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Web graphic organizers as an advanced strategy for teaching science textbook reading comprehension
Marija Ropič, Metka Kordigel Aberšek, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper presents the results of the 5 months experiment in which the influence of using a web graphic organizer in the science literacy curriculum was observed. The interest of the study was focused on the quality and quantity of learning/understanding the explicatory text description from the science textbook. The experiment included students at the age of 8-9 years. Science and L1 class were integrated for this purpose: teachers were instructed to use web graphic organizer as a tool for visualizing the text structure on the level of concrete cognitive operations. The results show the effect of using the web graphic organizer on students' competence to find out what in the science textbook text is important, on the level of text comprehension and on the competence of comparing new information with the previous knowledge.
Keywords: education, reading comprehension, science, textbooks, teacher training
Published: 19.12.2017; Views: 24; Downloads: 0
.pdf Full text (1,22 MB)

The integration of the subject environmental studies with other subjects
Vlasta Hus, 2009, original scientific article

Abstract: The author of the present paper first theoretically describe the didactic concept of integrated lessons, then layout the discussions on integrating lessons in subject Natural and social studies (now Environmental studies) with lessons in Slovene subject. In the empirical part she demonstrate the attitude of teachers in the first triad toward integrated lessons and how the subject Environmental studies is included into this concept. The findings show that the teachers included in the sample had different opinions about integrated lessons. They saw one of the basic advantages of integrated lessons compared to classical ones in the linking of the lessons with the pupils' lives. In the integration of the subject Environmental studies with other subjects, the subject Slovene language plays an important role. Teachers, however, cannot find connections with some of the subjects, despite the fact that they are defined in the national curriculum. The teachers claim they have greatest difficulties in the phase of planning integrated lessons.
Keywords: education, primary education, integrated lessons, elementary school, environmental studies
Published: 19.12.2017; Views: 20; Downloads: 0
.pdf Full text (860,07 KB)

The impact of the acquisition of the letters in a systematic literacy on writing skills
Marija Ropič, 2014, original scientific article

Abstract: Learning letters is associated with a long-term learning. Two basic models are present in obtaining letters in a systematic literacy in Slovenia and abroad. One represents a separate acquisition of the uppercase and lowercase printed letters (sequentially) and the other deals with letters simultaneously. In practice, teachers often asked themselves, especially in times of reforms in literacy, which model of the acquisition of the letters in initial literacy is more efficient. The research focused on the effect of the two most frequently chosen procedures for acquiring letters of structured literacy in Slovenia, namely the simultaneous treatment of the uppercase and lowercase printed letters (lowercase cursive letters and upper-case cursive letters) and consecutive treatment of letters (uppercase printed letters, lowercase printed letters, lowercase cursive letters, and at last, uppercase printed letters). Furthermore, the focus of the research was on the impact of gender on the ability to write. The incidence of errors was observed in terms of selected procedures for acquiring the letters in groups and gender. At the same time, the effect of consolidation of writing individual letters (uppercase and lowercase printed letters in 2nd class, and lowercase and uppercase cursive letters in 3rd class), was examined.
Keywords: literary didactics, literacy, process of acquiring letters, prior knowledge, writing skills
Published: 19.12.2017; Views: 16; Downloads: 0
.pdf Full text (559,32 KB)

The impact of reception literature on reading competence in children with mild mental retardation
Ana Koritnik, Metka Kordigel Aberšek, 2014, original scientific article

Abstract: The study investigated the impact of children's literature reception on literacy at children with mild mental retardation in the process designed on the adapted receptive model of children's literature didactics. An experiment of a one-group pretest-posttest design was conducted on the sample of seven children with mild mental retardation. In the period of one semester their literacy program was supported with children's literature education according to the adapted model of receptive children's literature didactics. After that, their reading competence was tested with the Assessment scheme of reading competence (Pečjak at. al., 2011), which was focused on two dimensions of the reading process: reading comprehension and the quantitative and qualitative data of students' reading performance. Among the last one a) reading speed was measured, b) reading rhythm was observed, c) reading mistakes were counted and classified, d) reading accurateness was observed and e) reading expression was measured. The results show the positive impact of the adapted model of receptive children's literature didactics on students' reading competence - the reading speed, the reading rhythm the accurateness of reading performance and the reading expression improved and the number of reading mistakes decreased.
Keywords: literary didactics, functional literacy, reception of literature
Published: 19.12.2017; Views: 14; Downloads: 0
.pdf Full text (587,78 KB)

The effectiveness of distanced e-learning in teachers' education
Milena Kerndl, Metka Kordigel Aberšek, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: In the last two decades a remarkable shift from conventional forms of teaching toward e-learning happened on all levels of education. This shift included also teachers’ permanent, lifelong education. The purpose of the study was to find and compare the effectiveness of conventional workshop and an e-learning module in teachers’ lifelong/permanent professional training. A study included 30 mother tongue teachers. The aim of the teachers training course curriculum was focused in their competence for developing students’/reader’s reception metacognition (RRM), a competence which is a prerequisite for differentiation/individualization in the process of implementation of literature curriculum in the frame of mother tongue education. Pre-intervention and post-intervention teaching practice of both groups of teachers were observed and compared to find out, which form of lifelong education influenced participants’ teaching practice in a more effective way. The qualitative and quantitative analysis of data, gained in e-module and compared with those, gained in the traditional workshop education, shows a significantly bigger effect of education on the case study participants teaching practice for the group of teachers, which participated in traditional educational form – a workshop.
Keywords: education, e-learning, distanced e-learning, teachers' training, lifelong learning
Published: 19.12.2017; Views: 16; Downloads: 0
.pdf Full text (486,77 KB)

