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Effect of backfat loss during lactation on weaning-to-oestrus interval of sows at gonadotropin application
Dejan Škorjanc, Marko Hohler, Maksimiljan Brus, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: A total of 984 primiparous and multiparous crossbred sows (Swedish Landrace × Large White) housed on a commercial pig farm were used to study the effect of the decrease in backfat thickness during lactation and the level of backfat at weaning on weaning-to-oestrus interval and conception rate of sows. Primiparous sows (n=213) received a single injection of 400 IU eCG + 200 IU hCG (PG600®, Intervet) at weaning and approximately 30 % of sows did not respond to the first treatment. First-farrowing sows produced significantly fewer live-born piglets, had markedly thinner backfat in late gestation, showed significant loss of backfat thickness during lactation and showed thinner backfat at weaning than sows with a greater number of parities. Primiparous sows with backfat thinner than 18 mm at weaning lost an average of 21 % of backfat during lactation and had a significantly longer weaning-to-oestrus interval (31.75 ± 2.22 days), even after a second treatment with PG600®, than both primiparous sows which responded to the first treatment (5.95 ± 0.16 days) and multiparous sows which were not treated (5.19 ± 0.12 days). The primiparous and multiparous sows with thicker backfat at farrowing also had thicker backfat at weaning (r=0.874 and r=0.938 for primiparous and multiparous sows, respectively). Sows with thicker backfat at weaning showed a shorter weaning-to-oestrus interval and this correlation was higher for primiparous than for multiparous sows (r=-0.192 and r=-0.100, respectively). Thicker backfat of the sows at weaning was moderately but significantly correlated with lower loss of backfat during lactation (r=-0.179 and r=-0.273 for primiparous and multiparous sows, respectively). The present study showed that monitoring of backfat thickness and loss of backfat during lactation represents a useful tool to decrease non-productive days and improve the efficiency of high-producing pig herds.
Ključne besede: sow, gilts, backfat thickness, backfat loss, weaning to oestrus interval, conception rate, PG600
Objavljeno: 20.07.2017; Ogledov: 59; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Polno besedilo (185,14 KB)

A note on precise tracking of suckling position by piglets
Janko Skok, Dejan Škorjanc, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Piglets establish a relatively stable teat order after the first week of lactation, when each piglet chooses a preferred teat or teat pair where they tend to suckle permanently. The mechanism underlying the choice that leads each piglet to the same suckling position is still not clarified. In the present case study, piglets with different preferred suckling positions (anterior, posterior) were transferred to a foster sow after completion of the regular 4 weeks of lactation by their biological mother. For both sows, which were identical based on parity, litter size and farrowing date, we examined the suckling positions of the experimental piglets. Piglets occupied exactly the same suckling positions on both sows. Thus, piglets precisely track positions on the mammary complex of a sows udder even when previously learned discriminable stimuli have been changed, such as odours, tastes, morphologies (of sows udder or the sow itself), vocalizations, and neighbouring littermates. Our observation indicates that the spatial configuration of the mammary complex, which is determined by two parallel rows of teats arranged in pairs, can hypothetically be proposed as an important cue for piglet suckling orientation. Therefore, additional attention should be given to the exact spatial position of piglets (and vacant positions) on the mammary complex of biological and foster mothers in order to reduce stress from cross-fostering, which is standard practice in contemporary piglet production.
Ključne besede: piglets, teat order, suckling orientation, mammary complex, spatial configuration
Objavljeno: 20.07.2017; Ogledov: 77; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Polno besedilo (1,78 MB)

The effect of dietary fibre content on skatole and indole production in faeces of immunocatrsted male pigs
Maja Prevolnik, Urška Tomažin, Marjeta Čandek-Potokar, Martin Škrlep, Nina Batorek, Etienne Labussiere, 2015, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: The effect of dietary fibre content on intestinal production of indolic compounds was studied in immunocastrated pigs (IC). In addition, entire males (EM) and IC were compared on control diet (with low fibre content). For the study 32 crossbred pigs were assigned, within a litter to 4 treatment groups; 24 pigs were immunocastrated (at the age of 77 and 112 days) and 8 pigs were kept as entire males (EM). IC were split into three groups (IC_H, IC_M and IC_L) fed three diets differing in crude fibre (34, 60 and 80 g/kg dry matter, respectively) and net energy (NE) (10.0, 9.3, 8.5 MJ NE/kg/DM, respectively). EM were fed high NE i.e. low fibre diet. The experiment started when pigs were 84 days old and finished at the age of 172 days, when pigs were sent to slaughter. Skatole and indole concentrations were determined in the samples of intestinal content taken from caecum (CE), ascending (AC) and descending colon (DC). The concentration of indole was the highest in CE and proximal part of the colon, while skatole concentration increased in the distal parts of the large intestine. Concentrations of indolic compounds did not differ between EM and IC that were fed the same diet. Lowering dietary NE by inclusion of high fibre ingredients reduced the production of indole in the intestinal content of IC pigs, whereas the production of skatole was not affected.
Ključne besede: indole, skatole, dietary fibres, pig, entire males, immunocastrates, pig nutrition, immunocastration
Objavljeno: 20.07.2017; Ogledov: 41; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Polno besedilo (561,86 KB)

