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Young pedagogical centre with extensive experience and knowledge
Boris Aberšek, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The contributions gathered in this publication have been prepared within the framework of the Pedagogical Center (PC) of the Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics (FNM) at the University of Maribor, which might seem to be a young center since it has only been established in 2009, nevertheless, the extensive experience and knowledge of its faculty tell a story of a much more established institution. “Pedagogical” is a defining term indicting that the center's activities are focused primarily on pedagogical programmes at FNM and on educating teachers at all levels in the broadest sense of the word. Pedagogical center FNM is a pedagogical research unit, that supports all natural science, mathematical and technology programmes at both the Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, as well as the entire University of Maribor, especially the teaching programmes, since after the separation of the large Faculty of Education into three entities - FNM being one of them - its “colour” as well as educational and historical core have been lost. Teacher education at FNM lost previous value and has become much less emphasised than it was the case with its predecessor institution the Faculty of Education. Thus the main aim of the center is to give back to the faculty a part of its previous “colour” as well as to promote and develop educational sciences and their interdisciplinary integration that will certainly mean a step towards guaranteeing quality of work as well as quality of education for all students.
Ključne besede: education, sciences education, technical education, quality enhancement
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 611; Prenosov: 48
.pdf Celotno besedilo (639,76 KB)
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What is the tendency in biology virtual field trips?
Miro Puhek, Matej Perše, Andrej Šorgo, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: There is no doubt any more that virtual worlds are suitable for school environment. It was shown by various researchers that they can contribute in supplying students with additional information, help them to visualise subjects, respond with answer on demand or even in some cases supplement the real materials. Based on the real experience, the virtual field trail Walk on Maribor Island was developed for biology and natural science classes in lower secondary school. The trail is presented through eight exercises that differentiate not only in theme, but also in difficultness, fun, background idea etc. In spring 2011, 133 eighth grade students worked on the virtual field trail during the biology class. After the work on exercises, students were asked to analyse the exercises regarding the level of difficultness, level of interest and level of proficiency. The main aim of the study was to present the tendency in biology virtual field trips that should be taken into consideration before the development of new exercises.
Ključne besede: education, biology teaching, field trip, field work
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 676; Prenosov: 57
.pdf Celotno besedilo (919,81 KB)
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Using chemical models for developing natural science competences in teaching chemistry
Darinka Sikošek, Mateja Žuželj, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Chemical models are indispensable tool in chemistry class and enable secondary school pupils to develop complex thought processes and spatial concepts, both of which are necessary to improve their understanding of chemical concepts. In this research, special emphasis is given to complex competencies not only their acquisition, but rather how pupils develop them. For this purpose, a learning strategy has been developed, called learning by self-generating chemical models. Pupils learn individually on their own models, which are made from easily accessible, low-cost materials. The impact of workable models was investigated (assembly of commercial models and production of self-made models) on the (1) learning success using simple molecule shapes and (2) the degree of competence development which realized through the implemented activities. The study involved first-year secondary school-pupils, defined as self-creators of paper- and -wire models (experimental group) and assemblers of commercial models (called the control group). The appearance of the molecules being studied took the form of geometric shapes and structures, which pupils present by making of ball-, called wire-models from plasticine and wire or paper created, called paper models. Based on the results of statistical processing of the data, we found that self-creation of models (as an innovative approach) leads to better understanding and to subsequently sustained knowledge for the pupil. It should also be noted that pupils who were self-generators in comparisons to those who merely assembled the models, generally developed many complex skills in the areas of problem solving, practical competence, mathematical competence and critical thinking skills. The knowledge so acquired was also better understood.
Ključne besede: education, chemical models, competencies, chemistry, self-made models
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 487; Prenosov: 40
.pdf Celotno besedilo (734,46 KB)
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The challenges of complete informatization of education
Magdalena Šverc, Igor Pesek, Andrej Flogie, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Since the methods of teaching and learning are currently changing, Slovenian society is challenged to respond. Ministries responsible for the development of the educational system encourage informatization of education by launching strategically oriented tenders. This research presents three such projects, which together propose guidelines on how to further develop the Slovenian educational system with an emphasis on the introduction of information and communication technologies into everyday life in Slovenian schools at all levels (teaching, learning, management, etc.). There are three main areas that are covered: (1) technical assistance and support, (2) development and deployment of e-learning materials and e-textbooks and (3) teacher training. Using these approaches it would be possible to achieve an increase in digital competences and a change in our pedagogical paradigm. Results show a better motivation, communication and improved teamwork among students. This is a consequence of changes in the way of thinking and teaching by both teachers and other school participants, especially the headmasters who put the student in the centre of activities. The whole process of school informatization depends on a coherent development of various fields. The focus is on a change of pedagogical paradigm and the consequential teacher and managerial staff training.
Ključne besede: e-competent school, e-competent teacher, e-textbooks, innovative 1:1 pedagogy
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 1182; Prenosov: 46
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,16 MB)
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The architecture of a school system according to the theory of dynamical systems
Boris Aberšek, Janez Bregant, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: From the experience of recent years it seems clear that the existing educational system, as a whole, is perceived as an ailing system that fails to meet the needs of a major portion of the society it serves. Every aspect of the educational process must be studied and reconsidered in the light of new and different societal expectations. In the last decades we started with one school reform after the other, but it looks now that these changes had no positive impact whatsoever. Even worse, the school system was damaged afterwards. In this paper we will explore some possibilities how to improve it without facing these consequences. The main idea is, as a result of our latest research, that mathematical methods for describing and simulating could be very useful for predicting and simulating school systems without using a long term and complex empirical experimentation. The paper introduces the correlation between the dynamical mathematical calculus and the educational school system and elaborates to some extent the basic idea of using the former to predict the latter.
