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The impact of managers on successful ERP implementation
Franc Ravnikar, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Lately, Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) has been implemented in public organizations and organizations without competition in the marketplace. It is the ERP system that is almost as badly needed for the competitiveness and success of those organizations in the marketplace. The main reason lies in the fact that operating costs have to be reduced and the optimization of business processes is an option which nowadays is normally implemented together with new ERP. The success rate of ERP implementation remains very low with up to a 90% failure rate, as it is quoted in a lot of researches. Critical success factors (CSF) which influence successful ERP implementation are identical in all organizations. The main goal of this research is to find out the managers' impact on the critical success factors and thus their impact on the successful ERP implementation. Top management support is the most important critical success factor for successful ERP implementation, regardless of the fact whether the organization is on the market or not.
Ključne besede: enterprise resource planning, ERP, critical success factors, business process reengineering, the success rate of ERP implementation
Objavljeno: 22.01.2018; Ogledov: 36; Prenosov: 5
.pdf Celotno besedilo (490,60 KB)

The impact of management control systems - strategy interaction on performance management
Darja Peljhan, Metka Tekavčič, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: We study the interaction between management control systems and strategy its impact on organisational performance considering the way in which multiple aspects of control systems and dimensions of context combine in a variety of ways to enhance performance. Our purpose is to investigate the relationship among management control systems, strategy and organisational performance in a particular company. The contribution of this study is that it upgrades the existing theory in that it does not only establish a relationship between strategy and management control systems, but also considers how this relationships impacts on organisational performance. The study shows that the combination of performance-driven behaviour and regular use of management control systems leads to improved results. The second contribution of the study is that it incorporates a wider range of controls, including informal controls as being equally important as formal controls, to provide a more comprehensive analysis, as opposed to the majority of prior studies focusing on a more limited range of controls. In this way, this paper contributes to the literature in terms of examination of the broader components of management control systems than was previously done.
Ključne besede: management, company performance, control, systems, strategy
Objavljeno: 22.01.2018; Ogledov: 33; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Celotno besedilo (610,10 KB)

The heterogeneous accentuation of economic content in vocational education
Christoph Maus, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background and Purpose: Since the successive introduction of “learning field“ oriented curricula in Germany, teaching at vocational schools as part of the dual system has been based on concrete actions. The underlying curricula describe business-oriented learning fields. The translating of these learning fields into pedagogical learning situations is the responsibility of the vocational curriculum conferences at the individual vocational school level, whereby con-siderable leeway is afforded them in these activities. This means that, despite there being an identical curricular basis, it is possible for individual schools to apply heterogeneous content emphases within the education programmes for commercial vocations. This study examines the correlation between such heterogeneous content with regard to the subject of economics and the person characteristics of the relevant teachers. Design/Methodology/Approach: In order to determine the individual significance of eco-nomics curricula as part of the education programme for commercial occupations on a learning field basis, an online survey was conducted among commerce teachers. Descriptive statements about the significance of topics of content are generated with the help of the relevance ratings provided by the respondent teachers. Results: The findings for the correlations indicate a relationship between the relevance of economics content and individual experience of teaching staff with regard to that particular academic discipline, because a high relevance rating correlates with individual tangencies within the teacher's educational biography Conclusion: The shifting of lesson content design onto the individual vocational schools has resulted in human resource determinant factors coming into force. Apart from a (fully desira-ble) heterogeneity of content, these factors have also led to a decrease of economics content.
Ključne besede: education, economic education, curriculum, learning fields, institutionalized human resource development
Objavljeno: 22.01.2018; Ogledov: 20; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Celotno besedilo (721,66 KB)

