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Understanding management concepts through development of their tool box
Marek Ćwiklicki, 2016, review article

Abstract: This paper offers an alternative approach to defining the management concept. The proposed methodology relies on the identification of tools supporting the given concept. The author assumed that the identification of tools’ evolution gives clearer insights into circumstances of constant development of—by its nature—a more general concept. The tools’ classification resembles a phylogenic tree and is based on the idea of an affinity diagram. To provide the proof for such reasoning, the total quality management (TQM) concept was chosen. This proposition can be useful for better understanding origins and the development of management thought. It clarifies relationships among methods constituting frameworks of quality management.
Keywords: management concept, evolution, tools, total quality management
Published: 14.11.2017; Views: 7; Downloads: 0
.pdf Full text (522,51 KB)

Training on sustainable use of water in the processing industry
Melita Moretti, Mirko Markič, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: The aim of this article is to present research results on the influence of factors of sustainable water use training (management support of training, co-worker support of training, incentives for using skills acquired during training) and the influence of this training on technical efficiency and employee efficiency. The article is based on an empirical study of 328 medium and large companies in the Slovene processing industry. The findings show that the training factors have a statistically significant and positive effect on sustainable water use training and that training has a positive effect on technical efficiency. They also offer new theoretical knowledge as well as practical guidelines for anyone working in the sustainable development management of natural resources.
Keywords: Management, water, processing industry, research, sustainable development, training
Published: 14.11.2017; Views: 7; Downloads: 0
.pdf Full text (329,27 KB)

The role of the process organizational structure in the development of intrapreneurship in large companies
Adisa Delić, Sabina Đonlagić Alibegović, Mersiha Mešanović, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: Modern companies’ business environments have become increasingly complex, dynamic, and uncertain as a consequence of globalization and the rapid development of information communications technology. Companies are urged to increase their flexibility in order to keep their competitiveness in the global market. The affirmation of intrapreneurship becomes one of the basic ways for achieving higher adaptability and competitiveness of large companies in the modern business environment. In this context, the choice of an organizational solution that improves the development of entrepreneurial orientation and increases employee entrepreneurship and innovativeness becomes an important task for large companies. Research studies and business practices have indicated that various types of modern organizational forms enable the development of intrapreneurship. Therefore, the main aim of this paper is to identify dominant characteristics of organizational solutions and analyse their influence on the development of intrapreneurship in large companies in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH). The research results indicate that current organizational characteristics are not favourable for the development of intrapreneurship in large BiH companies and that improvement is necessary in order to create an enabling environment for intrapreneurship and innovativeness. Based on these findings, recommendations for appropriate organizational changes are presented that might result in a more intensive development of intrapreneurship in large BiH companies.
Keywords: Intrapreneurship, organizational structure, process organizational structure, large companies, Bosnia and Herzegovina Federation
Published: 14.11.2017; Views: 9; Downloads: 0
.pdf Full text (279,11 KB)

The influence of one's own database on the accuracy of forecasting future movements of investment portfolio value
Vesna Trančar, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: The main purpose of this article is to present the test results of the hypothesis that the use of one’s own (and foreign) database (used by investment portfolio managers to create indicators of individual stock analyses) has an effect on the accuracy of forecasting future movements of investment portfolio value. In addition to the use of different indicators and methods of stock analysis, the creation of an optimal investment portfolio requires assessment of the suitability and adequacy of the database used in investment portfolio managers′ decisionmaking process; in other words, it is necessary to determine which stocks are to be included in the specific investment portfolio and which are not. The problem of the selection and use of different databases is linked to the question of determining the importance of numerous relevant elements when creating an optimal investment portfolio.
Keywords: database, investment portfolio, investment portfolio managers, stocks
Published: 14.11.2017; Views: 7; Downloads: 0
.pdf Full text (262,91 KB)

The effect of the combination of different methods of stock analysis on portfolio performance
Vesna Trančar, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: The literature that examines the stock analysis is often faced with the same questions: Which stock analyses should be chosen and which indicators of individual stock analyses give the best information on whether a particular stock should be included in the portfolio? How many indicators and which combination of indicators should you choose to forecast future stock prices as accurately as possible? Can investors use stock analyses to create such a portfolio to meet the investment expectations? The main purpose of this article is to use theoretical methodology to determine whether the use of a combination of indicators from different stock analyses has a positive impact on the profitability of the portfolio.
Keywords: portfolio, stock analysis, portfolio manager, indicators, investment decisions, stock prices
Published: 14.11.2017; Views: 7; Downloads: 0
.pdf Full text (1,50 MB)

