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91.
Lagrangian particle tracking in velocity-vorticity resolved viscous flows by subdomain BEM
Jure Ravnik, Matjaž Hriberšek, Janez Lupše, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: A numerical study of particle motion in a cubic lid driven cavity is presented. As a computational tool, a boundary element based flow solver with a Lagrangian particle tracking algorithm is derived. Flow simulations were performed using an in-house boundary element based 3D viscous flow solver. The Lagrangian particle tracking algorithm is capable of simulation of dilute suspensions of particles in viscous flows taking into account gravity, buoyancy, drag, pressure gradient and added mass. The derived algorithm is used to simulate particle behaviour in a cellular flow field and in a lid driven cavity flow. Simulations of particle movement in a cellular flow field were used to validate the algorithm. The main goal of the paper was to numerically simulate the flow behaviour of spheres of different densities and different diameters, as experimentally observed in work of Tsorng et al.The study of slightly buoyant and non-buoyant particles in a lid driven cavity was aimed at discovering cases when particles leave the primary vortex and enter into secondary vortices, a phenomenon described in the work of Tsorng et al. A parametric study of this phenomenon was preformed. The presented computational results show excellent agreement with experiments, confirming the accuracy of the developed computational method.
Ključne besede: dispersed two phase flow, Lagrangian particle tracking, cellular flow, lid driven cavity, boundary element method
Objavljeno: 04.08.2017; Ogledov: 165; Prenosov: 42
.pdf Celotno besedilo (13,57 MB)
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92.
Analysis of the effect of the swirl flow intensity on combustion characteristics in liquid fuel powered confined swirling flames
Marko Klančišar, Tim Schloen, Matjaž Hriberšek, Niko Samec, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This article examines the implementation of CFD technology in the design of the industrial liquid fuel powered swirl flame burner. The coupling between the flow field and the combustion model is based on the eddy dissipation model. The choice of the LES (Large Eddy Simulation) turbulence model over standard RANS (Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes) offers a possibility to improve the quality of the combustion-flow field interaction. The Wall Adapting Local Eddy-Viscosity (WALE) sub-grid model was used. The reaction chemistry is a simple infinitely fast one step global irreversible reaction. The computational model was setup with the Ansys-CFX software. Through the detailed measurements of industrial size burner, it was possible to determine the natural operational state of the burner according to the type of fuel used. For the inlet conditions, axial and radial velocity components were calculated from known physical characteristics of both the fuel and air input, with the initial tangential velocity of the fuel assumed as 18% of the initial axial fuel velocity. Different swirl number (S) values were studied. Addition of a surplus (in comparison to conventional flame stabilization) of tangential air velocity component (W), the rotational component increases itself with a considerably high magnitude, contributing to the overall flame stabilization. The level of S especially influences the turbulent energy, its dissipation rate and turbulent (Reynolds) stresses. In the case of high swirl number values (S > 0,65) it is possible to divide the flow field in three principle areas: mixing area (fuel-air), where exothermal reactions are taking place, central recirculation area and outer recirculation area, which primarily contains the flow of burnt flue gases. The described model was used to determine the flow and chemical behavior, whereas the liquid atomization was accounted for by LISA (Linear Instability Sheet Atomization) model incorporating also the cavitation within injection boundary condition. The boundary conditions were determined based on the data from the experimental hot water system. Depending on system requirements, especially with continuous physical processes as well as the results of experimental measurements, the paper reports on determination of the mixing field and its intensity in the turbulent flow, the description of heat release and interaction of turbulent flow field and chemical kinetics in the case of confined swirling flames.
Ključne besede: CFD, fluid dispersion, combustion, industrial burner, confined swirling flame, two-phase flow
Objavljeno: 04.08.2017; Ogledov: 345; Prenosov: 46
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,08 MB)
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93.
Product lifecycle management through innovative and competitive business environment
Valentina Gečevska, Paolo Chiabert, Zoran Anišić, Franco Lombardi, Franc Čuš, 2010, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) is the process of managing the whole life cycle of a product starting from generating an idea, concept description, business analyzes, product design and solution architecture and technical implementation, to the successful entrance to the market, service, maintenance and product improvement. At present, a wide range of stakeholders including consumers, regulators, shareholders and public bodies are demanding that companies address product management through all life cycle in a more comprehensive and sustainable way. However, even if a company actually wishes innovate its processes for improving the way to account for project management, it will face relevant difficulties to deal with different guidelines, tools and methods currently addressing the matter from various points of view. The purpose of this paper is to review literature on PLM from an operational point of view with the objective to help companies to answer to the main market needs.
