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81.
Zaslužni profesor dr. Borut Belec
Karmen Kolnik, Eva Konečnik Kotnik, 2015, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Predstavitev profesionalne poti zaslužnega profesorja Univerze v Mariboru dr. Boruta Belca in pomena njegovega dela za razvoj mariborske in slovenske geografije, pa tudi širše z mednarodno odmevnostjo le-tega, je po eni strani zaradi raznolikosti in bogastva njegovega raziskovalnega in pedagoškega dela zahtevno, po drugi strani pa ob številnih preteklih zapisih njegove ustvarjalnosti tudi izziv, kako predočiti kaj novega. Pričujoči zapis je zato ne le prikaz bibliografskih informacij, temveč je ilustriran tudi z razmišljanji dr. Belca, ki so bila zapisana ob intervjuju z jubilantom sredi meseca oktobra 2015. V štirih tematskih sklopih (izobraževanje, kariera, raziskovanje in pedagoško delo) so med drugim tudi zaokrožene ugotovitve o njegovem delou in pomenu.
Ključne besede: geografija, bibliografije, biografije, intervju, Borut Belec
Objavljeno: 16.04.2018; Ogledov: 66; Prenosov: 6
.pdf Celotno besedilo (394,22 KB)

82.
Knjižne novosti v mednarodnem letu prsti
Ana Vovk Korže, 2015, recenzija, prikaz knjige, kritika

Opis: Leto 2015 je razglašeno za Mednarodno leto prsti kot odziv na številne grožnje, ki degradirajo ta izredno pomemben naravni vir. Za varovanje prsti in odgovoren odnos do njih je potrebno izobraževanje in ozaveščanje vseh ciljnih skupin, ne le tistih, ki imajo neposreden stik s prstmi, temveč vseh, predvsem mladih. Raziskave kažejo, da premalo poznamo prsti in da je skromno znanje, pridobljeno v izobraževalnem sistemu, težko prenosljivo v prakso. S krepitvijo procesa samooskrbe mnogi iščejo dodatna znanja o prsteh. Kot odziv povečane potrebe za izobraževanje so napisane knjige Metodologija raziskovanja prsti v geografiji, Ekosistemski pogled na prsti, Naravni čistilni sistemi ter Ekoremediacije in prilagajanje na podnebne spremembe.
Ključne besede: prsti, ekoremediacije, ekosistemi, knjižne novosti, predstavitve knjig, Metodologija raziskovanja prsti v geografiji, Ekosistemski pogled na prsti, Naravni čistilni sistemi, Ekoremediacije in prilagajanje na podnebne spremembe
Objavljeno: 16.04.2018; Ogledov: 91; Prenosov: 18
.pdf Celotno besedilo (102,82 KB)

83.
Samoregulacijske kompetence za nadomeščanje primanjkljajev pri učenju geografije v osnovni šoli
Sara Knez, Eva Konečnik Kotnik, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Osnova za članek je diplomsko delo z naslovom Samoregulacija učenja geografije v osnovni šoli (Knez 2015), pri katerem smo raziskovali stanje na področju samoregulacijskih kompetenc med 200 osnovnošolci od šestega do devetega razreda. S samoregulacijo učenja je mogoče nadomestiti primanjkljaje znanja pri geografiji, za kar pa mora učenec posedovati določene samoregulacijske kompetence. Raziskava je pokazala nekompetentnost učencev na mnogih samoregulacijskih področjih - dojemanje učenja geografije, samovrednotenje, iskanje pomoči pri kompetentnih osebah, kontrola nad učenjem in uporaba strategij za učenje geografije.
Ključne besede: samoregulacija, samovrednotenje, iskanje socialne pomoči, kontrola nad učenjem, strategije učenja, pouk geografije
Objavljeno: 16.04.2018; Ogledov: 75; Prenosov: 15
.pdf Celotno besedilo (194,30 KB)

