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21.
Using chemical models for developing natural science competences in teaching chemistry
Darinka Sikošek, Mateja Žuželj, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Chemical models are indispensable tool in chemistry class and enable secondary school pupils to develop complex thought processes and spatial concepts, both of which are necessary to improve their understanding of chemical concepts. In this research, special emphasis is given to complex competencies not only their acquisition, but rather how pupils develop them. For this purpose, a learning strategy has been developed, called learning by self-generating chemical models. Pupils learn individually on their own models, which are made from easily accessible, low-cost materials. The impact of workable models was investigated (assembly of commercial models and production of self-made models) on the (1) learning success using simple molecule shapes and (2) the degree of competence development which realized through the implemented activities. The study involved first-year secondary school-pupils, defined as self-creators of paper- and -wire models (experimental group) and assemblers of commercial models (called the control group). The appearance of the molecules being studied took the form of geometric shapes and structures, which pupils present by making of ball-, called wire-models from plasticine and wire or paper created, called paper models. Based on the results of statistical processing of the data, we found that self-creation of models (as an innovative approach) leads to better understanding and to subsequently sustained knowledge for the pupil. It should also be noted that pupils who were self-generators in comparisons to those who merely assembled the models, generally developed many complex skills in the areas of problem solving, practical competence, mathematical competence and critical thinking skills. The knowledge so acquired was also better understood.
Ključne besede: education, chemical models, competencies, chemistry, self-made models
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 16; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (734,46 KB)

22.
The integration of the subject environmental studies with other subjects
Vlasta Hus, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The author of the present paper first theoretically describe the didactic concept of integrated lessons, then layout the discussions on integrating lessons in subject Natural and social studies (now Environmental studies) with lessons in Slovene subject. In the empirical part she demonstrate the attitude of teachers in the first triad toward integrated lessons and how the subject Environmental studies is included into this concept. The findings show that the teachers included in the sample had different opinions about integrated lessons. They saw one of the basic advantages of integrated lessons compared to classical ones in the linking of the lessons with the pupils' lives. In the integration of the subject Environmental studies with other subjects, the subject Slovene language plays an important role. Teachers, however, cannot find connections with some of the subjects, despite the fact that they are defined in the national curriculum. The teachers claim they have greatest difficulties in the phase of planning integrated lessons.
Ključne besede: education, primary education, integrated lessons, elementary school, environmental studies
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 20; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (860,07 KB)

23.
The impact of the acquisition of the letters in a systematic literacy on writing skills
Marija Ropič, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Learning letters is associated with a long-term learning. Two basic models are present in obtaining letters in a systematic literacy in Slovenia and abroad. One represents a separate acquisition of the uppercase and lowercase printed letters (sequentially) and the other deals with letters simultaneously. In practice, teachers often asked themselves, especially in times of reforms in literacy, which model of the acquisition of the letters in initial literacy is more efficient. The research focused on the effect of the two most frequently chosen procedures for acquiring letters of structured literacy in Slovenia, namely the simultaneous treatment of the uppercase and lowercase printed letters (lowercase cursive letters and upper-case cursive letters) and consecutive treatment of letters (uppercase printed letters, lowercase printed letters, lowercase cursive letters, and at last, uppercase printed letters). Furthermore, the focus of the research was on the impact of gender on the ability to write. The incidence of errors was observed in terms of selected procedures for acquiring the letters in groups and gender. At the same time, the effect of consolidation of writing individual letters (uppercase and lowercase printed letters in 2nd class, and lowercase and uppercase cursive letters in 3rd class), was examined.
Ključne besede: literary didactics, literacy, process of acquiring letters, prior knowledge, writing skills
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 16; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (559,32 KB)

24.
The impact of reception literature on reading competence in children with mild mental retardation
Ana Koritnik, Metka Kordigel Aberšek, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The study investigated the impact of children's literature reception on literacy at children with mild mental retardation in the process designed on the adapted receptive model of children's literature didactics. An experiment of a one-group pretest-posttest design was conducted on the sample of seven children with mild mental retardation. In the period of one semester their literacy program was supported with children's literature education according to the adapted model of receptive children's literature didactics. After that, their reading competence was tested with the Assessment scheme of reading competence (Pečjak at. al., 2011), which was focused on two dimensions of the reading process: reading comprehension and the quantitative and qualitative data of students' reading performance. Among the last one a) reading speed was measured, b) reading rhythm was observed, c) reading mistakes were counted and classified, d) reading accurateness was observed and e) reading expression was measured. The results show the positive impact of the adapted model of receptive children's literature didactics on students' reading competence - the reading speed, the reading rhythm the accurateness of reading performance and the reading expression improved and the number of reading mistakes decreased.
Ključne besede: literary didactics, functional literacy, reception of literature
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 14; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (587,78 KB)

25.
The effectiveness of distanced e-learning in teachers' education
Milena Kerndl, Metka Kordigel Aberšek, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In the last two decades a remarkable shift from conventional forms of teaching toward e-learning happened on all levels of education. This shift included also teachers’ permanent, lifelong education. The purpose of the study was to find and compare the effectiveness of conventional workshop and an e-learning module in teachers’ lifelong/permanent professional training. A study included 30 mother tongue teachers. The aim of the teachers training course curriculum was focused in their competence for developing students’/reader’s reception metacognition (RRM), a competence which is a prerequisite for differentiation/individualization in the process of implementation of literature curriculum in the frame of mother tongue education. Pre-intervention and post-intervention teaching practice of both groups of teachers were observed and compared to find out, which form of lifelong education influenced participants’ teaching practice in a more effective way. The qualitative and quantitative analysis of data, gained in e-module and compared with those, gained in the traditional workshop education, shows a significantly bigger effect of education on the case study participants teaching practice for the group of teachers, which participated in traditional educational form – a workshop.
Ključne besede: education, e-learning, distanced e-learning, teachers' training, lifelong learning
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 16; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (486,77 KB)

