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1.
Synthesis of PMMA/ZnO nanoparticles composite used for resin teeth
Danica Popović, Rajko Bobovnik, Silvester Bolka, Miroslav Vukadinovič, Vojkan Lazić, Rebeka Rudolf, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Wear resistance is one of the most important physical properties of the artificial teeth used in acrylic dentures. The goal of this research was to synthesize a new composite material made of matrix Poly-(methyl methacrylate)-PMMA with different percentages (2 % and 3 % of volume fractions) of zinc-oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) as reinforcing elements, to improve its mechanical properties. The dynamic mechanical behaviour of this composite was studied through the DMA method in comparison to the pure PMMA supported by the characterization of their microstructures. Then the wear resistance was analysed on the samples, which were prepared in the form of teeth. In this context their vertical height loss was measured after 100,000 chewing cycles on a chewing simulator, before and after the artificial thermal ageing. Investigations showed that the PMMA/ZnO NP composites dampened the vibrations better than the pure PMMA, which could be assigned to the homogenous distribution of ZnO NPs in the PMMA matrix. It was found that the mean vertical height loss for the pure PMMA teeth was significantly higher (more than 4 times) compared to composite teeth made with ZnO NPs. Introducing the thermal artificial ageing led to the finding that there was no effect on the height loss by the composite material with 3 % of volume fractions of ZnO NPs. Based on this it was concluded that PMMA/ZnO NPs composites showed improved in-vitro wear resistance compared to acrylic-resin denture teeth, so this new composite material should be preferred when occlusal stability is considered to be of high priority.
Ključne besede: poly-methyl methacrylate, PMMA, zinc-oxide nanoparticles, composite, resin teeth
Objavljeno: 12.12.2017; Ogledov: 823; Prenosov: 346
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,55 MB)
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2.
Efekt PTKU v močno donorsko dopirani keramiki ▫$BaTiO_3$▫
Nina Ule, Darko Makovec, Mihael Drofenik, 2000, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Navadno izdelujejo upore s pozitivnim temperaturnim koeficientom upornosti (PTK-upore) s sintranjem nizko donorsko dopiranega ▫$BaTiO_3$▫ na zraku. Koncentracija donorja ne sme preseči kritične velikosti (-0,3 mol.% med sintranjem na zraku), ki povzroči zaustavitev pretirane rasti zrn med sintranjem. S sintranjem v redukcijski atmosferi lahko povišamo kritično koncentracijo donorja, in tako dobimo močno donorsko dopiran ▫$BaTiO_3$▫ z grobo zrnato mikrostrukturo. V grobo zrnatem ▫$BaTiO_3$▫ lahko s poznejšo reoksidacijo z žganjem na zraku uravnavamo PTKU-efekt. V tem delu so predstavljeni rezultati raziskave PTKU-efekta v keramikah ▫$BaTiO_3$▫, dopiranih s koncentracijami La od o do 20 ml.%. Vzorci so bili sintrani v redukcijski mešanici ▫$N_2$▫ z 1 % ▫$H_2$▫ in pozneje reoksidirani z žganjem na zraku.
Ključne besede: polprevodni ▫$BaTiO_3$▫, donorsko dopiranje, električne lastnosti, PTKU-efekt, mikrostruktura
Objavljeno: 27.07.2017; Ogledov: 487; Prenosov: 58
.pdf Celotno besedilo (344,81 KB)
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3.