84.
Ekosistemski pristop za razumevanje prsti v geografiji
Ana Vovk Korže, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Ob Mednarodnem letu tal (prsti) 2015 potekajo različne aktivnosti za dvig ozaveščanja o pomenu prsti v ekosistemu. Prst že dolgo nima samo pridelovalne vloge, ampak opravlja številne druge vloge, od zadrževanja vode, čiščenja vode, potek procesa humifikacije in številne druge. Zato smo v prispevku na primeru Dravinjskih goric prikazali pomen poznavanja ekosistemske vloge prsti. Najprej je potrebno prsti prepoznati na terenu, za bolj natančno poznavanje prsti pa je potrebno opraviti analize posameznih lastnosti prsti. Za pridobitev ekosistemskega vpogleda v razširjenost prsti določimo biotope, to so združbe prsti. Sestavljajo jih podatki o reliefu, naklonu, nadmorski višini, ekspoziciji in razširjenosti vegetacije. Dodatni podatki se nanašajo na vodno bilanco v prsti in zmožnost zadrževanja vode v prsti. Ekosistemski pogled na prsti nam pomaga dovolj zgodaj razumeti občutljivost prsti in zato je prepoznan kot sintezni pristop za varovanje prsti.
Ključne besede: prsti, biotop, ekosistem, organske snovi, analize prsti
Objavljeno: 16.04.2018; Ogledov: 67; Prenosov: 12
.pdf Celotno besedilo (544,34 KB)

85.
Vpliv podnebnih sprememb na naravne nesreče na območju Slovenije
Karmen Hozjan, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Članek obravnava vpliv podnebnih sprememb na naravne nesreče po statističnih regijah v Sloveniji. Predstavili smo rezultate statističnega pregleda in izračunanih trendov, povprečnih temperatur, padavin in vodne bilance, v obdobju zadnjih tridesetih let v Sloveniji, za izbrane meteorološke postaje. V drugem delu smo statistično analizirali posamezne naravne nesreče in kartografske prikaze ocenjene škode, ki so jo povzročale naravne nesreče po statističnih regijah v Sloveniji, v obdobju 2000‒2013.
Ključne besede: Slovenija, podnebje, klimatske spremembe, naravne nesreče, elementarne nesreče
Objavljeno: 16.04.2018; Ogledov: 59; Prenosov: 22
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,29 MB)

86.
Spreminjanje rabe tal na pohorskih planjah med letoma 2000 in 2014
Tanja Golob, Domen Kodrič, Jelko Meolic, Aleš Praprotnik, Aleksandra Premužič, Anja Simreich, Rosvita Viltužnik, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Članek obravnava naravne značilnosti območja Pohorskih planj ter spreminjanje kulturne pokrajine iz vidika rabe tal. Naravne razmere so analizirane in prikazane z ozirom na zemljiške kategorije. Prikazane so tudi spremembe zemljiških kategorij v obdobju med letoma 2000 in 2014. Ugotovljeno je spreminjanje kulturne pokrajine – širjenje gozda ter ekstenzifikacija kmetijskih površin.
Ključne besede: Slovenija, Pohorje, kulturna pokrajina, raba tal, spremembe, Pohorske planje, fizična geografija, geografski informacijski sistemi
Objavljeno: 16.04.2018; Ogledov: 94; Prenosov: 12
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,47 MB)

87.
Small scale gold mining effects on the miners and local communities in semi-arid region of Ethiopia
Hailemariam Meaza, Mushir Ali, Solomon Hishe, Zbelo Tesfamariam, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: North Ethiopian highlands are traditionally known for gold mining which has been means of livelihood of the rural community. The present work was conducted to investigate socio- economic conditions of gold miners, ways of obtaining the gold, their earning and negative consequences of the gold mining. On the basis of random sampling, 140 miners were interviewed. Moreover, focus group discussions transect walks and practical observations across the mining sites were made with team leaders on different issues of gold mining and its effects. Descriptive statistics was used to compute socio-economic characteristics, gold harvesting, and income dynamics. ANOVA was run to observe variations of income from gold mining and other sources, 2009 to 2012. The positive effects of gold mining for involved people were regarding income, employment, expenditure on education, health and food consumption. On the other hand, conflicting interest, communicable diseases, aggressive child labour, school dropouts, social disruptions and injuries were challenges of the small scale gold mining. The findings highlight that the income generated from small scale gold mining plays a pivotal role in reducing rural poverty. Therefore, providing integrated training for gold miners can mitigate the challenges of small scale gold mining and thereby to improve livelihoods of the small scale gold miners in Ethiopia.
Ključne besede: gold mining, indigenous methods, highlands, society, transaction, Ethiopia
Objavljeno: 16.04.2018; Ogledov: 77; Prenosov: 18
.pdf Celotno besedilo (468,79 KB)

