Measuring public procurement for innovation on the country level and the role of ICT supportKristina Detelj
, Tanja Markovič-Hribernik
, Igor Pihir
, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Using of public procurement as a tool for promoting innovations has captured interest of many researchers in recent years. However, most of the research is focused on the impact of public procurement on the company's innovativeness. The article discusses the findings of the literature on this topic and proposes a model on how to transfer the concept from the company level to the level of the whole country. One of the biggest problems is unavailability of appropriate measures of this phenomenon, so the authors suggest that the concept of Public procurement for innovation can be approximated by participation of criterion of the most economically advantageous tender (MEAT). Implementation of this criterion in choosing the best offer can be supported and facilitated by using of ICT which can improve the efficiency of procurement process and enable more innovations.
Ključne besede: public procurement, innovation, most economically advantageous tender, MEAT, information and communication technology
Objavljeno: 03.08.2017; Ogledov: 116; Prenosov: 18
Celotno besedilo (868,61 KB)
Considering interactions among multiple criteria for the server selectionVesna Čančer
, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Decision-making about server selection is one of the multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) processes where interactions among criteria should be considered. The paper introduces and develops some solutions for considering interactions among criteria in the MCDM problems. In the frame procedure for MCDM by using the group of methods, based on assigning weights, special attention is given to the synthesis of the local alternatives' values into the aggregate values where the mutual preferential independence between two criteria is not assumed. Firstly, we delineate how to complete the additive model into the multiplicative one with synergic and redundancy elements in the case that criteria are structured in one level and in two levels. Furthermore, we adapted the concept of the fuzzy Choquet integral to the multi-attribute value theory. Studying and comparing the results of the example case of the server selection obtained by both aggregation approaches, the paper highlights the advantages of the first one since it does not require from decision makers to determine the weights of all possible combinations of the criteria and it enables the further use of the most preferred MCDM methods.
Ključne besede: interaction, multi-criteria decision-making, preferential dependence, server
Objavljeno: 03.08.2017; Ogledov: 112; Prenosov: 21
Celotno besedilo (1,00 MB)
Training in diversity managementSonja Treven
, Urška Treven
, 2007, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: The labor force all around the world is becoming increasingly diverse. Thus, organizations that can manage employee diversity effectively gain a competitive advantage. In such organizations diversity training is a necessity. Diversity training helps managers understand and value individual differences and develop strong diagnostic skills. The paper explores various approaches to training, like awareness-based and skill-based diversity training. A special attention to potential problems that may occur in the process of diversity training is given.
Ključne besede: diversity management, training, employment, competitiveness, human resources, management
Objavljeno: 26.07.2017; Ogledov: 222; Prenosov: 26
Celotno besedilo (304,67 KB)
The effect of the relationships between organisations and their suppliers on the implementation of purchasing marketing strategiesMatjaž Iršič
, 2005, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: The article deals with different factors determining relationships of large Slovenian organisations (with over 500 employees) with their strategic suppliers and their influence on the frequency of implementations of purchasing marketing strategies. The factors dealt with are: the quality of the relationship between the organisation and its strategic supplier (suppliers activities, attractiveness of supply for the organisation and the competitive position of the organisation on the supply market), bargaining power of the organisation with respect to the supplier (the organisation's risk orientation, its orientation towards cooperation and the size of its bargaining power) and the quantity of the relationship (the size of transactional assets). The research showed that large organisations in Slovenia are unlikely to develop such purchasing marketing strategies characteristic of the so-called "relationship marketing" with their strategic suppliers, with which they have long-term business relationship. The influence of measured factors on the frequency of the implementation of individual purchasing marketing strategies exists, with a stronger impact of factors with short-term effects on the organisation; hence the surveyed organisations are still more oriented towards reaching short-term efficiency instead of long-term success.
Ključne besede: acquisition, purchasing policy, suppliers, strategy, marketing strategy
Objavljeno: 26.07.2017; Ogledov: 217; Prenosov: 35
Celotno besedilo (293,60 KB)
The connection between culture and organizational behaviorSonja Treven
, 2005, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: The paper presents various approaches to studying cultures of different countries. The starting point is the Hofstede's dimensions of cultural values as well as Hall's approach to high- and low- context cultures and Trompenaars model of cultural differences. After that the interaction between culture and organizational behavior is discussed. A special attention to the impact of culture on motivation of employees, communication, conflict resolution and organizational changes is given.
Ključne besede: culture, corporate culture, company, organization, organizational culture, behavior, behaviorism, motivation, leadership, use of human capabilities
Objavljeno: 26.07.2017; Ogledov: 264; Prenosov: 22
Celotno besedilo (192,11 KB)
The trade deficit and banking sector results in Romania and BulgariaAlenka Kavkler
, Mejra Festić
, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: We tested for the significance of macroeconomic variables that condition non-performing loan ratios. Our estimates for Bulgaria and Romania support the hypothesis that the growth of available finance might harm banking performance and deteriorate NPL dynamics, most probably due to the overheatingof economies. Since we confirmed that the dynamics of net exports of these economies deteriorated the NPL ratio, the weakening of growth in export-oriented industries could lead to economic contraction with a direct impact on the sustainability of banking-sector results in these countries. Large current account deficits are typical for emerging markets and do not pose a problem as long as they are caused by the importing of capital goods, and, if future export growth is strong enough to reimburse foreign debt. Structural dependence on external financing - which is in part a by-product of the effect of low levels of internal saving - have led to large current account deficits and financial instability.
