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Comprehensive analysis of different coating materials on the POM substrate
Tonica Bončina, Srečko Glodež, Brigita Polanec, Lara Hočuršćak, Franc Zupanič, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: This study presents a comprehensive analysis of different coating materials on the POM substrate. Specifically, it investigated physical vapour deposition (PVD) coatings of aluminium (Al), chromium (Cr), and chromium nitride (CrN) of three various thicknesses. The deposition of Al was accomplished through a three-step process, particularly plasma activation, metallisation of Al by magnetron sputtering, and plasma polymerisation. The deposition of Cr was attained using the magnetron sputtering technique in a single step. For the deposition of CrN, a two-step process was employed. The first step involved the metallisation of Cr using magnetron sputtering, while the second step involved the vapour deposition of CrN, obtained through the reactive metallisation of Cr and nitrogen using magnetron sputtering. The focus of the research was to conduct comprehensive indentation tests to obtain the surface hardness of the analysed multilayer coatings, SEM analyses to examine surface morphology, and thorough adhesion analyses between the POM substrate and the appropriate PVD coating.
Keywords: POM, PVD coating, metal coating, adhesion analyses, indentation tests
Published in DKUM: 15.02.2024; Views: 236; Downloads: 16
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Fatigue behaviour of brazed joints for heat exchangers
Blaž Hanželič, Jernej Kralj, Tonica Bončina, Branko Nečemer, Janez Kramberger, Roman Satošek, Srečko Glodež, 2024, original scientific article

Abstract: The plate heat exchanger (PHE) is a component that provides heat to be transferred from hot water to domestic cold water without mixing them with high efficiency. Over the lifetime of the PHE, cyclic pressures act on the brazing points and the plates, and this may lead to fatigue failure. The fatigue behaviour of the PHE, designed using copper-brazed 316L stainless steel, was investigated in this study. First, the fatigue tests under the load ratio R = 0.1 were performed on the Vibrophore 100 testing machine to obtain the S-N curve of the analysed brazed joint. Based on the obtained experimental results, an appropriate material model of the analysed brazed joint has been created, which was validated with numerical calculation in the framework of a program code Ansys. A validated material model was then used for the subsequent numerical analysis of PHE. In order to carry out a numerical calculation using the finite element method (FEM), a three-dimensional model of the heat exchanger was created based on the previous scanning of PHE-geometry. Thereafter, the geometry was parameterised, which allowed us to perform parametric simulations (monitoring different responses depending on the input geometry). Numerical simulations were carried out in the framework of the Ansys 2023-R1 software, whereby the obtained results were analysed, and the responses were appropriately characterised according to previously determined load cases.
Keywords: brazed joint, fatigue, experimental testing, computational analyses, heat exchanger
Published in DKUM: 31.01.2024; Views: 222; Downloads: 33
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Wear Behaviour of Multilayer Al-PVD-Coated Polymer Gears
Tonica Bončina, Brigita Polanec, Franc Zupanič, Srečko Glodež, 2022, original scientific article

