English as a foreign language, we can use different approaches and methods, from conventional to alternative ones. There are many ways for people to learn a foreign language – it can be by themselves using different books, audio-visual material or apps, or by taking classes with an English teacher. Browsing through numerous job ads for English teacher vacancies one can easily notice there is a preference of native speaking teachers. Why are native speakers, that potentially do not even have any teaching certificates, more valued than non-native teachers with pedagogical background? Spain is one of the countries where English is not vastly spoken; a situation which in the past few years have been slightly changing for the better as more and more people sign up for English courses to learn English for different purposes (most common are work, travelling or themselves). One of the companies that offer English courses all over Spain is Vaughan Systems where teaching evolves around an autonomous method developed by an American, Richard Vaughan. In the thesis we introduce the method and Vaughan teachers’ opinion on it regarding their workload, pedagogical background and textbook assessment and comparing the results based on the teachers’ native speaker status and the time they have been working for the company.
Keywords: English teaching, language learning, adults, non-native speaking teachers, native speaking teachers, Vaughan, Spain
Published: 11.02.2019; Views: 528; Downloads: 53
.pdf Full text (1,04 MB)

10.
Formative Assessment in English Lessons in Primary School
Mirjam Meško, 2018, master's thesis

Abstract: Discussions about formative assessment and advantages that it brings to the classroom are becoming more frequent. It is a new, authentic approach that allows pupils to acquire more permanent knowledge and integrate them into the educational process. In the theoretical part, we described the meaning of formative assessment and what the key elements of formative assessment are, as well as advantages and possible weaknesses that it brings to the classroom. The key elements of formative assessment are the purposes of learning, where goals and performance criteria are decided, portfolio, where we described the positives of using a portfolio, feedback, where the importance and the necessity of a good feedback is explained, and assessment and evaluation, where self-evaluation and peer evaluation are included. In the empirical part, we described a case study that we conducted, where we interviewed eight elementary English teachers from Podravje region and asked them what they think about formative assessment, how they integrated it into their teaching, and how using formative assessment has changed their teaching. Formative assessment has become a current topic at study groups for teachers in the last couple of years, so there are not any surprising results yet. The teachers that we interviewed use just some aspects of formative assessment because for the full use of formative assessment they most frequently mention the lack of time. As any other novelty, formative assessment needs time to integrate in our educational system and reach a place that it deserves. Teachers think that introducing formative assessment at an early stage of education should be better and that the pupils would be prepared for this kind of teaching and learning, and the learning would only get easier with years. Teachers are also enthusiastic about the principle on which formative assessment works, and believe that this way pupils can achieve better and long lasting knowledge.
Keywords: formative assessment, feedback, portfolio, self-evaluation, peer evaluation
Published: 09.01.2019; Views: 770; Downloads: 82
.pdf Full text (1,31 MB)

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