Ključne besede: product lifecycle management, business process, competitiveness
Objavljeno: 04.08.2017; Ogledov: 167; Prenosov: 31
.pdf Celotno besedilo (241,81 KB)
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94.
Comparison of different optimization and process control procedures
Marko Reibenschuh, Franc Čuš, Uroš Župerl, 2010, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper includes a comparison of different optimization methods, used for optimizing the cutting conditions during milling. It includes also a part of using soft computer techniques in process control procedures. Milling is a cutting procedure dependent of a number of variables. These variables are dependent from each other in consequence, if we change one variable, the others change too. PSO and GA algorithm are applied to the CNC milling program to improve cutting conditions, improve end finishing, reduce tool wear and reduce the stress on the tool, the machine and the machined part. At the end a summary will be given of pasted and future researches.
Ključne besede: optimization, milling, cutting parameters, LENS
Objavljeno: 04.08.2017; Ogledov: 128; Prenosov: 47
.pdf Celotno besedilo (481,24 KB)
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95.
Fatigue crack initiation and propagation in lotus-type porous material
Srečko Glodež, Sašo Dervarič, Janez Kramberger, Matjaž Šraml, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The investigation of fatigue strength of lotus-type structure with nodular cast iron as a base material using computational model is analysed in present study. The irregular pores distribution in transversal and longitudinal direction, regarding the external loading, is considered in the computational models. The complete fatigue process of analyzed porous structure is then divided into the crack initiation (Ni) and crack propagation (Np) period where the total fatigue life (N) is defined as: N = Ni + Np. The crack initiation period is determined using strain life approach where elastic-plastic numerical analysis is performed to obtain the total strain amplitude in the critical stress fields around the pores. The simplified universal slope method is then used to determine the number of stress cycles, Ni, required for formation of initial cracks. The number of stress cycles, Np, required for crack propagation from initial to the critical crack length is also numerically determined using finite element (FE) models, in the frame of Abaqus computation FEM code. The maximum tensile stress (MTS) criterion is considered when analyzing the crack path inside the porous structure. The performed computational analyses show that stress concentrations around individual pores are higher when external loading is acting in transversal direction in respect to the pore distribution. Therefore, further computational analyses regarding crack initiation and crack propagation period have been done only for pores distribution in transversal direction.
Ključne besede: lotus-type porous structures, fatigue crack initiation, fatigue crack propagation, numerical analysis
Objavljeno: 02.08.2017; Ogledov: 222; Prenosov: 56
.pdf Celotno besedilo (4,75 MB)
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96.
Damage and failure modeling of lotus-type porous material subjected to low-cycle fatigue
Janez Kramberger, Klemen Sterkuš, Srečko Glodež, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The investigation of low-cycle fatigue behaviour of lotus-type porous material is presented in this paper. Porous materials exhibit some unique features which are useful for a number of various applications. This paper evaluates a numerical approach for determining of damage initiation and evolution of lotus-type porous material with computational simulations, where the considered computational models have different pore topology patterns. The low-cycle fatigue analysis was performed by using a damage evolution law. The damage state was calculated and updated based on the inelastic hysteresis energy for stabilized cycle. Degradation of the elastic stiffness was modelled using scalar damage variable. In order to examine crack propagation path finite elements with severe damage were deleted and removed from the mesh during simulation. The direct cyclic analysis capability in Abaqus/Standard was used for low-cycle fatigue analysis to obtain the stabilized response of a model subjected to the periodic loading. The computational results show a qualitative understanding of pores topology influence on low-cycle fatigue under transversal loading conditions in relation to pore orientation.
Ključne besede: porous materials, low-cycle fatigue, damage, finite element analysis
Objavljeno: 02.08.2017; Ogledov: 154; Prenosov: 64
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,32 MB)
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97.
Computational simulation of biaxial fatigue behaviour of lotus-type porous material
Janez Kramberger, Marko Šori, Matjaž Šraml, Srečko Glodež, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: A computational simulation of low-cycle fatigue behaviour of lotus-type porous material, subjected to biaxial in-phase loading cycles is presented in this paper. Fatigue properties of porous materials are less frequently published in the literature. This paper evaluates computational analyses, where different pore distribution and biaxial loading conditions in relation to the pore orientations is considered in each simulation. The fatigue analysis is performed by using a damage initiation and evolution law based on the inelastic strain energy. The computational results are subjected to the appropriate statistical analysis, because of different pore topology a different fatigue lives are obtained on the same loading level. Results of computational simulations show also a qualitative understanding of porosity influence on low-cycle fatigue failures of lotus-type porous material under biaxial loading conditions.