Poultry meat in the production of meat products
Ciril Varga, Vladimir Strelec, Marko Volk, 2000, objavljeni strokovni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: The authors had studied the possibility of the use of various types of poultrymeat, factors which could have and adverse impact upon the microbiological quality of the raw material, which technology of meat products production and quality of products.
Ključne besede: poultry meat, quality, technology, quality of products
Objavljeno: 20.07.2017; Ogledov: 62; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Polno besedilo (217,71 KB)

Influence of added fat on the quality of poultry meat
Vladimir Strelec, Marko Volk, Ciril Varga, 2000, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: In testing conditions six groups of broiler chickens were tested for the effect of feed addition Bergafat and standardised fats added in the feed in the quantity of 3,9% in starter, 8,5% in grower, 8,6% in finisher, and 9,3% in endfinisher. Among testing groups no differences in the achieved productionresults were stated. The organoleptic evaluation of meat however showed considerable differences in the intensity of aroma, smell and taste.
Ključne besede: meat, chickens meat, organoleptic evaluation of meat, poultry fat, added fat
Objavljeno: 20.07.2017; Ogledov: 46; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (305,20 KB)

Decision making under conditions of uncertainty in agriculture
Karmen Pažek, Črtomir Rozman, 2009, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: In decision under uncertainty individual decision makers (farmers) have to choose one of a set number of alternatives with complete information about their outcomes but in the absence of any information or data about the probabilities of the various state of nature. This paper examines a decision making under uncertainty in agriculture. The classical approaches of Wald’s, Hurwicz’s, Maximax, Savage’s and Laplace’s are discussed and compared in case study of oil pumpkin production and selling of pumpkin oil. The computational complexity and usefulness of the criterion are further presented. The article is concluded with aggregate the results of all observed criteria and business alternatives in the conditions of uncertainty, where the business alternative 1 is suggested.
Ključne besede: uncertainty, Wald’s, Hurwicz’s, Maximax, Savage’s and Laplace’s criterion, decision support system, agriculture, oil crops
Objavljeno: 20.07.2017; Ogledov: 68; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (174,59 KB)

Biometrijska procjena značaja nekih ampelotehničkih zahvata na cv. Zweigelt (Vitis vinifera L.) u vinogorju Feričanci
Vladimir Jukić, Mato Drenjančević, Dražen Horvat, Stanko Vršič, Mirjana Brmež, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: U trogodišnjem pokusu ispitivani su pojedinačni i združeni učinci ampelotehničkih tretmana na količinu šećera i ukupnu kiselost u moštu kultivara Zweigelt. Istraživanja su provedena na proizvodnim površinama FeraVina d.o.o. Feričanci tijekom razdoblja 2006.-2008. godine. Pokus je postavljen po planu podijeljenih parcela (split-plot) u četiri ponavljanja. Za glavni čimbenik određeno je svojstvo «opterećenje trsa» u tri razine (24, 18 i 12 pupova po trsu), a kao podčimbenik «djelomična kasna ručna defolijacija» u dvije razine (ostavljeni i uklonjeni listovi u zoni grožđa). Količina šećera u moštu nije zavisila niti o jednome ispitivanome ampelotehničkome zahvatu, već isključivo o godini, kao najvećem i statistički visoko značajnome izvoru varijabiliteta. Učinci godine i djelomične kasne defolijacije statistički su visoko značajno (P≤0,01) utjecali na smanjenje ukupne kiselosti mošta u odnosu na tretman s ostavljenim lišćem u zoni grožđa.
Ključne besede: ampelotehnična obdelava, sorte Zweigelt, obremenitev trsa, sladkor, kislost
Objavljeno: 20.07.2017; Ogledov: 43; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (157,51 KB)

