Organizational factors for successful entering to e-marketplaceAndreja Pucihar
, Mateja Podlogar
, 2003, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: The appeal of doing business on the Web is clear. By bringing together large numbers of buyers and sellers and by automating transactions, e-marketplaces expand the choices available to buyers, give sellers access to new customers (buyers), and reduce transaction costs for all participants. Entering the e- marketplace is related to the business process of reengineering, connecting of information systems, gaining new knowledge with training and learning, and making investments in new information technologies and software. Such organization must take very careful steps to prepare itself for a successful entrance on the e-marketplace. Only this kind of approach will enable the organization the full use of the available opportunities and will bring expected business results. The paper presents the different types of e-marketplaces and the use of e-marketplaces for business. Furthermore, the results of the research that was done among 250 large organizations in Slovenia are presented. The current status of the use e-commerce and e-marketplaces in large organizations in Slovenia is introduced. In addition, organizational factors found by large organizations to be important for a successful entrance to the e-marketplaces are presented. We conclude the paper with recommendations for the organizations that intend to enter e-marketplace.
Ključne besede: organizational factors, e-markets, large organizations, case, Slovenia
Objavljeno: 04.07.2017; Ogledov: 44; Prenosov: 1
Polno besedilo (949,40 KB)
Network organizationsJure Kovač
, 2002, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Modern organisations are confronted with enormous challenges. The need to continuously adapt to changing environments is the main challenge for modern organisations. In order to adapt to the requirements of modern environments more easily and more rapidly, organisations become connected into networks. A networked organisation is becoming a favourite form of a modern organisation. This paper describes the basic features of networked organisations and their diverse forms. Special attention is paid to the presentation of management processes in networked organisations.
Ključne besede: organization, network organizations
Objavljeno: 04.07.2017; Ogledov: 35; Prenosov: 0
Polno besedilo (511,82 KB)
Dimensions of organizational changeJure Kovač
, 2000, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: A basic characteristic of business operations in developed economic environments is their continuous search for responses to very rapid changes in their broader and closer environment. Adjustment to the changing situation of market and technology is an inevitable challenge to every company. This means a neverending search and verification on the market, as well as preservation of the acquired position. The tasks connected with the company's adjustment to the requirements of the market are very complex. Due to the increasingly turbulent business environment, the management responsible for the implementation of the change process is taking on new obligations. Change management is moving away from the traditional understanding of that notion as being just a set of functions, comprising the tasks of both designing and implementing a process of changing the organization. The request to establish such an organization which will be able to follow the extremely rapid and perpetual urge for adaptation to the requirements of the environment is coming to the forefront.
Ključne besede: organization, organization development, organization changes
Objavljeno: 04.07.2017; Ogledov: 50; Prenosov: 0
Polno besedilo (488,72 KB)
Umestitev izpitov iz angleščine na splošni in poklicni maturi v skupni evropski jezikovni okvirSuzana Bitenc Peharc
, Veronika Rot Gabrovec
, Andrej Stopar
, Alenka Tratnik
, 2010, pregledni znanstveni članek
Opis: Članek najprej primerja nekatere vidike slovenske splošne in poklicne mature iz angleščine, nato pa predstavi del rezultatov projekta Umestitev izpitov iz angleščine v Skupni evropski referenčni okvir za jezike, ki je potekal v obdobju 2008-10.
Ključne besede: SEJO, splošna matura, poklicna matura, umestitev izpitov
Objavljeno: 18.05.2017; Ogledov: 84; Prenosov: 4
Polno besedilo (255,26 KB)
Reasons for plagiarism in higher educationPolona Šprajc
, Marko Urh
, Janja Jerebic
, Dragan Trivan
, Eva Jereb
, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Background and Purpose: The survey was performed to determine the reasons that lead students to possibly commit plagiarism during their studies. By doing so, we wanted to determine the main reason for the appearance of plagiarism and how, within this main reasons, various indicators of plagiarism are judged and, finally, how demographic data and student motivation for study are associated with the reasons for plagiarism.