Ključne besede: Lotus-type porous material, low-cycle fatigue, damage, finite element analysis
Objavljeno: 02.08.2017; Ogledov: 160; Prenosov: 62
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,08 MB)
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98.
Influence of the temperature on the efficiency of cellulose treatment using copolymer chitosan-eugenol
Olivera Šauperl, Jasna Tompa, Julija Volmajer Valh, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In order to achieve effective antimicrobial protection of textile materials against microorganisms, a natural compound called chitosan has become very interesting. In regard to the antimicrobial protection of textile materials, functionalization with chitosan does not affect some other properties, such as anti-oxidative or any other action. For this reason, it seems appropriate for chitosan to be combined with any natural antimicrobial active compound, such as eugenol, an extract of clove oil. During this research viscose as a representative of cellulose fibers was used, because it can be functionalized relatively easily. In terms of functionalization, the drying temperature of viscose, after antimicrobial compound application onto substrate, as well as the successful synthesis of copolymer chitosan/eugenol is also important. FTIR spectroscopy was used to evaluate the efficiency of synthesizing a chitosan/eugenol graft copolymer. The spectrophotometric method Acid Orange 7 was chosen as a means for determining the proportion of available antimicrobial active amino groups. In addition, microbiological testing of selected pathogenic micro-organisms was also performed. The results were compared with the results for viscose functionalized by a 1% solution of chitosan.
Ključne besede: chitosan, eugenol, functionalization, viscose, FTIR spectroscopy, Acid orange 7, antimicrobial
Objavljeno: 02.08.2017; Ogledov: 176; Prenosov: 50
.pdf Celotno besedilo (233,00 KB)
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99.
Chemical binding of chitosan and chitosan nanoparticles onto oxidized cellulose
Olivera Šauperl, Mirjana Kostić, Jovana Milanovic, Lidija Fras Zemljič, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The aim of this study was to analyze binding of chitosan and chitosan nanoparticles onto cellulose via oxidized cellulose. The ability of chitosan and chitosan nanoparticles to be adsorbed onto surfaces was determined by the use of the XPS spectroscopy which provided information about chemical composition of the fiber surface. On the other hand, the gravimetric method was also used by which the amount of chitosan and chitosan nanoparticles bounded onto surface was calculated based on the difference in masses before and after functionalization. The most important was to study the influence of aldehyde groups on the stability of chitosan binding onto cellulose. Thus, desorption of chitosan/chitosan nanoparticles from the fiber surfaces was evaluated by the presence of total nitrogen (TN) in desorption bath as well as by polyelectrolyte titrations. Together with these two methods, desorption was evaluated also by gravimetric method, where the extent of desorption was evaluated on the basis of the differences in the masses of fibers before and after desorption. It is concluded that the chitosan and chitosan nanoparticles are more efficiently bounded onto oxidized cellulose in comparison with the non-oxidized (reference) ones. Despite the binding of the positively-charged amino groups with the negative groups of cellulose and consequently smaller amount of available/residual protonated amino groups that are responsible for bioactivity, such functionalized fibers are still specifically antimicrobial.
Ključne besede: cellulose, oxidized cellulose, oxidation, chitosan, chitosan nanoparticles, FTIR, XPS, antimicrobial functionalization
Objavljeno: 02.08.2017; Ogledov: 264; Prenosov: 84
.pdf Celotno besedilo (144,32 KB)
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100.
Experimental testing of single APM spheres
Matej Vesenjak, Lovre Krstulović-Opara, 2010, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: Advanced pore morphology (APM) foam, consisting of sphere-like metallic foam elements, proves to have advantageous mechanical properties and unique application adjustability. Since the APM foam manufacturing procedure has been developed recently, the mechanical characterization of these materials is still very limited. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to determine the behaviour of APM spheres and its composites when subjected to quasi-staticand dynamic compressive loading. The results of the performed research have shown valuable mechanical properties of the composite APM foam structures, offering new possibilities for their use in general engineering applications.
Ključne besede: advanced pore morphology, foam, composite APM foam structures
Objavljeno: 26.07.2017; Ogledov: 280; Prenosov: 50
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,61 MB)
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