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1.
The relationship between children's physical fitness and gender, age and environmental factors
Črtomir Matejek, Gregor Starc, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The main aim of the research was to determine how children’s physical fitness development is related to age, gender, and certain environmental factors at the onset of puberty. The research was carried out on a representative sample of 897 children (47.9 % females and 52.1 % males) aged eleven and fourteen. Twelve tests were used to assess their physical fitness. Based on the duration of the physical activities, the children were divided into four categories: inactive, occasionally active, active and highly active. In the case of paternal education and maternal education, the children were classified into three categories: low, average and high. Considering their school grades in mathematics, the children were divided into three groups: less successful, successful and very successful. In the case of their place of residence, the children were divided into three groups: urban, suburban and rural. A component model of factor analysis was used to identify their basic coordinate system of physical fitness. To solve the problem of the integration of physical fitness into environmental factors, age and gender, a factorial analysis of variance was used. The results show that most of the differences in physical fitness can mainly be explained through age and gender. We can conclude that the significant factors to physical fitness development are growth, development and the maturation rate of individuals, which are predominantly hereditarily determined. Place of residence, physical activity, school grades and parental education have less influence on physical fitness development and serve only as an additional impulse to further stimulate or inhibit the physical development of children.
Ključne besede: physical fitness development, environment, factorial analysis, effect size
Objavljeno: 21.07.2017; Ogledov: 40; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (293,84 KB)

2.
Physical self-concept, anthropometry and body composition in preadolescents
Stojan Puhalj, Črtomir Matejek, Jurij Planinšec, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The main aim of this study was to determine the relationship of morphologic features and body composition to physical self-concepts in boys and girls separately. This research included 630 children from north-eastern Slovenia, aged 9 to 11 years (M = 10.01; SD = .810), of which 311 were boys and 319 were girls. Morphologic features of the children were measured with the use of a standardized anthropometric instrumentation; the Maltron BF-907 Body Composition Analyzer was used for the measurement of body fat, fat-free mass, and body water proportions. The gender, age, and physical self-concept data were acquired through the French version of The Physical Self-Inventory – a short form questionnaire for determining the physical self-concept of adolescents, adapted to Slovenia. The relation between individual morphological features and physical self-concept was determined by regression analysis. Statistical significance was established at 0.05. The results show that the physical self-concept is more closely connected with body composition and morphologic features in boys than in girls, whereas the body fat proportion is the strongest predictor of physical self-concept in boys. The findings show that, particularly in boys, the physical self-concept is also largely based on the morphologic features and body composition. It is necessary to give special attention to boys, as we often think that boys are not as concerned with the physical appearance as girls.
Ključne besede: self-concept, physical development, body measurements, body fat, pupils
Objavljeno: 21.07.2017; Ogledov: 35; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (279,90 KB)

3.
Motor structure and basic movement competences in early child development
Rado Pišot, Jurij Planinšec, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Motor development consists of dynamic and continuous development in motor behaviour and is reflected in motor competences (on the locomotive, manipulative and postural level) and motor abilities (coordination, strength, speed, balance, flexibility, precision and endurance). This is a complex process in which a child acquires motor abilities and knowledge in interaction with inherited and environmental factors. A sample of 603 boys and girls, of which 263 were aged five (age deviation +/– 3 days; 18,5 ± 3,1kg body weight; 109,4 ± 4,3 cm body height) and 340 were aged six and a half (age deviation +/– 3 days; 23, 7 ± 4, 3 kg body weight; 121 ± 4,8 cm body height), were involved in this study after written consent was obtained from their parents. The children’s motor structure was established through the application of 28 tests that had been verified on the Slovene population and established as adequate for the study of motor abilities in the sample children. The factor analysis was applied to uncover the latent structure of motor space, and PB (Štalec & Momirović) criteria were used to establish the number of significant basic components. The analysis of the motor space structure revealed certain particularities for each age period. In the sample of 5 year old children, the use of PB criterion revealed four latent motor dimensions, in 6.5 year old children, the latent motor space structure was described with four (boys) and five (girls) factors. Despite the existence of gender differences in motor space structure and certain particularities in each age period mostly related to the factors which influence movement coordination, several very similar dimensions were discovered in both sexes.
Ključne besede: early childhood, motor development, motor skills and knowledge, motor structure, factor analysis
Objavljeno: 21.07.2017; Ogledov: 38; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (249,13 KB)

