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Protecting Childrenʹs Rights in Civil, Criminal and International Law - under a Touch of Digitalization

Opis: The publication focuses on the crucial topics of protecting children's rights in civil, criminal, and international law. In today's rapidly evolving digital landscape, ensuring the well-being and rights of children has become more complex yet paramount. This comprehensive exploration delves into the multifaceted legal frameworks and challenges surrounding children's rights in various legal domains. From issues of custody and education to juvenile justice and international treaties, this book offers insights into the evolving landscape of child protection laws. With a keen focus on navigating the digital age's influence on children's rights, this publication serves as a valuable resource for legal professionals, policymakers, educators, and advocates dedicated to safeguarding the rights and welfare of children.
Ključne besede: otrokove pravice, nacionalna in mednarodna pravna izhodšča, družinska razmerja, ukrepi za varstvo otrokovih pravic, varnostni sistemi, digitalno okolje
Objavljeno v DKUM: 24.04.2024; Ogledov: 84; Prenosov: 4
.pdf Celotno besedilo (4,75 MB)
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Professional qualifications recognition of doctors in the EU : a perspective of EU citizens and third-country nationals
Živa Šuta, Karmen Pišek Šuta, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This article explores the applicable rules in the context of professional qualifications recognition of doctors in the EU. In the pursuit of this examination, it focuses on two groups of individuals, namely EU citizens and third-country nationals, and differentiates between qualifications obtained in the EU and qualifications obtained outside EU. While EU citizens are generally free to pursue their medical profession in any EU Member State, third-country nationals experience difficulties in the recognition of their professional qualifications as they fall outside the scope of specific rules on professional qualifications recognition and do not enjoy free movement rights. The assessment of the applicable rules is followed by a conclusion that the EU citizens are protected under the EU legal framework for the recognition of professional qualifications, however, the legal framework for the recognition of foreign professional qualifications is still absent and depends largely upon general rules applicable to third-country nationals willing to settle and work in the EU.
Ključne besede: professional qualifications, mutual recognition, freedom of establishment, brain waste, doctors
Objavljeno v DKUM: 19.04.2024; Ogledov: 102; Prenosov: 5
.pdf Celotno besedilo (464,32 KB)
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Climate change-related displacement and the determination of refugee status under the 1951 Refugee Convention
Elijah Sriroshan Sritharan, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Climate change and climate-driven migration are two of the defining challenges of the twenty-first century, and there is no legal framework for protecting those displaced across national borders for climate-related reasons. The 1951 Refugee Convention hardly applies to human mobility in the context of climate change. This paper was written in the hopes of initiating a discussion concerning an alternative perspective through which persons fleeing natural disasters linked to climate change may satisfy the eligibility conditions for recognition of refugee status. Expanding the definition of refugee as defined in the Convention by including the notion of vulnerability to climate disasters that are caused by the underlying socio-economic conditions in the claimant’s home country and the role of discrimination in causing differential exposure to the climate-related disasters in legal definitions might open the door for the availability of refugee status for persons fleeing in the context of climate change. This paper proposes the adoption of a reformed human rights-based interpretation, particularly with regard to the individual nature of refugee status determination. Recalibrating the Convention to facilitate climate-induced migration could reduce political tension and social unrest in receiving countries.
Ključne besede: climate change, climate-driven migration or displacement, climate migrants, climate refugees, determination of refugee status, the 1951 refugee convention, human rights-based approach, socio-economic conditions, vulnerability to climate disasters, the role of discrimination, rights-based climate litigation
Objavljeno v DKUM: 19.04.2024; Ogledov: 51; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (476,43 KB)
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The right to a fair trial of legal persons throughout the case law of the ECHR and the CJEU
Mariia Sokolova, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The ambition of this article is an analysis of the right to a fair trial of legal entities through the prism of the jurisprudence of the ECtHR and the CJEU. Despite the factual admission of the right to a fair trial to companies in the case law of the Courts, the absence of a strong theoretical foundation and persuasive explanation in their judgments raises ambiguity as to the ECtHR and the CJEU positions in that regard. In that context, the article examines landmark cases of both Courts and relevant doctrinal considerations concerning the application of guarantees provided by the right to a fair trial to legal persons. The ECtHR case law is considered inconsistent and the Strasbourg court, it appears, tries to avoid any far-reaching conclusions. The CJEU in its case law, due to the inherent focus of EU law on economic values, interprets the right to a fair trial of companies broadly, and sometimes, broader than it is needed. It is concluded that the issue requires more attention from both the Courts and legal scholars, in the view of serious consequences the ignorance and unfounded admission of any fundamental right could entail to the society and economy.
Ključne besede: the right to a fair trial, the right to an effective legal remedy, legal persons, companies, fundamental rights of companies, ECHR, Charter of Fundamental Rights
Objavljeno v DKUM: 18.04.2024; Ogledov: 71; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Celotno besedilo (426,22 KB)
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The essential facilities doctrine, intellectual property rights, and access to big data
Rok Dacar, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper analyzes the criteria for applying the essential facilities doctrine to intellectual property rights and the possibility of applying it in cases where Big Data is the alleged essential facility. It aims to answer the research question: ‘‘What are the specifics of the intellectual property criteria in essential facilities cases and are these criteria applicable to Big Data?’’ It points to the semantic openness of the ‘‘new product’’ and ‘‘technical progress’’ conditions that have been developed for assessing whether an intellectual property right constitutes an essential facility. The paper argues that the intellectual property criteria are not applicable in all access to Big Data cases because Big Data is not necessarily protected by copyright. While a set of Big Data could be protected by copyright if certain conditions are met, even in such cases the lack of intrinsic value of Big Data significantly limits the applicability of the intellectual property criteria.
Ključne besede: essential facilities doctrine, intellectual property rights, big data, new product condition, technical progress condition
Objavljeno v DKUM: 11.04.2024; Ogledov: 82; Prenosov: 8
.pdf Celotno besedilo (318,47 KB)
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Privacy and data protection concerns in the regulatory framework of Slovenian energy law
Zoran Dimović, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The implementation of smart energy systems (SES) in the Slovenian energy sector has raised significant privacy and data protection concerns. The collection and processing of personal data from energy consumers, as well as cybersecurity threats, pose risks that must be addressed. The legal framework governing privacy and data protection in the energy field in Slovenia is based on the GDPR, ZOEE, ZVPot-1, ZVOP-2 and others, which impose significant obligations on entities processing personal data. To mitigate these risks, exact terminology must be used to implement privacy, data protection and also cybersecurity measures and ensure compliance with the legal framework.
Ključne besede: cybersecurity, data protection, energy law, green and digital transformation, privacy protection
Objavljeno v DKUM: 20.02.2024; Ogledov: 178; Prenosov: 8
.pdf Celotno besedilo (456,29 KB)
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Študijsko gradivo pri predmetu Pravni sistem in institucije EU : zbirka vaj
Janja Hojnik, Živa Šuta, Petra Weingerl, 2024, učbenik za višje in visoke šole

