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1.
A coupled point particle two-phase heat and mass transfer model for dispersed flows based on Boundary Element Methods
Timi Gomboc, Matej Zadravec, Jure Ravnik, Matjaž Hriberšek, 2024, published scientific conference contribution

Abstract: In dispersed multiphase flow processes we encounter coupled heat, mass and momentum transfer between the disoersed and the continuous phase. In the context of the subdomain Boundary Domain Integral Method (BDIM) solution of the Navier-Stokes equations a two-way coupling model is presented based on the use of the elliptic fundamental solution and the Dirac delta function properties which leads to accurate evaluation of the heat and mass point particle source impacts on the continuous (air) phase. In addition, the two-phase flow case under consideration is extended to the case of porous spherical particle drying with internal moving drying front, which is solved by the Boundary Element Method (BEM).
Keywords: heat transfer, mass transfer, Boundary Element Methods
Published in DKUM: 01.07.2024; Views: 49; Downloads: 3
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2.
Vial wall effect on freeze-drying speed
Matjaž Ramšak, Matjaž Hriberšek, 2024, original scientific article

Abstract: The vial wall thermal conductivity and thickness effect on freeze-drying speed is simulated. A 2D axisymmetric numerical simulation of Mannitol freeze-drying is employed using the boundary element method. The originality of the presented approach lies in the simulation of heat transfer in the vial walls as an additional computational domain in contrast to the typical methodology without a vial wall. The numerical model was validated using our measurements and the measurements from the literature. Increasing the glass vial thickness from 1 mm to 2 mm has been found as the major factor in primary drying time, increasing the gravimetrical Kv up to 20 % for all the simulated chamber pressures. The effect of thermal conductivity was simulated using a polymer and aluminium vial replacing the standard glass vial of the same thickness. The polymer vial‘s decreased Kv value is 5.6 % at a low chamber pressure of 50 mTorr, and 12.2 % at 400 mTorr, which is in excellent agreement with the experiment. Using higher conductivity materials, for example, aluminium, only 3.7 % and 2.3 % Kv increase were computed for low and high chamber pressures respectively.
Keywords: freeze-drying, lyophilization speedup, vial heat conductivity, vial wall thickness, boundary element method
Published in DKUM: 16.04.2024; Views: 209; Downloads: 19
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Coefficient of tangential restitution for non-spherical particles
Jana Wedel, Matjaž Hriberšek, Paul Steinmann, Jure Ravnik, 2024, original scientific article

Abstract: In various industrial and naturally occurring multiphase flows, whether dilute or dense, particle interaction plays a crucial role. In most cases, the particles are non-spherical, which poses a computational challenge in terms of particle motion and particle interaction, i.e. both particle–particle and particle–wall collisions. In this study, we present a novel frictional particle collision model to be used in general fluid flows. The model is derived for superellipsoidal particle shapes and thus allows consideration of frictional collisions of a wide variety of particle geometries. In this context, we derive an expression for the tangential coefficient of restitution applicable to arbitrarily shaped particles. Furthermore, we present the performance of the novel model by applying it to demonstrative examples ranging from two- to multi-particle systems.
Keywords: non-spherical particles, particle collision, tangential restitution coefficient, superellipsoids
Published in DKUM: 26.02.2024; Views: 243; Downloads: 18
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6.
Development of an experimental Dead-End microfiltration layout and process repeatability analysis
Gorazd Bombek, Luka Kevorkijan, Grega Hrovat, Drago Kuzman, Aleks Kapun, Jure Ravnik, Matjaž Hriberšek, Aleš Hribernik, 2024, original scientific article

Abstract: Microfiltration is an important process in the pharmaceutical industry. Filter selection and validation is a time-consuming and expensive process. Quality by design approach is important for product safety. The article covers the instrumentalization and process control of a laboratory-scale dead-end microfiltration layout. The layout is a downscale model of the actual production line, and the goal is filter validation and analysis of process parameters, which may influence filter operation. Filter size, fluid pressure, valve plunger speed, and timing issues were considered. The focus is on the identification of the most influential process parameters and their influence on the repeatability of pressure oscillations caused by valve opening. The goal was to find the worst-case scenario regarding pressure oscillations and, consequently, filter energy intake. The layout was designed as compact as possible to reduce pressure losses between the filter and valve. Valve-induced pressure oscillations proved to be prevailing over the water hammer effect. Several filters in sizes between 3.5 cm2 and 6900 cm2 were tested, and some recommendations were suggested for the reduction of energy intake of the filter and to improve the repeatability of the process.
Keywords: filtration, pressure oscillations, repeatability, processes, parameters
Published in DKUM: 01.02.2024; Views: 360; Downloads: 15
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Geometrijsko in fizikalno sklopljen numerični model sublimacijskega sušenja v liofilizatorju : doktorska disertacija
Blaž Kamenik, 2023, doctoral dissertation