4.
Risba kot orodje za vpogled v matematično razumevanje
Alenka Lipovec, Manja Podgoršek, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Vizualne reprezentacije omogočajo osmišljanje pomena matematičnih pojmov, odnosov in procesov, zato imajo pomembno vlogo pri pouku matematike. V predstavljeni raziskavi smo pri udeležencih preučevali razumevanje osnovnih matematičnih pojmov s pomočjo risb. Pojem je bil podan v simbolni obliki (npr. 17 - 9), udeleženci pa so ga morali prikazati z risbo. Zanimalo nas je, ali dijaki oz. študenti in bodoči učitelji (N=345) ustrezno (v skladu z matematično definicijo) narišejo podani matematični pojem. Podatke smo obdelali s kombinacijo kvantitativne in kvalitativne metodologije. Rezultati so pokazali, da udeleženci zahtevane pojme z risbo ustrezno prikazujejo, pri čemer je delež ustreznosti risb v povezavi z abstraktnostjo prikazanega pojma. Ugotovili smo tudi, da študenti 4. letnikov, ki se izobražujejo za poučevanje na razredni stopnji, pozitivno izstopajo. Po pregledu vzorca risb smo na osnovi vsebinske analize oblikovali dve temi, ki prikazujeta dva načina matematičnega razumevanja (instrumentalno in relacijsko) oz. dva tipa matematičnega znanja (proceduralni in pojmovni). Izsledki raziskave lahko služijo raziskovalcem pri oblikovanju novih raziskovalnih instrumentov za merjenje matematičnega razumevanja in učiteljem pri izbirah načina vpogleda v učenčevo razumevanje.
Ključne besede: matematika, razumevanje, vizualizacija, risba, poučevanje
Objavljeno: 13.07.2017; Ogledov: 15; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Polno besedilo (591,75 KB)

5.
Dejavniki akademskega odlašanja
Eva Kranjec, Katja Košir, Luka Komidar, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: V raziskavi smo preučevali dimenzije perfekcionizma, anksioznosti in depresivnosti kot dejavnike, ki se povezujejo z odlašanjem z akademskim delom. Osrednji namen raziskave je bil preveriti moderatorsko vlogo dimenzij perfekcionizma v odnosu med stopnjo anksioznosti in depresivnosti ter akademskim odlašanjem. Na vzorcu 403 študentov smo uporabili štiri lestvice: lestvico perfekcionizma FMPS, lestvico akademske prokrastinacije APS-SI, lestvico depresivnosti CESD in lestvico anksioznosti STAIX2. Rezultati so pokazali, da na slovenskem vzorcu študentov obstaja statistično značilen pozitiven odnos med neprilagojenimi dimenzijami perfekcionizma, anksioznostjo, depresivnostjo in akademskim odlašanjem. Obenem so rezultati pokazali pomembno negativno povezanost med prilagojenima dimenzijama perfekcionizma in akademskim odlašanjem. Prav tako se je izkazalo, da so določene dimenzije perfekcionizma, anksioznost in depresivnost pomembni napovedniki akademskega odlašanja. Nadalje je analiza rezultatov pokazala, da odnos med stopnjo anksioznosti in akademskim odlašanjem moderira le ena od šestih dimenzij perfekcionizma (dimenzija osebni standardi), medtem ko odnos med stopnjo depresivnosti in akademskim odlašanjem moderira neprilagojena dimenzija pričakovanja staršev.
Ključne besede: odlašanje, perfekcionizem, anksioznost, depresivnost, študenti, Lestvica akademske prokrastinacije APS SI, Frostova lestvica perfekcionizma, Lestvica depresivnosti CESD, Lestvica anksioznosti STAI-X2
Objavljeno: 13.07.2017; Ogledov: 16; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (384,41 KB)

6.
The social acceptance of secondary school students with learning disabilities (LD)
Teja Majcen, Majda Schmidt, Karin Bakračevič Vukman, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper aims to shed light on the level of social acceptance among students with learning disabilities (LD4 ) in various secondary school vocational programs in comparison with their peers without disabilities. Our findings are based on an empirical study that comprised 417 students, 5 of whom 85 were students with LD. Based on sociometric analyses of all participating classes, we determined that students with LD were less integrated into the classroom in comparison to their peers without LD. The results of the sociometric analysis show statistically significant differences in the sociometric position between students with LD and students without LD. While students with LD were most frequently perceived as rejected, students without LD were seen as popular or average. In addition, students with LD see themselves as less socially self-efficient compared to their peers. The results of our study mostly refer to boys, because the sample comprised 359 boys and 58 girls. We believe that pro-inclusion teachers with appropriately developed strategies for strengthening students' social skills, as well as positive attitudes and sufficient knowledge about the special needs of students can have a significant impact on the social acceptance of students with special needs in the classroom community.
Ključne besede: students with learning disabilities, social integration, social self-efficacy, social acceptance, sociometric status, secondary school vocational education
Objavljeno: 13.07.2017; Ogledov: 15; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (180,27 KB)