Priprava Co-feritnih nanodelcev z ozko porazdelitvijo velikosti z metodo termičnega razpada oleatov
Sašo Gyergyek, Darko Makovec, Mihael Drofenik, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: V prispevku opisujemo sintezo nanodelcev kobaltovega ferita z ozko porazdelitvijo velikosti z metodo termičnega razpada organskega kompleksa. Sinteza nanodelcev je potekala v dveh stopnjah. V prvi smo sintetizirali železov in kobaltov oleat z reakcijo kobaltovega (II) in železovega (III) klorida z natrijevim oleatom v mešanici topil. V drugi stopnji smo raztopino oleatov, ki smo ji dodali različne količine oleinske kisline, segreli do vrelišča topila (heksadeken 282 °C ali oktadeken 316 °C). Na povišani temperaturi oleati razpadejo in tvorijo oksidne nanodelce. Na nanodelce je vezan monomolekulski sloj oleinske kisline, ki omogoča dispergiranje nanodelcev v nepolarnih topilih. Povprečna velikost nanodelcev kobaltovega ferita je odvisna od temperature, časa siteze in količine dodane oleinske kisline. Sintetizirani nanodelci v območju velikosti med 9 nm in 20 nm izkazujejo ferimagnetno vedenje ter magnetne lastnosti, ki se spreminjajo s povprečno velikostjo nanodelcev. Predpostavili smo mehanizem nastanka nanodelcev kobaltovega ferita, ki vključuje koalescenco manjših nanodelcev in njihovo rekristalizacijo.
Ključne besede: kobaltov ferit, nanodelci, magnetni nanodelci
Objavljeno: 27.07.2017; Ogledov: 513; Prenosov: 79
.pdf Celotno besedilo (162,56 KB)
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4.
Factors influencing the yielding constraint by cracked welded components
Dražan Kozak, Jelena Vojvodič-Tuma, Nenad Gubeljak, Damir Semenski, 2005, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The effect of strength mismatch for welded joints performed with different geometries on the yielding constraint has been investigated in the context of single-edged fracture-toughness specimens subjected to bending SE(B) using the finite-element method. The crack was located in the centre of the weld. Two geometri cal parameters have been identified as being the most important: the crack-Iength ratio a/W and the sIenderness of the welded joint (W-a)/H. They were systematically varied as follows: a/W = 0.1; 0.2; 0.3; 0.4; 0.5 and W = 2H, 4H, 8H, 16H, 24H. Basic equations and plane-strain finite-element solutions for the overmatched SE(B) specimen with all configuration combinations are given. The results are in good agreement with those in literature. This paper aims to establish yield-Ioad solutions for the same weldment configurations, but with materials dissimilarity present within the weld. This situation is usually encountered during repair welding. For this purpose, a practical combination of filler materials, with the same portion of overmatched part with M = 1.19 and undermatched part with M = 0.86, has been selected. Plane-strain solutions for the heterogeneous weld with the cracklocated in the overmatched half were obtained. The influence of the yielding-constraint key parameters has al so been evaluated. Yield-Ioad results for the specimens performed with different weld widths have the greatest scattering for the a/W = 0.5. The transition from the overmatched to the undermatched solution with increasing H is evident. On the other hand, the behaviour of the specimen with a shallow crack is dictated by the overmatch region ahead of the crack tip and depends very little on the weld slenderness. An approximated 3-D area of the yield-Ioad solutions depending ona/W and (W-a)lH has been proposed. Furthermore, the stress triaxility parameter h has been calculated using 2-D and 3-D finite-element analysis, and given as a field in the spec imen to get an insight into yielding-constraint regions. It was found that the 3-D yield-Ioad solutions are very close to the plane-strain solutions. Also, the effect of a/W on the yielding constraint is more significant than the effect of Mand (W-a)/H.
Ključne besede: welded structures, welded joints, fracture mechanics, cracks, SE(B) specimens, yielding load, yielding constraint parameters
Objavljeno: 06.04.2017; Ogledov: 863; Prenosov: 72
.pdf Celotno besedilo (793,79 KB)
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5.
