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Izzivi in potenciali uporabe procesa osmoze pri obdelavi tekstilnih odpadnih voda
Rebeka Kogelnik, 2021, master's thesis

Abstract: Tekstilne industrije po vsem svetu letno proizvedejo ogromne količine odpadnih voda. Te pa zaradi svoje onesnaženosti predstavljajo velik okoljski problem. Proces osmoze pa zaradi ekonomičnosti in učinkovitosti v zadnjih letih kaže velik potencial pri obdelavi odpadnih voda. V magistrski nalogi so predstavljeni rezultati obdelave sintetičnih tekstilnih odpadnih voda s procesom osmoze. Tekstilne vode so bile pripravljene po recepturi iz industrijskega tekstilnega obrata v tovarni Galeb d.d. v Omišu, na Hrvaškem. Pri procesu osmoze smo uporabljali biomimetične membrane z vstavljenimi molekulami proteina akvaporina. Zanimalo nas je, kako na proces vpliva spreminjanje različnih parametrov filtracije. Spreminjali smo pH vhodne raztopine, pretok črpalke, koncentracijo barvila, koncentracijo in vrsto gonilne raztopine, volumen raztopin in smer toka. Rezultati kažejo, da je proces osmoze učinkovit pri obdelavi tekstilnih odpadnih voda. Na proces bistveno vpliva izbor primerne gonilne sile, zagotoviti pa je potrebno dovolj visoko razliko v osmotskih tlakih med vhodno in gonilno raztopino.
Keywords: proces osmoze, tekstilna odpadna voda, reaktivna barvila, biomimetične membrane
Published: 26.05.2021; Views: 124; Downloads: 28
.pdf Full text (11,52 MB)

Hollow-Fibre forward osmosis membrane module stress tests
Urban Gselman, 2020, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: Humanity has recently begun to realize that resources on Earth are not infinite and that, consequently, it is imperative for us to start to use them sustainably and renewably. Aligned with this mentality, forward osmosis has been rigorously studied in the past few decades with some commercially available products already on the market. This thesis used one of those products, namely, the Aquaporin HFFO 2 membrane module, and assessed its stability in sodium metabisulfite solution and high salinity without flowing solutions under long-term storage conditions. The sodium metabisulfite preservation part was devised to upgrade the existing guidelines for prolonged storage of fouled membranes and the osmotic drying project was looking at a scenario where the modules would be exposed to a salt solution on the draw side and no flowing wastewater on the feed side. The assessments were made on pristine HFFO 2 membrane modules and with RO water prepared on site. Their performance after exposure was measured with an internal quality control procedure, producing values for water flux, reverse salt flux, normalized reverse salt flux and temperature, which were later compared with the initial values. The findings show us that the sodium metabisulfite and increased salinity have a detrimental effect on the membrane inside of the module, but not enough to be considered damaged and would need to be discarded. More valuable results will be gained if the measurements are done on fouled membranes, as the biggest factor in increasing the lifetime of a module is preventing algal and bacterial growth
Keywords: forward osmosis, Aquaporin HFFO 2, sodium metabisulfite, osmotic drying, prolonged storage.
Published: 24.09.2020; Views: 152; Downloads: 0
.pdf Full text (3,09 MB)

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