Abstract: V doktorski disertaciji so predstavljeni rezultati raziskav na temo eksperimentalnega dela določanja kinetike sušenja med procesom liofilizacije in ovrednotenja procesne zmogljivosti naprave, ter razviti numerični modeli za celovito modeliranje procesa in rezultati le teh. V sklopu eksperimentalnega dela se je ovrednotila kinetika sušenja destilirane vode (sublimacija ledu), ter eksperimentalna določitev kinetike depozicije ledu, kjer se je za tok vodne pare, ki je v režimu dušenega toka, izmerilo masne tokove sublimata in tlake znotraj sušilne komore in kondenzatorja.\\ Rezultati eksperimentov so nato služili za validacijo razvitih numeričnih modelov. Simulacije, ki vključujejo RDT preračune so bile pripravljene v računalniškem programu ANSYS Fluent ali v programskem jeziku Fortran. Razvilo se je več modelov različnih kompleksnosti, prvi model je model za ovrednotenje vpliva geometrije gumastega zamaška in vrata viale na tlačni padec in vpliv na proces, kjer se je tok sublimata modeliral v RDT programu, medtem ko se je kinetika sušenja računala s pomočjo 0D modela (sklopljen 0D-RDT model). Na podlagi rezultatov, se je določilo empirično korelacijo za opis le tega pojava. Naslednji model je večnivojsko sklopljen model z uporabo TCP strežnika, ki povezuje 1D program za simuliranje kinetike sušenja znotraj viale (napisan v programskem jeziku Fortran) s komercialno kodo ANSYS Fluent, ki je uporabljen za izračun tokovnih polj skozi sistem. Kinetika sušenja produkta v vsaki viali je simulirana z 1D modelom, v katerem se tlačni padec vodne pare, med tokom skozi zgornji prostor viale, obravnava z empirično korelacijo. Masni tokovi sublimata in temperatura plina se posredujejo RDT modelu, ki jih uporabi kot robne pogoje na lokalnih vtokih. Po izračunu novega tokovnega polja, RDT model vrne nove tlake nad vsako vialo. Na ta način dobimo vpogled v hidrodinamske razmere znotraj liofilizatorja in kinetiko sušenja vseh vial. Naslednji del je modeliranje depozicije ledu, kjer se je modeliral tok sublimata skozi celoten sistem, depozicija na hladnih stenah kondenzatorja pa se modelira z dodatnimi členi za ponor mase, gibalne količine in energije. V tem primeru se torej meja modeliranja prestavi v kondenzator, kar nam omogoči vpogled v dogajanje znotraj kondenzatorja in vzorec depozicije ledu, ki se odvija v kondenzatorju.
Keywords: RDT, liofilizacija, večnivojski model, prenos toplote in snovi, depozicija
Published in DKUM: 27.10.2023; Views: 435; Downloads: 89
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9.
Numerična analiza toka zraka v ventilatorski postaji rudnika : diplomsko delo
Jaka Baš, 2023, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: V okviru diplomskega dela je bila v sodelovanju s podjetjem Rudis, d. o. o., Trbovlje narejena numerična analiza toka zraka v ventilatorski postaji rudnika z namenom preverbe ustreznosti dobavljene opreme za izpolnitev zahtev naročnika. Analizirane so bile tlačne in hitrostne razmere v sesalnem in tlačnem delu ventilatorske postaje ter izračunane tlačne izgube posameznih segmentov ventilatorske postaje. Po primerjavi le-teh s predloženimi vrednostmi tlačnih izgub s strani dobavitelja je bilo ugotovljeno, da dobavljena oprema odstopa od zahtev naročnika, zato so bile predstavljene možnosti za zmanjšanje tlačnih izgub v segmentih ventilatorske postaje, kjer so te največje.
Keywords: numerična analiza, ventilacija, tok zraka, tlačne izgube, odprtokodni program
Published in DKUM: 05.10.2023; Views: 330; Downloads: 41
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10.
Primerjava tehnologij in ekonomike hladilnih stolpov za drugi blok jedrske elektrarne Krško JEK2 : diplomsko delo
Diana Tomše, 2022, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: Glavna tema diplomskega dela je primerjava hladilnih stolpov za drugi blok jedrske elektrarne Krško JEK2 glede tehnoloških dejavnikov, ekonomskih dejavnikov ter vpliva na okolje. Podan je opis, sestava in delovanje hladilnega stolpa na naravni vlek, hladilnih celic z induciranim vlekom ter hibridnega hladilnega stolpa. Na koncu smo primerjali še hladilne stolpe po stroških in po vplivu na okolje. Ugotovili smo, da je, glede na proučene dejavnike, hladilni stolp na naravni vlek najboljša izbira.
Keywords: jedrska elektrarna, hlajenje kondenzata, hladilni stolp na naravni vlek, hladilne celice z induciranim vlekom, hibridni hladilni stolp
Published in DKUM: 19.09.2022; Views: 595; Downloads: 100
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