Opis: Zbirka vaj je namenjena študentom prve stopnje bolonjskega študija prava pri predmetu Pravni sistem in institucije EU na Pravni fakulteti v Mariboru, ki se prvič srečajo s študijem prava EU. Snov se v zbirki prične obravnavati s pregledom zgodovinskega razvoja EU in njenega prava ter nadaljuje s poudarkom na delu institucij EU, pri čemer poglavja sledijo teku akta EU, od vprašanja pristojnosti (institucij) EU za sprejem akta in institucionalne zgradbe EU do zakonodajnih oz. nezakonodajnih postopkov ter pravnega učinkovanja tega akta. Sledijo še naloge v zvezi z uveljavljanjem prava EU pred Sodiščem EU in nacionalnimi sodišči in v zvezi z Listino EU o temeljnih pravicah. Poglavje na koncu gradiva je namenjeno izbranim vprašanjem prava EU, in sicer vladavini prava EU in zunanjemu delovanju EU. Znanje se v gradivu preverja s pomočjo teoretičnih vprašanj, iztočnic za diskusijo in praktičnih primerov.
Ključne besede: pravo EU, institucije EU, temeljna načela, sodni sistem, temeljne pravice, vladavina prava, zunanje delovanje EU
Objavljeno v DKUM: 15.02.2024; Ogledov: 346; Prenosov: 51
.pdf Celotno besedilo (6,66 MB)
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Regulatory Aspects of Servitisation : Study Materials for Global Law Course
Janja Hojnik, 2024