Slovene teachers' attitudes of arts and cultural education in primary school
Olga Denac, Barbara Sicherl-Kafol, Branka Čagran, 2011, original scientific article

Abstract: Primary school teachers (342 in total) from all over Slovenia were questioned on their attitude towards arts and cultural education. The results of the study show that the teachers were most unanimous in regard to the importance of team planning in educational work in the field of the arts and the importance of cultural education for the life of an individual and society; this was followed by measures for raising the quality of arts and cultural education in primary school and the content of teacher training programs. Statistically significant differences in the teachers’ attitudes occurred with respect to their age and teaching position (class teacher and subject teacher). Unlike their younger colleagues and subject teachers, older teachers and class teachers expressed a more positive view of arts and cultural education.
Keywords: art education, cultural education, primary school, teachers' attitudes
Published: 19.12.2017; Views: 18; Downloads: 0
.pdf Full text (594,55 KB)

Neuroscience, world wide web and reading curriculum
Metka Kordigel Aberšek, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: Neuroscience has proved a malleable nature of our brain. The way of thinking is changing lifelong and not only in early childhood. New media as television, video games, and the Internet change students' cognitive skills. New visual-spatial skills, such as iconic representation and spatial visualization are developed. But parallel to these changes new weaknesses occur. Those are in higher-order cognitive processes, as abstract vocabulary, mindfulness, reflection, inductive problem solving, critical thinking, and imagination (Greefield, 2009). Those are the reasons why reading curriculum in contemporary educational system should focus on two groups of aims: deep online reading and linear literature reading. By deep reading is meant the sophisticated processes that propel comprehension and that include inferential and deductive reasoning, analogical skills, critical analysis, reflection, and insight. By linear literature reading is meant primarily reading of fiction, which develops the imagination, inductive analysis, critical and abstract thinking.
Keywords: cognitive skills, linear resding, neuroscience, reading curriculum
Published: 15.12.2017; Views: 78; Downloads: 1
.pdf Full text (428,02 KB)

Children's literature, teachers and integrative education
Metka Kordigel Aberšek, Marija Ropič, Vlasta Hus, 2009, original scientific article

Abstract: The paper represents the results of a quantitative research performed at the Faculty of Education, University of Maribor. The aim of the project was to establish the implementation of the concept of integrative education, which was recommended for the first triennium of elementary education in Slovenia in the 90s. The essence of Slovene integration concept should be the following: focusing on the structure and the process of child's assimilation as well as accommodation in/of the structure, his/her ability to communicate the content of the structure and his/her ability to express the process of changing the structure. Our results show that the majority of teachers follow the recommended curriculum guidelines for integration as the main didactical concept for teaching in the first triennium of elementary school taught as a part of the compulsory Teacher training program - teaching in the first triennium. Nevertheless a big proportion of elementary school teachers (year 1-3) are not entirely aware of the criteria that should be used for integration in the educational process. The same elementary school teachers have difficulties (aware or unaware) with the process of planning and performing the integration concept in the classroom.
Keywords: education, primary education, integrated lessons, elementary school, teacher training
Published: 15.12.2017; Views: 19; Downloads: 3
.pdf Full text (911,83 KB)

Open educational resources in e-learning
Dejan Dinevski, Samo Fošnarič, Tanja Arh, 2010, original scientific article

Abstract: Open educational resources in e-learning are the future source of information for lifelong learners. Open source and open standards are defined as the basis of the "Open educational resource movement" that is beginning to form on a global level in the last decade. The characteristics of the OS are investigated in the relation to e-Learning, existing and new pedagogical principles and copyright issues. Several good practices, ideas and existing initiatives are presented and the vision of the future of open educational resources is introduced.
Keywords: e-learning, open source, open educational resources
Published: 04.12.2017; Views: 59; Downloads: 1
.pdf Full text (167,88 KB)

Developing and fostering creativity through the works of art by young pupils
Kristinka Selaković, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: The aim of this experimental research was to examine the effectiveness and impact of active observation of the work of art by applying specially designed strategies, methods and procedures to the development of general artistic creativity in pupils. The research was conducted on a sample of 199 pupils (the experimental group consisted of 102 pupils, and the control group of 97 pupils) from two primary schools in Užice (Serbia). The conclusions indicate how important it is for children to access the work of art on a personal level, independently and through interaction, as well as to develop their own concepts.
Keywords: creativity, work of art, young pupils, development program, museum
Published: 30.11.2017; Views: 44; Downloads: 1
.pdf Full text (471,23 KB)

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