The impact of selected individual and external factors on the occurrence of severe injuriesPolona Tominc
, Urban Šebjan
, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the understanding of the importance of different determinants and their impact on the severity of injuries of individuals in road traffic accidents, so that measures that are supposed to prevent or reduce severe injury consequences can be developed. In this paper three research models have been built. Model I was built to study the impact of demographic factors (gender and age) on the individual’s likelihood to wear a seat-belt while Model II to study the impact of demographic factors (gender and age) and the impact of wearing a seat belt on the likelihood that fatal injuries of individuals in road traffic accidents occur. Model III was formed to study the impact of several environmental factors on the likelihood that the accident involves severe or fatal injuries of road traffic accident participants. Altogether our study revealed that middle-aged individuals (over 25 years and up to 65 years old) are less likely to wear a seatbelt and at the same time more likely to suffer fatal injuries in road traffic accidents. This is the result that implies that the targeted policy measures to the population between 25 and 65 years of age are needed to reduce the fatal injuries occurrence in Slovenia.
Ključne besede: road traffic accidents, seat belt, behavioural determinants, binomial logistic regression
Objavljeno: 06.06.2017; Ogledov: 16; Prenosov: 1
Polno besedilo (274,67 KB)
Relationship between logistics service's perceived value and outsourcing of logistics activitiesKlavdij Logožar
, Bruno Završnik
, Damjana Jerman
, 2006, kratki znanstveni prispevek
Opis: Outsourcing has become increasingly popular in recent years, and is often quoted as a means of coping with rapid changes in technology and in the business environment. The scope of third-party logistics may range from a relatively limited combination of activities (e.g. transportation and warehousing) to a comprehensive set of logistics services. The authors first define the reasons for outsourcing with the emphasis on business logistics. They particularly point out the motivations for logistics outsourcing, the possibilities of logistics outsourcing, and they present the process of outsourcing partner selection as well. Finally they analyze the specific issues of logistics service's perceived value in outsourcing logistics activities on the basis of the survey carried out in Slovenian companies. The purpose of the survey was to measure the customers' perception of different characteristics of logistics provider which can be decisive when manufacturing firms are trying to make a decision whether to outsource and which logistics provider to select. The paper creates a framework for selection of the important and perceived characteristics of logistics provider relevant to customer in the process of the logistics supplier selection.
Ključne besede: logistics, logistics services, outsourcing, perceived value
Objavljeno: 05.06.2017; Ogledov: 22; Prenosov: 0
Polno besedilo (4,65 MB)
Outsourcing of transport and logistics servicesAnton Ogorelc
, 2007, pregledni znanstveni članek
Opis: The author presents the results of the research in five parts, which are interconnected. After the introduction, in part two, entitled A Framework for Logistics Outsourcing Decisions, theoretical characteristics of outsourcing are presented. Part three, Core Competences and Outsourcing, describes the logistics competences. Part 4, Transport and Logistics Outsourcing in Europe, discusses the trends in logistics development and outsourcing. The paper will assist managers responsible for the development of logistics strategies. The paper offers a unique buyer-supplier partnership framework by proposing that the logistics outsourcing will increase the competitive advantage of manufacturing firms.
Ključne besede: logistics outsourcing, logistics providers (TPL providers), core competences, transport and logistics outsourcing in Europe
Objavljeno: 05.06.2017; Ogledov: 15; Prenosov: 0
Polno besedilo (4,39 MB)
Outsourcing of logistics activities in manufacturing industryAnton Ogorelc
, Klavdij Logožar
, 2001, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: The external supply of logistics services is part of a trend toward outsourcing non-core logistics activities. The scope of third-party logistics may range from a relatively limited combination of activities (e.g. transportation and warehousing) to a comprehensive set of logistics services. The authors first discuss the characteristics of business logistics in manufactoring industry, to be taken into account in logistics outsourcing. They particularly point out the motivations for logistics outsourcing, the possibilities of outsourcing, as well as supplier selection. Finally they analyze the outsourcing in the reverse logistics.