Ključne besede: cyclicality, non-performing loans, systemic risk, asset quality, economic growth
Objavljeno: 24.07.2017; Ogledov: 123; Prenosov: 29
Celotno besedilo (311,73 KB)
Suggestion of legal regulation of tax advisory services to ensure its higher qualityStanko Čokelc
, Žan Oplotnik
, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Article analyses the suitability of the legal regulation model of tax advisory services in relation to their higher quality. A comparative preview of (non)regulation of tax advisory services in selected EU states is being discussed and several regulative models for Slovenia developed based on comparison. With empirical results from (i) different groups of professional tax advisory service providers and (ii) tax advisory service clients we try to identify elements of tax advisory services quality and risks. Based on the results new model of regulation of the profession and the level of regulation, suitable within EU law frame, has been suggested. The key finding is that higher level of regulation would improve the quality of tax advisory services, which is not only important for clients of services, but also in the public interest, as it increases confidence in tax returns and financial statements prepared by tax advisors.
Ključne besede: quality of services, regulated professions, tax advisory services, taxing and financing, tax
Objavljeno: 24.07.2017; Ogledov: 258; Prenosov: 20
Celotno besedilo (1,23 MB)
The role of small-sided games in modern soccer and the issue of their holismMiloš Tul
, Zdenko Verdenik
, Matija Maršič
, Matjaž Mulej
, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: In the modern soccer, small-sided games (SSG) present a significant proportion of the whole training process. SSG are introduced regularly and with different emphases, depending on the players' basic technical skills and on the training objectives, but also according to different (sports) cultural contexts. SSG immersed into the wider soccer area at different speeds and with different emphases, often with rather modified designs. Due to their extraordinary adaptability and efficiency, SSG as a working method have undergone a great expansion. Their design and (possible) versatility are explained in this paper from a somewhat unusual perspective of the systemic theories as the theories of achieving the greatest possible holism of our reflections and actions. In the foreground of this paper there is the question of SSG integrity (as the prevailing practical methods of work in modern football practice), through the analysis of the conditions required in order to classify the use and further development of SSG in practice as an innovation, taking into account the laws of requisite holism and innovation.
Ključne besede: soccer, small-sided games, requisite holism, innovation, innovative working, systemic theories
Objavljeno: 21.07.2017; Ogledov: 267; Prenosov: 25
Celotno besedilo (519,34 KB)
The multiple critera assessment of social responsibility in organizationsVesna Čančer
, Simona Šarotar Žižek
, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci
Opis: The assessment of social responsibility (SR) in organizations requires a hierarchy of requisitely holistic factors and indicators. This paper introduces the development of measuring instrument for this multidimensional problem. Differently from using factor analysis based on principal component analysis extraction method, it presents the use of exploratory factor analysis (EFA) to develop the multiple criteria model for the assessment of SR. It also discusses several approaches for the weights determination: because considering factor loadings of the indicators obtained via EFA does not tend to differentiate between the levels of importance, the SMARTER method based on ordinal scale was used in criteria weighting. It proposes the solutions for measuring local alternatives’ values with respect to indicators by using value functions. Application possibilities of the results of the multiple criteria assessment of SR are illustrated and discussed via a real-life case of organizations in Slovenia.
Ključne besede: exploratory factor analysis, multiple criteria model, social responsibility, weighting
Objavljeno: 21.07.2017; Ogledov: 151; Prenosov: 25
Celotno besedilo (689,92 KB)
Re-examination of the purchasing power parity in Central and Eastern European economiesAhmad Zubaidi Baharumshah
, Jani Bekõ
, Darja Boršič
, 2011, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci
Opis: The empirical record on PPP tests for transition economies is far from being so opulent as it is for the developed market economies. This paper attempts to fill this gap by scrutinizing the theory of PPP on a sample of Central and Eastern European economies. The paper has two main advances with respect to previous PPP studies. First, it employs a monthly data base on real exchange rates for a panel of 12 Central and Eastern European economies by testing the theory separately with respect to US dollar and with respect to Euro. Second, we utilise a panel unit root test that involves the estimation of the ADF regression in a SUR framework. Since our study found support for the validity of PPP in some reforming European economies, special attention should be devoted to individual country-specific factors that cause PPP deviations.
Ključne besede: purchasing power parity, real exchange rates, stationarity test, exchange rate, currency, exchange rates, macroeconomics, parity, purchasing power of money, purchasing power
Objavljeno: 21.07.2017; Ogledov: 159; Prenosov: 19
Celotno besedilo (256,38 KB)