Priprava feritov MnZn s hidrotermalno obdelavo oksidov
Darko Makovec, Andrej Žnidaršič, Mihael Drofenik, 2004, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: V članku poročamo o rezultatih raziskovalnega dela v okviru sodelovanja med Institutom "Jožef Stefan" in tovarno ISKRA Feriti, d.o.o., v katerem smo razvili nov postopek za masovno pripravo MnZn-feritov, ki temelji na pripravi feritnih prahov s hidrotermalno obdelavo izhodnih oksidov. Z omenjeno metodo smo dobili feritne prahove, ki so po fazni sestavo podobni tistim, pripravljenim po klasičnem keramičnem postopku. Priprava prahov po hidrotermalni metodi je zahtevala prilagoditev celotnega tehnološkega procesa priprave feritov. Prednost hidrotermalne metode pred klasičnim keramičnim postopkom je predvsem v manjši porabi energije, saj poteka termična obdelava oksidne mešanice pri relativno nizkih temperaturah (260 [kompozitum]C - 320 [kompozitum]C) ter bistveno krajših časih, hkrati pa se je izkazalo, da imajo hidrotermalni prahovi velik potencial pri pripravi feritov MnZn z izboljšanimi lastnostmi.
Ključne besede: priprava prahov, hidrotermalna sinteza, magnetni materiali, feriti MnZn
Objavljeno: 27.03.2017; Ogledov: 501; Prenosov: 61
.pdf Celotno besedilo (182,35 KB)
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6.
The influence of the morphology of iron powder particles on their compaction in an automatic die
Borivoj Šuštaršič, Matjaž Godec, Črtomir Donik, Irena Paulin, Srečko Glodež, Marko Šori, Milan Ratej, Nada Javornik, 2015, strokovni članek

Opis: Fe- and steel-based powder metallurgy (P/M) products, such as steel gears, spurs, locking mechanisms, porous filters, sliding bearings and bushes, as well as other machine parts and structural elements, are mainly produced with the so-called conventional sintering technology. It is the most efficient technology for the mass production of small, complex, functional and structural parts. Therefore, it is the most convenient and popular among all of the P/M technologies. The most important end-user of sintered parts is the automotive industry. However, small, complex, sintered parts can also be frequently used in the furniture and household industries, precise mechanics, articles for recreation and sports. A fine, iron-based powder mixture or prealloyed powder is first automatically uniaxial-die compacted (ADC) into the final shape of the product with a mechanical or hydraulic press and then sintered in a protective atmosphere at approximately 1100 °C. The metal powder mixture must have the appropriate engineering properties given by the chemistry and particle morphology, enabling a fast and reliable die-compaction process. The most important are a high tap density, a good powder flowability and a low compressibility. All this gives the green compacts an appropriate final shape with a smooth surface, a relatively high and uniform green density, as well as a green strength without internal flaws and cracks. In the case of very small two-or-more-heights products, for example, spur gears with a low module, it is very difficult to obtain a uniform green density at acceptable compaction pressures. Often small cracks are formed at height crossings and big differences in the green density appear in smaller or thinner regions. In the frame of our investigation we analysed the influence of the selected prealloyed commercial iron powder’s morphology and its technological properties on automatic die compaction, as well as the sintering process in the case of small two-level sintered gear dimensions of 5/40–7/10×7mm with module m = 0.5. The original iron powder was sieved and the finest powder particle fraction (< 45 µm) was compared with the original powder mixture considering ADC and sintering process. It was found that the selection of the finer powder mixture could not contribute to the improvement in the overall ADC process, as well as a better green compact. In the present paper the results of our investigations are presented and the reasons why a finer powder mixture cannot contribute much to an improvement of the conventional sintering process.
Ključne besede: Fe-based alloy powders, particles, morphology, microstructure, automatic die compaction, sintering
Objavljeno: 27.03.2017; Ogledov: 681; Prenosov: 283
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,18 MB)
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7.
