Acta geotechnica Slovenica
Opis: Acta geotechnica Slovenica aims to play an important role in publishing high-quality, theoretical papers from important and emerging areas that will have a lasting impact on fundamental and practical aspects of geomechanics and geotechnical engineering.
Acta geotechnica Slovenica publishes papers from the following areas: soil and rock mechanics, engineering geology, environmental geotechnics, geosynthetic, geotechnical structures, numerical and analytical methods, computer modelling, optimization of geotechnical structures, field and laboratory testing.
The journal is published twice a year.
Ključne besede: scientific journals, geomechanics, geotechnical engineering
Objavljeno: 15.05.2018; Ogledov: 550; Prenosov: 1; Gradivo je zbirka in zajema 170 gradiv!
Undrained shear strength of saturated cohesive soils depending on consolidation pressure and mineralogical propertiesBojana Dolinar
, 2004, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: The relationship between the water content and the undrained shear strength of finely grained soils can be described with a nonlinear function in which the type of soils is determined by two parameters. These parameters depend primarily on the size of clay minerals, their quantity in soil composition and the interlayer water quantity in expanding clay minerals. This article asserts that there exists also the exactly defined relationship also between the water content and consolidation pressure. In the function describing this relationship, the type of soil is determined by two parameters. They can be expressed depending on the same mineralogical properties of soils as the values of parameters in the function showing the relationship between the water content and the undrained shear strength. These findings allow us to express the ratio between undrained shear strength and consolidation pressure depending on mineralogical properties of soils.
Ključne besede: soil mechanics, properties of soils, clays, specific surface, undrained shear strenght, compressibility
Objavljeno: 15.05.2018; Ogledov: 221; Prenosov: 10
Celotno besedilo (103,26 KB)
Radon anomalies in soil gas caused by seismic activityBoris Zmazek
, Mladen Živčić
, Ljupčo Todorovski
, Sašo Džeroski
, Janja Vaupotič
, Ivan Kobal
, 2004, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: At the Orlica fault in the Krško basin, combined barasol detectors were buried in six boreholes, two along the fault itself and four on either side of it, to measure and record radon activity, temperature and pressure in soil gas every 60 minutes for four years. Data collected have been analysed in a manner aimed at distinguishing radon anomalies resulting from environmental parameters (air and soil temperature, barometric pressure, rainfall) from those caused solely by seismic events. The following approaches have been used to identify anomalies: (i) ± 2σ deviation of radon concentration from the seasonal average, (ii) correlation between time gradients of radon concentration and barometric pressure, and (iii) prediction with regression trees within a machine learning program. In this paper results obtained with regression trees are presented. A model has been built in which the program was taught to predict radon concentration from the data collected during the seismically inactive periods when radon is presumably influenced only by environmental parameters. A correlation coefficient of 0.83 between measured and predicted values was obtained. Then, the whole data time series was included and a significantly lowered correlation was observed during the seismically active periods. This reduced correlation is thus an indicator of seismic effect.
Ključne besede: radon in soil gas, environmental parameters, earthquakes, correlation, regression trees, forecasting
Objavljeno: 15.05.2018; Ogledov: 179; Prenosov: 8
Celotno besedilo (271,01 KB)
Back analysis of time-dependet displacement at the Trojane tunnel constructionJakob Likar
, 2004, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: The 2,900-metre double tube tunnel of Trojane forms part of the highway section between Celje and Ljubljana and part of the highway road system connecting Lendava and Koper with adjacent roads. The construction of this section, which is of special importance for the Republic Slovenia, has been going on for almost ten years.
The highway near Trojane where the tunnel is located, lies on a hilly terrain composed of Permian-carboniferous rocks, which are tectonically badly damaged in some places and marked with broad fault zones, containing tectonically remoulded soil of low strength in terms of deformability properties. Even though the amount of waters coming from the hills during the excavation of the tunnel was relatively small, this water, in combination with extremely damaged weak rock caused the increase of deformations at the construction site.
Geological and geotechnical surveying with geometric monitoring and the analyses of stress and deformation changes in the surrounding rocks and support elements were critical in assessing the actual weak-rock conditions during the course of construction. Since the analyses of deformation processes, which had been modelled with PLAXIS 3D TUNNEL PROGRAM, showed great impact on permanent stability of the tunnel, special care was paid to rheological changes in the surrounding rocks and combined in-built support elements.
3D back analyses with SOFT-SOIL-CREEP (SSC) constitutive model, which takes into account rheological phenomena, were carried out. The calculations of primary and secondary stresses and deformations were made for two characteristic areas and determined on the basis of realistic geological mapping during tunnel construction. The first area represented typical rocks of the Trojane tunnel, i.e. shales and siltstone, while the second one was a tectonic zone where geological and geotechnical conditions during excavation were less favourable. The results of back analyses used provided an acceptable possibility for estimating the stress-strain variation during construction as well as an appropriate basis for analysing vertical displacements at the tunnel roof. The calculation results show good correlation with field measurements.
