Strategic aspect of knowledge managementOlja Arsenijević
, Dragan Trivan
, Iztok Podbregar
, Polona Šprajc
, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Background and Purpose: This paper analyses the strategic aspects of knowledge management in organizations in Serbia, from the theoretical and empirical point of view. In its theoretical part, the paper analyzes the latest literature in the fields of knowledge management, relations between communications strategyes and knowledge management, generations of knowledge management and organizational culture.
Design/Methodology/Approach: In its empirical part, the paper deals with determining the level of knowledge management in Serbian organizations through diffrent generations of knowledge management, as well as the problem with explicit and tacit knowledge management. The hypotheses were tested using data colleted from organizatons in Serbia via questionnaire, which consisted of 50 questions to examine five key factors in knowledge management.
Results: The results showed that out of 41 indicators, only eight are rated positively. Results of t-test indicate significant distinctions within factors affecting the quality of knowledge management, as well as differences in quality of explicit and tacit knowledge management, therefore they confirmed both hypotheses.
Conclusion: The knowledge management projects in organizations in Serbia are initiated, as well as that belonging to the first generation of knowledge management can be defined.
Ključne besede: knowledge management, strategy, explicit knowledge, tacit knowledge
Objavljeno: 06.07.2017; Ogledov: 58; Prenosov: 1
Polno besedilo (636,86 KB)
Markov analysis of studentsʼ performance and academic progress in higher educationAlenka Brezavšček
, Mirjana Pejić Bach
, Alenka Baggia
, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Background: The students’ progression towards completing their higher education degrees possesses stochastic characteristics, and can therefore be modelled as an absorbing Markov chain. Such application would have a high practical value and offer great opportunities for implementation in practice.
Objectives: The aim of the paper is to develop a stochastic model for estimation and continuous monitoring of various quality and effectiveness indicators of a given higher education study programme.
Method: The study programme is modelled by a finite Markov chain with five transient and two absorbing states. The probability transition matrix is constructed. The quantitative characteristics of the absorbing Markov chain, like the expected time until absorption and the probabilities of absorption, are used to determine chosen indicators of the programme.
Results: The model is applied to investigate the pattern of students’ enrolment and their academic performance in a Slovenian higher education institution. Based on the students’ intake records, the transition matrix was developed considering eight consecutive academic seasons from 2008/09 until 2016/17. The students’ progression towards the next stage of the study programme was estimated. The expected time that a student spends at a particular stage as well as the expected duration of the study is determined. The graduation and withdrawal probabilities were obtained. Besides, a prediction on the students’ enrolment for the next three academic years was made. The results were interpreted and discussed.
Conclusion: The analysis presented is applicable for all higher education stakeholders. It is especially useful for a higher education institution’s managers seeing that it provides useful information to plan improvements regarding the quality and effectiveness of their study programmes to achieve better position in the educational market.
Ključne besede: higher education, study programme, effectiveness indicators, enrolment prediction
Objavljeno: 06.07.2017; Ogledov: 32; Prenosov: 0
Polno besedilo (1,17 MB)
The role of environmental managementDrago Vuk
, 1998, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Unlike the currently experienced practice, author offers a new approach to the environmental protection issue. To different types of management he adds the environmental component , which has attained a notable level, both as a contribution to the subject of successful development of the economy, and on the implementation level, where it can serve as one of the sources of competitive advantage.
Ključne besede: management, environment, ecology
Objavljeno: 04.07.2017; Ogledov: 103; Prenosov: 1
Polno besedilo (478,50 KB)
Organizational factors for successful entering to e-marketplaceAndreja Pucihar
, Mateja Podlogar
, 2003, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: The appeal of doing business on the Web is clear. By bringing together large numbers of buyers and sellers and by automating transactions, e-marketplaces expand the choices available to buyers, give sellers access to new customers (buyers), and reduce transaction costs for all participants. Entering the e- marketplace is related to the business process of reengineering, connecting of information systems, gaining new knowledge with training and learning, and making investments in new information technologies and software. Such organization must take very careful steps to prepare itself for a successful entrance on the e-marketplace. Only this kind of approach will enable the organization the full use of the available opportunities and will bring expected business results. The paper presents the different types of e-marketplaces and the use of e-marketplaces for business. Furthermore, the results of the research that was done among 250 large organizations in Slovenia are presented. The current status of the use e-commerce and e-marketplaces in large organizations in Slovenia is introduced. In addition, organizational factors found by large organizations to be important for a successful entrance to the e-marketplaces are presented. We conclude the paper with recommendations for the organizations that intend to enter e-marketplace.
Ključne besede: organizational factors, e-markets, large organizations, case, Slovenia
Objavljeno: 04.07.2017; Ogledov: 32; Prenosov: 1
Polno besedilo (949,40 KB)
Network organizationsJure Kovač
, 2002, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Modern organisations are confronted with enormous challenges. The need to continuously adapt to changing environments is the main challenge for modern organisations. In order to adapt to the requirements of modern environments more easily and more rapidly, organisations become connected into networks. A networked organisation is becoming a favourite form of a modern organisation. This paper describes the basic features of networked organisations and their diverse forms. Special attention is paid to the presentation of management processes in networked organisations.