Opis: This course material was prepared as a support for a lectures series under Global Law Programme organised by the Catholic University Leuven (Belgium), Faculty of Law and Criminology. The course dealt with EU regulatory challenges arising from the servitisation of manufacturing and the related sustainability and digitalisation process in the EU economy. Servitisation is a complex interdisciplinary concept that essentially stands for bringing together products and services. Servitization as an economic megatrend reflects consumers’ oriented business models, offering not just products to the buyers, but solutions to their problems. This solution offering is enhanced by digitalisation of the economy that makes the relationship between product-service providers and their customers easier to maintain due to various mechanisms of distant communication and monitoring. Moreover, servitisation is at the centre of the endeavours to establish a more sustainable circular economy. Adding services to products can prolong their consumption time, decrease the amount of materials needed for certain effect and improve waste management. Increasingly, however, it is clear that servitisation is not just related to environmental sustainability, but social as well. These services often require people to be performed and digital applications tend to decrease their rights as workers to the benefit of the owners of these applications.
Ključne besede: servitisation, digitalisation, circular economy, sharing economy, platforms, extended producer's responsibility, ecodesign, consumer protection, EU
Objavljeno v DKUM: 01.02.2024; Ogledov: 248; Prenosov: 11
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,04 MB)
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Studia Iuridica Miscellanea MMXXI

Opis: Monografija predstavlja kompilacijo znanstvenih del visokošolskih učiteljev, sodelavcev in doktorskih študentov s Pravne fakultete Univerze v Mariboru. Namen monografije je predstaviti tekočo znanstveno-raziskovalno dejasvnost in aktualne (delne ali končne) izsledke znanstveno-raziskovalne dejavnosti. Prispevki obravnavajo številna raznolika pravna področja, vsem pa je skupno, da nudijo izvirne zaključke, ki lahko pomembno botrujejo nadaljnjemu razvoju pravne doktrine v Sloveniji in širše.
Ključne besede: pravne študije, pravoznanstvo, pravna teorija, civilno pravo, pravo EU, procesno pravo, kazensko pravo, upravno pravo
Objavljeno v DKUM: 16.01.2024; Ogledov: 252; Prenosov: 30
.pdf Celotno besedilo (13,12 MB)
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Temeljne pravice in izzivi digitalizacije : od pravne ureditve do prakse

Opis: Bliskovit razvoj digitalizacije vpliva na vsa področja našega življenja. Na ravni EU se v zadnjih letih že odvija široka etična in pravna razprava o umetni inteligenci, robotiki stvari, močnih komunikacijskih omrežjih in primernem regulativnem okvirju, ki mora spoštovati tudi temeljne pravice. O tem so leta 2020 v sklopu Študentskega inovativnega projekta za družbeno korist (ŠIPK) raziskovali na Pravni fakulteti UM skupaj s sodelovanjem partnerja iz negospodarstva, Zavoda PIP, in osmih študentov iz štirih fakultet Univerze v Mariboru, in sicer Pravne fakultete, Ekonomsko-poslovne fakultete, Fakultete za elektrotehniko, računalništvo in informatiko in Filozofske fakultete. Namen projekta in pričujoče monografije je ozaveščati vse družbene deležnike o vplivu digitalizacije na družbena razmerja in pripraviti podlago za smernice za bodoče urejanje digitalizacije.
Ključne besede: digitalizacija, umetna inteligenca, etične dileme, pravna država, diskriminacija, varstvo zasebnosti
Objavljeno v DKUM: 19.12.2023; Ogledov: 355; Prenosov: 73
.pdf Celotno besedilo (6,29 MB)
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