The analysis of barriers in succession processes of family business with the use of grey incidence analysis (Polish Perspective)
Ewa Więcek-Janka, Rafał Mierzwiak, Joanna Kijewska, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: The article presents results of research on the identification and evaluation of barriers faced by successors in family businesses during the first process of succession. The analysis of empirical material used grey systems theory, which was considered as an equivalent for the analysis of small samples and qualitative research. While conducting the literature review and empirical study, the authors concentrated on (a) the identification of barriers in the development of family firms and (b) eliciting the perspective of the new generation of owners in family firms entering the succession process through an empirical analysis of the assessed level of risk in relationships with family and business.
Keywords: family business, company performance, business efficiency, leadership, ownership, family, risk, research, grey incidence analysis, grey system theory
Published: 14.11.2017; Views: 7; Downloads: 0
.pdf Full text (695,38 KB)

Testing the performance of cubic splines and Nelson-Siegel model for estimating the zero-coupon yield curve
Eva Lorenčič, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: Understanding the relationship between interest rates and term to maturity of securities is a prerequisite for developing financial theory and evaluating whether it holds up in the real world; therefore, such an understanding lies at the heart of monetary and financial economics. Accurately fitting the term structure of interest rates is the backbone of a smoothly functioning financial market, which is why the testing of various models for estimating and predicting the term structure of interest rates is an important topic in finance that has received considerable attention for many decades. In this paper, we empirically contrast the performance of cubic splines and the Nelson-Siegel model by estimating the zero-coupon yields of Austrian government bonds. The main conclusion that can be drawn from the results of the calculations is that the Nelson-Siegel model outperforms cubic splines at the short end of the yield curve (up to 2 years), whereas for medium-term maturities (2 to 10 years) the fitting performance of both models is comparable.
Keywords: Cubic splines, Nelson-Siegel, yield curve, zero-coupon bonds, term structure of interest rates
Published: 14.11.2017; Views: 6; Downloads: 0
.pdf Full text (751,46 KB)

Tax policy and income inequality in the Visegrad countries
Anna Moździerz, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: The financialisation of economies is believed to be the primary cause of the increase in income inequality in the world, occurring on a scale unseen for more than 30 years. One can hypothesise that it is the state that is responsible for the widening inequality, as the state has not sufficiently used the redistributive function of taxation. The purpose of this paper is to study the impact of tax policy on income inequality in Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary. These so-called Visegrad countries have, in the last several years, carried out some controversial experiments with tax policy, specifically in terms of the flattening of tax progressivity or its replacement with a flat tax, which led to the weakening of the income adjustment mechanism. The imbalance between income tax and consumption tax has contributed to perpetuating income inequality. The verification of tax systems carried out during the recent financial crisis has forced the countries included in this research to implement tax reforms. The introduced changes caused various fiscal and redistributive effects. Analyses show that the changes in income taxation and an increase in the consumption tax rate had the most negative impact on the income and asset situation in Hungary.
Keywords: tax, tax policy, income inequality, Gini coefficient
Published: 14.11.2017; Views: 7; Downloads: 0
.pdf Full text (254,54 KB)

State aid for the coal sector in the European Union
Piotr Podsiadło, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: This article presents the evolution of the conditions of state aid admissibility to the coal industry, starting with legal regulations within the European Coal and Steel Community, the European Community, and now the European Union. The thesis was formulated that, in connection with the expiry on 31 December 2010 of Council regulation No. 1407/2002, on the basis of which the European Commission allowed aid for the national mining industry in different member states in the period before the onset of the financial and economic crisis, the immediate cause of introduction of the next regulation for mining state aid in the form of Council Decision 2010/787/EU on state aid to facilitate the closure of uncompetitive coal mines was the increasing intensity of the aid for the mining industry in recent years.
Keywords: financial and economic crisis, state aid, coal mining sector, legal regulations, the European Union
Published: 14.11.2017; Views: 7; Downloads: 0
.pdf Full text (297,71 KB)

Safeguarding creditors in the course of simplified reduction of subscribed capital
Gregor Drnovšek, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: The central characteristics of simplified subscribed capital reduction are its very narrow purpose, and a weakened regime of safeguarding of creditors. The main and, frankly, only purpose of the institution is recovery. It is namely most difficult to expect from a distressed company undergoing simplified subscribed capital reduction, which is first and foremost intended for recovery, to safeguard its creditors in the same extent as in the case of ordinary reduction of subscribed capital. The article provides an analysis of the intent and purpose of simplified subscribed capital reduction and the regulations governing the safeguarding of creditors. Using a descriptive method, subject matter analysis, and comparative legal analysis of the issue, the article elaborates on why regulations governing the safeguarding of creditors are too weak with regard to the effects brought forth by this type of subscribed capital reduction and proposes appropriate supplementation and amendments to applicable legislation.
Keywords: simplified subscribed capital reduction, safeguarding of creditors, capital inadequacy, payment ban, tied assets
Published: 14.11.2017; Views: 8; Downloads: 0
.pdf Full text (274,82 KB)

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