Abstract: A comprehensive experimental investigation of the wear behaviour of coated spur polymer gears made of POM is performed in this study. Three different thicknesses of aluminium (Al) coatings were investigated and deposited by the Physical Vapour Deposition (PVD) process. The Al coating was deposited in three steps: By plasma activation, metallisation of the aluminium by the magnetron sputtering process, and plasma polymerisation. The wear of the gears was tested on an in-house developed testing rig for different torques (16, 20, and 24 Nm) and a rotational speed of 1000 rpm. The duration of the experiments was set to 13 h, when the tooth thickness and, consequently, the wear of the tooth flank were recorded. The experimental results showed that the influence of metallisation with aluminium surface coatings on the wear behaviour of the analysed polymer gear is not significantly important. The results also showed that the gears with a thicker aluminium coating showed greater wear than gears with a thinner coating or even without a coating. This is probably due to the fact that the aluminium particles that started to deviate during gear operation represented the abrasive material, which led to the faster wear of the contacting surfaces of the meshing gear flanks.
Keywords: polymer gears, aluminium PVD coating, Physical Vapour Deposition process, multilayer coating, wear
Published in DKUM: 15.11.2022; Views: 493; Downloads: 52
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Denis Arnšek, 2019, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: V diplomskem delu sem se ukvarjal s študijem vpliva različnega deleža niklja na mikrostrukturo in s tem na mehanske lastnosti aluminijevih bronov. Ugotovil in uporabil sem ustrezne metode metalografske priprave vzorcev iz brona in načine kvalitativne in kvantitativne metalografske analize. Določil sem vrste mikrostrukturnih sestavin in delež β-faze. Izvedli smo natezne preskuse pri sobni in povišani temperaturi, udarne preizkuse in meritve trdote. Ugotovil sem povezavo med deležem niklja in trdoto, ter povezavo z drugimi trdnostnimi lastnostmi (natezno trdnostjo in udarno žilavostjo pri sobni ter pri povišani temperaturi).
Keywords: Aluminijevi broni, metalografska analiza, mehanske lastnosti, delež niklja, delež β-faze
Published in DKUM: 07.05.2019; Views: 1390; Downloads: 98
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Effect of cooling rate on the microstructure of an Al94Mn2Be2Cu2 alloy
Tonica Bončina, Boštjan Markoli, Franc Zupanič, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: In this study the effect of the cooling rate on the microstructure of Al94 Mn2 Be2 Cu2 alloy was investigated. The vacuum induction melted and cast alloy was exposed to different cooling rates. The slowest cooling rate was achieved by the DSC (10 K·min^−1), the moderate cooling rate succeeded by casting in the copper mould (≈1 000 K·s−1) and the rapid solidification was performed by melt spinning (up to 10^6 K·s^−1). The microstructure of the DSC-sample consisted of α-Al matrix, and several intermetallics: τ1-Al29 Mn6 Cu4 , Al4 Mn, θ-Al2 Cu and Be4 Al(Mn,Cu). The microstructures of the alloy at moderate and rapid cooling consisted of the α-Al matrix, i-phase and θ-Al2 Cu. Particles of i-phase and θ-Al2 Cu were much smaller and more uniformly distributed in melt-spun ribbons.
Keywords: Al-alloy, metallography, microstructure, cooling rate, solidification
Published in DKUM: 03.07.2017; Views: 963; Downloads: 97
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In situ TEM study of precipitation in a quasicrystal-strengthened Al-alloy
Tonica Bončina, Franc Zupanič, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: Precipitation kinetics and mechanisms within an Al-Mn-Be-Cu quasicrystal strengthened alloy at 300°C were studied using in-situ transmission electron microscopy. The alloy was cast into a copper mould. Quasicrystalline precipitates formed throughout the Al-rich solid solution, whilst heterogeneous formations of Al2Cu and T-phase occurred on icosahedral quasicrystalline particles formed during solidification. The formation of quasicrystalline particles and T-phase was limited by manganese diffusivity, whilst that of Al2Cu by copper diffusivity. The precipitation produced only a small hardening effect.
Keywords: Al-alloy, quasicrystal
Published in DKUM: 09.05.2017; Views: 1424; Downloads: 343
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The action of a laser on an aluminium target
Višnja Henč-Bartolič, Tonica Bončina, Suzana Jakovljević, Davor Pipić, Franc Zupanič, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: A nitrogen laser beam (337 nm, 6 ns (FWHM), (3.2 [plus minus] 0.2) mJ) was focused with a quartz lens (f = 100 mm) onto an aluminium target in air at normal pressure. The laser irradiation and plasma explosion caused a modification to the Al surface and the deposition of a thin film (droplets) onto a glassy carbon plate. The irradiated target and the deposited material were studied with a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and a focused-ion-beam (FIB) device. A crater surrounded by a rim was produced on the spot of maximum irradiation on the aluminium target. The crater, very deep in comparison to its width and thickness, was presumably caused by the Kelvin-Helmholtz and the Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities. The temperatures of the electron and the massive particles were explained.
Keywords: aluminium, laser ablation, thin film deposition, instabilities, temperatures
Published in DKUM: 23.03.2017; Views: 1519; Downloads: 112
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Sinteza kvazikristalov in kvazikristalnih zlitin
Tonica Bončina, Franc Zupanič, 2012, professional article

Keywords: kvazikristali, zlitine, izdelava, ikozaedrična faza
Published in DKUM: 21.12.2015; Views: 1485; Downloads: 42
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