7.
The field trip as part of spatial (architectural) design art classes
Janja Batič, 2011, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Spatial (architectural) design is one of five fields introduced to pupils as part of art education. In planning architectural design tasks, one should take into consideration the particularities of the architectural design process and enable pupils to experience space and relationships within space through their own movement. Furthermore, pupils should have an opportunity to play the roles of (critical) users as well as co-creators or spatial planners. In this respect, the field trip plays a vital role, as it allows pupils to experience (architectural) space through their own movement, their senses and in a real environment. The architectural experience that the pupilsgain differs from their everyday experience of moving through space, as the former is based on education and training, and thus helps pupils develop architecture appreciation.
Ključne besede: architecture appreciation, art education, field trip, spatial (architectural) design, spatial experience
Objavljeno: 13.07.2017; Ogledov: 15; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (127,40 KB)

8.
Preschool teaching staff 's opinions on the importance of preschool curricular fields of activities, art genres and visual arts fields
Tomaž Zupančič, Matjaž Mulej, Branka Čagran, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This article presents preschool teachers’ and assistant teachers’ opinions on the importance of selected fields of educational work in kindergartens. The article first highlights the importance of activities expressing artistic creativity within modern curriculums. Then, it presents an empirical study that examines the preschool teachers’ and assistant teachers’ opinions on the importance of the educational fields, art genres, and visual arts fields. In research hypotheses, we presumed that preschool teachers find individual educational fields, individual art genres, and individual visual arts activities to be of different importance; consequently, education in kindergarten does not achieve the requisite holism. The study is based on the descriptive and causal-non-experimental method. We have determined that the greatest importance is attributed to movement and language, followed by nature, society, art and mathematics. Within art genres, the greatest importance is attributed to visual arts and music and the least to audio-visual activities. Within visual arts, drawing and painting are considered to be the most important and sculpting the least. These findings can support future studies and deliberation on the possible effects on practice in terms of requisitely holistically planned preschool education.
Ključne besede: curriculum, preschool education, preschool teachers, requisite holism, visual arts activities
Objavljeno: 13.07.2017; Ogledov: 15; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (189,97 KB)

9.
The importance of visual reading for the interpretation of a literary text
Janja Batič, Dragica Haramija, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In this paper, the two authors showcase the results of a research survey on the role of illustrations in the interpretation of literary texts. The survey sample included students of primary education and preschool education, who were given the poem Učenjak (Scholar) by Niko Grafenauer and asked to answer questions regarding the character’s personality and appearance, the literary space, and other factors. The first group of interviewees was given the poem illustrated by Lidija Osterc and the other the same poem illustrated by Marjan Manček. The results showed that the illustration had a significant impact on the message conveyed by the poem, particularly when the illustrator added the context by representing the character’s environment (which was not explicitly given in the text). Furthermore, the results showed the need for the comprehensive reading of an illustrated text, given that it is the interaction between the verbal and the visual that provides vital information necessary for the reader to understand the message of the dedicated literary work.
Ključne besede: picture books, illustrations, comprehensive reading, interpretation, Grafenauer, Manček, Osterc, Pedenjped
Objavljeno: 13.07.2017; Ogledov: 14; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (428,96 KB)

10.
Pomen likovnega branja ilustracije pri interpretaciji leposlovnega besedila
Janja Batič, Dragica Haramija, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Avtorici predstavljata izsledke raziskave o vlogi ilustracije pri interpretiranju leposlovnega besedila. V raziskavo sta vključili študente razrednega pouka in predšolske vzgoje, ki so ob pesmi Nika Grafenauerja Učenjak odgovarjali na vprašanja o značaju in videzu lirskega subjekta, književnem prostoru idr. Prva skupina anketiranih je odgovarjala ob pesmi z ilustracijo Lidije Osterc, druga pa ob pesmi z ilustracijo Marjana Mančka. Rezultati so pokazali, da ilustracija bistveno spreminja sporoči- lo besedila, predvsem kadar ilustrator z upodobitvijo okolja (ki v pesmi ni eksplicitno določeno) dodaja kontekst. Rezultati kažejo na nujnost celostnega branja ilustriranih besedil, saj je interakcija med besedilom in ilustracijo tista, ki podaja ključne informacije za razumevanje sporočila literarnega dela.
Ključne besede: slikanice, ilustracije, celostno branje, interpretacija, Grafenauer, Manček, Osterc, Pedenjped
Objavljeno: 13.07.2017; Ogledov: 15; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (402,26 KB)

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