Ključne besede: outsourcing, logistic services, business logistics, supplier selection, reverse logistics
Objavljeno: 05.06.2017; Ogledov: 13; Prenosov: 0
Polno besedilo (3,49 MB)
Model for optimal project portfolio for the construction of railway infrastructure on corridors V and XAnton Hauc
, Majda Bastič
, Lidia Jurše
, Mirko Pšunder
, 2010, kratki znanstveni prispevek
Opis: The construction of railway infrastructure should be dealt with as a national strategic developmental programme, which due to technical, geographical, logistical, and other requirements is carried out through a number of projects and represents a complex multiple project operation for investors, contractors, and other influential players. The national strategic developmental programme for the construction of the railway infrastructure is connected through programmes in neighbouring countries and EU member states to Trans-European Networks (TEN) that strategically regulate construction within the community. In the Republic of Slovenia, the construction of railway infrastructure within TEN programmes is carried out on the pan-European traffic corridors V and X within individual projects for the construction of sections and a number of supporting projects. Technical requirements, deadlines, and other TEN requirements as well as national strategic requirements and financial possibilities of the state represent basic criteria that should be taken into consideration in setting up a strategic project plan, with optimal project classification achieved through the implementation project portfolio. The current article utilised the method of multiple-criteria decision analysis to prepare the portfolio, taking into account macroeconomic and infrastructural criteria. Consequently, the results represent the basis for the preparation of an optimal financial plan with regard to financing possibilities of the Republic of Slovenia and the European Union. The article also summarised the research results regarding the formation of the project implementation process of the TEN-T network construction in the Republic of Slovenia.
Ključne besede: national strategic development, railway infrastructure construction, railway corridors V and X, project portfolio, multiple-criteria decision analysis, Republic of Slovenia
Objavljeno: 05.06.2017; Ogledov: 18; Prenosov: 0
Polno besedilo (322,18 KB)
Impact of the new road traffic safety law on the number of road accidents in SloveniaPolona Tominc
, pregledni znanstveni članek
Opis: This paper studies the number of traffic accidents (TAs) in which people were killed or/and seriously injured over the period from January 1996 to October 2000 in Slovenia. The aim of this work is to ascertain if the reduction in the increase of the number of TAs after 1 May 1998, when the new road traffic safety law (RTSL) was adopted, is statistically significant. Assuming that the time series analysed contains also a seasonal component, we found out that the new RTSL had a very positive impact on the number of TAs, especially in the first year (approximately) after adoption. After this period the average increase of the number of TAs rose again, but not as high as before the adoption of the RTSL.
Objavljeno: 02.06.2017; Ogledov: 28; Prenosov: 0
Polno besedilo (2,78 MB)
Impact of disturbing factors on cooperation in logistics outsourcing performanceAndreja Križman
, Anton Ogorelc
, 2010, pregledni znanstveni članek
Opis: The purpose of this paper is to present the research results of a study conducted in the Slovene logistics market of conflicts and opportunism as disturbing factors while examining their impact on cooperation in logistics outsourcing performance. Relationship variables are proposed that directly or indirectly affect logistics performance and conceptualize the hypotheses based on causal linkages for the constructs. On the basis of extant literature and new argumentations that are derived from in-depth interviews of logistics experts, including providers and customers, the measurement and structural models are empirically analyzed. Existing measurement scales for the constructs are slightly modified for this analysis. Purification testing and measurement for validity and reliability are performed. Multivariate statistical methods are utilized and hypotheses are tested. The results show that conflicts have a significantly negative impact on cooperation between customers and logistics service providers (LSPs), while opportunism does not play an important role in these relationships. The observed antecedents of logistics outsourcing performance in the model account for 58.4% of the variance of the goal achievement and 36.5% of the variance of the exceeded goal.