Ključne besede: tunnels, construction, permain-carboniferous rocks, geological-geotechnical conditions, tunnel support, Trojane tunnel, finite element method, costitutive models, back analyses, field mesurement, time dependent analysis
Objavljeno: 15.05.2018; Ogledov: 206; Prenosov: 10
Celotno besedilo (868,88 KB)
Green's function for an elastic layer loaded harmonically on its surfaceTomaž Pliberšek
, Andrej Štrukelj
, Andrej Umek
, 2005, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: The Green's function in surface displacement plays an important role in soil structure interaction. In evaluating the Green's function, several difficulties occur because it is formulated in the infinite integral form. This paper outlines a method of analyzing the steady-state dynamic response of an elastic layer subjected to general point load excitation. It is assumed that the load is applied at the surface. The application Hankel integral transform, to the governing differential equations and boundary conditions yields the response displacements at the surface in integral representation. It will be shown that these semi-infinite integrals can be reduced to the integral with the finite range of integration, which can be efficiently taken numerically. The numerical results are presented, which show the efficiency of the developed procedure.
Ključne besede: civil engineering, geomechanics, soil-structure interaction, layered halfspace, Green's function, elastodynamics
Objavljeno: 15.05.2018; Ogledov: 230; Prenosov: 19
Celotno besedilo (375,59 KB)
Cyclic liquefaction potential of lacustrine carbonate from Julian AlpsBojan Žlender
, Stanislav Lenart
, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: This paper presents the liquefaction studies of lacustrine carbonate silt from the Julian Alp landslide Stože. Geological conditions of the region and geomechanical characteristics of the ground were investigated. The research project was performed with the intention to determine the effects of cyclic loading on lacustrine carbonate silt. Investigation with 77 cyclic triaxial tests was performed on universal triaxial apparatus Wykeham Farrance UP 100 TR, in the Laboratory of soil mechanics, Faculty of Civil Engineering, University of Maribor. The essential equipment comprises cylindrical triaxial apparatus with a cell, a press with appurtenant electro-mechanic equipment, measuring equipment, and computer hardware and software equipment. Specimens with dimensions of height = 140 mm and diameter = 70 mm were saturated, then subjected to the arbitrary initial isotropic stress state and consolidated with vertical and radial draining, and then loaded with distortional loading of chosen dynamical axial force (frequency f = 1 Hz). A set of tests with a spectrum of different stress states and cyclic loading were performed. This research showed that lacustrine carbonate silt is a highly sensitive material.The resistance to liquefaction was somewhat higher than that of typical clean sand, but a perceivable excess pore pressure generation, which causes the decrease of strength parameters, was noticed. Test results of cyclic triaxial tests indicate dynamic characteristics of lacustrine carbonate silt and wide applicability of the test method.
Ključne besede: civil engineering, geomechanics, soil investigations, lacustrine carbonate silt, cyclic triaxial tests, liquefaction potential, shear modulus, damping ratio, cyclic stress ratio, pore pressure ratio
Objavljeno: 15.05.2018; Ogledov: 240; Prenosov: 11
Celotno besedilo (1,53 MB)
Development of a conceptual material model for structured materials - S_BRICKVladimir Vukadin
, Jakob Likar
, Vojkan Jovičić
, 2005, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Materials known in literature as Soft Rocks & Hard Soils such as claystones, siltstones, flysh, hard soils, marls, etc. received a lot of attention in research community in recent years. It was demonstrated that some of these materials can be described through general theoretical framework (Cotecchia & Chandler ), which takes into account the structure as an intrinsic material property that is present in all natural geological materials. The influence of the structure is manifested as an increase in strength and stiffness in a material. Based on a laboratory results and existent theoretical frameworks, a further step was taken with the development of a conceptual constitutive model for structured materials. A model formulated in strain space named BRICK (Simpson ) was chosen as a base model and was further developed with the inclusion of structure and destructuring. The new model was named S_BRICK and was tested on a conceptual level where the results of numerical tests on structured and structure less (reconstituted) materials at different stress paths were compared. The results showed that S_BRICK was able to capture stress-strain behavior typical for structured material and could be potentially used for the modeling of Soft Rocks and Hard Soils.
Ključne besede: geomechanics, soft rocks, hard soils, constitutive material models, structure, destructuring, numerical modeling
Objavljeno: 15.05.2018; Ogledov: 213; Prenosov: 13
Celotno besedilo (586,91 KB)