Design/Methodology/Approach: A paper-and-pencil survey was carried out among 17 faculties of the University of Maribor in Slovenia. A sample of 139 students 85 males and 54 females participated in this study, ages ranged from 19 to 36 years. The questionnaire contained 95 closed questions referring to: (i) general data, (ii) education, (iii) social status, (iv) awareness of plagiarism, and (v) reasons for plagiarism. Parametric and nonparametric statistical tests were performed depending on distributions of the answers.
Results: The results reveal that information and communication technology is largely responsible for the plagiarism with two reasons highlighted: ease of copying and ease of access to materials and new technologies. We also found some differences between low and high motivated students. Different average values of the answers considering motivation for study were confirmed for academic skills, teaching factors and other reasons for plagiarism, where the average for lower motivated students is significantly different (higher) than the average for higher motivated students. At the end we could find no direct relationship between the average time spent on the Internet and plagiarism.
Conclusion: The transmission of knowledge is the basic mission of faculties. This mission is based on moral beliefs about the harmfulness of its abuse, and plagiarism is exactly such abuse. Regardless of the students past at this point professors are those who could greatly contribute to the right set of skills to keep students off plagiarising.
Ključne besede: plagiarism, reasons for plagiarism, academic skills, higher education
Objavljeno: 06.04.2017; Ogledov: 251; Prenosov: 4
Polno besedilo (420,34 KB)
Psychological empowerment, job satisfaction and organizational commitment among lecturers in higher educationGašper Jordan
, Gozdana Miglič
, Ivan Todorović
, Miha Marič
, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Background and Purpose: Organizations should implement new findings from the field of human resource management. If an organization wants to have successful and effective employees, they should be satisfied with all aspects of work and at the same time they should be feel commitment towards an organization. To have a full insight in employees, organizations have to take care of psychological side of employees, which manifests in psychological empowerment.
Design/Methodology/Approach: The survey was conducted among 409 university lecturers in Austria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany, Serbia, and Slovenia. The investigated constructs of psychological empowerment, job satisfaction and organisational commitment were compared. Spreitzer’s PEQ was used for the assessment of the psychological empowerment, Spector’s JSS for job satisfaction, and Allen’s and Meyer’s OCQ for the assessment of organisational commitment.
Results: The research showed that the highest level of psychological empowerment can be found among university lecturers from Serbia and the lowest from Germany. Job satisfaction level is the highest in Austria and the lowest in Slovenia. Affective organisational commitment is the highest in Slovenia and the lowest in Germany. Continuance organisational commitment scored the highest in Croatia and the lowest in Czech Republic. Additionally, the outcomes show the highest level of normative organisational commitment in Czech Republic and the lowest in Austria. Only affective organisational commitment was not found as statistically significant.
Conclusion: Knowledge of psychological empowerment, job satisfaction and organizational commitment can be helpful for leaders, because with this knowledge they can manage, develop and motivate employees properly.
Ključne besede: psychological empowerment, organizational commitment, job satisfaction, higher education
Objavljeno: 06.04.2017; Ogledov: 253; Prenosov: 10
Polno besedilo (489,83 KB)
Contingency factors influencing implementation of physical asset management practicesDamjan Maletič
, Matjaž Maletič
, Basim Al-Najjar
, Katerina Gotzamani
, Maria Gianni
, Boštjan Gomišček
, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Purpose: The purpose of this empirical study is to examine the role of two contingency factors, i.e. uncertainty and competitiveness in relation to physical asset management (PAM) practices as well as to maintenance key performance indicators. The research is based on a premise that PAM, which was defined by risk management practices, performance assessment practices, life cycle management practices, and policy & strategy practices, has become an indispensable element of strategic thinking of asset owners as well as maintenance and asset managers. The purpose of this study is to advance the understanding of how organizations that face high or low level of uncertainty and competitiveness respond in terms of PAM deployment.
Methodology/Approach: This study employed a data set based on a large-scale survey among organizations in six European countries (i.e. Slovenia, Poland, Greece, Sweden, Turkey and Slovakia). Data were collected from 138 organizations located in the above-mentioned countries to conduct the study.
Findings: The results show that organizations that are faced with high level of uncertainty and competitiveness are more engaged in the deployment of PAM practices. Moreover, results show that when organizations are facing high levels of competitiveness they are using KPIs to a greater extent than organizations under low levels of competitiveness.