Ključne besede: logistics outsourcing performance, logistics customer–provider relationships, conflicts and cooperation in logistics out- sourcing, PLS path modelling
Objavljeno: 02.06.2017; Ogledov: 28; Prenosov: 0
Polno besedilo (676,90 KB)
Estimation of demand functions for services of public railway passenger transportationJani Bekõ
, 2004, kratki znanstveni prispevek
Opis: The paper deals with the estimation of demand functions for services of publicrailway passenger transportation in the case of Slovenia. Six demand functions were selected and separately interpreted. The aggregate values of demand elasticities reported in this paper suggest that the railway passenger demand is price and income inelastic. Coefficients of income elasticity below unity show that the services of railway passenger transportation in Slovenia can be classified among normal goods. A hypothetical increase in average real fares leads to a percentage decrease in the number of passengers traveling by rail that is smaller than the percentage increase in fares. The estimated price elasticities imply that, in the short run, there is potential for improving revenues of the railway operator by increasing average real fares.
Ključne besede: price elasticity of demand, income elasticity of demand, price policy
Objavljeno: 02.06.2017; Ogledov: 44; Prenosov: 0
Polno besedilo (4,24 MB)
Activity-based management of logistic costs in a manufacturing companyJulijana Krajnc
, Klavdij Logožar
, Bojana Korošec
, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Both the transparent reporting of logistics costs and the related accounting of their cost drivers present a significant factor for the successful management of material flows and the related logistics activities in production companies. These costs, which are mainly reported as part of overhead (indirect) costs in such companies, usually remain hidden or are not explicitly visible when the traditional method of accounting is applied. The aim of this research is to create a model of activity-based accounting of logistics costs in a production company, and to test its efficiency in the disclosure of logistics costs compared with traditional cost accounting. The application of the model in a production company shows that an activity based approach discloses as much as 108% more logistics costs at the level of a group of products than the traditional cost accounting approach. Further, detailed information on logistics costs obtained in this way enables their more efficient management.
Ključne besede: logistic costs, activity-based costing, cost allocation, cost visibility, cost management
Objavljeno: 31.05.2017; Ogledov: 47; Prenosov: 0
Polno besedilo (449,77 KB)
Študenti ekonomije in poslovnih ved kot ciljni uporabniki dvojezičnih (strokovnih) slovarjevAlenka Plos
, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Brez dvoma je slovar pomemben delovni pripomoček za učenca tujega jezika. Z uporabo učnega slovarja lahko uporabnik razširi svoje tujejezične kompetence, vključno s komunikativno kot tudi multikulturno komponento, ki sta v današnjem globaliziranem okolju še kako pomembni. Večina dvojezičnih strokovnih slovarjev je zasnovana kot pripomoček strokovnjakom, ki se ukvarjajo z isto stroko, govorijo pa različne materne jezike in zato so ponavadi zasnovani kot glosarji z navedbo iztočnice v izhodiščnem jeziku in ekvivalenti v ciljnem jeziku. Študentom pa slovarji, ki so narejeni za strokovnjake, ne morejo veliko pomagati, ker jim same navedbe ekvivalentov ne ponudijo širših informacij, ki jih študenti kot začetniki na strokovnem področju potrebujejo, da bi lahko uspešno kodirali ali dekodirali strokovno besedilo v tujem jeziku. Njihova strokovna terminologija je v nastajanju, tako v maternem kot tudi v tujem jeziku. Zato jim dvojezični strokovni slovarji glede na njihovo učno situacijo morajo ponuditi več, od spremljevalnih besedil do slovarskih sestavkov z bogatejšo in dobro strukturirano mikrostrukturo.
Ključne besede: strokovna leksikografija, učni slovarji, dvojezični slovarji, strokovni jezik
Objavljeno: 18.05.2017; Ogledov: 28; Prenosov: 0
Polno besedilo (219,59 KB)