88.
Economic-geographic analysis of differentiated development in Croatian coastal region
Zdenko Braičić, Jelena Lončar, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The main characteristic of the current development process in Republic of Croatia's coastal area is its unevenness. While former studies on differences in regional development have mainly discussed inequalities in terms of coast/inland/islands, this study analyzes a differentiated economic development along the Croatian coast, not including the islands. Basic analytical spatial units are cities and municipalities that can be classified into seven major coastal spatial units (sub-regions): Istria, Rijeka, Sub-Velebit, Zadar, Šibenik, Split and Dubrovnik-Neretva coastal area. In order to rate the level of development and determine differences in economic activities of coastal spatial region, several economic indicators have been taken into account. The results have confirmed that Istria and Rijeka coastal subregions are the most prosperous parts of Croatian coast. The economic orientation of cities and municipalities on the coast has been determined with the index of specialization.
Ključne besede: Coastal spatial units, economic development, indicators, functional specialization, Croatia
Objavljeno: 16.04.2018; Ogledov: 72; Prenosov: 17
.pdf Celotno besedilo (576,92 KB)

89.
Fish ponds as a factor of development in rural areas of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Rahman Nurković, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper explains the impact of fish farms on the development of rural areas in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Fishing in Bosnia and Herzegovina was recognized as an opportunity for industrial production, tourism and placing high quality healthy food on market as well as rural development and the possibility of creating new jobs. In terms of agroclimatic conditions, Bosnia and Herzegovina has a very favorable geographical, hydrological, climatic and ecological conditions for fish production, which is reflected in the availability of water resources of rivers, lakes and marine fish farms. In Bosnia and Herzegovina there are 41 registered fish farms of freshwater and saltwater fish and it is estimated that there are about twenty unregulated fish farms. With the available resources, the existance of tradition in production, decades of existance of lake fish ponds and dynamic development of production in cages classify fish farming as a significant branch of economy, which ensures it in the domestic market, but also on the markets of neighboring countries, the European Union.
Ključne besede: agricultural geography, rural areas, regional development, fish farms, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Objavljeno: 16.04.2018; Ogledov: 77; Prenosov: 8
.pdf Celotno besedilo (211,30 KB)

90.
Between cultural and natural heritage
Richard Ingwe, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The planning of tourism products in the north-central Cross River State (corresponding to ‘old Ogoja province) is examined in this study. Explained in the article are: justification of the need for undertaking community-based tourism development strategy as a means of reducing inter- regional disparity in development aroused by historical discrimination against the region through eras of Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade, colonialism, and successive post-independent governments; creation of special development funds aimed at addressing challenges posed by personalization of government thereby creating governance deficits; and descriptions of the tourism potentials/resources of the north-central Cross River State. Rather than adopting the advice of tourism experts in the 1960s that African countries ought to prefer to design cultural-heritage tourism products aiming towards attracting some 145 million tourists from the United States of America (USA) who might be satiated with natural heritage tourism products offered back home. Here, it is argued here that considering myriad socio-economic-political dynamics thereafter – including anti-African/Nigerian political measures such as barring US citizens from visiting Nigeria or parts of it- there is no need concentrating on such restricted tourism products. This is justified by the fact that with nearly 170 million population –most of whom are expecting to move from poverty towards the middle class among other prosperous economic statuses and who do not need to immediately access foreign natural heritage tourism, there is need for north- central Cross River State –a region possessing diverse tourism resources to plan tourism products that seek to integrate natural heritage with the cultural varieties in order to properly capture both local and foreign tourists. Foreign tourists here covers a larger spectrum beyond US visitors including visitors from large and increasing number of member states of the United Nations.
Ključne besede: Nigeria, natural heritage, cultural heritage, tourism, planning
Objavljeno: 16.04.2018; Ogledov: 91; Prenosov: 8
.pdf Celotno besedilo (530,75 KB)

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