26.
The challenges of complete informatization of education
Magdalena Šverc, Igor Pesek, Andrej Flogie, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Since the methods of teaching and learning are currently changing, Slovenian society is challenged to respond. Ministries responsible for the development of the educational system encourage informatization of education by launching strategically oriented tenders. This research presents three such projects, which together propose guidelines on how to further develop the Slovenian educational system with an emphasis on the introduction of information and communication technologies into everyday life in Slovenian schools at all levels (teaching, learning, management, etc.). There are three main areas that are covered: (1) technical assistance and support, (2) development and deployment of e-learning materials and e-textbooks and (3) teacher training. Using these approaches it would be possible to achieve an increase in digital competences and a change in our pedagogical paradigm. Results show a better motivation, communication and improved teamwork among students. This is a consequence of changes in the way of thinking and teaching by both teachers and other school participants, especially the headmasters who put the student in the centre of activities. The whole process of school informatization depends on a coherent development of various fields. The focus is on a change of pedagogical paradigm and the consequential teacher and managerial staff training.
Ključne besede: e-competent school, e-competent teacher, e-textbooks, innovative 1:1 pedagogy
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 25; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,16 MB)

27.
The architecture of a school system according to the theory of dynamical systems
Boris Aberšek, Janez Bregant, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: From the experience of recent years it seems clear that the existing educational system, as a whole, is perceived as an ailing system that fails to meet the needs of a major portion of the society it serves. Every aspect of the educational process must be studied and reconsidered in the light of new and different societal expectations. In the last decades we started with one school reform after the other, but it looks now that these changes had no positive impact whatsoever. Even worse, the school system was damaged afterwards. In this paper we will explore some possibilities how to improve it without facing these consequences. The main idea is, as a result of our latest research, that mathematical methods for describing and simulating could be very useful for predicting and simulating school systems without using a long term and complex empirical experimentation. The paper introduces the correlation between the dynamical mathematical calculus and the educational school system and elaborates to some extent the basic idea of using the former to predict the latter.
Ključne besede: architecture, mathematical modelling, school systems, dynamical systems
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 19; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (802,07 KB)

28.
Teaching with analogies
Boris Aberšek, 2016, kratki znanstveni prispevek

Opis: As disciplines reach maturity, a dynamic meta-structure is needed, which facilitates merging and new divisions of disciplines. Under such a meta-structure, the disciplines propel the evolution of knowledge, but adapt themselves when driving forces emerge sufficient to provoke their adaptation (Suarez-Orozco, Satin-Bajaj, 2010). This means that on the science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) education must give transdisciplinary view (Flogie, Aberšek, 2015). Science-education research studies and STEM teachers’ classroom experiences have shown that analogies and transdisciplinar point of view, when used properly, can help make science concepts meaningful to students.
Ključne besede: education, analogies, teaching
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 20; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Celotno besedilo (449,10 KB)

29.
Teaching ethics and critical thinking in contemporary schools
Bojan Borstner, Smiljana Gartner, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Basic ethical questions, dilemmas and especially decisions do not only affect the life of an individual but can also affect lives of others. In some professional ethics, where decisions about a person's life or death are made, decisions can even be irreversible. In this contribution three ways of deciding by highlighting critical, and reflective decision-making or systematic thought process as the most effective method in ethics have been pointed out. Therefore, taking ethics as a critically reflective morality highlights the fact that we can talk about ethical exploration, so ethics is a process of thinking, not a set of established answers that need only to be passively accepted. It could be concluded that the study of and practice in, evaluating arguments and evidence (moral decision making) via critical thinking as well as using other important skills (raising questions according to Blooms taxonomy and doing a lot of case studies) is the best way to achieve the most fundamental goal in teaching an ethical course -- becoming a better person. And is therefore something that should be in every curriculum.
Ključne besede: authority, critical thinking, ethics, teaching ethics, decision making, intuitions
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 19; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (547,37 KB)

30.
Teaching complex fields of soft matter, proposal of a new liquid crystal analogy
Uroš Jagodič, Jacob Staines, Samo Kralj, Robert Repnik, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The key reason behind the richness of different structures and patterns displayed in nature is the universal mechanism of symmetry breaking. It shapes configurations at all length scales encountered in universe. Structures reached via symmetry breaking transitions are commonly described in terms of order parameter fields. One of the simplest systems where symmetry breaking concepts have already been explored in detail, are various liquid crystal (LC) phases. The reason behind this is rich variety of structures exhibited by LCs and their convenient experimental accessibility. Consequently, a wide spectrum of different theoretical tools have been developed in LCs. In this contribution the orientational ordering of housing block in San Francisco, which we choose as a typical large-city representative, was studied. Following nematic LC analogy we determine the local degree of ordering. The structural pattern of the city displays a domain-type pattern. The average degree of ordering within a domain strongly correlates with crime rate within it. Therefore, the results confirm an intuitive expectation that structures define properties. This model can be used as a helpful tool in education as it provides a way of understanding complex topics with the help of well-known every day phenomena.
Ključne besede: education, liquid crystals, modelling, order parameter
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 19; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,32 MB)

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