Ključne besede: architecture, mathematical modelling, school systems, dynamical systems
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 515; Prenosov: 46
.pdf Celotno besedilo (802,07 KB)
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Teaching with analogies
Boris Aberšek, 2016, kratki znanstveni prispevek

Opis: As disciplines reach maturity, a dynamic meta-structure is needed, which facilitates merging and new divisions of disciplines. Under such a meta-structure, the disciplines propel the evolution of knowledge, but adapt themselves when driving forces emerge sufficient to provoke their adaptation (Suarez-Orozco, Satin-Bajaj, 2010). This means that on the science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) education must give transdisciplinary view (Flogie, Aberšek, 2015). Science-education research studies and STEM teachers’ classroom experiences have shown that analogies and transdisciplinar point of view, when used properly, can help make science concepts meaningful to students.
Ključne besede: education, analogies, teaching
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 603; Prenosov: 38
.pdf Celotno besedilo (449,10 KB)
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Teaching complex fields of soft matter, proposal of a new liquid crystal analogy
Uroš Jagodič, Jacob Staines, Samo Kralj, Robert Repnik, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The key reason behind the richness of different structures and patterns displayed in nature is the universal mechanism of symmetry breaking. It shapes configurations at all length scales encountered in universe. Structures reached via symmetry breaking transitions are commonly described in terms of order parameter fields. One of the simplest systems where symmetry breaking concepts have already been explored in detail, are various liquid crystal (LC) phases. The reason behind this is rich variety of structures exhibited by LCs and their convenient experimental accessibility. Consequently, a wide spectrum of different theoretical tools have been developed in LCs. In this contribution the orientational ordering of housing block in San Francisco, which we choose as a typical large-city representative, was studied. Following nematic LC analogy we determine the local degree of ordering. The structural pattern of the city displays a domain-type pattern. The average degree of ordering within a domain strongly correlates with crime rate within it. Therefore, the results confirm an intuitive expectation that structures define properties. This model can be used as a helpful tool in education as it provides a way of understanding complex topics with the help of well-known every day phenomena.
Ključne besede: education, liquid crystals, modelling, order parameter
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 597; Prenosov: 56
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,32 MB)
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Students' perceptions of real and virtual field work in biology
Miro Puhek, Matej Perše, Andrej Šorgo, 2011, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The outdoor education is a method of learning with the exposure to (not exclusively) the natural environment that combines all human senses. Students tend to acknowledge a very positive effect of this kind of learning. It is easier and more memorable to connect the theory with practice, when they see things in nature, rather than to just hear about them in the classroom. Despite its popularity, teachers face various obstacles when they take their students outdoors. Although the outdoor education is included in the Slovenian primary and lower secondary school curriculum, the percentage is not high enough, which depends on various reasons. Teachers defined lack of time, suitability of area around the school, not enough instruments for field work and to expanded curriculum as the main reasons for not including field work in the classes. Some of these obstacles could be solved by implementation of information and communication technology (ICT) into the biology and ecology classes. In this research the results of 192 students' point of view on the importance of field work, obstacles of that kind of work and the ICT as a solution to support or replace the real field works are presented. All questioned students were prospective teachers, so sooner or later majority of them will face issues connected to the field work and possibilities to solve them with the help of ICT.
Ključne besede: education, biology teaching, ICT, obstacles
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 587; Prenosov: 41
.pdf Celotno besedilo (513,15 KB)
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Student self-evaluation of seminar activities
Darinka Sikošek, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This study is focused on the curricular innovations of methodological subjects for acquiring of teachers competences at undergraduate education where students as prospective chemistry teachers serve as a goal group. The redesign of seminar as an essential curricular form is based on consistent consideration of topical didactic principles. Research into the optimal performance of seminar work focuses particularly on their organisation, methodology and evaluation. These three model parameters serve to implement student seminar activities in accordance with Bologna teachers competences. Using the descriptive empirical method for students self-evaluation of seminar work defined in methodological subject module of three subjects (Didactics of Chemistry, Experiments and Natural Activities-Mentroship) some efforts in bettering the competence mastery over.
Ključne besede: education, teaching skills, teaching competences, student autonomy, didactic principles, process learning, seminars
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 639; Prenosov: 42
.pdf Celotno besedilo (911,06 KB)
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Student self-evaluation of co-lecture activities
Darinka Sikošek, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This article argues a greater stress to student-centered, active-learning approaches in teacher education beginning already in lectures by the subjects of DCEM methodological module. Our approach in increasing lecture's activity of students is involving them as teacher's co-lecturers. In order to monitor the efficiency and quality improvement of their outcomes-teacher's activities, we make use of the students' co-lecturers, as well as students-listeners feedback, which continuously takes place at the end of a program of specific curricular units. Students self-reflections are confronted with teacher's trainer noticings. Some significant findings are interpreted in compliance with teacher competences. CO-lecture's activities are valued regarding to optional AADIDG didactic principles.
Ključne besede: education, teaching skills, teaching competences, student autonomy, self-evaluation, student-colecturers
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 598; Prenosov: 43
.pdf Celotno besedilo (773,29 KB)
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