The influence of surface coatings on the tooth tip deflection of polymer gears
Boštjan Trobentar, Srečko Glodež, Jože Flašker, Boštjan Zafošnik, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: When designing gear drives made of polymer, the tooth tip deflection is a crucial parameter in respect to the proper gear drive operation. Excessive tooth tip deflection can lead to serious disturbances of gear meshing and consequently to increased noise and wear of the teeth flanks. In such cases the tooth tip deflection can be reduced through the use of stiff surface coatings on the tooth flanks. In this paper the influence of different coating materials and thicknesses on the tooth tip deflection of polymer gears is analysed using comprehensive finite element computational analysis. The numerical results obtained are then used to define an approximate equation for the calculation of gear tooth tip deflection for the coating material used and the thickness of the surface coating layer. The results show that the tooth tip deflection decreases with large values of the coating material Young’s modulus and with the coating layer thickness.
Ključne besede: polymer gears, surface coatings, tooth deflection, numerical analysis
Objavljeno: 27.03.2017; Ogledov: 784; Prenosov: 312
.pdf Celotno besedilo (578,86 KB)
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8.
The action of a laser on an aluminium target
Višnja Henč-Bartolič, Tonica Bončina, Suzana Jakovljević, Davor Pipić, Franc Zupanič, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: A nitrogen laser beam (337 nm, 6 ns (FWHM), (3.2 [plus minus] 0.2) mJ) was focused with a quartz lens (f = 100 mm) onto an aluminium target in air at normal pressure. The laser irradiation and plasma explosion caused a modification to the Al surface and the deposition of a thin film (droplets) onto a glassy carbon plate. The irradiated target and the deposited material were studied with a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and a focused-ion-beam (FIB) device. A crater surrounded by a rim was produced on the spot of maximum irradiation on the aluminium target. The crater, very deep in comparison to its width and thickness, was presumably caused by the Kelvin-Helmholtz and the Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities. The temperatures of the electron and the massive particles were explained.
Ključne besede: aluminium, laser ablation, thin film deposition, instabilities, temperatures
Objavljeno: 23.03.2017; Ogledov: 648; Prenosov: 72
.pdf Celotno besedilo (324,07 KB)
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9.
Synthesis of NiTi/Ni-TiO[sub]2 composite nanoparticles via ultrasonic spray pyrolysis
Peter Majerič, Rebeka Rudolf, Ivan Anžel, Jelena Bogovic, Srečko Stopić, Bernd Friedrich, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In this paper we present the production of NiTi/Ni-TiO2 composite nanoparticles via the synthesis method called ultrasonic spray pyrolysis (USP). The precursor solution for the synthesis of spherical NiTi particles was prepared from an orthodontic wire with a chemical composition of Ni (amount fraction x = 51.46 %) and Ti (x = 48.54 %). TEM microscopy, in combination with EDX analyses, was used for a detailed characterization of the obtained NiTi nanoparticles. The results showed the nanoparticle sizes ranging from 60 nm to 600 nm, depending on the parameters of the production procedure. This showed the versatility of the new USP synthesis procedure, proving its usefulness for different materials and applications.
Ključne besede: ultrasonic spray pyrolysis, NiTi/Ni-TiO2 composite nanoparticles, characterization, Transmission electron microscope (TEM), TEM microscopy
Objavljeno: 23.03.2017; Ogledov: 780; Prenosov: 88
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,13 MB)
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10.
Synthesis of nanocrystalline nickel-zinc ferrites within reverse micelles
Vuk Uskoković, Mihael Drofenik, 2003, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Nanocrystalline nickel-zinc ferrites were synthesized via a reverse micelle microemulsion route. The precursor cations were precipitated in the microemulsion system CTAB/1-hexanol/water. A subsequent oxidizing reaction was used to synthesize the nickel-zinc ferrite. The obtained nanoparticles were less than 20 nm in size.
Ključne besede: nanomaterials, ferrite, powders synthesis, microemulsion, reverse micelle
Objavljeno: 23.03.2017; Ogledov: 607; Prenosov: 71
.pdf Celotno besedilo (109,33 KB)
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