Application of analytical hierarchy process in agriculture
Karmen Pažek, Črtomir Rozman, 2005, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Hierarchical decision models are a general decision support methodology aimed at the classification or evaluation of options that accur in desion-making processes. Decision models are typically developed through the decomposition of complex decision problems into smaller and less comple subproblems. This paper presents an approach to the development and implementation of multicriteria decision model based on Analytical Hierarchy Process - AHP (Expert Choice, EC). Likewise, the AHP is used as a potential multicriteria decision making method for application in agriculture. In order to show the implementation of explained MCDA methods in real situation in agriculture, theapplication of AHP on a sample model farm is presented in the second part of the article.
Ključne besede: multicriteria decision analysis, MCDA, analytical hierarchy process, AHP, decision support system, DSS, agriculture
Objavljeno: 20.07.2017; Ogledov: 42; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (177,82 KB)

Novejši podatki o vsebnosti semen vrst iz rodu Ambrosia v krmi za prostoživeče ptice v Sloveniji
Mario Lešnik, Breda Jakovac-Strajn, Igor Ujčič Vrhovnik, Kristina Jelka Pozvek, Tanja Prosenik, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Vdihavanje peloda vrst iz rodu Ambrosia lahko povzroči preobčutljivostne reakcije. Krma za prostoživeče ptice je eden od dejavnikov, ki pripomorejo k širjenju omenjenih rastlin. Leta 2010 so zato k Direktivi o nezaželenih snoveh v živalski krmi (2002/32/ES) dodali aneks, da lahko krma za živali, ki vsebuje nezmleta žita, vsebuje do 50 mg semen vrst iz rodu Ambrosia v kilogramu krme (UL L 290/54). Podatkov o vsebnosti semen te rastline v krmi je zelo malo, zato smo z mikroskopsko metodo preiskali 40 vzorcev krme za prostoživeče ptice. Semena ambrozije je vsebovalo 20 vzorcev oziroma 50 %. Ugotovljeno število semen v kilogramu posameznega vzorca je bilo od 2 do 146 (10 mg do 774 mg). V skladu s predpisi smo vsebnosti preračunali relativno na vzorec z 12 % vlage in ugotovili, da je dovoljeno mejo presegalo 5 vzorcev (12,5 %).
Ključne besede: Ambrosia, semena, krma, analize, mikroskopija, ptice
Objavljeno: 13.07.2017; Ogledov: 68; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (182,54 KB)

Pol-naravno travinje kot vir semena za obnovo ruše velike naravne vrednosti
Branko Lukač, Janko Verbič, Branko Kramberger, Mitja Kaligarič, Vladimir Meglič, 2013, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: V zadnjih letih pol-naravno travinje vedno bolj pridobiva večnamensko vlogo v prostoru. Poleg zagotavljanja voluminozne krme domačim živalim postajajo pomembne tudi številne druge funkcije pol-naravnega travinja, med katerimi se vse bolj izpostavlja tudi biotska pestrost ruše. S tega vidika so posebej cenjene ruše velike naravne vrednosti. Skozi zgodovino se je biotska pestrost ohranjala predvsem z ekstenzivno pašno rabo in košnjo rastlin v obdobju dozorevanja semena. Z intenzifikacijo gospodarjenja na travinju v dvajsetem stoletju in uporabo komercialnih semenskih mešanic se je na pol-naravnem travinju biotska pestrost ruše na splošno pričela zmanjševati. V zadnjem obdobju smo se začeli zavedati negativnih posledic upadanja biotske pestrosti in začeli razvijati ukrepe za zaustavitev tega procesa. Med temi ukrepi ima pomembno vlogo setev oz. obnova ruše velike naravne vrednosti. Vir semen za zasnovo take ruše je lahko le biotsko pestro pol-naravno travinje. V svetu so se v zadnjih letih razvile različne metode pridobivanja semena in načini setve, ki omogočajo uspešno vzpostavitev izvorne biotsko pestre ruše prilagojene lokalnim rastnim razmeram.
Ključne besede: travinje, pol-naravno travinje, prostorska vloga, biotska pestrost, pridelava semena, setev, vir semen
Objavljeno: 13.07.2017; Ogledov: 74; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (198,91 KB)

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