Ključne besede: organization, network organizations
Objavljeno: 04.07.2017; Ogledov: 22; Prenosov: 0
Polno besedilo (511,82 KB)
Dimensions of organizational changeJure Kovač
, 2000, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: A basic characteristic of business operations in developed economic environments is their continuous search for responses to very rapid changes in their broader and closer environment. Adjustment to the changing situation of market and technology is an inevitable challenge to every company. This means a neverending search and verification on the market, as well as preservation of the acquired position. The tasks connected with the company's adjustment to the requirements of the market are very complex. Due to the increasingly turbulent business environment, the management responsible for the implementation of the change process is taking on new obligations. Change management is moving away from the traditional understanding of that notion as being just a set of functions, comprising the tasks of both designing and implementing a process of changing the organization. The request to establish such an organization which will be able to follow the extremely rapid and perpetual urge for adaptation to the requirements of the environment is coming to the forefront.
Ključne besede: organization, organization development, organization changes
Objavljeno: 04.07.2017; Ogledov: 41; Prenosov: 0
Polno besedilo (488,72 KB)
Umestitev izpitov iz angleščine na splošni in poklicni maturi v skupni evropski jezikovni okvirSuzana Bitenc Peharc
, Veronika Rot Gabrovec
, Andrej Stopar
, Alenka Tratnik
, 2010, pregledni znanstveni članek
Opis: Članek najprej primerja nekatere vidike slovenske splošne in poklicne mature iz angleščine, nato pa predstavi del rezultatov projekta Umestitev izpitov iz angleščine v Skupni evropski referenčni okvir za jezike, ki je potekal v obdobju 2008-10.
Ključne besede: SEJO, splošna matura, poklicna matura, umestitev izpitov
Objavljeno: 18.05.2017; Ogledov: 70; Prenosov: 2
Polno besedilo (255,26 KB)
Reasons for plagiarism in higher educationPolona Šprajc
, Marko Urh
, Janja Jerebic
, Dragan Trivan
, Eva Jereb
, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Background and Purpose: The survey was performed to determine the reasons that lead students to possibly commit plagiarism during their studies. By doing so, we wanted to determine the main reason for the appearance of plagiarism and how, within this main reasons, various indicators of plagiarism are judged and, finally, how demographic data and student motivation for study are associated with the reasons for plagiarism.
Design/Methodology/Approach: A paper-and-pencil survey was carried out among 17 faculties of the University of Maribor in Slovenia. A sample of 139 students 85 males and 54 females participated in this study, ages ranged from 19 to 36 years. The questionnaire contained 95 closed questions referring to: (i) general data, (ii) education, (iii) social status, (iv) awareness of plagiarism, and (v) reasons for plagiarism. Parametric and nonparametric statistical tests were performed depending on distributions of the answers.
Results: The results reveal that information and communication technology is largely responsible for the plagiarism with two reasons highlighted: ease of copying and ease of access to materials and new technologies. We also found some differences between low and high motivated students. Different average values of the answers considering motivation for study were confirmed for academic skills, teaching factors and other reasons for plagiarism, where the average for lower motivated students is significantly different (higher) than the average for higher motivated students. At the end we could find no direct relationship between the average time spent on the Internet and plagiarism.
Conclusion: The transmission of knowledge is the basic mission of faculties. This mission is based on moral beliefs about the harmfulness of its abuse, and plagiarism is exactly such abuse. Regardless of the students past at this point professors are those who could greatly contribute to the right set of skills to keep students off plagiarising.
Ključne besede: plagiarism, reasons for plagiarism, academic skills, higher education
Objavljeno: 06.04.2017; Ogledov: 237; Prenosov: 2
Polno besedilo (420,34 KB)
Psychological empowerment, job satisfaction and organizational commitment among lecturers in higher educationGašper Jordan
, Gozdana Miglič
, Ivan Todorović
, Miha Marič
, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Background and Purpose: Organizations should implement new findings from the field of human resource management. If an organization wants to have successful and effective employees, they should be satisfied with all aspects of work and at the same time they should be feel commitment towards an organization. To have a full insight in employees, organizations have to take care of psychological side of employees, which manifests in psychological empowerment.
Design/Methodology/Approach: The survey was conducted among 409 university lecturers in Austria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany, Serbia, and Slovenia. The investigated constructs of psychological empowerment, job satisfaction and organisational commitment were compared. Spreitzer’s PEQ was used for the assessment of the psychological empowerment, Spector’s JSS for job satisfaction, and Allen’s and Meyer’s OCQ for the assessment of organisational commitment.
Results: The research showed that the highest level of psychological empowerment can be found among university lecturers from Serbia and the lowest from Germany. Job satisfaction level is the highest in Austria and the lowest in Slovenia. Affective organisational commitment is the highest in Slovenia and the lowest in Germany. Continuance organisational commitment scored the highest in Croatia and the lowest in Czech Republic. Additionally, the outcomes show the highest level of normative organisational commitment in Czech Republic and the lowest in Austria. Only affective organisational commitment was not found as statistically significant.
Conclusion: Knowledge of psychological empowerment, job satisfaction and organizational commitment can be helpful for leaders, because with this knowledge they can manage, develop and motivate employees properly.
Ključne besede: psychological empowerment, organizational commitment, job satisfaction, higher education
Objavljeno: 06.04.2017; Ogledov: 224; Prenosov: 7
Polno besedilo (489,83 KB)