The employee as the unknown actor?
Olaf Kranz, Thomas Steger, Ronald Hartz, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background and purpose: Although employee share ownership (ESO) deserves of a long tradition, we still know little about employees’ perspectives about ESO. The lack of knowledge about the employees’ attitudes towards ESO is discursively filled in the ESO debate. This paper challenges that deficit by carrying out a semantic analysis of the literature with the aim to identify the various actor constructions used implicitly in the ESO discourse. Design/Methodology/Approach: We conduct a semantic analysis of the ESO discourse. To unfold the order of this discourse we draw on the distinction between surface and underlying structure of communication in the sense of Michel Foucault. We interpret some semantic lead differences, a term coined by Niklas Luhmann, to constitute the underlying structure of communication. Results: We can identify six different streams on the ESO discourse’s surface level each defined by the ends pursued. The discourse’s underlying structure is made up of the distinctions production-consumption, capital-labour, and ownership-control that also determine the actor models implicitly in use. Conclusion: We can identify five different actor models implicit in the ESO discourse. While the CEE discourse differs on the surface level in as far as it is more concerned with questions of political legitimation of the privatisation process than with questions of economic efficiency, thus introducing political distinctions in the discourse rather missing in the west, it shares the underlying semantic lead differences with the Western discourse as well as the actor models anchored in those differences.
Ključne besede: Employee Share Ownership, discourse analysis, semantic lead distinctions, actor constructions, CEE countries
Objavljeno: 22.01.2018; Ogledov: 29; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Celotno besedilo (657,20 KB)

The determinants of employee ownership plan implementation in EU countries - the quest for economic democracy
Ricardo Machado, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background and purpose: Kelso’s quest to identify the economic counterpart of political democracy and, as a corollary, his concern about the nature of the economic system’s organisation needed to support the institutions of a politically free society, contributed two important terms: economic power and democracy. Following Kelso’s reasoning, my research study aims to understand the determinants of the implementation of economic democracy, measured by the incidence of employee share ownership plans, within European Union countries. Methodology: Setting out with the theory of one of the founding fathers of employee stock ownership plans, I perform a cross-country analysis spanning five years (2008-2012) to explain the incidence level of employee ownership by independent variables operationalizing the political, legal, socio-educational and economic structures of twenty European Union countries. Using secondary data from the European Federation of Employee Share Ownership, I explain the determinants’ pertinence, while accounting for severe data limitations. Results: I report a strong correlation between employee ownership incidence and the index of economic freedom. However, the labour market’s freedom, the trustworthiness of and confidence in financial markets and the quality of secondary and tertiary education do not deliver clear-cut results. Conclusion: Further research should comprehensively scrutinise country-specific factors regarding corporate governance issues and cross-cultural controls. Employee ownership researchers should consider this field of research to understand why countries that are so-called employee ownership champions are experiencing widening income inequality.
Ključne besede: employee ownership, economic democracy, free markets, economic freedom, equity markets
Objavljeno: 22.01.2018; Ogledov: 12; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Celotno besedilo (469,44 KB)

The concept of communities of practise on the example of IT sector
Izabela Sztangret, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background: A growing interest in the concept of communities of practice (CoP) has been recently observed in several academic fields. They include organizational studies (the topics of knowledge management and organizational learning in particular) and education. However, the notion is used in various contexts. It is sometimes perceived as a social construct, but at some other times as a virtual community or informal group sponsored by an organization for the purpose of making it easier to share knowledge or learn. Objectives: The main aims of the paper are: 1) to identify the main characteristics of the CoP in IT sector, 2) to identify and describe the knowledge management tools used by CoP, 3) and to identify and analyse customer knowledge of CoP. Method: The research assumed an exploratory character. The case study and survey methods with application of structured questionnaire were used. Results: The CoP is little effective form of stimulating business processes and market, despite application of a broad range of activities undertaken for the purpose of creation of the so-called knowledge communities by the entities of IT sector and internet activity declared by respondents. Conclusion: Poor knowledge of CoP as well as the awareness of participation in its structures among the recipients, who are additionally active users of new technologies including mostly the Internet, may also be caused by the lack of experience in the sphere of studied knowledge-based relationships or priority character of ventures of directly measurable business results. Determinants of CoP creation and directions of its development may constitute an interesting area for further studies.
Ključne besede: knowledge management, marketing knowledge management, community of practice
Objavljeno: 22.01.2018; Ogledov: 12; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Celotno besedilo (623,34 KB)