Originality/value: From a theoretical perspective, this study contributes to the contingency theory by providing empirical evidence whether a context-dependent approach to PAM is needed. The findings also provide insights for managers on how to respond to the competitive pressure as well as how to customize PAM practices in order to adapt to the changes in dynamic organizational environment.
Ključne besede: physical asset management, maintenance, uncertainty, competitiveness
Objavljeno: 06.04.2017; Ogledov: 215; Prenosov: 3
Polno besedilo (675,00 KB)
Analysis of expatriation process in a Slovenian companyRok Pintar
, Jorge Tiago Martins
, Mojca Bernik
, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Background and Purpose: The multinational companies require different approach of human resource management to achieve their goals. The reason is in employees who are working abroad, so-called expatriates. The purpose of the research is to investigate perceptions and experience of the expatriates working in one of the Slovenian multinational company.
Design/Methodology/Approach: The online survey was performed among all expatriates working for the pharmaceutical company. The questionnaire was randomly sent and delivered in an electronic form, structured in an online program named 1ka (https://www.1ka.si). A total of all 12 questionnaires were completed fully and properly.
Results: Results indicate that there are several reasons that expatriates went to work abroad, but none of them did not completely fulfilled the expectations of the expatriates. There are no differences between those expatriates who are working abroad up to 12 months and those who are working more than 12 months in their fulfilment of expectations working abroad for this company.
Conclusion: Based on the findings, the study shows the expatriates importance factors for their contribution of working abroad for the company and fulfilment of their expectations. The results are useful for the employees that will be in the future involved in the expatriation process in this company.
Ključne besede: expatriation, international career, knowledge transfer, international HRM
Objavljeno: 06.04.2017; Ogledov: 133; Prenosov: 2
Polno besedilo (450,07 KB)
Web application for hierarchical organizational structure optimizationDavorin Kofjač
, Blaž Bavec
, Andrej Škraba
, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Background and Purpose: In a complex strictly hierarchical organizational structure, undesired oscillations may occur, which have not yet been adequately addressed. Therefore, parameter values, which define fluctuations and transitions from one state to another, need to be optimized to prevent oscillations and to keep parameter values between lower and upper bounds. The objective was to develop a simulation model of hierarchical organizational structure as a web application to help in solving the aforementioned problem.
Results: Genetic algorithms were tested against well-known instances of problems for which the optimal analytical values were found. Deterministic finite automata was verified and validated via a three-state hierarchical organizational model, successfully preventing the oscillatory behavior of the structure.
Ključne besede: hierarchical organizational structure, genetic algorithms, deterministic finite automata, system dynamics, optimization, human resources
Objavljeno: 04.04.2017; Ogledov: 166; Prenosov: 3
Polno besedilo (1,19 MB)
User experience with security elements in internet and mobile bankingAleksandra Svilar
, Jože Zupančič
, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Background/Purpose: Maintaining a balance between security and a positive user experience in mobile and Internet banking is becoming increasingly difficult for the providers of banking services. The goal of our research is to analyse user opinions about the current situation: how users perceive security and how the authentication methods they are using affect user experience.
Methodology: Data were collected using an online survey among the users of 15 banks operating in Slovenia, and statistical methods were applied to analyse them. Results of the users’ study were evaluated and commented by a limited number of interviewed banking security experts.
Results: The results indicate that the use of mobile banking in Slovenia is relatively low, as only 30 percent of respondents use mobile banking along with Internet banking. Slovenian users perceive security to be the most important factor in mobile and online banking, closely followed by reliability. We also verified whether the users knew which authentication methods they were using: 69% of respondents selected the correct authentication method. The opinion of 88% of respondents was that authentication methods do not limit them when using mobile and Internet banking. Results of the study of user’s opinions did not surprise the experts, although experts’ views about the balance between security and usability diverged considerably.
Conclusion: Our results indicate that, in Slovenia, users of the Internet and mobile banking services regard security to be the most important element in mobile or Internet banking and find user experience less important while they absolutely do want products that are easy to use.
Ključne besede: internet banking, mobile banking, security, user experience
Objavljeno: 04.04.2017; Ogledov: 199; Prenosov: 5
Polno besedilo (637,90 KB)