The COMPRAM methodology and comlpex societal problems
Ingvill Mochmann, Dorien DeTombe, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: During and after wars children are born where the father is a member of an occupation or peacekeeping force and the mother a local citizen. Securing the human rights of children born of war is often highly complex and involves researchers and practitioners from different disciplines. The Compram methodology on handling complex societal problems will be applied to analyse whether the methodology is suitable on this group of war-affected children. The Compram methodology is a multi disciplined, multi level, multi actor methodology based on the theory of societal complexity. The methodology gives guidelines to handle real life complex societal problems.
Ključne besede: OR in societal problem analysis, Taboo research, COMPRAM methodology, children, war
Objavljeno: 22.01.2018; Ogledov: 20; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Celotno besedilo (469,03 KB)

Testing the sustainability of growth of the LJSEX in the January 2000 to May 2010 period
Aleš Ahčan, 2011, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In this paper we analyse the behaviour of the LJSEX, the main index of the Ljubljana Stock Exchange, in the period from January 2000 till May 2010. More precisely, we test for the presence of bubbles and antibubbles and try to determine whether or not a bubble could have been predicted (both the formation and the date of the bubble burst). Second, we also employ techniques used to model antibubbles to forecast the future behaviour of the LJSE index. Besides modelling index dynamics for the aforementioned period, we also seek to determine the factors that led to the bubble forming and later bursting. We find that the bubble could have been forecasted at least several months in advance. On the other hand, a very precise date of the crash seems harder to identify. By more closely analysing the interplay between interest rates, credit activity and the LJSEX, we conclude that there is a clear connection between decreasing interest rates, increased credit activity and the formation of a stock bubble. If there is a clear correlation between the early phase of a bubble and increased credit activity of the banking sector, the link between the end of the bubble and the restriction of credit activity is less pronounced. By fitting the extended antibubble model from (Johansen 1999a) we obtain the values of parameters that give us some indication of the future behaviour of the LJSEX. Based on these results we conclude that in the next few years we are likely to experience a period of increased volatility with no clear increasing or decreasing growth pattern.
Ključne besede: exchange, interest rate, business mathematics, calculations, models
Objavljeno: 22.01.2018; Ogledov: 28; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (698,29 KB)

Technological, marketing and complementary competencies driving innovative performance of Slovenian manufacturing firms
Tanja Rajkovič, Janez Prašnikar, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The paper discusses innovative performance of firms and underlying competencies, namely technological, marketing and complementary. Competencies are regarded as networks of various capabilities and other firm assets and can be used for cross-industry comparisons. The study is based on a survey carried out among 50 established Slovenian manufacturing companies addressing competencies which they employ in their 65 distinct product lines. Three distinct segments of firms are established based on innovative performance indicators. Used are techniques of multivariate statistics, including cluster analysis and analysis of variance. The results imply that the most innovative firms simultaneously develop technological, marketing and complementary competencies. The implications of our findings are valuable to the firms aligning their competencies with their strategy, as well as to policy makers in technology following countries.
Ključne besede: Slovenia, processing industry, technological development, innovations, marketing
Objavljeno: 22.01.2018; Ogledov: 29; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Celotno besedilo (772,28 KB)

Teaching Scrum in cooperation with a software development company
Viljan Mahnič, Strahil Georgiev, Tomo Jarc, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The increasing use of agile methods for software development creates the need for these methods to become part of the education of future computer and information science engineers. On the other hand, teaching these methods gives us an opportunity to verify individual agile concepts and their effectiveness. For that reason, project work is an appropriate and frequently used form of teaching that enables students to get acquainted with agile methods and, at the same time, provides case studies for evaluating individual agile concepts. We describe our approach to teaching the Scrum agile method, within the software technology course, in cooperation with a software development company. Students were taught through work on a real project for which a list of requirements was submitted by the company. A co-worker of this company participated throughout the teaching period playing the role of customer's representative. During their work, students consistently used the Scrum method and at the end of each iteration they evaluated their experience by means of a questionnaire. In the article, the Scrum method is presented first, then a description of work on the project is given and finally the results of the survey are described.
Ključne besede: agile methods, Scrum, software development, computer engineering education, university industry cooperation
Objavljeno: 22.01.2018; Ogledov: 14; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Celotno besedilo (974,55 KB)

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